Vasa praevia

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Vasa praevia
Classification and external resources
Vasaprevia.jpg
Vasa praevia
ICD-10O69.4
ICD-9663.5
DiseasesDB13743
eMedicinemed/3276
 
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Vasa praevia
Classification and external resources
Vasaprevia.jpg
Vasa praevia
ICD-10O69.4
ICD-9663.5
DiseasesDB13743
eMedicinemed/3276

Vasa praevia (vasa previa AE) is an obstetric complication defined as "fetal vessels crossing or running in close proximity to the inner cervical os. These vessels course within the membranes (unsupported by the umbilical cord or placental tissue) and are at risk of rupture when the supporting membranes rupture."[1]

Etiology/Pathophysiology[edit]

Vasa previa is present when fetal vessels traverse the fetal membranes over the internal cervical os. These vessels may be from either a velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord or may be joining an accessory (succenturiate) placental lobe to the main disk of the placenta. If these fetal vessels rupture the bleeding is from the fetoplacental circulation, and fetal exsanguination will rapidly occur, leading to fetal death.

Risk Factors[edit]

Vasa previa is seen more commonly with velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord, accessory placental lobes (succenturiate or bilobate placenta), multiple gestation, IVF pregnancy. In IVF pregnancies incidences as high as one in 300 have been reported.The reasons for this association are not clear, but disturbed orientation of the blastocyst at implantation, vanishing embryos and the increased frequency of placental morphological variations in in vitro fertilisation pregnancies have all been postulated [2]

Diagnosis[edit]

Treatment[edit]

Treatment immediately with an emergency caesarean delivery is usually indicated.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yasmine Derbala, MD; Frantisek Grochal, MD; Philippe Jeanty, MD, PhD (2007). "Vasa previa". Journal of Prenatal Medicine 2007 1 (1): 2–13. Full text
  2. ^ http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/GTG27PlacentaPraeviaJanuary2011.pdf
  3. ^ Lijoi A, Brady J (2003). "Vasa previa diagnosis and management.". J Am Board Fam Pract 16 (6): 543–8. doi:10.3122/jabfm.16.6.543. PMID 14963081. Full text
  4. ^ Lee W, Lee V, Kirk J, Sloan C, Smith R, Comstock C (2000). "Vasa previa: prenatal diagnosis, natural evolution, and clinical outcome.". Obstet Gynecol 95 (4): 572–6. doi:10.1016/S0029-7844(99)00600-6. PMID 10725492. 
  5. ^ Bhide A, Thilaganathan B (2004). "Recent advances in the management of placenta previa.". Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 16 (6): 447–51. doi:10.1097/00001703-200412000-00002. PMID 15534438. 
  6. ^ Oyelese Y, Smulian J (2006). "Placenta previa, placenta accreta, and vasa previa.". Obstet Gynecol 107 (4): 927–41. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000207559.15715.98. PMID 16582134. 

External links[edit]