Vacaville, California

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City of Vacaville
City
Vacaville Skyline. Sacramento skyline seen 30 miles distant.
Vacaville Skyline. Sacramento skyline seen 30 miles distant.
Nickname(s): Golden Hills
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°21′14″N 121°58′22″W / 38.35389°N 121.97278°W / 38.35389; -121.97278Coordinates: 38°21′14″N 121°58′22″W / 38.35389°N 121.97278°W / 38.35389; -121.97278
CountryUSA
StateCalifornia
CountySolano
Incorporated1892
Government
 • MayorSteve Hardy
 • SenateLois Wolk (D)
 • AssemblyMariko Yamada (D)
 • U.S. CongressJohn Garamendi (D)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total28.585 sq mi (74.034 km2)
 • Land28.373 sq mi (73.485 km2)
 • Water0.212 sq mi (0.550 km2)  0.74%
Elevation174 ft (53 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total92,428
 • Density3,200/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes95687, 95688, 95696
Area code(s)707
FIPS code06-81554
GNIS feature ID0277624
Websitehttp://www.cityofvacaville.com
 
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City of Vacaville
City
Vacaville Skyline. Sacramento skyline seen 30 miles distant.
Vacaville Skyline. Sacramento skyline seen 30 miles distant.
Nickname(s): Golden Hills
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Location in Solano County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°21′14″N 121°58′22″W / 38.35389°N 121.97278°W / 38.35389; -121.97278Coordinates: 38°21′14″N 121°58′22″W / 38.35389°N 121.97278°W / 38.35389; -121.97278
CountryUSA
StateCalifornia
CountySolano
Incorporated1892
Government
 • MayorSteve Hardy
 • SenateLois Wolk (D)
 • AssemblyMariko Yamada (D)
 • U.S. CongressJohn Garamendi (D)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total28.585 sq mi (74.034 km2)
 • Land28.373 sq mi (73.485 km2)
 • Water0.212 sq mi (0.550 km2)  0.74%
Elevation174 ft (53 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total92,428
 • Density3,200/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes95687, 95688, 95696
Area code(s)707
FIPS code06-81554
GNIS feature ID0277624
Websitehttp://www.cityofvacaville.com

Vacaville is a city located in Solano County in Northern California. The town is nearly half way between Sacramento and San Francisco on I-80. It sits approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Sacramento, and 45 miles (72 km) from San Francisco. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 92,428, making it the third largest small town in Solano County.

History[edit]

The town was founded on December 13, 1851 by William McDaniel, on a part of the 1843 Mexican land grant Rancho Los Putos purchased from Manuel Cabeza Vaca.[3]

The town was a Pony Express stop and was home to many large produce companies and local farms which flourished due to the Vaca Valley's rich soil, including The Nut Tree.

Geography and environment[edit]

There are a number of rare and endangered species in the Vacaville area. Endangered plants which have historically occurred in the vernal pool areas in and around Vacaville include Legenre limosa, Plagiobothrys hystriculus, Downingia humilis, Contra Costa Goldfields (Lasthenia conjugens), and Showy Indian clover (Trifolium amoenum).[4] To this day Trifolium amoenum can still be found in Lagoon Valley Regional Park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.6 square miles (74 km2). 99.26% of the area is land and 0.74% is water. Excluding the Putah South Canal and minor local creeks, the only significant body of water within the town is the 105-acre (0.42 km2) Lagoon Valley Lake.

Vacaville Hills

The unincorporated communities of Allendale and Elmira are generally considered to be part of "greater" Vacaville.

Climate[edit]

Vacaville has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Characteristic of inland California, summers can get quite hot. Autumns are warm in the early part but quickly cool down as the wet season approaches. Winters can be cold, and often foggy, but are mild compared to other regions. Spring is a rather pleasant season with fairly mild temperatures and not so much rain. The greater majority of precipitation falls in the autumn, winter, and spring months with little to none in summer.

According to National Weather Service records, average January temperatures in Vacaville are a maximum of 55.4 °F (13.0 °C) and a minimum of 36.7 °F (2.6 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 95.2 °F (35.1 °C) and a minimum of 56.1 °F (13.4 °C). There are an average of 87.7 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. There are an average of 30.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C) on July 23, 2006. The record low temperature was 14 °F (−10 °C) on December 26, 1924.

Average annual precipitation is 24.55 inches (624 mm). There are an average of 57 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 48.90 inches (1,242 mm) and the driest year was 2012 with 5 inches. The most precipitation in one-month was 19.83 inches (504 mm) in January 1916. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 6.10 inches (155 mm) on February 27, 1940. Snowfall is rare in Vacaville, but light measurable amounts have occurred, including 2.2 inches (56 mm) in January 1907 and 2.0 inches (51 mm) in December 1988.[5]

Climate data for Vacaville, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)81
(27)
82
(28)
90
(32)
99
(37)
105
(41)
115
(46)
116
(47)
114
(46)
112
(44)
105
(41)
91
(33)
78
(26)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C)56
(13)
62
(17)
68
(20)
74
(23)
82
(28)
90
(32)
96
(36)
95
(35)
91
(33)
80
(27)
66
(19)
56
(13)
76.3
(24.7)
Average low °F (°C)39
(4)
42
(6)
45
(7)
47
(8)
52
(11)
57
(14)
60
(16)
59
(15)
57
(14)
52
(11)
44
(7)
39
(4)
49.4
(9.8)
Record low °F (°C)18
(−8)
16
(−9)
26
(−3)
29
(−2)
32
(0)
36
(2)
40
(4)
39
(4)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
16
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm)5.33
(135.4)
5.41
(137.4)
3.53
(89.7)
1.30
(33)
0.74
(18.8)
0.10
(2.5)
0
(0)
0.06
(1.5)
0.27
(6.9)
1.20
(30.5)
3.13
(79.5)
5.23
(132.8)
26.3
(668)
Source: [6]

Demographics[edit]

Vacaville has the highest per capita concentration of electric cars in the world, giving it the nickname "Voltageville".[7]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that Vacaville had a population of 92,428. The population density was 3,233.5 people per square mile (1,248.5/km²). The racial makeup of Vacaville was 61,301 (66.3%) White, 9,510 (10.3%) African American, 846 (0.9%) Native American, 5,606 (6.1%) Asian (3.3% Filipino, 0.7% Chinese, 0.6% Indian, 0.5% Japanese, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.3% Korean), 532 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 8,136 (8.8%) from other races, and 6,497 (7.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,121 persons (22.9%); 17.0% of Vacaville is Mexican, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.3% Nicaraguan, 0.2% Guatemalan, and 0.2% Peruvian.

The Census reported that 91.3% of the population lived in households and 8.6% were institutionalized.

There were 31,092 households, out of which 11,747 (37.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,347 (52.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,068 (13.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,686 (5.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,892 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 208 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,053 households (22.7%) were made up of individuals and 2,689 (8.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 22,101 families (71.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.19.

The population was spread out with 21,511 people (23.3%) under the age of 18, 8,963 people (9.7%) aged 18 to 24, 26,269 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 26,016 people (28.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 9,669 people (10.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 112.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.1 males.

There were 32,814 housing units at an average density of 1,148.0 per square mile (443.2/km²), of which 63.4% were owner-occupied and 36.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 59.0% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32.3% lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census[9] there were 88,625 people residing in the city. The population density was 1,263.6/km² (3,272.3/mi²). There were 28,696 housing units at an average density of 409.1/km² (1,059.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.11% White, 10.02% African American, 0.97% Native American, 4.18% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 6.74% from other races, and 5.53% from two or more races. 17.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 28,105 households, 20,966 were families: 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were "non-families." 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24.

The median age was 34 years, and the age distribution of the population was rather spread out: 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. However, the sex ratio was higher than the national average. For every 100 females there were 118.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.7 males.

Vacaville Hills during summer

Economy[edit]

Personal income[edit]

The median income for a household in the city is $57,667, and the median income for a family is $63,950. Males have a median income of $43,527 versus $31,748 for females. The per capita income for the city is $21,557. 6.1% of the population and 4.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.4% of those under the age of 18 and 4.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.[10]

Industry[edit]

There are biotechnology/pharmaceutical facilities operated by Genentech, ALZA Corporation, Kaiser Permanente, and Novartis International AG.

Tourism[edit]

The city holds annual Vacaville Fiesta Days, which includes a parade that features the public school marching bands, gymnasts, and even an electric car showcase, among other things. Other sites for tourists include the Vacaville Premium Outlets and the Nut Tree, which is home to a train for children and even a life-size checkerboard, as well as numerous stores and places to eat. Every December, the city holds a Festival of Trees in the ice skating rink and the Tree Lighting Ceremony in which residents of Vacaville gather in downtown to see a 50-foot (15 m) tree illuminate and enjoy festive music played by the Jepson Band, hot chocolate, and horse-drawn carriage rides.

Government[edit]

Two state prisons are located in Vacaville: California State Prison, Solano and California Medical Facility. The latter prison houses inmates undergoing medical treatments.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation2,915
2Vacaville Unified School District1,273
3Genentech875
4City of Vacaville820
5Alza750
6State Compensation Insurance Fund670
7Kaiser Permanente600
8VacaValley Hospital470
9M&G DuraVent350
10Travis Credit Union311

Education[edit]

Aerial view of Vacaville

The city has two unified public school districts, a community college district, private schools and colleges.

Public elementary and secondary schools[edit]

The Vacaville Unified School District includes the following campuses:

Elementary schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

High schools[edit]

Travis Unified School District[edit]

The Travis Unified School District campuses include:


Its campuses serving Vacaville secondary students are:

Private schools[edit]

Private institutions with campuses in Vacaville are:

Colleges and universities[edit]

The town has a District supporting the Solano Community College. Among others, it offers an associate degree in biotechnology, which could lead to employment with local industries.

Other colleges and universities include:

Media references[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

(B) denotes that the person was born in Vacaville.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ History of Solano County...and histories of its towns...etc. by J. P. Munro-Fraser. Wood, Alley & co., 1879. Page 317.
  4. ^ Environmental Assessment for the Green Tree Assessment District, Earth Metrics Inc Report 7690, City of Vacaville, March, 1989
  5. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca9200
  6. ^ Monthly Averages for Vacaville, CA (95688), Weather.com, retrieved 2012-10-19 
  7. ^ The Reporter – Rebuilding Voltageville
  8. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Vacaville Information
  11. ^ City of Vacaville CAFR
  12. ^ Cooke, Jon B. "The Art of Arthur Adams", Reprinted from Comic Book Artist No. 17, November 15, 2001
  13. ^ George Khoury and Eric Nolen-Weathington. Modern Masters Volume Six: Arthur Adams, 2006, TwoMorrows Publishing.
  14. ^ http://www.myspace.com/chrissbegley
  15. ^ http://www.myspace.com/fightfair
  16. ^"Players: Jarrett Bush". The Official website of the Green Bay Packers. Green Bay Packers, Inc. 2009. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  17. ^ "The Official website of the Indianapolis Colts". Retrieved April 18, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Jermaine Dye: Stats, Bio, Photos, Highlights". The Official website of the Chicago White Sox. MLB Advanced Media. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  19. ^ "Player Bio:Xzavie Jackson". The Official Athletic Website of the University of Missouri. CBS Interactive. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  20. ^ "Player Bio:Xzavie Jackson". The Official website of the Philadelphia Eagles. Philidephia Eagles. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  21. ^ Sardar, Zahid (May 2010). "From city to rusticity". Rosewood Magazine: 78–80. 
  22. ^ "Jacoby Shaddix-Biography". Internet Movie Database. IMDB.com. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  23. ^ Garofoli, Joe (March 18, 2007). "Portraits of Sacrifice – Casey Sheehan: Vacaville". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications, Inc). p. E4. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  24. ^ "Meet Cindy". Cindy Sheehan for Congress. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  25. ^ "Thomas Williams Bio". The Official website of the Jacksonville Jaguars. National Football League. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  26. ^ "Player Bio:Thomas Williams". Official USC Website. USC. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 

External links[edit]