VMA-141

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Marine Attack Squadron 141
Vmsb141.jpg
VMSB-141 Insignia
Active

1 Mar 1942 - 10 Sept 1945

5 Jul 1946 - 1 Sept 1969
CountryUnited States
AllegianceUnited States of America
BranchUnited States Marine Corps
TypeFighter squadron
RoleAir interdiction
Part ofInactive
EngagementsWorld War II
* Battle of Guadalcanal
Korean War
Aircraft flown
BomberSBD Dauntless
FighterF4U Corsair
 
  (Redirected from VMF-141)
Jump to: navigation, search
Marine Attack Squadron 141
Vmsb141.jpg
VMSB-141 Insignia
Active

1 Mar 1942 - 10 Sept 1945

5 Jul 1946 - 1 Sept 1969
CountryUnited States
AllegianceUnited States of America
BranchUnited States Marine Corps
TypeFighter squadron
RoleAir interdiction
Part ofInactive
EngagementsWorld War II
* Battle of Guadalcanal
Korean War
Aircraft flown
BomberSBD Dauntless
FighterF4U Corsair

Marine Attack Squadron 141 (VMA-141) was a reserve fighter squadron in the United States Marine Corps. The squadron fought most notably as part of the Cactus Air Force during the Battle of Guadalcanal in World War II and they also saw service during the Korean War. While with the reserves they operated out of the San Francisco Bay Area until there deactivation on 1 September 1969

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Marine Scout Bombing Squadron (VMSB-141) was commissioned on March 1, 1942 at Camp Kearny in San Diego, California. On August 30, 1942 they departed San Diego for the South Pacific and arrived at Henderson Airfield, Guadalcanal on September 23, 1942 and became part of the Cactus Air Force (CAF).[1] On the night of October 13–14, the squadron lost 26 of its 29 aircraft and five officers, including the commanding officer and executive officer, to shelling from Japanese battleships off the coast of Guadalcanal. The squadron fought on the island until November 19, 1942 when they were transferred to the Efate in the New Hebrides. During its time with the CAF the squadron would lose 18 of its 41 officers killed in action.[2] They remained on Efate until May 1943 when they moved to Auckland, New Zealand.[1] In late September 1943, the squadron returned to the United States arriving at Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, California.[3]

On October 14, 1944 the squadron was redesignated Marine Fighter Bombing Squadron 141 (VMBF-141) and transitioned to the F4U Corsair. In December of that year they reverted to their old designation of VMSB-141. In May 1945 the squadron again changed names. This time they became Marine Torpedo Bombing Squadron 141 (VMTB-141) and served as a training replacement squadron until the end of the war.[1] The squadron was deactivated on September 10, 1945.[3]

Post-World War II reserve service[edit]

Following the war the squadron was reactivated on 5 July 1946 as part of the Marine Air Reserve based out of Naval Air Station Oakland.[3] In 1949 they were commanded by Medal of Honor recipient Colonel James Swett. The squadron moved to Naval Air Station Alameda on 1 July 1962. On that same date they also redesignated as Marine Attack Squadron 141. The squadron was deactivated on 1 September 1969.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sherrod(1952): 458.
  2. ^ White(1996): 75.
  3. ^ a b c Rottman(2002): 440.

References[edit]

Bibliography
  • Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle - Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 - 1945.’’. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31906-5. 
  • Sherrod, Robert (1952). History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Combat Forces Press. 
  • Tillman, Barrett (1998). SBD Dauntless Units of World War 2. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-732-5. 
  • White, Alexander (1996). Joseph Sailer Jr., Dive-Bombing Ace of Guadalcanal. Pacifica, California: Pacifica Press. ISBN 0-935553-21-5. 
Web