VMAQ-1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1
VMAQ-1 patch.png
VMAQ-1 insignia
ActiveJuly 1, 1992 - present
CountryUnited States
BranchUSMC
TypeAttack
RoleElectronic Warfare
Part ofMarine Aircraft Group 14
2nd Marine Aircraft Wing
Garrison/HQMarine Corps Air Station Cherry Point
NicknameBanshee
Motto"Tairngreacht Bas"
"Death Foretold"
Tail CodeCB
EngagementsKorean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Northern Watch
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Allied Force
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
* 2003 invasion of Iraq
Commanders
Current
commander
LtCol Joshua "Flash" Gordon
Aircraft flown
AttackAD-4 Skyraider
Electronic
warfare
EA-6B Prowler
EA-6A Electric Intruder
EF-10B Skynights
FighterRF-8A Crusaders
RF-4B Phantom II’s
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1
VMAQ-1 patch.png
VMAQ-1 insignia
ActiveJuly 1, 1992 - present
CountryUnited States
BranchUSMC
TypeAttack
RoleElectronic Warfare
Part ofMarine Aircraft Group 14
2nd Marine Aircraft Wing
Garrison/HQMarine Corps Air Station Cherry Point
NicknameBanshee
Motto"Tairngreacht Bas"
"Death Foretold"
Tail CodeCB
EngagementsKorean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Northern Watch
Operation Southern Watch
Operation Allied Force
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
* 2003 invasion of Iraq
Commanders
Current
commander
LtCol Joshua "Flash" Gordon
Aircraft flown
AttackAD-4 Skyraider
Electronic
warfare
EA-6B Prowler
EA-6A Electric Intruder
EF-10B Skynights
FighterRF-8A Crusaders
RF-4B Phantom II’s

Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1 (VMAQ-1) is a United States Marine Corps electronic warfare squadron consisting of EA-6B Prowler jets. The squadron is based at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina and falls under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 14 (MAG-14) and the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing (2nd MAW). The VMAQ-1 logo is the Banshee, an Irish mythological figure foretelling death. Its motto is “Tairngreacht Bas,” Gaelic for “Death Foretold.”

Mission[edit]

Conduct airborne electronic warfare in support of Fleet Marine Force operations or other units as the Joint Force Commander directs. This includes suppressing enemy radar and surface-to-air missiles utilizing electronic jamming and High-Speed Anti-Radiation (HARM) missiles, as well as collecting tactical electronic intelligence in a passive electronic support role.

History[edit]

Korean War[edit]

Marine Composite Squadron One (VMC-1) was activated on September 15, 1952 at Pohang (K-3), Korea, in support of Marine Air Control Group 2, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing (1st MAW) conducting airborne early warning and electronic countermeasures in support of combat operations. On June 16, 1953, a United States Marine Corps AD-4 Skyraider from VMC-1 piloted by Major George H. Linnemeier and CWO Vernon S. Kramer shot down a Soviet-built Polikarpov Po-2 biplane, the only documented Skyraider air victory of the war.[1] The squadron continued support in defense of the Korean Demilitarized Zone through March 1955. Following the Korean War, VMC-1 was redeployed to MCAS Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, and re-designated as VMCJ-1 after merging with Marine Photographic Squadron One (VMJ-1).

Vietnam War[edit]

Throughout the 1960s and early 1970s, VMCJ-1 saw extensive service during the Vietnam War. From April 14, 1964 to December 16, 1965, the squadron flew its RF-8A Crusaders in photoreconnaissance missions from the USS Ticonderoga, USS Constellation, USS Coral Sea, and the USS Oriskany. In April 1965, VMCJ-1 took its EF-10B aircraft from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni, Japan and joined Marine Aircraft Group 16 at Danang to combat the increase of surface-to-air missiles in Vietnam. In July of that same year, six VMCJ-1 EF-10B Skynights supported the first strike against a surface-to-air missile site in history. In November 1966, the Grumman EA-6A Electric Intruder was introduced at Danang and flew combat missions as far north as Hanoi and Haiphong and eventually phased out the EF-10Bs. VMCJ-1 retired its RF-8A Crusaders and received RF-4B Phantom II’s to accomplish the photoreconnaissance mission. Again VMCJ-1 carried out a major portion of the area reconnaissance and electronic warfare missions for USMACV, just as it did for 5th AF in the Korean War with its photographic reconnaissance. VMCJ-1 provided escort for B-52s, support for tactical air strikes, and collection of all forms of electronic intelligence. On the photorecon side, VMCJ-1 was operating in a science which had become much more sophisticated and was now called "imagery intelligence."

After the withdrawal of troops from Vietnam, VMCJ-1 was again flying missions from Navy aircraft carriers. During the fall of South Vietnam from September 11, 1973 to December 31, 1975, VMCJ-1 and VMCJ-1 Det 101 conducted missions from the USS Midway.

EF-10B Skyknight of VMCJ-1
An EA-6A Intruder of VMCJ-1 at Da Nang, 1970

Post Vietnam & the 1980s[edit]

EA-6A Intruder of VMAQ-2

After Vietnam, the composite community was again reorganized and split into Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron Two (VMAQ-2) and Marine Photo-Reconnaissance Squadron Three (VMFP-3). Personnel and aircraft from each of the VMCJ’s were divided and re-designated as detachments Alpha through Charlie within the larger VMAQ-2/VMFP-3 squadrons. VMAQ-2, Detachment A, flying the EA-6A, rotated with its sister detachments in support of the USS Midway Carrier Air Wing conducting operations from the Gulf of Tonkin to Korea.

Now flying the EA-6B, detachment A was renamed detachment X. During Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, detachment X-ray was called upon to extend its normal six-month rotation to thirteen months in order to maintain a watch over the Western Pacific.

Following Operation Desert Storm, the criticality and shortage of electronic attack assets was finally recognized. The decision was made to reorganize back to the original three electronic warfare squadrons. In addition, a fourth squadron was gained by activating the reserve Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron Four (VMAQ-4). While deployed to MCAS Iwakuni, Japan, VMAQ-2 detachment X-ray was re-commissioned as Marine Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 1 on July 1, 1992 with the mission to conduct electronic warfare in support of Marine Forces and Joint/Combined operations.

The 1990s[edit]

VMAQ-1 Prowler on the tarmac at Al Asad Air station in Western Iraq in January 2006

Global War on Terror[edit]

Training squadron[edit]

In 2013, with the USMC failure to follow the navy into the Growler, VMAQ-1 was redesignated a training squadron to support Prowler operations until 2019.[3]

Unit awards[edit]

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. VMAQ-1 has been presented with the following awards:

RibbonUnit Award
NavyPres.gif
Presidential Unit Citation
Navy Unit Commendation ribbon.svg
Navy Unit Commendation with 3 Bronze Stars
Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation ribbon.svg
Meritorious Unit Commendation
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg
National Defense Service Medal with 3 Bronze Stars
KSMRib.svg
Korean Service Medal with 2 Bronze Stars
Vietnam Service Ribbon.svg
Vietnam Service Medal with 2 Silver and 3 Bronze Stars
Presidential Unit Citation (Korea).svg
Korean Presidential unit Citation
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg
Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm Streamer
VNCivilActionsRibbon-2.svg
Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Action Medal
Iraq Campaign ribbon.svg
Iraq Campaign Medal
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary ribbon.svg
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Global War on Terrorism Service ribbon.svg
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal

Other awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
  1. ^ Grossnick and Armstrong 1997
  2. ^ Snead, Cpl Micah (2006-01-25). ""Banshees" prepare to prowl home". Marine Corps News. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2006-06-17. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Marines assume EA-6B Prowler training."
Bibliography
  • Grossnick, R. and Armstrong W.J. (1997). United States Naval Aviation, 1910-1995. Naval Historical Center. ISBN 0-16-049124-X. 

External links[edit]