Sultan Khan (musician)

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Sultan Khan
Image of Ustad Sultan Khan sitting and smiling
Sultan Khan in 2009
Background information
Born15 April 1940
near Jaipur, Indian Empire[1]
Died27 November 2011 (aged 71)
Mumbai, India[2]
GenresHindustani classical music
InstrumentsSarangi
Associated actsTabla Beat Science, Zakir Hussain
 
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Sultan Khan
Image of Ustad Sultan Khan sitting and smiling
Sultan Khan in 2009
Background information
Born15 April 1940
near Jaipur, Indian Empire[1]
Died27 November 2011 (aged 71)
Mumbai, India[2]
GenresHindustani classical music
InstrumentsSarangi
Associated actsTabla Beat Science, Zakir Hussain

Ustad Sultan Khan (15 April 1940 – 27 November 2011) was an Indian sarangi player and Classical vocalist belonging to Indore Gharana. He was one of the members of the Indian fusion group Tabla Beat Science, with Zakir Hussain and Bill Laswell. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honor, in 2010.[3][4]

Contents

Early life

Sultan Khan was born near Jaipur in the princely state of Sikhar in the Indian Empire.[1] He learned sarangi from his father Gulab Khan.[5]

Career

He started his career at the radio station Rajkot in Gujarat as a 20 year old boy. After having spent eight years in Rajkot very happily, he got a chance to play with Lata Mangeshkar during her visit to Rajkot. This proved a turning point for him. Thereafter he was transferred to the Mumbai radio station.Having joined the Mumbai radio he was not only deeply involved with the Mumbai classical music circuit but also with film industry music.[6]

He gave his first performance at the All-India Conference at the age of eleven, and has performed on an international scale with Ravi Shankar on George Harrison's 1974 Dark Horse World Tour.[7]

He has won numerous musical awards including, twice, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, also known as the President's Award, as well as the Gold Medalist Award of Maharashtra and the American Academy of Artists Award in 1998. In 1997 he was requested to perform at Prince Charles' 50th birthday celebrations.[citation needed]

He has had the good fortune of accompanying all the great Maestros like Ustad Amir Khan, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Pt.Omkarnath Thakur, Ustad Nazakat ali-Salamat ali khan, Kishori Amonkar are the name to few. He is acknowledged both as a Sarangi player and a vocalist & has several albums to his credit.

He has taught music producers such as Sukshinder Shinda and Ram Gopal Varma (who provided the music for his film, Deyyam) to play the sarangi. He had many students, but few gandhabandha disciples are Anand Vyas, Ikram Khan and Deeyah,[8] a Norwegian born singer, and he performed on her debut album I Alt Slags Lys in 1992.[9] He contributed vocals and sarangi to Gavin Harrison's 1998 solo album Sanity & Gravity. He sang "Albela Sajan Aayo Re..."along with Kavita Krishnamurthy and Shankar Mahadevan in the Hindi film Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam in 1999. He has also given his voice in films like Maqbool, Kachche Dhaage, Mr. and Mrs. Iyer, Parzania, Jab We Met, Agni Varsha, Superstar, Rahul, Paanch, Mausam[disambiguation needed] and more.

In 1984 oscar winning film “Gandhi” also featured his music and thereafter he recorded for other Hollywood films such as “Heat and Dust” (Merchant Ivory productions). In 1993 he performed along with Ustad Allah Rakha Khan and Ustad Zakir Hussain in one of the rooms at the House of Commons where eminent persons were in attendance to witness a rare musical performance at the seat of Government. It was this time whenhe became a regular artist for BBC Radio London. He was also interviewed for the BBC world service and also composed the musical track for the BBC 2 documentary “London Calling”(1997).

The association with Late Ismail Merchant further when Ustad Sultan Khan together with Ustad Zakir Hussain composed the soundtrack for the film “In Custody” and where the musical score adapted to suite a particular genre of the Urdu language. Thereafter Ustan Sultan Khan also composed musical score for another Merchant Ivory production, this time for Channel 4 in Britain, called “The Street Musician of Bombay”.

He has several albums to his credits and he has been applauded by for his performances by Madonna (1997). He also performed in a Sufi Music Festival at the White house in Washington, United States of America (1998).

Ustad Sultan Khan's album Piya Basanti was released in 2000 and its was the number one album of the year. Some of his other famous albums are Ustad & the Divas T-Series, Ustad Sultan Khan & his friends- Times Music, Shoonya - BMG, Bhoomi - Virgin and Pukaar- Sony Music with Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan etc..

Sultan Khan performed for the Tamil film Yogi. He played a solo sarangi for Yogi's theme and also for the song "Yaarodu Yaaro" from the same album.

British writer Geoff Dyer has said that he is an admirer of Sultan Khan's work, especially his rendition of a Rajastani folk song at the end of a 1991 recording of Rag Bhupali with Zakir Hussain on tabla. He has written of Khan's performance, "It is one of the most beautiful pieces of music I know - an audible vision of how the world might appear if you were able to purge yourself of all baseness and ugliness."[10][11][12]

Family

His Wife Bano,his son Sabir Khan, who is his disciple and a Sarangi player.his Two Daughter Reshma and Shera His brother Niyaz Ahmed Khan is a Sitar player. His nephews are Dilshad Khan is a Sarangi player, Imran Khan is a Sitar player and a music composer, Salamat Ali Khan is a Sitar player and Irfan Khan is also a Sitar player. Outside the family he had many students including Ikram khan & Dr. Kashyap Dave.

Death

Khan died on 27 November 2011 in Mumbai, Maharashtra India after a prolonged illness.[2]

He was undergoing dialysis for the last four years and lost his speech in his last few days. He died on his way to the hospital. The funeral was held in his hometown of Jodhpur, Rajasthan on 28 November 2011. [13][citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b Burckhardt Qureshi, Regula (2007). Master musicians of India: hereditary sarangi players speak. Routledge. p. 153. ISBN 0-415-97202-7. 
  2. ^ a b "Sarangi player Ustad Sultan Khan passes away". http://www.thestatesman.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=391430&catid=35. 
  3. ^ "This Year's Padma Awards announced" (Press release). Ministry of Home Affairs. 25 January 2010. http://www.pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=57307. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Tsioulcas, Anastasia (27 November 2011). "One Of India's Leading Musicians, Sultan Khan, Dies At Age 71". NPR. http://www.npr.org/blogs/allsongs/2011/11/27/142822691/one-of-indias-leading-musicians-sultan-khan-dies-at-age-71. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  5. ^ Ganesh, Deepa (2005-01-11). "The sarangiya's song". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/mp/2005/01/11/stories/2005011101010400.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  6. ^ "Article Window". Epaper.timesofindia.com. 2011-11-29. http://epaper.timesofindia.com/Default/Scripting/ArticleWin.asp?From=Archive&Source=Page&Skin=TOINEW&BaseHref=TOIA/2011/11/29&PageLabel=2&ForceGif=true&EntityId=Ar00200&ViewMode=HTML. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  7. ^ Broughton, Simon; Ellingham, Mark; Trillo, Richard; McConnachie, James; Duane, Orla (2000). World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. p. 77. ISBN 1-85828-636-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=QzX8THIgRjUC&pg=PA77. Retrieved 2008-07-13. 
  8. ^ "Image ID sxca9a09 sxca9a09". scanpix.no. 1992-08-03. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=no&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fscanpix.no%2FspWebApp%2Fpreview.action%3Fsearch.offset%3D1%26search.rid%3D8194639%26search.rbase%3DSP_TEMP%26search.searchId%3D1515229500%26search.previewNumResults%3D15%26search.tabId%3Deditorial%26search.advanced.persons%3DThathaal%252c%2BDeepika%253b%2Bartist. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  9. ^ "mixed various Pakistani musical styles with jazz and western folk music". http://www.deeyahpoint.co.uk/nor/no/spreeiz8.jpg. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  10. ^ Dyer, Geoff (15 October 2006) Indian rhapsody guardian.co.uk
  11. ^ Dyer, Geoff (8 May 2005) Do the Arts Matter? | Geoff Dyer guardian.co.uk
  12. ^ Garner, Dwight (June 18, 2007) Living with Music: A Playlist from Geoff Dyer blogs.nytimes.com
  13. ^ "Ustad Sultan Khan passes away at 68". 28 November 2011. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-11-28/news-and-interviews/30449788_1_sarangi-ustad-sultan-khan-sajid. 

Sources

External links