Urbana, Illinois

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Urbana, Illinois
City
Snowfall on Carle Park, Urbana, IL, 2004-12-26.jpg
A snowy day in Carle Park west of the Urbana High School. On the right is a statue of Abraham Lincoln by Lorado Taft.
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyChampaign
Elevation728 ft (222 m)
Coordinates40°06′35″N 88°12′15″W / 40.109665°N 88.204247°W / 40.109665; -88.204247
Area11.69 sq mi (30 km2)
 - land11.65 sq mi (30 km2)
 - water0.04 sq mi (0 km2), 0.34%
Population41,250 (2010)
 - metro231,891
Density3,468.3 / sq mi (1,339 / km2)
Founded1833
MayorLaurel Lunt Prussing (D)
TimezoneCST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code61801, 61802, and 61803 (PO BOX Only)
Area code217
Location in Champaign County
Location in Illinois
Website: www.city.urbana.il.us
 
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Coordinates: 40°06′35″N 88°12′15″W / 40.109665°N 88.204247°W / 40.109665; -88.204247
Urbana, Illinois
City
Snowfall on Carle Park, Urbana, IL, 2004-12-26.jpg
A snowy day in Carle Park west of the Urbana High School. On the right is a statue of Abraham Lincoln by Lorado Taft.
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyChampaign
Elevation728 ft (222 m)
Coordinates40°06′35″N 88°12′15″W / 40.109665°N 88.204247°W / 40.109665; -88.204247
Area11.69 sq mi (30 km2)
 - land11.65 sq mi (30 km2)
 - water0.04 sq mi (0 km2), 0.34%
Population41,250 (2010)
 - metro231,891
Density3,468.3 / sq mi (1,339 / km2)
Founded1833
MayorLaurel Lunt Prussing (D)
TimezoneCST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code61801, 61802, and 61803 (PO BOX Only)
Area code217
Location in Champaign County
Location in Illinois
Website: www.city.urbana.il.us

Urbana /ɜrˈbænə/ is a city in and the county seat of Champaign County, Illinois, United States.[1] The population was 41,250 at the 2010 census. Urbana is the tenth-most populous city in Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan area.

Most of the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is located in Urbana.

History[edit]

The Urbana area was first settled in 1822,[2] when it was called "Big Grove".[3] When the county of Champaign was organized in 1833, the county seat was located on 40 acres of land tendered by Col. M. W. Busey, considered to be the city's founder, and the name "Urbana" was adopted[2] after the hometown of State Senator Vance.[3] The creation of the new town was celebrated for the first time in July 4, 1833.[3]

The first mills were founded c.1838-50, and stores began opening beginning in 1834. The town's first church was built c.1840, with the Baptist Church following in 1855, and the Methodist Church in 1856. The Presbyterian Church was founded in 1866. The city's first school was built in 1854.[2]

Urbana suffered a setback when the railroad from Chicago to Mobile, Alabama, which had been expected to pass through town, was instead laid down two miles west, where the land was flatter. The town of West Urbana grew up around the train depot built there in 1854, and in 1861 its name was changed to Champaign. The competition between the two cities provoked Urbana to tear down the ten-year-old County Courthouse and replace it with a much larger and fancier structure, to insure that the county seat would remain in Urbana.[3]

Champaign-Urbana was selected as the site for a new state agricultural school, thanks to the efforts of Clark Griggs. Illinois Industrial University, which would evolve into the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, opened in 1868 with 77 students.[3]

A number of efforts to merge Urbana and Champaign have failed at the polls.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 36,395 people, 14,327 households, and 6,217 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,468.3 people per square mile (1,339.6/km²). There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 1,459.1/sq mi (563.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.01% White, 14.34% African American, 0.18% Native American, 14.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population.

There were 14,327 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 56.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city the population was spread out with 14.9% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,819, and the median income for a family was $42,655. Males had a median income of $32,827 versus $26,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,969. About 13.3% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Urbana is located at 40°6′35″N 88°12′15″W / 40.10972°N 88.20417°W / 40.10972; -88.20417 (40.109665, −88.204247).[5] According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 11.69 square miles (30.3 km2), of which 11.65 square miles (30.2 km2) (or 99.66%) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (or 0.34%) is water.[6]

Urbana borders the city of Champaign. The main campus of the University of Illinois is situated on this border. Together, these two cities are often referred to as Urbana-Champaign (the designation used by the University) or Champaign-Urbana (the more common usage, due to the larger size of Champaign). With the nearby village of Savoy they form the Champaign-Urbana Metropolitan Area.

Climate data for Urbana, Illinois (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)70
(21)
72
(22)
85
(29)
95
(35)
97
(36)
103
(39)
109
(43)
102
(39)
102
(39)
93
(34)
80
(27)
71
(22)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C)32.9
(0.5)
37.7
(3.2)
49.9
(9.9)
62.8
(17.1)
73.4
(23)
82.5
(28.1)
85.0
(29.4)
83.7
(28.7)
78.2
(25.7)
65.2
(18.4)
50.6
(10.3)
36.7
(2.6)
61.7
(16.5)
Average low °F (°C)16.7
(−8.5)
20.2
(−6.6)
30.0
(−1.1)
41.1
(5.1)
51.6
(10.9)
61.9
(16.6)
64.9
(18.3)
63.1
(17.3)
54.2
(12.3)
42.6
(5.9)
32.0
(0)
21.2
(−6)
41.7
(5.4)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−25
(−32)
−5
(−21)
15
(−9)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
41
(5)
37
(3)
24
(−4)
12
(−11)
−5
(−21)
−20
(−29)
−25
(−32)
Precipitation inches (mm)2.02
(51.3)
2.13
(54.1)
2.85
(72.4)
3.68
(93.5)
4.89
(124.2)
4.28
(108.7)
4.70
(119.4)
3.93
(99.8)
3.13
(79.5)
3.26
(82.8)
3.66
(93)
2.73
(69.3)
41.25
(1,047.8)
Snowfall inches (cm)7.0
(17.8)
6.0
(15.2)
2.4
(6.1)
0.4
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.8
(2)
6.4
(16.3)
23.3
(59.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.38.910.611.912.210.310.09.47.79.510.210.6120.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)5.34.12.20.3000000.11.05.018.1
Source: NOAA (extremes 1888–present)[7]

Transportation[edit]

Downtown Urbana is located southwest of the intersection of its two busiest streets: U.S. 150 (University Avenue) and U.S. 45 (Vine Street-Cunningham Avenue).

Most of Urbana lies south of I-74. There are three exits (from west to east): Lincoln, Cunningham and University. The Lincoln exit is closest to the University of Illinois, while the Cunningham exit goes to downtown Urbana. The University exit goes to downtown Urbana as well as Illinois Route 130 to Philo.

The Norfolk Southern operates an east to west line through Urbana. The NS line connects industries in eastern Urbana to the Norfolk Southern main line at Mansfield, Illinois, west of Champaign. The line now operated by Norfolk Southern is the former Peoria & Eastern Railway, later operated as part of the Big Four (Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway), New York Central, Penn Central, and Conrail systems, being sold by Conrail to Norfolk Southern in 1996. Construction of the line was begun by the Danville, Urbana, Bloomington and Pekin Railroad. This short-lived entity became part of the Indianapolis, Bloomington and Western Railway before the railroad was completed. A branch line of the Norfolk and Western Railway used to connect Urbana with the main line from Danville to Decatur at Sidney, Illinois, but this was first rerouted and later closed.

Willard Airport serves the city.

Government[edit]

Urbana has Mayor-Council government, of the strong-mayor form. The city council has seven members, each elected from a different ward. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote.

Culture[edit]

Market at the Square[edit]

Market at the Square

The Market at the Square, also known as the Farmers' Market, has been a community event in Urbana since 1979.[8] Every Saturday morning from some time in May to some time in November, dozens of vendors set up shop in the Lincoln Square parking lot in downtown Urbana. They primarily sell local produce (including corn, tomatoes, lettuce and watermelons), but one can also find local crafts, music, kettle corn and booths for various community and political organizations.

Urbana Free Library[edit]

Urbana Free Library

The Urbana Free Library[9] is located in the downtown area. The library is one of the first public libraries in Illinois and was founded in 1874.[10] The historic building which houses the library was built in 1918. A major new addition was opened in 2005.

The library houses historical archives of Champaign County which can be used for genealogical research. Established in 1956, The Champaign County Historical Archives[11] is a department of The Urbana Free Library that maintains a research-level collection on the history and genealogy of Champaign County. In 1987 it was designated the official repository for non-current Champaign County records. Although it focuses on Champaign County, the Archives holds extensive collections of works dealing with the rest of Illinois and those states that document the significant migration routes of the communities that comprise Champaign County. Whether you have Champaign County ancestors (or no connections to the county at all), are interested in local history, there is a wealth of source useful materials available for your research.[12] The CCHA is also home to the Local History Online database.[13] Local History Online is a convenient and comprehensive single-search access to holdings (books and journals, Champaign County records, City of Urbana municipal records, newspapers, directories, school yearbooks, images, maps, oral histories, local organization newsletters and other special collections) of the Champaign County Historical Archives, including digital content. The catalog is frequently updated.[14]

The library is publicly funded and receives additional support from about 600 people who have joined "The Friends of the Urbana Free Library".

Station Theatre[edit]

Station Theatre, run by the Celebration Company, hosts live performances.

The Urbana Sweetcorn Festival[edit]

The Urbana Sweetcorn Festival is an annual festival in Urbana. It was first held in August 1975 in the Busey Bank parking lot in downtown Urbana. It was a community event put on by employees of Busey Bank. Since then the Sweetcorn Festival has continued to grow. The Urbana Business Association is now responsible for the planning of the festival, over the years adding a local car show, an expanded family area, live music on multiple stages, food, vendors, beer, in the heart of downtown Urbana.

In addition to corn and beverages, the festival has offered a range of activities and events, including a display of antique and other collectors' cars and volksmarches, arts events, a dog show, and a book sale organized by the Friends of the Urbana Free Library.[15][16][17]

Candlestick Lane[edit]

A house on Candlestick Lane colorfully decorated for Christmas

Candlestick Lane is the name for a neighborhood in eastern Urbana. This neighborhood consists of Grant Place and adjacent properties on Fairlawn and Eastern Drives. It is called Candlestick Lane because every year the residents decorate their yards for Christmas with a lot of lights and figures. The tradition began in 1961 (maybe 1960) as a house-decorating contest sponsored by the Illinois Power Company. The neighborhood used its prize money to purchase electric candlesticks for each home. The City of Urbana installs special red and green street signs, reading "Candlestick Lane" and "Grant Place" during the Holiday season. The lights are turned on from around 5:00 to 10:00 p.m. from the third Saturday in December through New Years Day.[18]

The Urbana Lincoln Hotel[edit]

The Urbana Lincoln Hotel is connected to Lincoln Square Mall, an indoor walking mall, in the center of Urbana. The hotel was designed by famed Urbana architect Joseph Royer in 1923 and opened several rooms on November 1, 1923, to accommodate guests for the University's Homecoming game. The original building was built in the Tudor Revival style. A convention center was added on in the 1970s in the Bavarian style. While being forced to close twice between 1990 and 2009, the hotel was purchased by a private developer in 2010 and underwent major rehabilitation. The hotel opened under new management and a new name (Urbana Landmark Hotel) on December 1, 2012.

The Cinema Gallery in downtown Urbana

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Urbana High School, 2003

Urbana High School[edit]

Urbana High School's current building was built in 1914. It was designed by architect Joseph Royer who also designed many other area buildings such as the Urbana Free Library and the Champaign County Court House. The architecture is of the Tudor style defined primarily by the towers over the main entrance and flattened point arches over the doors.

An addition was built in 1916, which included a gymnasium and swimming pool. Due to increasing enrollment, other additions were built in 1955 and in 1965. In 1988, an enclosed athletic area was added and the old gymnasium/pool wing was converted into classrooms. The entire building was also renovated to meet safety codes. The Urbana Park District Indoor Aquatic Center was built in 2003, adjoining Urbana High School and bringing the building to its current visage.

Charles Carpenter (Lt. Col.) a highly decorated Second World War artillery observation pilot nicknamed Bazooka Charlie[19][20] was honorably discharged from U.S. Army service in 1946. He returned to work as a history teacher at Urbana High School, where he worked until his death in 1966 at the age of 53.[21]

Film critic and Urbana native Roger Ebert was a 1960 graduate of Urbana High School. During his senior year he was class president and editor-in-chief of the school newspaper, the Echo.[22]

The Urbana High School Sports Complex was improved in 2011 with a new turf football field, new lights, new concession stand, new bleachers, new soccer fields, and a new press box.

The Cobb Auditorium at Urbana High School began renovation in 2011. It opened in November 2012 with the drama club's performance of the hit musical, Chicago.

University Laboratory High School[edit]

Not part of the Urbana School District, University Laboratory High School is a publicly funded laboratory school located on the campus of the University of Illinois in Urbana. It was founded in 1921.

Urbana Middle School[edit]

Urbana Middle School was first known as Urbana Junior High School in 1953. In 2003 the school was renovated for space. The school currently serves 840 students from grades 6 to 8.[citation needed] The school is renowned for its band program, which went to the Illinois State Band Competition (Superstate) twelve years in a row from 1994–2006.[citation needed]

Urbana Elementary schools[edit]

The Elementary schools in Urbana are: Leal, King, Prairie, Thomas Paine, Wiley, and Yankee Ridge.

Test scores[edit]

Urbana Middle School and all elementary schools in the Urbana School District passed their Adequate Yearly Progress in the 2005–2006 school year, as determined by scores in the Illinois Standards Achievement Test. However, Urbana High School (by way of the Prairie State Achievement Examination) did not. University Laboratory High School students do not take these tests because, despite the fact that University High is a public school, it is not part of a local school district.[23]

Parks[edit]

Carle Park

Carle Park,[24] established in 1909, is located at Indiana and Garfield, just west of Urbana High School in Central Urbana. Measuring 8.3 acres (34,000 m2), it contains a statue entitled Lincoln the Lawyer by Lorado Taft and more than 50 well-established trees that are part of the Hickman Tree Walk.

Meadowbrook Park[25] is located southeast of the Race Street and Windsor Road intersection. The park covers 130 acres (0.53 km2), including 80 of recreated Illinois tallgrass prairie. Around the prairie restoration center of the park loops a wide concrete path, suitable for walking, running, and bicycling. Several small hills make the path unsuitable for inexperienced inline skaters. The path is adorned by about twenty large sculptures from local artists. A playground, shelter, and parking lot are located near the Windsor Road entrance. A community garden, an herbal garden, the Timpone Ornamental Tree Grove and a shelter are located near the Race Street entrance. The park also contains many streams which are among the first tributaries of the Embarras River.

The Urbana Dog Park,[26] located on East Perkins Road, is a place to walk one's dog without a leash.

The Anita Purves Nature Center, located on the north end of Crystal Lake Park, offers nature education programs.

The ART IN THE PARK, just north of the Urbana City Hall (400 S. Vine St.) dedicated October 2012, took 22 years of struggle and efforts of three mayors. The environmental and sculptural artists/curator of the park, John David Mooney designed the plantings, walkways, a 12-foot high fountain sculpture (Falling Leaf), and a 33-foot high light sculpture (Spirit Tree). The Spirit Tree specifically gives new meaning to Urbana's designation as a "Tree City" and to trees as landmarks or beacons. Mooney, an internationally acclaimed artist, is a native to Champaign-Urbana. [2]

To find about the other parks and recreational areas in Urbana, see Urbana Park District Facilities

Swimming pools[edit]

The Urbana Indoor Aquatic Center[27] is a public indoor pool operated by the Urbana Park District and Urbana School District. It is located between Urbana High School and Urbana Middle School.

Crystal Lake Pool[28] is a public outdoor pool. It is located on Broadway Street, across from the Anita Purves Nature Center. It was closed after the summer 2008 season due to deteriorating conditions and concomitant safety issues, but is being rebuilt and will be open in July 2013.

Campus Recreation Center East (CRCE) has an indoor pool with a water slide, volleyball, basketball, and a hot tub. CRCE is owned by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Freer Hall[29] and Kenney Gym both have indoor lap pools. These facilities are owned by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Media[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Film

Literature

Sister cities[edit]

Since 2008, Urbana is a sister city with Zomba, Malawi.[30]

The city of Urbana has been awarded a major grant from Sister Cities International to undertake a trilateral pilot project involving Urbana, Zomba, Malawi, and the Haizhu District, China. The one-year Sino-African Initiative grant is for up to $100,000 and will involve a collaborative effort to improve the municipal waste disposal system in Zomba, a city of 88,000 in southeast Africa.Urbana has had a Sister City relationship with Zomba since 2009 and is in the process of establishing such a relationship with Haizhu District, Guangzhou City, China.Urbana is one of only three cities in the United States to be awarded a Sino-African grant. The others are Denver and an Ashville/Raleigh, N.C., joint team application.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b c "History of the City of Urbana"
  3. ^ a b c d e f McGinty, Alice. "The Story of Champaign-Urbana" Champaign Public Library
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places - Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  7. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 
  8. ^ Market at the Square
  9. ^ http://urbanafreelibrary.org/
  10. ^ "The Urbana Free Library 1874 - Present". Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  11. ^ http://urbanafreelibrary.org/archives/
  12. ^ "Champaign County Historical Archives". Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  13. ^ http://archivescatalog.urbanafreelibrary.org/Polaris/
  14. ^ "Local History Online". Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  15. ^ Wilkey, Maureen (August 27, 2004). "Corn festival comes to C-U". Daily Illini. Archived from the original on 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  16. ^ Puhala, Bob (August 9, 1987). "It's time for corny fun at Midwest festivals". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 15. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  17. ^ Kline, Greg (August 18, 2003). "Putting the sweet in corn". The News-Gazette (Champaign, Illinois). Retrieved 2008-04-07. [dead link]
  18. ^ "Candlestick Lane Debut" by Tom Kacich, The News-Gazette Weblog
  19. ^ What's New in Aviation: Piper Cub Tank Buster, Popular Science, Vol. 146 No. 2 (February 1945) p. 84
  20. ^ Carpenter, Leland F., Piper L-4J Grasshopper, Aviation Enthusiast Corner, retrieved 21 October 2011
  21. ^ In Memoriam, Urbaha High School Class of 1962, retrieved 23 October 2011
  22. ^ Felsenthal, Carol (December 2005). 'A Life In The Movies'. Chicago Magazine. p. 3. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  23. ^ Becky McCabe, Division Administrator, Student Assessment Division (August 21, 2006). "Memorandum:2006–07 Guidance – Graduation and the Prairie State Achievement Examination" (PDF). Illinois State Board of Education. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2007. 
  24. ^ http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/8.html
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/55.html
  27. ^ http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/43.html
  28. ^ http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/31.html
  29. ^ http://www.campusrec.uiuc.edu/facilities/freer.html
  30. ^ "Urbana's Sister City Program--Zomba, Malawi". Retrieved September 17, 2011. 

External links[edit]