Upshur County, Texas

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Upshur County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Upshur County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded1846
Named forAbel P. Upshur
SeatGilmer
Largest cityGilmer
Area
 • Total593 sq mi (1,536 km2)
 • Land583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Water10 sq mi (26 km2), 1.6%
Population
 • (2010)39,309
 • Density60/sq mi (23/km²)
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
 
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Upshur County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Upshur County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded1846
Named forAbel P. Upshur
SeatGilmer
Largest cityGilmer
Area
 • Total593 sq mi (1,536 km2)
 • Land583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Water10 sq mi (26 km2), 1.6%
Population
 • (2010)39,309
 • Density60/sq mi (23/km²)
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

Upshur County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,309.[1] The county seat is Gilmer.[2]

Upshur County is part of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall Combined Statistical Area.

The county is named for Abel P. Upshur who was U.S. Secretary of State during President John Tyler's administration. Upshur was killed in the explosion on the USS Princeton along with new United States Secretary of the Navy Thomas Walker Gilmer (who was the namesake for the county seat of Gilmer).

History[edit]

Humans have inhabited what is now Upshur county since at least 10,000 years ago. The Caddoan people lived in this area, but were driven out, probably by disease, about 1750. Later the Cherokee came to the area. The Cherokee were driven out by 1839.[3]

The first White settler in Upshur county was probably Isaac Moody who settled there in 1836.[3]

Upshur County was named for Abel Parker Upshur, Secretary of State under John Tyler.[3]

Upshur County has the distinction of being the county that has the largest settlement in Texas organized by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 1904 the Latter-day Saint South-western States Mission organized a colony at Kelsey.[4]

Politics[edit]

Upshur County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican Bryan Hughes, a lawyer in Mineola.

Geography[edit]

Upshur County Courthouse
Upshur County Courthouse

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 593 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 583 square miles (1,510 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (1.6%) is water.[5]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18503,394
186010,645213.6%
187012,03913.1%
188010,266−14.7%
189012,69523.7%
190016,26628.1%
191019,96022.7%
192022,47212.6%
193022,297−0.8%
194026,17817.4%
195020,822−20.5%
196019,793−4.9%
197020,9766.0%
198028,59536.3%
199031,3709.7%
200035,29112.5%
201039,30911.4%
Est. 201239,9951.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850-2010[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 35,291 people, 13,290 households, and 10,033 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 14,930 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.70% White, 10.15% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 3.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,290 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,347, and the median income for a family was $38,857. Males had a median income of $31,216 versus $20,528 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,358. 14.90% of the population and 12.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.60% of those under the age of 18 and 14.00% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Upshur County:

Popular culture[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities and Towns[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association
  4. ^ Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 129
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°44′N 94°56′W / 32.73°N 94.94°W / 32.73; -94.94