United States presidential approval rating

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In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as President?"[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular US mood regarding a president. The website RealClearPolitics.com keeps track of the current polling averages, which can be seen below.

President Barack Obama[edit]

Most recent polls for President Barack Obama:

Polling GroupDateApprovalDisapproval+/-
RealClearPolitics.com Average[2]November 6–20, 201340.4%55.4%–15.0%
Gallup[3]November 17–19, 201340%53%–13%
Rasmussen Reports[4]November 18–20, 201343%55%–12%
CNN[5]November 18–20, 201341%57%–16%
CBS News[6]November 15–18, 201337%57%–20%
The Economist/YouGov[7]November 16–18, 201342%56%–14%
ABC News/Washington Post[8]November 14–17, 201341%56%–15%
Fox News[9]November 10–12, 201340%55%–15%
Quinnipiac University[10]November 6–11, 201339%54%–15%
National Journal[11]November 2–6, 201338%55%–17%
Pew Research[12]October 30–November 6, 201339%56%–17%
Reuters/Ipsos[13]October 25–29, 201340%52%–12%
NBC/Wall Street Journal[14]October 25–28, 201342%51%–9%

Historical comparison[edit]

President Obama has averaged an approval rating of 49.0% throughout his first four and a half years in office, which has dropped his average approval below Richard Nixon (49.1%) and George W. Bush (49.4%). Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each President since 1937:[15][nb 1]

OrderPresidentHighest ApprovalLowest ApprovalHigh-LowHighest DisapprovalApproval Average[15]
44[16]Obama69 (January 22, 2009)38 (August 22/27/29, October 6/13/17, 2011)3155 (August 27/29, 2011)49.0 [17]
43[18]Bush (G.W.)90 (September 21, 2001)25 (October 31, 2008)6571 (October 31, 2008)49.4
42[19]Clinton73 (December 19, 1998)37 (May 26, 1993)3654 (September 6, 1994)55.1
41[20]Bush (G.H.W.)89 (February 28, 1991)29 (July 31, 1992)6060 (July 31, 1992)60.9
40[21]Reagan68 (May 16, 1986)35 (January 28, 1983)3356 (January 28, 1983)52.8
39[22]Carter75 (March 18, 1977)28 (June 29, 1979)4759 (June 29, 1979)45.5
38[23]Ford71 (August 16, 1974)37 (March 28, 1975)3446 (April 18, 1975/November 21, 1975)47.2
37[24]Nixon67 (January 26, 1973)24 (August 2, 1974)4366 (August 2, 1974)49.1
36[25]Johnson79 (February 28, 1964)35 (August 7, 1968)4452 (August 7, 1968/March 10, 1968)55.1
35[26]Kennedy83 (March 8, 1962)56 (September 12, 1963)2730 (September 12, 1963/November 8, 1963)70.1
34[27]Eisenhower79 (December 14, 1956)48 (March 27, 1958)3136 (March 27, 1958)65.0
33[28]Truman87 (June 1, 1945)22 (February 9, 1952)6567 (January 6, 1952)45.4
32[29]Roosevelt84 (January 8, 1942)48 (August 18, 1939)3646 (May 22/29 1938/November 07, 1938)

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included, as no other poll results exist for earlier presidents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Barack Obama". gallup.com. Retrieved December 1, 2009. 
  2. ^ "President Obama Job Approval Average". Retrieved March 7, 2O13. 
  3. ^ "Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". 
  4. ^ "Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". rasmussenreports.com. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ "CNN Poll". CNN. Retrieved November 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Obamacare support, Obama approval sink to new lows". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ http://d25d2506sfb94s.cloudfront.net/cumulus_uploads/document/a2pqa66kc2/trackingreport.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/page/2010-2019/WashingtonPost/2013/11/19/National-Politics/Polling/question_12477.xml?uuid=dFWkolDXEeOe5iWACG2CVA
  9. ^ "Fox News Poll: Half of voters think President lied about ObamaCare, majority want Benghazi probe to continue". Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.quinnipiac.edu/institutes-and-centers/polling-institute/national/release-detail?ReleaseID=1975
  11. ^ http://www.nationaljournal.com/white-house/poll-obama-down-but-congress-is-down-further-20131118
  12. ^ http://www.realclearpolitics.com/docs/2013/Pew_1108_ObamaJobApproval.pdf
  13. ^ "Ipsos Poll Conducted for Reuters". Reuters/Ipsos. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey". NBC/Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  16. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  17. ^ Obama Job Approval, Gallup Presidential Approval Center.
  18. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  19. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Clinton at the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research
  20. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Bush (G.H.W.) at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  21. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Reagan at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  22. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Carter at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  23. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Ford at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  24. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Nixon at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  25. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Johnson at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  26. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Kennedy at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  27. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Eisenhower at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  28. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Truman at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  29. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Roosevelt at Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.

External links[edit]