United States military casualties of war

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This article lists the United States of America's military dead, wounded, and missing person totals for wars and major deployments.

Overview[edit]

War or ConflictDateTotal U.S. DeathsWoundedTotal U.S. Dead
& Wounded
MissingSources & Notes
CombatOtherTotal
American Revolutionary War1775–17838,00025,00025,00050,000
Northwest Indian War1785–17961056+1056+825+1881+[1][2][3]
Quasi-War1798–180020494[4]51442556[4][5]
First Barbary War1801–180535397464138[6][7][8][9]
Other actions against pirates1800–190036158+[10]194+100+294+[5][11][12][b]
Chesapeake–Leopard Affair18073031821[5]
War of 18121812–18152,260~12740~15,0004,505~20,000[13]
Marquesas Expedition1813–18144437[7]
Second Barbary War18154134[14]10148[15]
First Seminole War1817–181847473683[16]
First Sumatran Expedition1832221113[5]
Black Hawk War183247258[17][18]30585390[19]
Second Seminole War1835–184232812071535[20]
Mexican–American War1846–18481,73311,55013,2834,15217,435[21]
Cayuse War1847-18564014174115[22]
Rogue River Wars1851-18561906196293489[23]
Yakima War1855-18563223492126[24]
Third Seminole War1855–185826262753[25]
Coeur d'Alene War185836366096[26]
Civil War: total1861–1865214,938400K-500K~750,000 [27][c][28][not specific enough to verify]
Union140,414224,097364,511281,881646,392
Confederate74,524~225,000~299,524
Dakota War of 1862
(Little Crow's War)
186270–11370–113150220–263[29][30][31][32]
Shimonoseki Straits18634–5[5][33]04–56[5]10[5][33]
Snake Indian War1864–18683030128158[24]
Indian Wars1865–18989191,025[21]
Red Cloud's War1866–1868126126100226[34][35][36]
Korea (Shinmiyangyo)187133912[37]
Modoc War1872–1873565688144[38][39]
Great Sioux War1875–1877314314211525[40][41]
Nez Perce War1877134134157291[42][43]
Bannock War1878120122234[44][45]
Ute War1879150155267[44][46]
Sheepeater Indian War1879111011[44]
Samoan crisis1887-18890626262[47]
Ghost Dance War1890–189135356499[48][49]
Sugar Point
Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians
189870716230[50]
Spanish–American War18983852,0612,4461,6224,068[21]
Philippine–American War1898–19131,0203,1764,1962,9307,126[21]
Boxer Rebellion1900–190168631312043350[51]
Santo Domingo Affair190410123[5]
United States occupation of Nicaragua1910, 1912-1925, 1927-19339069159290449[52][53]>[54]
Mexican Revolution1914–191912061181319500[55]
Occupation of Haiti1915–19341013814826+184+[5][56]
World War I1917–191853,40263,114116,516204,002320,5183,350[21][d]
North Russia Campaign1918–1920424[57]
American Expeditionary Force Siberia1918–192016016832852+380+[58]
China1918; 1921; 1926–1927; 1930; 193757883[52]
World War II1941–1945291,557113,842405,399670,8461,076,24530,314[21]See Note DA below
Greek Civil War1944-19491566[59]
Chinese Civil War1945–19501415016451215[59]
Berlin Blockade1948–194931[60]
Korean War1950–195333,6862,83036,51692,134128,6504,759Note: 4,759 MIA-See Note E below
U.S.S.R. Cold War1947–1991321244[52]
China Cold War1950–19721616[52]
Vietnam War1955–197547,42410,78558,209153,303211,4542,489[61][21][62]
1958 Lebanon crisis19581[63]5[63][64]61+[65]7+[66]
Bay of Pigs Invasion1961444[67]
Dominican Republic1965–1966272047283330[52][59][68]
Iran19800884120[69]
El Salvador Civil War1980–199222153735[70][71][72][73]
Beirut deployment1982–1984256266169[74]
Persian Gulf escorts1987–19883903931
Invasion of Grenada198318119119[74]
1986 Bombing of Libya198620202[75]
Invasion of Panama19892340324[74]
Gulf War1990–19911491452948491,1430[76][77]
Operation Provide Comfort1991-199611819423[78][79]
Somalia1992–1993291443153[74]
Haiti1994–1995143[74]
Colombia1994–present08[80][81]8[82]
Bosnia-Herzegovina1995–200475126[83]
NATO bombing of Yugoslavia1999119202+22+0[84]
Afghanistan War2001–present1,7424712,22918,67520,9041[f][85][86]
Iraq War2003–20113,5279614,48832,22236,7102[85]
War on Terror: Afghanistan and Iraq Wars total2001–present5,2811,4326,71750,89757,6143[87]
Grand Total1775–present848,163433,1611,321,6121,531,0362,717,99138,159

Wars ranked by total number of U.S. military deaths[edit]

RankWarYearsDeathsDeaths per DayUS Population in First Year of WarDeaths per Population
1American Civil War1861–1865625,00042031,443,0001.988% (1860)
2World War II1941–1945405,399297133,402,0000.307% (1940)
3World War I1917–1918116,516279103,268,0000.110% (1920)
4Vietnam War1961–197558,20911179,323,175 (1960)0.030% (1970)
5Korean War1950–195336,51645151,325,0000.020% (1950)
6American Revolutionary War1775–178325,000112,500,0000.899% (1780)
7War of 18121812–181515,000158,000,0000.207% (1810)
8Mexican–American War1846–184813,2832921,406,0000.057% (1850)
9War on Terror2001–present6,7171.57294,043,0000.002% (2010)
10Philippine–American War1899–19024,1963.872,129,0010.006% (1900)

"Deaths per day" is the total number of U.S. military killed, divided by the number of days between the dates of the commencement and end of hostilities. "Deaths per population" is the total number of U.S. military deaths, divided by the U.S. population of the year indicated.

Total American Deaths by War
American Civil War
  
625,000
World War II
  
405,399
World War I
  
116,516
Vietnam
  
58,151
Korean War
  
36,516
American Revolutionary War
  
25,000
War of 1812
  
15,000
Mexican American War
  
13,283
War on terror* present
  
6,717
Philippine–American War
  
4,196

Wars ranked by U.S. combat deaths[edit]

RankWarYearsDeaths
1World War II1941–1945291,557
2American Civil War1861–1865212,938
3World War I1917–191853,402
4Vietnam War1955–197547,424
5Korean War1950–195333,746
6American Revolutionary War1775–17838,000
7War on Terror2001–present5,281 [88]
8War of 18121812–18152,260
9Mexican–American War1846–18481,733
10Northwest Indian War1785–17951,221+
American Combat Deaths by War
World War II
  
291,557
American Civil War
  
212,938
World War I
  
53,402
Vietnam
  
47,424
Korean War
  
33,746
American Revolutionary War
  
8,000
War on terror*
  
5,281
War of 1812
  
2,260
Mexican American War
  
1,733
Northwest Indian War
  
1,221+

Notes[edit]

a. ^ Revolutionary War: All figures from the Revolutionary War are rounded estimates. Commonly cited casualty figures provided by the Department of Defense are 4,435 killed and 6,188 wounded, although the original government report that generated these numbers warned that the totals were incomplete and far too low.[89] Nevertheless, the numbers are often repeated without this warning, such as on the United States Department of Veteran Affairs website.[90] In 1974, historian Howard Peckham and a team of researchers came up with a total of 6,824 killed in action and 8,445 wounded. Because of incomplete records, Peckham estimated that this new total number of killed in action was still about 1,000 too low.[91] Military historian John Shy subsequently estimated the total killed in action at 8,000, and argued that the number of wounded was probably far higher, about 25,000.[92] The "other" deaths are primarily from disease, including prisoners who died on British prison ships.

b. ^ Other Actions Against Pirates: Includes actions fought in the West Indies, the Greek Isles, off of Louisiana, China and Vietnam. Other deaths resulted from disease and accidents.

c. ^ Civil War: All Union casualty figures, and Confederate killed in action, from The Oxford Companion to American Military History.[21] Estimate of total Confederate dead from James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom (Oxford University Press, 1988), 854. Newer estimates place the total death toll at 650,000 to 850,000. See: Guy Gugliotta, "New Estimate Raises Civil War Death Toll", New York Times, April 2, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
CA. ^ Civil War April 2, 2012 Doctor David Hacker after extensive research offered new casualty rates higher by 20%; his work has been accepted by the academic community and is represented here.

d. ^ World War I figures include expeditions in North Russia and Siberia. See also World War I casualties

da.^ World War II Note: as of March 31, 1946 there were an estimated 286,959 dead of whom 246,492 were identified; of 40,467 who were unidentified 18,641 were located {10,986 reposed in military cemeteries and 7,655 in isolated graves} and 21,826 were reported not located. As of April 6, 1946 there were 539 American Military Cemeteries which contained 241,500 dead.[93] Note the American Battle Monuments Commission database for the World War II reports that that in 18 ABMC Cemeteries total of 93,238 buried and 78,979 missing and that "The World War II database on this web site contains the names of those buried at our cemeteries, or listed as Missing in Action, buried or lost at sea. It does not contain the names of the 233,174 Americans returned to the United States for burial..." Similarly, the ABMC Records do not cover inter-War deaths such as the Port Chicago disaster in which 320 died. As of November 2, 2011 Total of US World War II casualties {Military and Civilian} not recovered is 73,692; total of US World War II Casualties buried at sea are 6,061.

e. ^ Korean War: Note:[21] gives Dead as 33,746 and Wounded as 103, 284 and MIA as 8,177. The POW/MIA gives the figures listed here: for example: The total "Battle Dead" of 33,686 is broken down into 23,637 KIA; 2,484 DOW: 4,759 MIA; 2,806 {POWS}. 2,830 are given as non-battle deaths; wounded 103,284 is given as the Number of incidences of wounded-including individual personnel wounded multiple times ;likewise 17,730 are listed separately as having died elsewhere Worldwide during Korean War. The American Battle Monuments Commission database for the Korean War reports that "The Department of Defense reports that 54,246 American service men and women lost their lives during the Korean War. This includes all losses world wide. Since the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. honors all U.S. Military who lost their lives during the War, we have tried to obtain the names of those who died in other areas besides Korea during the period June 27, 1950 to July 27, 1954, one year after the Korean Armistice...". {For a breakdown of Worldwide casualties of 54,246 see The Korean War educator at [94] gives figures as In-theatre/non theater} After their retreat in 1950, dead Marines and soldiers were buried at a temporary gravesite near Hungnam, North Korea. During "Operation Glory" which occurred from July to November 1954 the dead of each side were exchanged; remains of 4,167 US soldiers/Marines were exchanged for 13,528 North Korean/Chinese dead.[95] After "Operation Glory" 416 Korean War "unknowns" were buried in the Punchbowl Cemetery. According to a DPMO white paper [96] 1,394 names were also transmitted during "Operation Glory" from the Chinese and North Koreans {of whom 858 names proved to be correct}; of the 4,167 returned remains were found to be 4,219 individuals of whom 2,944 were found to be Americans of whom all but 416 were identified by name. Of 239 Korean War unaccounted for: 186 not associated with Punchbowl unknowns {176 were identified and of the remaining 10 cases 4 were non-Americans of Asiatic descent; one was British; 3 were identified and 2 cases unconfirmed}; Of 10 Korean War "Punchbowl Unknowns" 6 were identified. The W.A. Johnson listing of 496 POWs-including 25 Civilians [97]-who died in North Korea can be found here-[98] and here[99]

According to report of June 24, 2008 at [100]

Update on report of July 6, 2010 at [101]

Update of report of October 26, 2011 at [102]

Update of report as of December 21, 2011: Listed as MIA: 7,973 at [103] As of January 5, 2014:Listed as MIA: 7,900. [104]

ea. ^ Cold War – Korea and Vietnam and Middle East-additional US Casualties:

f. ^ Iraq War. See also Casualties of the conflict in Iraq since 2003. Sources: .[107]

g. ^ Afghanistan. Casualties include those that occurred in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Seychelles, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Yemen.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Grenier The First Way of War: American War Making on the Frontier (Cambridge University Press) pg 195–200
  2. ^ Rajitar 33–36, 71–73
  3. ^ Konstantin 11–14, 111
  4. ^ a b Michael A Palmer Stoddert's War: Naval Operations During the Quasi-War with France 1798–1801 (Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, 1987) pg 119, 208, 218, 228
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i [1]
  6. ^ Joseph Wheelan Jefferson's War, (Carol and Graph Publishers, 2003) pg 208–228
  7. ^ a b Max Boot, The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power (Da Capo Press, 2002), pg 25–27
  8. ^ Gregory Fremont-Barnes Wars of the Barbary Coast: To the Shores of Tripoli (Osprey Publishing 2006)
  9. ^ John Randolph Spears David G Farragut (Cornell University Press, 2009) pg 39
  10. ^ Max Boot, Savage Wars of Peace pg 42
  11. ^ Edgar Stanton Maclay, A History of the United States Navy from 1775 to 1894pg 120–127
  12. ^ Peter Earle, The Pirate Wars (St Martins, 2003) pg 233–245
  13. ^ The "other" deaths were primarily from disease. Donald R. Hickey, Don't Give Up the Ship! Myths of the War of 1812t (University of Illinois Press, 2006), 297.
  14. ^ Joseph Wheelan Jefferson's War pg 357
  15. ^ Joseph Wheelan Jefferson's War (Carol and Graf 2003), pg 354,357
  16. ^ Colonel Raymond K Bluhm US Army A Complete History (The Army Historical Foundation) pg 154
  17. ^ Bluhm 166
  18. ^ Kerry A Trask Black Hawk: The Battle for the Heart of America (Henry Holt and Co, 2006) pg 271–276
  19. ^ Patrick Jung The Black Hawk War of 1832 (University of Oklahoma Press) pg 170–172
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i John W. Chambers, II, ed. in chief, The Oxford Companion to American Military History. (Oxford University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-19-507198-0), 849.
  22. ^ Frances Fuller Victor, The Cayuse Wars (The Early Indian Wars of Oregon, Pt 1. (Taxus Baccata Books, 2006, ISBN 0-9729830-5-8), 211.
  23. ^ AG Henry, Rogue River War. (YE Galleon Press, 1996, ISBN 0-87770-573-9), 39.
  24. ^ a b CW.Cornell, Deadliest Indian War in the West: The Snake Conflict 1864–1868(Caxton Press, 2007)
  25. ^ Joe Knetscii Florida's Seminole Wars: 1817–1858 (Florida Historical Society)pg 152
  26. ^ Ray Hoard Glassley Pacific Northwest Indian Wars (Binford and Mort, 1953) 244.
  27. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/03/science/civil-war-toll-up-by-20-percent-in-new-estimate.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
  28. ^ America's Wars, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, November 2011
  29. ^ [3]
  30. ^ Yenne pg 95–99
  31. ^ Jerry Keenan The Great Sioux Uprising(Da Capo Press)
  32. ^ Alvin Josephy jr Civil War in the American West (Vintage Press 1993)
  33. ^ a b Long,Barbara. The Civil War Day by Day:An Almanac pg 386
  34. ^ Yenne pg 117–124
  35. ^ Rajitar
  36. ^ Konstantin
  37. ^ Dispatch from Commodore John Rodgers to the Secretary of the Navy, Corea, June 23, 1871
  38. ^ Yenne 151–156
  39. ^ Rajtar 46–48
  40. ^ Yenne pg 175–211
  41. ^ Rajtar pg 88–91
  42. ^ Kurt Nelson, Fighting for Paradise: A Military History of the Pacific Northwest (Westholme, 2008) pg 277
  43. ^ Yenne 239–244
  44. ^ a b c Phil Konstantin, This Day in North American Indian History (Da Capo, 2002)
  45. ^ Yenne 245–248
  46. ^ Yenne Pg 250
  47. ^ Ryden, George Herbert. The Foreign Policy of the United States in Relation to Samoa. New York: Octagon Books, 1975. (Reprint by special arrangement with Yale University Press. Originally published at New Haven: Yale University Press, 1928. pg.449
  48. ^ Steve Rajtar, Indian War Sites (McFarland, 1999), pg 230–232
  49. ^ Yenne 286–294
  50. ^ Bill Yenne, Indian Wars: The Campaign for the American West. (Westholme Publishing, 2008) 296.
  51. ^ Journal of the Military Service Institution of The United States Vol 38 pg 572 [4]
  52. ^ a b c d e Casualties: U. S. Navy and Marine Corps
  53. ^ Listing of USMC Casualties
  54. ^ Keith B Bickel Mars Learning: the Marine Corps development of small wars doctrine 1915–1940 (Westview Press) pg 119
  55. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=hLMqAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1244&lpg=PA1244&dq=%22Raided+Los+Indios+%22&source=bl&ots=95MspFd8C_&sig=tJESh9Rn3sh3JWq-Sim9rcDJfbI&hl=en&ei=ljOaTM7VL4H88AbO7O01&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=killed&f=false
  56. ^ Keith B Bickel Mars Learning: the Marine Corps development of small wars doctrine 1915–1940 (Westview Press) pg 91
  57. ^ Hudson, Miles (2004). Intervention in Russia 1918–1920: A Cautionary Tale. Pen and Sword. ISBN 1-84415-033-X.
  58. ^ Boot pg 228
  59. ^ a b c Richard K Kolb, Cold War Clashes: Confronting Communism, 1945-1991 (VFW Publications, Kansas City MO, 2004) pg 129
  60. ^ The Berlin Blockade
  61. ^ Note as of december 2, 2011 Vietnam MIA are 1,679 see DPMO
  62. ^ page 7 of http://www.fas.org/press/_docs/RL32492.pdf
  63. ^ a b [5]
  64. ^ [6]
  65. ^ pg 32
  66. ^ Pages 31–32 of http://www.marines.mil/news/publications/Documents/Marines%20in%20Lebanon%201958%20PCN%2019000318500.pdf
  67. ^ John Padros, Safe For Democracy:The Secret Wars of the CIA(Ivan R Lee Publishers Chicago 2006) pg 263
  68. ^ Operation Power Pack
  69. ^ Peter Huchthausen, America's Splended Little Wars pg 37
  70. ^ Bradley Graham, Medals Granted After Acknowledgement of US Role in El Salvador, Washington Post; 5/6/1996 1A
  71. ^ Miami Herald Copter Crash kills 5 near San Salvador, 2/26/1991. 4A
  72. ^ Ted Gup Star Agents: The anonymous stars in the CIA Book of Honor, Washington Post; 9/7/1997 WO6
  73. ^ Army Air Crews Line of Duty Deaths http://www.armyaircrews.com/
  74. ^ a b c d e Table 13, Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths, Selected Military Operations, http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/CASUALTY/table13.htm, SAID, U.S. Department of Defense
  75. ^ Peter Huchthausen, America's Splendid Little Wars: A Short History of U.S. Military Engagements 1975–2000. (Viking Press, 2003) pg 96.
  76. ^ Initials may offer clue to missing Gulf War pilot Note: ID and found August 2009
  77. ^ Cauchon, Dennis (2003-04-21). "Why U.S. casualties were low". USA Today. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  78. ^ http://www.marines.mil/news/publications/Documents/Humanitarian%20Operations%20in%20Nothern%20Iraq,%20Operation%20Provide%20Comfort%20PCN%2019000316500_2.PDF
  79. ^ http://www.armyaircrews.com/blackhawk.html
  80. ^ "Navy Chopper Crashes Near Colombia". CBS News. December 13, 2005. 
  81. ^ [7]
  82. ^ [8]
  83. ^ United States Army
  84. ^ "Two die in Apache crash". BBC News. 1999-05-05. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  85. ^ a b [9]
  86. ^ http://icasualties.org/OEF/ByMonth.aspx
  87. ^ http://antiwar.com/casualties/
  88. ^ Casualties, U.S. Defense Department, April 1, 2013
  89. ^ Howard H. Peckham, ed., The Toll of Independence: Engagements & Battle Casualties of the American Revolution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974), xii.
  90. ^ Fact Sheet: America's Wars, accessed December 2006.
  91. ^ Peckham, Toll of Independence, 131.
  92. ^ John Shy, A People Numerous and Armed: Reflections on the Military Struggle for American Independence (revised edition, University of Michigan Press, 1990, ISBN 0-472-06431-2), 249–50.
  93. ^ US Army Quartermaster museum website
  94. ^ [10]
  95. ^ Korean War Exchange of Dead – Operation GLORY
  96. ^ [11]
  97. ^ [12]
  98. ^ DPMO PFC Wayne A "Johnny" Johnson List
  99. ^ [13]
  100. ^ [14]
  101. ^ Korean War reports
  102. ^ [15]
  103. ^ DPMO Statistics Page
  104. ^ Ditto
  105. ^ List of border incidents involving North Korea
  106. ^ Vietnam War casualties
  107. ^ CNN http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2003/iraq/forces/casualties/2007.06.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 2010-05-26. [dead link]

External links[edit]