United States at the Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

United States at the Olympic Games

Flag of the United States
IOC code USA
NOCUnited States Olympic Committee
Websitewww.teamusa.org
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
 
Jump to: navigation, search
United States at the Olympic Games

Flag of the United States
IOC code USA
NOCUnited States Olympic Committee
Websitewww.teamusa.org
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games

The United States of America (USA) has sent athletes to every celebration of the modern Olympic Games, except the 1980 Summer Olympics, which it boycotted. The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is the National Olympic Committee for the United States.

US athletes have won a total of 2400 medals at the Summer Olympic Games and another 253 at the Winter Olympic Games. Most medals have been won in athletics (track and field) (738, 31%) and swimming (489, 20%). Thomas Burke was the first athlete to represent the United States at the Olympics. He took first place in both the 100 meters and the 400 meters of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. US athlete Michael Phelps is the most-decorated Olympic athlete of any nation, with 22 Olympic medals (including 18 golds).

The United States has won more gold and overall medals than any other country in the Summer Games and overall and also has the second-most overall medals at the Winter games, trailing only Norway. Historically, the United States mainly competed with the Soviet Union at summer Games and with the Soviet Union, Norway, and East Germany at the winter Games, but now they contend primarily with China at the summer Games for both the overall medal count and the gold medal count. The United States is the only country to have won at least one gold medal at every Winter Olympics, and has topped the total medal count at Lake Placid in the 1932 Winter Olympics and at Vancouver in the 2010 Winter Olympics. During the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics, the United States set a record for most total medals of any country at a single Winter Olympics.

At the London 2012 games, the United States won the most gold medals as well as having the most medals in total.

Hosted Games[edit]

The United States has hosted both Summer and Winter Games in 1932 and most occasions of the Games among other countries - eight times, four times each for the Summer and Winter Games:

GamesHost cityDatesNationsParticipantsEvents
1904 Summer OlympicsSt. Louis, Missouri1 July – 23 November1265191
1932 Winter OlympicsLake Placid, New York7 – 15 February1725214
1932 Summer OlympicsLos Angeles, California30 July – 14 August371,332117
1960 Winter OlympicsSquaw Valley, California2 – 20 February3066527
1980 Winter OlympicsLake Placid, New York13 – 24 February371,07238
1984 Summer OlympicsLos Angeles, California20 July – 18 August1406,829221
1996 Summer OlympicsAtlanta, Georgia18 July – 4 August19710,318271
2002 Winter OlympicsSalt Lake City, Utah8 – 24 February772,39978

Medal tables by Games[edit]

*Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

GamesAthletesGoldSilverBronzeTotalRank
Greece 1896 Athens141172201
France 1900 Paris75191414472
United States 1904 St. Louis5267882792391
United Kingdom 1908 London122231212472
Sweden 1912 Stockholm174251919631
Belgium 1920 Antwerp288412727951
France 1924 Paris299452727991
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam280221816561
United States 1932 Los Angeles4744132301031
Nazi Germany 1936 Berlin359242012562
United Kingdom 1948 London300382719841
Finland 1952 Helsinki286401917761
Australia 1956 Melbourne297322517742
Italy 1960 Rome292342116712
Japan 1964 Tokyo346362628901
Mexico 1968 Mexico City3574528341071
West Germany 1972 Munich400333130942
Canada 1976 Montreal396343525943
Soviet Union 1980 Moscowdid not participate
United States 1984 Los Angeles5228361301741
South Korea 1988 Seoul527363127943
Spain 1992 Barcelona5453734371082
United States 1996 Atlanta6464432251011
Australia 2000 Sydney586372432931
Greece 2004 Athens6133639261011
China 2008 Beijing5963638361102
United Kingdom 2012 London5305334291161
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro
Japan 2020 Tokyo
Total97675866624001

Medals by Winter Games[edit]

GamesAthletesgoldsilveroragneTRank
France 1924 Chamonix2412145
Switzerland 1928 St. Moritz2422262
United States 1932 Lake Placid64642121
Nazi Germany 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen5510348
Switzerland 1948 St. Moritz6934294
Norway 1952 Oslo65461112
Italy 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo6723276
United States 1960 Squaw Valley79343103
Austria 1964 Innsbruck8912368
France 1968 Grenoble9515179
Japan 1972 Sapporo10332385
Austria 1976 Innsbruck106334103
United States 1980 Lake Placid101642123
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1984 Sarajevo10744083
Canada 1988 Calgary11821369
France 1992 Albertville147542115
Norway 1994 Lillehammer147652135
Japan 1998 Nagano186634135
United States 2002 Salt Lake City202101311343
Italy 2006 Turin211997252
Canada 2010 Vancouver21691513373
Russia 2014 Sochi
South Korea 2018 Pyeongchang
Total8795712532

Medals by summer sport[edit]

     Leading in that sport[citation needed]

     Dropped from the current Olympics program

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Athletics311238189738
Swimming214155120489
Diving484142131
Wrestling504332125
Boxing482338109
Shooting502924103
Gymnastics30353095
Rowing31312284
Sailing19231759
Cycling14152049
Equestrian11201849
Weightlifting16161143
Tennis1751032
Archery149831
Basketball202325
Fencing271221
Canoeing55616
Volleyball83314
Water polo16512
Judo13711
Golf33410
Modern pentathlon0639
Synchronized swimming5229
Association Football3216
Taekwondo2226
Softball3104
Roque1113
Tug of war1113
Baseball1023
Field hockey0022
Polo0112
Rugby2002
Jeu de paume1001
Lacrosse0101
Triathlon0011
Total*9307296362295

Medals by winter sport[edit]

     Leading in that sport

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Speed skating29221667
Figure skating14161646
Alpine skiing1418739
Bobsleigh76720
Snowboarding75719
Freestyle skiing55414
Short track45918
Ice hockey310215
Skeleton3306
Luge0224
Nordic combined1304
Cross-country skiing0101
Ski jumping0011
Curling0011
Total*879672255

*Total medal counts include two medals – one silver and one bronze – awarded in the ice hockey and figure skating events at the 1920 Summer Olympics. These medals are included in the summer games medal totals and the winter sport medal totals. This is why the totals for summer and winter games do not match the totals for summer and winter sports.

Flagbearers[edit]

Summer Olympics
GamesAthleteSport
1908 LondonRalph RoseAthletics
1912 StockholmGeorge BonhagAthletics
1920 AntwerpPat McDonaldAthletics
1924 ParisPat McDonaldAthletics
1928 AmsterdamBud HouserAthletics
1932 Los AngelesMorgan TaylorAthletics
1936 BerlinAl JochimGymnastics
1948 LondonRalph CraigSailing
1952 HelsinkiNorman ArmitageFencing
1956 MelbourneNorman Armitage [1]Fencing
1960 RomeRafer JohnsonAthletics
1964 TokyoParry O'BrienAthletics
1968 Mexico CityJanice Romary [2]Fencing
1972 MunichOlga Fikotova ConnollyAthletics
1976 MontrealGary Hall, Sr.Swimming
1980 MoscowUSA did not participate
1984 Los AngelesEd BurkeAthletics
1988 SeoulEvelyn AshfordAthletics
1992 BarcelonaFrancie Larrieu-SmithAthletics
1996 AtlantaBruce BaumgartnerWrestling
2000 SydneyCliff MeidlCanoeing
2004 AthensDawn StaleyBasketball
2008 BeijingLopez LomongAthletics
2012 LondonMariel ZagunisFencing
Winter Olympics
GamesAthleteSport
1924 ChamonixClarence AbelIce hockey
1928 St. MoritzGodfrey Dewey
1932 Lake PlacidBilly FiskeBobsleigh
1936 GarmischRolf MonsenCross Country Skiing
1948 St. MoritzJack HeatonSkeleton & Bobsleigh
1952 OsloJim BickfordBobsleigh
1956 CortinaJim BickfordBobsleigh
1960 Squaw ValleyDon McDermottSpeed skating
1964 InnsbruckBill DisneySpeed skating
1968 GrenobleTerry McDermottSpeed skating
1972 SapporoDianne HolumSpeed skating
1976 InnsbruckCindy NelsonAlpine skiing
1980 Lake PlacidScott HamiltonFigure skating
1984 SarajevoFrank MasleyLuge
1988 CalgaryLyle NelsonBiathlon
1992 AlbertvilleBill KochCross Country Skiing
1994 LillehammerCammy MylerLuge
1998 NaganoEric FlaimSpeed Skating
2002 Salt Lake CityAmy PetersonShort track
2006 TurinChris WittySpeed skating
2010 VancouverDilpreet DsoanjhLuge

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warren Wofford was the flagbearer in the (Equestrian) parade in Stockholm for the Olympics Equestrian Sports Association events held there because a quarantine imposed on horses prevented equestrian events from taking place in Australia
  2. ^ First woman to carry the flag at the Olympics for USA

External links[edit]