United States Senate elections, 2014

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United States Senate elections, 2014
United States
2012 ←
November 4, 2014
→ 2016

33 of the 100 seats in the U.S. Senate and 2 mid-term vacancies
51 seats needed for a majority
 Harry Reid 113th Congress 2013.jpgMitch McConnell 113th Congress 2013.jpg
LeaderHarry ReidMitch McConnell
PartyDemocraticRepublican
Leader sinceJanuary 3, 2005January 3, 2007
Leader's seatNevadaKentucky
Current seats53*45
Seats up2114

 
PartyIndependent
Current seats2*
Seats up0

2014 Senate election map.svg

     Democratic incumbent seeking re-election      Democratic incumbent retiring

     Republican incumbent seeking re-election      Republican incumbent retiring
     No election
* Both independents currently caucus with the Democrats.


Incumbent Majority Leader

Harry Reid
Democratic

 
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United States Senate elections, 2014
United States
2012 ←
November 4, 2014
→ 2016

33 of the 100 seats in the U.S. Senate and 2 mid-term vacancies
51 seats needed for a majority
 Harry Reid 113th Congress 2013.jpgMitch McConnell 113th Congress 2013.jpg
LeaderHarry ReidMitch McConnell
PartyDemocraticRepublican
Leader sinceJanuary 3, 2005January 3, 2007
Leader's seatNevadaKentucky
Current seats53*45
Seats up2114

 
PartyIndependent
Current seats2*
Seats up0

2014 Senate election map.svg

     Democratic incumbent seeking re-election      Democratic incumbent retiring

     Republican incumbent seeking re-election      Republican incumbent retiring
     No election
* Both independents currently caucus with the Democrats.


Incumbent Majority Leader

Harry Reid
Democratic

Elections for the United States Senate will be held on November 4, 2014, with 33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate being contested in regular elections whose winners will serve six-year terms from January 3, 2015 to January 3, 2021. Additionally, special elections may be held to fill vacancies that occur during the 113th United States Congress.

The elections to the U.S. House of Representatives, elections for governors in states and territories, and many state and local elections will also be held on this date. These elections mark 100 years of direct elections of U.S. Senators.

Overview[edit]

After losing ground in the 2012 elections, an internal fight broke out among the Republican leadership in early 2013 over the best strategy and tactics for the 2014 Senate races.[1] By December 2013, eight of the twelve incumbent Republicans running for re-election saw Tea Party challenges.[2] The combination of Democratic retirements and numerous seats up for election in swing states gave Republicans hopes of taking control of the Senate, although Democrats saw opportunities for pickups as well.[3]

Summary[edit]

There are 53 Democratic, 45 Republican and 2 independent senators (both of whom caucus with the Democrats). 33 senators are up for election this year as class 2 Senators, and two are up for special elections (both from class 3). Among the seats up for election in 2014, currently, there are 21 held by Democrats and 14 held by Republicans.

There may be some changes if senators die or resign. If senators in other classes die or resign between 2012 and 2014, there may be additional special elections. The dates between which the death or resignation of a senator would lead to a special election during this time period vary from state to state.

Shading indicates party with largest share of that line.

PartiesTotal
DemocraticRepublicanIndependent
Last election (2012)53452100
Before this election53452100
Not UpClass 1 (2012→2018)238233
Class 3 (2010→2016)92332
Total3231265
UpGeneral: Class 2201333
Special: Class 3112
Total211435
Incumbent retiring527
Incumbent running161228

Change in composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

I1I2D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8
D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11D10D9
D19D20D21D22D23D24D25D26D27D28
D38D37D36D35D34D33D32D31D30D29
D39D40D41D42D43D44D45D46D47D48
Majority →
R41R42R43R44R45D53D52D51D50D49
R40R39R38R37R36R35R34R33R32R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10

Senate composition at the beginning of the 114th Congress[edit]

I1I2D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8
D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11D10D9
D19D20D21D22D23D24D25D26D27D28
TBD6TBD5TBD4TBD3TBD2TBD1D32D31D30D29
TBD7TBD8TBD9TBD10TBD11TBD12TBD13TBD14TBD15TBD16
Majority →
TBD26TBD25TBD24TBD23TBD22TBD21TBD20TBD19TBD18TBD17
TBD27TBD28TBD29TBD30TBD31TBD32TBD33TBD34TBD35R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10
Key:
D#=Democratic
R#=Republican
I#=Independent, caucusing with Democrats

Race summary[edit]

The following is the list of state-by-state summaries. Unless otherwise indicated, all races are for the class 2 seats whose terms begin January 3, 2015.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
IncumbentMost recent election results
(Winner in bold)
2014 intentCandidates
SenatorPartyElectoral
history
AlabamaJeff SessionsRepublican1996
2002
2008
Jeff Sessions (Republican) 63%
Vivian Davis Figures (Democratic) 37%
Running[4]Jeff Sessions (R)
AlaskaMark BegichDemocratic2008Mark Begich (Democratic) 48%
Ted Stevens (Republican) 47%
Other 5%
Running[5]Mark Begich (D)
William Bryk (D)[6]
Joe Miller (R)[7]
Mead Treadwell (R)[8]
Daniel S. Sullivan (R)[9]
Kathleen Tonn (R)[6]
John Jaramillo (R)[6]
ArkansasMark PryorDemocratic2002
2008
Mark Pryor (Democratic) 80%
Rebekah Kennedy (Green) 20%
Running[10]Mark Pryor (D)
Tom Cotton (R)[11]
Nathan LaFrance (L)[12]
ColoradoMark UdallDemocratic2008Mark Udall (Democratic) 53%
Bob Schaffer (Republican) 43%
Other 4%
Running[13]Mark Udall (D)
Mark Aspiri (R)
Randy Baumgardner (R)[14]
Ken Buck (R)[15]
Owen Hill (R)[16]
Jaime McMillan (R)[17]
Amy Stephens (R)[18]
DelawareChris CoonsDemocratic2010 (Special)(2010):
Chris Coons (Democratic) 57%
Christine O'Donnell (Republican) 41%
Running[19]Chris Coons (D)
GeorgiaSaxby ChamblissRepublican2002
2008
Saxby Chambliss (Republican) 57%
Jim Martin (Democratic) 43%
Retiring[20]Paul Broun (R)[21]
Art Gardner (R)[22]
Phil Gingrey (R)[23]
Derrick Grayson (R)[24]
Karen Handel (R)[25]
Jack Kingston (R)[26]
David Perdue (R)[27]
Eugene Yu (R)[28]
Steen Miles (D)[29]
Michelle Nunn (D)[30]
Branko Radulovacki (D)[31]
Todd Robinson (D)[32]
Hawaii
(special: Class 3)
Brian SchatzDemocraticAppointed
in 2012
(2010):
Daniel Inouye (Democratic) 75%
Campbell Cavasso (Republican) 22%
Other 4%
Running to finish the term ending January 3, 2017[33]Brian Schatz (D)
Colleen Hanabusa (D)[34]
Campbell Cavasso (R)[35]
IdahoJim RischRepublican2008Jim Risch (Republican) 58%
Larry LaRocco (Democratic) 34%
Rex Rammell (Independent) 5%
Other 3%
Running[36]Jim Risch (R)
IllinoisRichard DurbinDemocratic1996
2002
2008
Dick Durbin (Democratic) 68%
Steve Sauerberg (Republican) 29%
Other 3%
Running[37]Dick Durbin (D)
Armen Alvarez (R)
William Lee (R)
Jim Oberweis (R)
Doug Truax (R)[38]
Sharon Hansen (L)[39]
IowaTom HarkinDemocratic1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
Tom Harkin (Democratic) 63%
Christopher Reed (Republican) 37%
Retiring[40]Bruce Braley (D)[41]
Sam Clovis (R)[42]
Joni Ernst (R)[43]
Paul Lunde (R)[44]
Scott Schaben (R)[45]
Matthew Whitaker (R)[45]
David Young (R)[45]
Mark Jacobs (R)[46]
KansasPat RobertsRepublican1996
2002
2008
Pat Roberts (Republican) 60%
Jim Slattery (Democratic) 36%
Other 4%
Running[47]Pat Roberts (R)
Milton Wolf (R)[48]
KentuckyMitch McConnellRepublican1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
Mitch McConnell (Republican) 53%
Bruce Lunsford (Democratic) 47%
Running[49]Mitch McConnell (R)
Matt Bevin (R)[50]
Gurley Martin (R)[51]
Alison Lundergan Grimes (D)[52]
Greg Leichty (D)[53]
Bennie J. Smith (D)[53]
Ed Marksberry (D)[53]
David Patterson (L)[54]
LouisianaMary LandrieuDemocratic1996
2002
2008
Mary Landrieu (Democratic) 52%
John Kennedy (Republican) 46%
Other 2%
Running[55]Mary Landrieu (D)
Brannon McMorris (LIB)[56]
Bill Cassidy (R)[57]
Rob Maness (R)[58]
MaineSusan CollinsRepublican1996
2002
2008
Susan Collins (Republican) 61%
Tom Allen (Democratic) 39%
Running[59]Susan Collins (R)
Erick Bennett (R)
Shenna Bellows (D)[60]
MassachusettsEd MarkeyDemocratic2013 (Special)(2013):
Ed Markey (Democratic) 55%
Gabriel E. Gomez (Republican) 45%
Other 0%
Running[61]Ed Markey (D)
MichiganCarl LevinDemocratic1978
1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
Carl Levin (Democratic) 63%
Jack Hoogendyk (Republican) 34%
Other 3%
Retiring[62]Gary Peters (D)[63]
Terri Lynn Land (R)[64] Matthew Wiedenhoeft (R)[65]
MinnesotaAl FrankenDemocratic2008Al Franken (Democratic) 42%
Norm Coleman (Republican) 42%
Dean Barkley (MIP) 15%
Running[66]Al Franken (D)
Jim Abeler (R)[67]
Chris Dahlberg (R)[68]
Mike McFadden (R)[69]
Monti Moreno (R)[70]
Julianne Ortman (R)[71]
MississippiThad CochranRepublican1978
1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
Thad Cochran (Republican) 61%
Erik R. Fleming (Democratic) 39%
Running[72]Thad Cochran (R)
Chris McDaniel (R)[73]
MontanaMax BaucusDemocratic1978
1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
Max Baucus (Democratic) 73%
Bob Kelleher (Republican) 27%
Retiring[74]Dirk Adams (D)[75]
John Walsh (D)[76]
John Bohlinger (D)[77]
Champ Edmunds (R)[78]
Steve Daines (R)[78]
David Leaser (R)[78]
NebraskaMike JohannsRepublican2008Mike Johanns (Republican) 58%
Scott Kleeb (Democratic) 40%
Other 2%
Retiring[79]Sid Dinsdale (R)[80]
Bart McLeay (R)[81]
Shane Osborn (R)[82]
Ben Sasse (R)[83]
Jim Jenkins (I)
New HampshireJeanne ShaheenDemocratic2008Jeanne Shaheen (Democratic) 52%
John E. Sununu (Republican) 45%
Other 3%
Running[84]Jeanne Shaheen (D)
Andy Martin (R)[85]
Jim Rubens (R)[85]
Karen Testerman (R)[85]
Robert C. Smith (R)[86]
New JerseyCory BookerDemocratic2013 (special)(2013):
Cory Booker (Democratic) 55%
Steve Lonegan (Republican) 44%
RunningCory Booker (D)
New MexicoTom UdallDemocratic2008Tom Udall (Democratic) 61%
Steve Pearce (Republican) 39%
Running[87]Tom Udall (D)
David Clements (R)[88]
North CarolinaKay HaganDemocratic2008Kay Hagan (Democratic) 53%
Elizabeth Dole (Republican) 44%
Other 3%
Running[89]Kay Hagan (D)
Bill Flynn (R)[90]
Greg Brannon (R)[91]
Heather Grant (R)[92]
Mark Harris (R)[91]
Thom Tillis (R)[91]
OklahomaJim InhofeRepublican1994
1996
2002
2008
Jim Inhofe (Republican) 57%
Andrew Rice (Democratic) 39%
Other 4%
Running[66]Jim Inhofe (R)
Matt Silverstein (D)[93]
OregonJeff MerkleyDemocratic2008Jeff Merkley (Democratic) 49%
Gordon Smith (Republican) 46%
Dave Brownlow (Constitution) 5%
Running[94]Jeff Merkley (D)
Pavel Goberman (D)[95]
Mark Callahan (R)[95]
Sam Carpenter (R)[96]
Monica Wehby (R)[96]
Jason Conger (R)[96]
Jo Rae Perkins (R)[95]
Karl King (non-partisan)[95]
Rhode IslandJack ReedDemocratic1996
2002
2008
Jack Reed (Democratic) 73%
Robert Tingle (Republican) 27%
Running[97]Jack Reed (D)
South CarolinaLindsey GrahamRepublican2002
2008
Lindsey Graham (Republican) 58%
Bob Conley (Democratic) 42%
Running[4]Lindsey Graham (R)
Lee Bright (R)[98]
Richard Cash (R)[99]
Bill Connor (R)
Nancy Mace (R)[98]
Jay Stamper (D)[100]
South Carolina
(special: Class 3)
Tim ScottRepublicanAppointed
in 2013
(2010):
Jim DeMint (Republican) 62%
Alvin Greene (Democratic) 28%
Tom Clements (Green) 9%
Running to finish the term ending January 3, 2017[101]Tim Scott (R)
Joyce Dickerson (D)[102]
Rick Wade (D)[103]
South DakotaTim JohnsonDemocratic1996
2002
2008
Tim Johnson (Democratic) 63%
Joel Dykstra (Republican) 37%
Retiring[104]Rick Weiland (D)[105]
Annette Bosworth (R)[106]
Stace Nelson (R)[106]
Larry Rhoden (R)[106]
Mike Rounds (R)[106]
TennesseeLamar AlexanderRepublican2002
2008
Lamar Alexander (Republican) 65%
Bob Tuke (Democratic) 32%
Other 3%
Running[107]Lamar Alexander (R)
Joe Carr (R)[108]
Brenda Lenard (R)[108]
Danny Page (R)[108]
Terry Adams (D)[108]
Larry Crim (D)[108]
Jacob Maurer (D)[108]
TexasJohn CornynRepublican2002
2008
John Cornyn (Republican) 55%
Rick Noriega (Democratic) 43%
Other 2%
Running[4]John Cornyn (R)
Curt Cleaver (R)
Ken Cope (R)
Chris Mapp (R)
Reid Reasor (R)
Steve Stockman (R)[109]
Dwayne Stovall (R)[110]
Linda Vega (R)[110]
David Alameel (D)
Mike Fjetland (D)
Harry Kim (D)
Kesha Rogers (D)
Maxey Scherr (D)
Jon Roland (L)[111]
VirginiaMark WarnerDemocratic2008Mark Warner (Democratic) 65%
Jim Gilmore (Republican) 34%
Other 1%
Running [112]Mark Warner (D)
Shak Hill (R)[113]
Howie Lind (R)[114]
West VirginiaJay RockefellerDemocratic1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
Jay Rockefeller (Democratic) 64%
Jay Wolfe (Republican) 36%
Retiring[115]Shelley Moore Capito (R)[116]
Pat McGeehan (R)[116]
Natalie Tennant (D)[117]
WyomingMike EnziRepublican1996
2002
2008
Mike Enzi (Republican) 76%
Chris Rothfuss (Democratic) 24%
Running[118]Thomas Bleming (R)[119]
Elizabeth Cheney (R)[120]
Mike Enzi (R)
State
(linked to
summaries below)
SenatorPartyElectoral
history
Most recent election results
(Winner in bold)
2014 intentCandidates
Incumbent

Latest predictions[edit]

  Competitive Democratic-held seat
  Competitive Republican-held seat
  Safe Democratic seat
  Safe Republican seat

State color and party abbreviation refers to the incumbent.

Safe DemocraticLikely DemocraticLeans DemocraticToss-upLeans RepublicanLikely RepublicanSafe Republican
Consensus:
Delaware
Illinois
New Jersey
New Mexico
Rhode Island
Virginia
New HampshireIowaArkansasWest VirginiaSouth DakotaAlabama
Idaho
Kansas
Maine
Mississippi
Nebraska
Oklahoma
South Carolina
South Carolina (sp.)
Tennessee
Texas
Wyoming
SourceDateSafe DemocraticLikely DemocraticLeans DemocraticTossupLeans RepublicanLikely RepublicanSafe Republican
Cook
Political
Report
December 19, 2013
(updates)
OregonColorado
Hawaii (sp.)
Massachusetts
Minnesota
Alaska
Louisiana
North Carolina
Michigan
Kentucky
Georgia
Montana
The Rothenberg
Political
Report
December 18, 2013
(updates)
Colorado
Hawaii (sp.)
Massachusetts
Minnesota
Oregon
MichiganAlaska
Louisiana
Montana
North Carolina
KentuckyGeorgia
Sabato's
Crystal
Ball
December 17, 2013
(updates)
MassachusettsColorado
Hawaii (sp.)
Minnesota
Oregon
Louisiana
Michigan
North Carolina
Alaska
Georgia
Montana
Kentucky
Real
Clear
Politics

Complete list of races[edit]

Alabama[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Jeff Sessions was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008.[121] He will be 67 years old in 2014.

Alaska[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Mark Begich was elected with 48% of the vote in 2008, defeating six-term Senator Ted Stevens by 3,953 votes (a margin of 1.25 percent).[121] Begich will be 52 years old in 2014 and intends to seek re-election to a second term.[5] Stevens, who would have been almost 91 years old at the time of the election, had already filed for a rematch back in 2009,[5] but was killed in a plane crash the following year.

On December 1, 2012 Republican Lieutenant Governor Mead Treadwell announced that he was exploring a candidacy in 2014.[122] Joe Miller, an attorney and the Republican nominee in 2010, is again running for the Republican nomination.[123] along with State Natural Resources Commissioner Daniel Sullivan.[124] Air Force veteran John Jaramillo and pro-life activist Kathleen Tonn are also running. Former Governor Sarah Palin has not ruled out running, but most expect that she will not be a candidate.

Arkansas[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Mark Pryor was re-elected with 80% of the vote without Republican opposition in 2008.[125] He will be 51 years old in 2014. He is planning on running for a third term.[10]

The three most senior member of Arkansas's congressional delegation, Rick Crawford, Timothy Griffin and Steve Womack (all elected in 2010) have all declined running for the Senate.[126][127] Freshman Representative Tom Cotton of Arkansas's 4th congressional district is the only Republican candidate to pose a challenge against Pryor,[128] with Lieutenant Governor Mark Darr, who was also seen a possible senate candidate,[129] declining to run for the Senate to run for Cotton's seat in the 4th district.[130]

Colorado[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Mark Udall was elected with 53% of the vote in 2008. He will be 64 years old in 2014. In January 2013, Udall announced he would run for reelection, leading Democratic efforts in the Senate for fundraising in the 2014 midterms.[131]

Weld County Prosecutor and 2010 Republican Senate nominee Ken Buck has declared his candidacy for the Senate.[132] Freshmen State Senators Randy Baumgardner, Owen Hill, businessman Jaime McMillan, and State Representative Amy Stephens have also declared their candidacies for the Senate.[133][134][135][136]

Delaware[edit]

Democrat Chris Coons won in the 2010 special election caused by Joe Biden's election as Vice President, winning by a 57% to 41% margin. Coons will be 51 years old in 2014.

Delaware Attorney General Beau Biden, Vice President Biden's son, may pose a Democratic primary challenge to Coons.[137]

Tea Party activist and three-time Republican Senate candidate Christine O'Donnell, and New Castle County Council President and 2012 candidate for Delaware's at-large congressional district Tom Kovach are possible candidates for the Republican nomination.[138][139] Former Governor and Congressman Mike Castle has decided not to run.

Georgia[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican Saxby Chambliss was re-elected with 57% of the vote in 2008 in a runoff election with former state Representative Jim Martin after he failed to receive a simple majority in the general election. Chambliss will not seek a third term.[20]

Representatives Jack Kingston of Georgia's 1st congressional district,[140] Paul Broun of Georgia's 10th congressional district,[141] and Phil Gingrey Georgia's 11th congressional district[142] have all declared their candidacy for the Republican nomination, as well as former Secretary of State Karen Handel[143] and Political activist Derrick Grayson.[144] Lieutenant Governor Casey Cagle may also enter the race.[145]

Michelle Nunn, CEO of Points of Light and the daughter of former Senator Sam Nunn, is a Democratic candidate.[146] Other declared Democratic candidates include former State Senator Steen Miles, psychiatrist Branko Radulovacki, and former US Army Ranger Todd Robinson.

Hawaii (special)[edit]

Daniel Inouye, the second longest serving United States Senator in U.S. history died on December 17, 2012, after respiratory complications.[147] Hawaii law allows Neil Abercrombie, the Governor of Hawaii, to appoint an interim Senator "who serves until the next regularly-scheduled general election, chosen from a list of three prospective appointees that the prior incumbent's political party submits."[148] Abercrombie picked his Lieutenant Governor, Brian Schatz, to fill the Senate seat.[149] Inouye was re-elected in 2010 with 72 percent of the vote.[150] Schatz will be challenged in the Democratic primary by Congresswoman Colleen Hanabusa of Hawaii's 1st congressional district, who Inouye had hoped would be his successor.[151]

Potential Republican candidates include former Hawaii Governor and 2012 U.S. Senate candidate Linda Lingle, and former Representative Charles Djou.[152]

Idaho[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Jim Risch was elected with 58% of the vote in 2008. He will be 71 years old in 2014. Risch plans to seek a second term.[36]

Risch's 2008 opponent, former Congressman Larry LaRocco, is a potential Democratic candidate.

Illinois[edit]

Three-term incumbent and Senate Majority Whip Democrat Dick Durbin was re-elected with 68% of the vote in 2008. He will be 70 years old in 2014. Durbin plans to seek a fourth term.[153]

Kane County Regional School Board trustee, conservative activist, and 1992, 1996 and 2008 Senate candidate Chad Koppie declared his candidacy for the Senate.[154] Businessman Doug Truax, the founding President of Veritas Risk Services, is also a candidate for the Republican nomination.[155]

Iowa[edit]

Five-term incumbent Democrat Tom Harkin was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008. Harkin announced on January 26, 2013 that he wouldn't seek a sixth term to the Senate.[156] Democratic Representative Bruce Braley (IA-01) has announced his candidacy and has been raising campaign funds.[157]

Representatives Steve King and Tom Latham were seen as top candidates Republican nomination,[158] but both ultimately decided not to run.[159][160] Former United States Attorney Matt Whitaker, Iowa State Senator Joni Ernst, and David Young, the Chief of Staff to U.S. Senator Charles Grassley, have announced they would run for the republican nomination.[161][162][163] Political newcomers Scott Schaben, a car salesman, and Sam Clovis, a conservative radio commentator, has also declared their candidacies for the Republican nomination.[164][165]

Kansas[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Pat Roberts was re-elected with 60% of the vote in 2008. He will be 78 years old in 2014. Roberts plans to seek a fourth term and is already raising funds for his campaign.[47] Former Representative Todd Tiahrt, who was defeated in the Republican primary by Jerry Moran in Kansas's 2010 Senate election, has not ruled out a primary challenge to Roberts in 2014.[166] Shawnee County District Attorney Chad Taylor is a potential Democratic candidate.[167]

Kentucky[edit]

Five-term incumbent and Senate Minority Leader Republican Mitch McConnell was re-elected with 53% of the vote in 2008. He will be 72 years old in 2014. McConnell will seek re-election to a sixth term and is already beginning to prepare for his campaign by hiring key staffers and building a fundraising operation.[49] McConnell will face primary challenges from businessman Matt Bevin, the President of Bevin Brothers Manufacturing Company, and Gurley L. Martin, a 90-year-old 2010 senate candidate.[168][169] With an April poll from Public Policy Polling showing that McConnell has a 36% approval rating in Kentucky, the Kentucky Democratic Party has voiced support for a McConnell victory in the Republican primary.[170][171]

After forming an exploratory committee and initially intending to run for the Democratic nomination,[172] actress Ashley Judd decided against running for the Senate.[173] Kentucky Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes is the leading declared Democratic candidate, seeing support from much of Kentucky's Democratic leadership.[174] Other Democratic candidates include: Construction contractor and 2012 Democratic candidate for Kentucky's 2nd congressional district Ed Marksberry, music promoter Bennie J. Smith, and University of Louisville professor Greg Leichty; while most other "big name" Kentucky Democrats are focused on Kentucky's 2015 gubernatorial election.[175] [176][177]

Louisiana[edit]

Three-term incumbent Democrat Mary Landrieu was re-elected with 52% of the vote in 2008. She will be 59 years old in 2014. Landrieu has already begun to fundraise for her intended re-election bid for a fourth term.[55][178]

Representative Bill Cassidy of Louisiana's 6th congressional district and retired Air Force Colonel Rob Maness have both announced their candidacies for the Republican nomination.[179][180] Possible candidates for the Republican nomination also include: Former Representatives Jeff Landry,[181] Former Lieutenant Governor and Member of the Louisiana Public Service Commission Scott Angelle,[182] Louisiana State Senator Elbert Guillory[183] and President of the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education and son of former Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer, Chas Roemer.[184]

Electrical Engineer Brannon McMorris has entered the race as a Libertarian candidate.[56]

Maine[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Susan Collins was re-elected with 61% of the vote in 2008. She will be 61 years old in 2014. Collins will be seeking a fourth term.[185][186]

Shenna Bellows, former Executive Director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Maine, is running for the Democratic nomination.[187]

Massachusetts[edit]

Five-term incumbent and 2004 Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry was re-elected with 66% of the vote in 2008. Kerry resigned in early 2013 to become U.S. Secretary of State.[188] Governor Deval Patrick appointed Democrat Mo Cowan to the seat.[189] Democratic Congressman Ed Markey beat Republican Gabriel E. Gomez, a private equity adviser and former Navy SEAL, in the June 25, 2013 special election by a 55% to 45% margin.[190] Markey will serve the remainder of Kerry's term, which ends in January 2015 and is running for re-election in 2014.[61] Markey will be 68 years old in November 2014.

Gomez has not ruled out a rematch. Other potential Republican candidates are former Governor of Massachusetts and 1996 U.S. Senate nominee William Weld and psychiatrist and Fox News contributor Keith Ablow.

Michigan[edit]

Six-term incumbent Senator and Chairman of the Armed Services Committee Democrat Carl Levin was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008. Levin announced on March 7, 2013 that he would not seek re-election for a 7th term in 2014 and retire.[62]

Three term Democratic Representative Gary Peters of Michigan's 14th congressional district is running for Levin's seat, and has received the endorsements of Levin and Senator Debbie Stabenow.[191]

Republican former Secretary of State Terri Lynn Land is running for the Republican nomination,[192] as is businessman and former minor league hockey player Matthew Wiedenhoeft.[193]

Minnesota[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Al Franken unseated one-term Republican Norm Coleman by 312 votes in a three-way race with 42% of the vote in 2008.[194] Franken will seek re-election in 2014.[195] The announced Republican candidates include: former co-CEO of Lazard Middle Market Mike McFadden,[196] state Representative Jim Abeler,[197] state Senator Julianne Ortman, St. Louis County Commissioner Chris Dahlberg, and bison farmer and former hair salon owner Monti Moreno.

Mississippi[edit]

Six-term incumbent Republican Thad Cochran was re-elected with 62% of the vote in 2008. He will be 76 years old in 2014. Cochran is running for re-election.[72] He was the last incumbent Senator to declare his plans, leading to widespread speculation that he would retire.[198][199] Tea Party candidate Chris McDaniel, a Mississippi State Senator, has announced he is running.[200]

Had Cochran chosen to retire, multiple possible Republican candidates were speculated, including Lieutenant Governor Tate Reeves, State Auditor Stacey E. Pickering, Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann, State House Speaker Phillip Gunn, Congressman Gregg Harper, Congressman Alan Nunnelee and former Lieutenant Governor Amy Tuck.[201] Former Democratic Congressman Travis Childers has stated his interest in running, particularly if Thad Cochran retires.[202]

Montana[edit]

Six-term incumbent Democrat Max Baucus, the longest serving Senator in Montana's history, was re-elected with 73% of the vote in 2008. Baucus announced on April 23, 2013 that he will retire in 2014, rather than seek re-election to a seventh term.[203]

Lieutenant Governor John Walsh and former Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger are the only high-profile Democrats currently in the race.[204] Former Montana Governor Brian Schweitzer was considered the leading candidate for the Democratic nomination but has decided not to run,[205] as did other candidates like State Superintendent of Public Instruction Denise Juneau, former president of NARAL Nancy Keenan, and State Commissioner of Securities and Insurance Monica Lindeen.

Among Republicans, Congressman Steve Daines announced his decision to run on November 6, 2013.[206] Potential primary opponents for the Republican nomination include state Rep. Champ Edmunds of Missoula and David Leaser of Kalispell.[207] Former Governor Marc Racicot was a possible candidate but he declined.

On December 18, 2013, Politico reported that the White House had selected Baucus to be the United States Ambassador to China. Following Baucus's pending confirmation, Governor Steve Bullock will appoint a new Senator.

Nebraska[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Mike Johanns was elected with 58% of the vote in 2008. He will not seek a second term.[208] Term limited Republican Governor Dave Heineman considered running for the Republican nomination, but ultimately decided not to.[209] On June 3, 2013, former state Treasurer Shane Osborn announced his candidacy.[210] Attorney Bart McLeay, banker Sid Dinsdale, and Midland University President Ben Sasse have also declared their candidacies for the Senate.[211][212]

Potential Democratic candidates include: Lincoln Mayor Chris Beutler and Nebraska Democratic Party Executive Director Jim Rogers.[213][214]

New Hampshire[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Jeanne Shaheen was elected with 52% of the vote in 2008. She will be 67 years old in 2014. At the end of 2011, Shaheen had the lowest amount of campaign funds out of any senator up for re-election in 2014, leading some to believe she would not defend her seat, but her office has confirmed that she will run for re-election.[84]

Perennial candidate Andy Martin and former State Senator Jim Rubens are running for the Republican nomination.[215][216] Other potential Republican candidates include former Congressman Charlie Bass,[217] and perhaps former Massachusetts Senator Scott Brown.[218]

New Jersey[edit]

Incumbent Democrat Frank Lautenberg was re-elected with 56% of the vote in 2008. After announcing he wouldn't seek re-election, Lautenberg died June 3, 2013.[219][220][221] On June 6, 2013, Governor Chris Christie appointed Attorney General Jeffrey Chiesa as New Jersey's interim senator; Chiesa held office until the October 16, 2013 special election.[222]

Newark Mayor Cory Booker won the special Democratic primary in a four person race with 59% of the vote.[223] Former Bogota Mayor Steve Lonegan won the special Republican primary with 71% of the vote, and faced Booker in the October general election. Booker defeated Lonegan by 55%-to-45% and will run for a full term in 2014.[224]

New Mexico[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Tom Udall was elected with 61% of the vote in 2008. He will be 66 years old in 2014. Former Doña Ana County GOP Chairman David Clements announced in October and other possible Republican opponents include former Republican state Chairman Allen Weh and former state Representative Robert Aragon.[225]

North Carolina[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Kay Hagan was elected with 53% of the vote against incumbent Republican Elizabeth Dole in 2008. She will be 61 years old in 2014 and intends to seek re-election.[226] State House Speaker Thom Tillis is running for the Republican nomination,[227] as are Dr. Greg Brannon and the Reverend Mark Harris.[228]

Oklahoma[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Jim Inhofe was re-elected with 57% of the vote in 2008. He will be 79 years old in 2014.

Matt Silverstein, an insurance agency owner, is running for the Democratic nomination.[229]

Oregon[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Jeff Merkley was narrowly elected with 49% of the vote in 2008. He will be 58 years old in 2014. Merkley will run for a second term.

Rhode Island[edit]

Three-term incumbent Democrat Jack Reed was re-elected with 73% of the vote in 2008. He will be 64 years old in 2014. Reed will run for re-election.[230]

As of August 2013, no Republican has declared to run for the party's nomination.

South Carolina[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican Lindsey Graham was re-elected with 58% of the vote in 2008. He will be 59 years old in 2014. State Senator Lee Bright has announced that he is seriously thinking of running against Graham in the Republican primary.[231]

Entrepreneur Jay Stamper will run for the Democratic nomination.

South Carolina (special)[edit]

Jim DeMint announced his resignation from the Senate on December 6, 2012, effective January 1, 2013, to become president of The Heritage Foundation, a conservative think-tank.[232] On December 17, 2012, Gov. Nikki Haley announced the appointment of U.S. Rep. Tim Scott as DeMint's replacement.[233]

Scott will run for the Republican nomination to serve the remainder of the term.

Rick Wade, a former South Carolina cabinet official, is running for the Democratic nomination.[234] Other potential Democratic candidates include former Governor Jim Hodges, State Senator John Scott and State Rep. James E. Smith, Jr..

South Dakota[edit]

Three-term incumbent Democrat Tim Johnson was re-elected with 63% of the vote in 2008. Johnson announced on March 26, 2013 that he would not run for reelection.[235] For Republicans, former two-term Governor Mike Rounds announced his candidacy for the GOP nomination on November 29, 2012.[236] Rounds is being challenged in the Republican primary by state senator Larry Rhoden, state representative Stace Nelson, and physician Annette Bosworth.[237]

Former Congressional aide Rick Weiland is running for the Democratic nomination.[238] U.S. Attorney Brendan Johnson and former Congresswoman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin both passed on the race.

Tennessee[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican Lamar Alexander was re-elected with 65% of the vote in 2008. He will be 74 years old in 2014. Alexander will seek re-election to a third term.[107] Alexander has been challenged by the Tea Party as insufficiently conservative.[239] Republican State Representative Joe Carr is running against Alexander.

2012 candidates Larry Crim and Jacob Maurer will seek the Democratic nomination. Former Governor Phil Bredesen and State House Minority Leader Craig Fitzhugh declined to run.

Texas[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican John Cornyn, the Senate Minority Whip, was re-elected with 55% of the vote in 2008. He will be 62 years old in 2014. Congressman Steve Stockman is running against Cornyn in the Republican primary.

Among Democrats, state Senator Wendy Davis and former Houston Mayor Bill White, the 2010 nominee for Governor, decided not to run. Dentist David Alameel, attorney Maxey Scherr, physician Harry Kim, and businessman Michael Fjetland are running for the Democratic nomination.[240]

Virginia[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Mark Warner was elected with 65% of the vote in 2008. He will be 58 years old in 2014. State Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli was considering challenging Warner,[241] but decided to run for Governor of Virginia instead.

Former Governor and Senator George Allen will not seek the Republican nomination.

West Virginia[edit]

Five-term incumbent Democrat Jay Rockefeller was re-elected with 64% of the vote in 2008. He announced on January 11, 2013 that he would not seek reelection to a sixth term.[115]

On November 26, 2012, Republican Congresswoman Shelley Moore Capito announced her plans to run for the seat, in hopes of becoming the first Republican Senator elected from West Virginia since 1956.[242] Moore Capito faces a primary challenge from conservative former Delegate Pat McGeehan.[243]

Secretary of State Natalie Tennant is running for the Democrats.[244] If either Tennant or Moore Capito win the race, they will become the first woman U.S. Senator from West Virginia.

Wyoming[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Mike Enzi was re-elected with 76% of the vote in 2008. He will be 70 years old in 2014. Political commentator and former U.S. State Department official Liz Cheney announced she would challenge Enzi in the August 2014 Republican Primary.[245] Mercenary and 2012 Republican candidate Thomas Bleming has also declared his primary candidacy.[246]

There was speculation that Liz Cheney's primary challenge could lead to a Democratic candidate announcing, including possibly former Governor Dave Freudenthal.[247] However, as of December no Democrats have announced yet, and there have been no further reports of any likely challengers.

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