United States Senate elections, 1968

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United States Senate elections, 1968
United States
1966 ←
November 5, 1968
→ 1970

34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
 Majority partyMinority party
 Michael Joseph Mansfield.jpgEverettDirksen.jpg
LeaderMike MansfieldEverett Dirksen
PartyDemocraticRepublican
Leader's seatMontanaIllinois
Last election64 seats36 seats
Seats before6238
Seats won5743
Seat changeDecrease 5Increase 5
Popular vote24,976,66023,588,832
Percentage49.3%46.5%
SwingIncrease 1.4%Decrease 4.5%

US 1968 senate election map.svg

  Republican hold
  Republican gain
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain

Majority Leader before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

 
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United States Senate elections, 1968
United States
1966 ←
November 5, 1968
→ 1970

34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
 Majority partyMinority party
 Michael Joseph Mansfield.jpgEverettDirksen.jpg
LeaderMike MansfieldEverett Dirksen
PartyDemocraticRepublican
Leader's seatMontanaIllinois
Last election64 seats36 seats
Seats before6238
Seats won5743
Seat changeDecrease 5Increase 5
Popular vote24,976,66023,588,832
Percentage49.3%46.5%
SwingIncrease 1.4%Decrease 4.5%

US 1968 senate election map.svg

  Republican hold
  Republican gain
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain

Majority Leader before election

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Mike Mansfield
Democratic

The 1968 United States Senate elections were elections for the United States Senate which coincided with the 1968 presidential election. Although Richard Nixon won the presidential election narrowly, the Republicans picked up five net seats in the Senate. Republicans would gain another seat after the election when Alaska Republican Ted Stevens was appointed to replace Democrat Bob Bartlett.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8D9D10
D20D19D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11
D21D22D23D24D25D26D27D28D29D30
D40D39D38D37D36D35D34D33D32D31
D41D42D43D44D45D46D47D48D49D50
Majority →D51
D60D59D58D57D56D55D54D53D52
D61D62D63R37R36R35R34R33R32R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10

As a result of the elections[edit]

D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8D9D10
D20D19D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11
D21D22D23D24D25D26D27D28D29D30
D40D39D38D37D36D35D34D33D32D31
D41D42D43D44D45D46D47D48D49D50
Majority →D51
R41+R42+D58+D57+D56OD55OD54OD53D52
R40+R39+R38+R37+R36+R35OR34OR33R32R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10

At the beginning of the next Congress[edit]

D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8D9D10
D20D19D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11
D21D22D23D24D25D26D27D28D29D30
D40D39D38D37D36D35D34D33D32D31
D41D42D43D44D45D46D47D48D49D50
Majority →D51
R41R42R43+D57D56D55D54D53D52
R40R39R38R37R36R35R34R33R32R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10
  • R43+ (Alaska seat):
    • Bob Bartlett (D), who was not up, died December 11, 1968 before the next Congress.
    • Ted Stevens (R) was appointed December 24, 1968 in his place.
Key:
D#Democratic
R#Republican
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
OParty hold: New senator from same party
+Party gain: New senator from different party

Incumbents who retired[edit]

Democratic hold[edit]

  1. Alabama: J. Lister Hill (D) was replaced by James Allen (D).

Democratic gain[edit]

  1. Iowa: Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R) was replaced by Harold Hughes (D).

Republican holds[edit]

  1. Kansas: Frank Carlson (R) was replaced by Bob Dole (R).
  2. Kentucky: Thruston Ballard Morton (R) was replaced by Marlow W. Cook (R).

Republican gains[edit]

  1. Arizona: Carl Hayden (D) was replaced by Barry Goldwater (R).
  2. Florida: George Smathers (D) was replaced by Edward J. Gurney (R).

Incumbents who lost their seats[edit]

Democratic holds[edit]

  1. Alaska: Ernest Gruening (D) lost renomination to Mike Gravel (D), who later won the general election.
  2. Missouri: Edward V. Long (D) lost renomination to Thomas Eagleton (D), who later won the general election.

Democratic gain[edit]

  1. California: Thomas Kuchel (R) lost renomination to Max Rafferty (R), who later lost the general election to Alan Cranston (D).

Republican gains[edit]

  1. Maryland: Daniel Brewster (D) lost re-election to Charles Mathias, Jr. (R)
  2. Ohio: Frank J. Lausche (D) lost renomination to John J. Gilligan (D), who later lost the general election to William B. Saxbe (R).
  3. Oklahoma: A. S. Mike Monroney (D), lost re-election to Henry Bellmon (R).
  4. Oregon: Wayne Morse (D), lost re-election to Bob Packwood (R).
  5. Pennsylvania: Joseph S. Clark (D), lost re-election to Richard Schweiker (R).

Later change[edit]

Republican gain[edit]

  1. Alaska: Bob Bartlett (D) died December 11, 1968 and Ted Stevens (R) was appointed December 24, 1968.

Complete list of races[edit]

A bolded state name indicates an article about that state's election.

All seats were class 3.

StateIncumbentPartyResultOpposing Candidates
AlabamaJ. Lister HillDemocraticRetired
Democratic hold
James Allen (Democratic) 70.0%
Perry O. Hooper, Sr. (Republican) 22.1%
Robert Schwenn (Independent) 8.0%
AlaskaErnest GrueningDemocraticLost renomination
Democratic hold
Mike Gravel (Democratic) 45.1%
Elmer E. Rasmuson (Republican) 37.4%
Ernest Gruening (running as Independent) 17.4%
ArizonaCarl HaydenDemocraticRetired
Republican gain
Barry Goldwater (Republican) 57.2%
Roy Elson (Democratic) 42.8%
ArkansasJ. William FulbrightDemocraticRe-electedJ. William Fulbright (Democratic) 59.2%
Charles T. Bernard (Republican) 40.9%
CaliforniaThomas KuchelRepublicanLost renomination
Democratic gain
Alan Cranston (Democratic) 51.8%
Max Rafferty (Republican) 46.9%
Paul Jacobs (Peace & Freedom) 1.3%
ColoradoPeter H. DominickRepublicanRe-electedPeter H. Dominick (Republican) 58.6%
Stephen L.R. McNichols (Democratic) 41.5%
ConnecticutAbraham A. RibicoffDemocraticRe-electedAbraham A. Ribicoff (Democratic) 54.3%
Edwin H. May, Jr. (Republican) 45.7%
FloridaGeorge SmathersDemocraticRetired
Republican gain
Edward J. Gurney (Republican) 55.9%
LeRoy Collins (Democratic) 44.1%
GeorgiaHerman TalmadgeDemocraticRe-electedHerman Talmadge (Democratic) 77.5%
E. Earl Patton (Republican) 22.5%
HawaiiDaniel InouyeDemocraticRe-electedDaniel Inouye (Democratic) 83.4%
Wayne C. Thiessen (Republican) 15.0%
IdahoFrank ChurchDemocraticRe-electedFrank Church (Democratic) 60.3%
George V. Hansen (Republican) 39.7%
IllinoisEverett DirksenRepublicanRe-electedEverett Dirksen (Republican) 53.0%
William G. Clark (Democratic) 46.6%
IndianaBirch BayhDemocraticRe-electedBirch Bayh (Democratic) 51.7%
William Ruckelshaus (Republican) 48.2%
IowaBourke B. HickenlooperRepublicanRetired
Democratic gain
Harold Hughes (Democratic) 50.3%
David M. Stanley (Republican) 49.7%
KansasFrank CarlsonRepublicanRetired
Republican hold
Bob Dole (Republican) 60.1%
William I. Robinson (Democratic) 38.7%
KentuckyThruston Ballard MortonRepublicanRetired
Republican hold
Marlow W. Cook (Republican) 51.4%
Katherine Peden (Democratic) 47.6%
LouisianaRussell B. LongDemocraticRe-electedRussell B. Long (Democratic) Unopposed
MarylandDaniel BrewsterDemocraticLost re-election
Republican gain
Charles Mathias, Jr. (Republican) 47.8%
Daniel Brewster (Democratic) 39.1%
George P. Mahoney (American Independent) 13.1%
MissouriEdward V. LongDemocraticLost renomination
Democratic hold
Thomas Eagleton (Democratic) 51.1%
Thomas B. Curtis (Republican) 48.9%
NevadaAlan BibleDemocraticRe-electedAlan Bible (Democratic) 54.8%
Ed Fike (Republican) 45.2%
New HampshireNorris CottonRepublicanRe-electedNorris Cotton (Republican) 59.3%
John W. King (Democratic) 40.7%
New YorkJacob K. JavitsRepublicanRe-electedJacob K. Javits (Republican) 49.7%
Paul O'Dwyer (Democratic) 32.7%
James L. Buckley (Conservative) 17.3%
North CarolinaSam ErvinDemocraticRe-electedSam Ervin (Democratic) 60.6%
Robert V. Somers (Republican) 39.4%
North DakotaMilton YoungRepublicanRe-electedMilton Young (Republican) 64.6%
Herschel Lashkowitz (Democratic) 33.7%
OhioFrank J. LauscheDemocraticLost renomination
Republican gain
William B. Saxbe (Republican) 51.5%
John J. Gilligan (Democratic) 48.5%
OklahomaA. S. Mike MonroneyDemocraticLost re-election
Republican gain
Henry Bellmon (Republican) 51.7%
A. S. Mike Monroney (Democratic) 46.2%
OregonWayne MorseDemocraticLost re-election
Republican gain
Bob Packwood (Republican) 50.2%
Wayne Morse (Democratic) 49.8%
PennsylvaniaJoseph S. ClarkDemocraticLost re-election
Republican gain
Richard Schweiker (Republican) 51.9%
Joseph S. Clark (Democratic) 45.8%
South CarolinaErnest HollingsDemocraticRe-electedErnest Hollings (Democratic) 61.9%
Marshall Parker (Republican) 38.1%
South DakotaGeorge McGovernDemocraticRe-electedGeorge McGovern (Democratic) 56.8%
Archie M. Gubbrud (Republican) 43.2%
UtahWallace F. BennettRepublicanRe-electedWallace F. Bennett (Republican) 53.7%
Milton N. Wellenmann (Democratic) 45.8%
VermontGeorge AikenRepublicanRe-electedGeorge Aiken (Republican) 99.9%
Unopposed
WashingtonWarren G. MagnusonDemocraticRe-electedWarren G. Magnuson (Democratic) 64.4%
Jack Metcalf (Republican) 35.3%
WisconsinGaylord NelsonDemocraticRe-electedGaylord Nelson (Democratic) 61.7%
Jerris Leonard (Republican) 38.3%

See also[edit]