United States Secretary of the Interior

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United States
Secretary of the Interior
US-DeptOfTheInterior-Seal.svg
Official Seal
Incumbent
Ken Salazar

since January 20, 2009
FormationMarch 3, 1849
First holderThomas Ewing
SuccessionEighth
Websitewww.doi.gov
 
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United States
Secretary of the Interior
US-DeptOfTheInterior-Seal.svg
Official Seal
Incumbent
Ken Salazar

since January 20, 2009
FormationMarch 3, 1849
First holderThomas Ewing
SuccessionEighth
Websitewww.doi.gov

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior.

The US Department of the Interior should not be confused with the concept of Ministries of the Interior as used in other countries. Ministries of the Interior correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the US cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States,[1] the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The Secretary of the Interior is eighth in the United States presidential line of succession.

The current Secretary of the Interior in Barack Obama's administration is former Senator Ken Salazar of Colorado.

Contents

Secretaries of the Interior

Parties

      Whig       Democratic       Republican

Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of the Interior
No.PortraitNameState of ResidenceTook OfficeLeft OfficePresident(s)
1ThomasEwingSr.jpgThomas EwingOhioMarch 8, 1849July 22, 1850Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2TMTMcK.jpgThomas M. T. McKennanPennsylvaniaAugust 15, 1850August 26, 1850
3AxHHStuart.jpgAlexander H. H. StuartVirginiaSeptember 14, 1850March 7, 1853
4Robert McClelland 1.jpgRobert McClellandMichiganMarch 8, 1853March 9, 1857Franklin Pierce
5JThomps.jpgJacob ThompsonMississippiMarch 10, 1857January 8, 1861James Buchanan
6CBSmith.jpgCaleb Blood SmithIndianaMarch 5, 1861December 31, 1862Abraham Lincoln
7John Palmer Usher.jpgJohn Palmer UsherIndianaJanuary 1, 1863May 15, 1865
Andrew Johnson
8James-Harlan.jpgJames HarlanIowaMay 16, 1865August 31, 1866
9Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpgOrville Hickman BrowningIllinoisSeptember 1, 1866March 4, 1869
10Jacob Dolson Cox.jpgJacob Dolson CoxOhioMarch 5, 1869October 31, 1870Ulysses S. Grant
11CDelano.jpgColumbus DelanoOhioNovember 1, 1870September 30, 1875
12Zachariah Chandler.jpgZachariah ChandlerMichiganOctober 19, 1875March 11, 1877
13Carl-Schurz.jpgCarl SchurzMissouriMarch 12, 1877March 7, 1881Rutherford B. Hayes
14Samuel Jordan Kirkwood.jpgSamuel J. KirkwoodIowaMarch 8, 1881April 17, 1882James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
15Teller.jpgHenry M. TellerColoradoApril 18, 1882March 3, 1885
16Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II - Brady-Handy.jpgLucius Q. C. LamarMississippiMarch 6, 1885January 10, 1888Grover Cleveland
17Vilas2.jpgWilliam Freeman VilasWisconsinJanuary 16, 1888March 6, 1889
18Interior-Noble.gifJohn Willock NobleMissouriMarch 7, 1889March 6, 1893Benjamin Harrison
19MHokeS.jpgM. Hoke SmithGeorgiaMarch 6, 1893September 1, 1896Grover Cleveland
20DRFrancis.jpgDavid R. FrancisMissouriSeptember 3, 1896March 5, 1897
21Cornelius Newton Bliss.jpgCornelius Newton BlissNew YorkMarch 6, 1897February 19, 1899William McKinley
22EAHitchcock-SecInterior.jpgEthan A. HitchcockMissouriFebruary 20, 1899March 4, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt
23JRGarfield.jpgJames Rudolph GarfieldOhioMarch 5, 1907March 5, 1909
24RABallinger.jpgRichard Achilles BallingerWashingtonMarch 6, 1909March 12, 1911William Howard Taft
25Walter.L.Fisher.jpgWalter L. FisherIllinoisMarch 13, 1911March 5, 1913
26Frank-Lane2.jpgFranklin Knight LaneCaliforniaMarch 6, 1913February 29, 1920Woodrow Wilson
-Alexander T. VogelsangCaliforniaFebruary 29, 1920March 13, 1920
27Judge-JBPayne2.jpgJohn Barton PayneIllinoisMarch 15, 1920March 4, 1921
28Albert B. Fall.jpgAlbert B. FallNew MexicoMarch 5, 1921March 4, 1923Warren G. Harding
29HWork-SecofInter2.jpgHubert WorkColoradoMarch 5, 1923July 24, 1928
Calvin Coolidge
30RoyOWest.jpgRoy Owen WestIllinoisJuly 25, 1928March 4, 1929
31RayLymanWilbur.gifRay Lyman WilburCaliforniaMarch 5, 1929March 4, 1933Herbert Hoover
32Ickes.gifHarold L. IckesIllinoisMarch 4, 1933February 15, 1946Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
-Oscar L. ChapmanColoradoFebruary 15, 1946March 18, 1946
33Julius A Krug.pngJulius Albert KrugWisconsinMarch 18, 1946December 1, 1949
34Oscar Littleton Chapman.pngOscar L. ChapmanColoradoDecember 1, 1949January 20, 1953
35Douglas McKay.pngDouglas McKayOregonJanuary 21, 1953April 15, 1956Dwight D. Eisenhower
-Clarence A. DavisNebraskaApril 15, 1956June 8, 1956
36Seaton.gifFred Andrew SeatonNebraskaJune 8, 1956January 20, 1961
37Stewart L Udall - 1960s.gifStewart UdallArizonaJanuary 21, 1961January 20, 1969John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
38Hickel.gifWalter J. HickelAlaskaJanuary 24, 1969November 25, 1970Richard Nixon
-Fred J. RussellCaliforniaNovember 25, 1970January 29, 1971
39RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpgRogers MortonMarylandJanuary 29, 1971April 30, 1975
Gerald Ford
-D. Kent FrizzellKansasApril 30, 1975June 12, 1975
40Stanley K Hathaway.pngStanley K. HathawayWyomingJune 12, 1975October 9, 1975
-D. Kent FrizzellKansasOctober 9, 1975October 17, 1975
41Thomas S Kleppe.gifThomas S. KleppeNorth DakotaOctober 17, 1975January 20, 1977
-Alfred G. AlbertJanuary 20, 1977January 23, 1977Jimmy Carter
42Cecil D Andrus.pngCecil D. AndrusIdahoJanuary 23, 1977January 20, 1981
43James g watt.pngJames G. WattColoradoJanuary 23, 1981November 8, 1983Ronald Reagan
-J. J. Simonds IIINew JerseyNovember 8, 1983November 18, 1983
44William patrick clark.pngWilliam P. Clark, Jr.CaliforniaNovember 18, 1983February 7, 1985
45Donald hodel.JPGDonald P. HodelVirginiaFebruary 8, 1985January 20, 1989
-Earl E. GjeldeVirginiaJanuary 20, 1989February 3, 1989George H. W. Bush
46Lujan manuel.jpgManuel Lujan, Jr.New MexicoFebruary 3, 1989January 20, 1993
47Bruce babbitt.jpgBruce BabbittArizonaJanuary 22, 1993January 2, 2001Bill Clinton
-Thomas N. SlonakerArizonaJanuary 2, 2001January 31, 2001
George W. Bush
48Gale Norton.jpegGale Ann NortonColoradoJanuary 31, 2001March 31, 2006
-Lynn ScarlettCaliforniaApril 1, 2006May 26, 2006
49Dirk Kempthorne, official Interior Dept color photo, 2006.jpgDirk KempthorneIdahoMay 29, 2006January 19, 2009
-Lynn ScarlettCaliforniaJanuary 19, 2009January 21, 2009
Barack Obama
50Ken Salazar official DOI portrait crop.jpgKen SalazarColoradoJanuary 21, 2009Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of the Interior

As of May 2010, eight former Secretaries of the Interior are alive. The most recent secretary to die was Walter Hickel (1969–1970), on 7 May 2010.

NameTerm of officeDate of birth
Cecil Andrus1977–1981(1931-08-25) August 25, 1931 (age 81)
James G. Watt1981–1983(1938-01-31) January 31, 1938 (age 74)
William P. Clark1983–1985(1931-10-23) October 23, 1931 (age 81)
Donald Hodel1985–1989(1935-05-23) May 23, 1935 (age 77)
Manuel Lujan1989–1993(1928-05-12) May 12, 1928 (age 84)
Bruce Babbitt1993–2001(1938-06-27) June 27, 1938 (age 74)
Gale Norton2001–2006(1954-03-11) March 11, 1954 (age 58)
Dirk Kempthorne2006–2009(1951-10-29) October 29, 1951 (age 61)

See also

References

  1. ^ Salazar, Vilsack: The West’s New Land Lords

External links

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Attorney General
8th in lineSucceeded by
Secretary of Agriculture