United States Secretary of Energy

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Secretary of Energy of the United States of America
Flag of the United States Secretary of Energy.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Energy
US-DeptOfEnergy-Seal.svg
Seal of the Department of Energy
Moniz official portrait sitting.jpg
Incumbent
Ernest Moniz

since May 16, 2013
U.S. Department of Energy
Member ofCabinet
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument42 U.S.C. § 7131
FormationAugust 6, 1977
First holderJames R. Schlesinger
SuccessionFifteenth
(presidential line of succession)
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Energy
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.doe.gov
 
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Secretary of Energy of the United States of America
Flag of the United States Secretary of Energy.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Energy
US-DeptOfEnergy-Seal.svg
Seal of the Department of Energy
Moniz official portrait sitting.jpg
Incumbent
Ernest Moniz

since May 16, 2013
U.S. Department of Energy
Member ofCabinet
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument42 U.S.C. § 7131
FormationAugust 6, 1977
First holderJames R. Schlesinger
SuccessionFifteenth
(presidential line of succession)
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Energy
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.doe.gov

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the U.S. Department of Energy, a member of the U.S. President's Cabinet, and fifteenth in the presidential line of succession. The position was formed on October 1, 1977 with the creation of the Department of Energy when President Jimmy Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act.[1] Originally the post focused on energy production and regulation. The emphasis soon shifted to developing technology for better, more efficient energy sources as well as energy education. After the end of the Cold War, the department's attention also turned toward radioactive waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality.[2]

Former Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger was the first Secretary of Energy, who was a Republican nominated to the post by Democratic President Jimmy Carter, the only time a president has appointed someone of another party to the post. Schlesinger is also the only secretary to be dismissed from the post.[3] Hazel O'Leary, Bill Clinton's first Secretary of Energy, was first female and African-American holder.[4] The first Hispanic to serve as Energy Secretary was Clinton's second, Federico Peña.[5] Steven Chu became the first Asian American to hold the position on January 20, 2009, serving under the administration of Barack Obama. He is also the first and only Nobel Prize winner to be a Cabinet secretary[6] and the longest-serving Secretary of Energy.

On February 1, 2013, Chu announced his resignation, stating that he will continue to serve until after the ARPA-E Summit at the end of February and possibly until a new secretary is appointed.[7] Following Chu's resignation, Ernest Moniz was nominated and confirmed as Secretary of Energy, taking office on May 16, 2013.

Secretaries of Energy[edit]

Parties

      Democratic       Republican

No.PortraitNameState of residenceTook officeLeft officePartyPresident(s)
1James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpgSchlesinger, James R.James R. SchlesingerVirginiaAugust 6, 1977August 6, 1979RepublicanCarter, JimmyJimmy Carter
2Secretary duncan.jpgDuncan, Jr., Charles W.Charles W. Duncan, Jr.TexasAugust 24, 1979January 20, 1981Democratic
3James B. Edwards.jpgEdwards, James B.James B. EdwardsSouth CarolinaJanuary 23, 1981November 5, 1982RepublicanReagan, RonaldRonald Reagan
4Donald hodel.JPGHodel, Donald P.Donald P. HodelOregonNovember 5, 1982February 7, 1985Republican
5John S. Herrington.jpgHerrington, John S.John S. HerringtonCaliforniaFebruary 7, 1985January 20, 1989Republican
6Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEGWatkins, James D.James D. WatkinsCaliforniaMarch 1, 1989January 20, 1993RepublicanBush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush
7Hazel O'Leary.jpgO'Leary, Hazel R.Hazel R. O'LearyVirginiaJanuary 22, 1993January 20, 1997DemocraticClinton, BillBill Clinton
8Federico pena energy.jpgPeña, Federico F.Federico F. PeñaColoradoMarch 12, 1997June 30, 1998Democratic
9Bill Richardson, official DOE photo.pngRichardson, William B.William B. RichardsonNew MexicoAugust 18, 1998January 20, 2001Democratic
10Spencer Abraham.jpgAbraham, SpencerSpencer AbrahamMichiganJanuary 20, 2001February 1, 2005RepublicanBush, George W.George W. Bush
11Samuel Bodman.jpgBodman, Samuel W.Samuel W. BodmanIllinoisFebruary 1, 2005January 20, 2009Republican
12Steven Chu official DOE portrait.jpgChu, StevenSteven ChuCaliforniaJanuary 20, 2009April 22, 2013DemocraticObama, BarackBarack Obama
13Moniz official portrait standing.jpgMoniz, ErnestErnest MonizMassachusettsMay 16, 2013IncumbentDemocratic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Origins". U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  2. ^ "The Clinton Administration". The Washington Post. 2000-02-18. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  3. ^ "Biography of James Schlesinger Origins". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  4. ^ "President Hazel R. O'Leary Honored by Urban League". Fisk University. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  5. ^ "Federico F. Peña to be Sworn in as the Eighth Secretary of Energy". U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  6. ^ "Chu named energy chief". The Straits Times. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2009-01-22. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Letter from Secretary Steven Chu to Energy Department Employees Announcing His Decision Not to Serve a Second Term". U.S. Department of Energy. 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2013-02-02. 

External links[edit]

United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Transportation
Anthony Foxx
15th in lineSucceeded by
Secretary of Education
Arne Duncan