United States Secretary of Commerce

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Secretary of Commerce of the United States of America
Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
US-DeptOfCommerce-Seal.svg
Seal of the Department of Commerce
Penny Pritzker official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Penny Pritzker

since June 26, 2013
U.S. Department of Commerce
Member ofCabinet
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument15 U.S.C. § 1501
FormationMarch 15, 1913
First holderWilliam Cox Redfield
SuccessionTenth
(presidential line of succession)
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Commerce
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.commerce.gov
 
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Secretary of Commerce of the United States of America
Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
US-DeptOfCommerce-Seal.svg
Seal of the Department of Commerce
Penny Pritzker official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Penny Pritzker

since June 26, 2013
U.S. Department of Commerce
Member ofCabinet
Reports toThe President
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument15 U.S.C. § 1501
FormationMarch 15, 1913
First holderWilliam Cox Redfield
SuccessionTenth
(presidential line of succession)
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Commerce
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level 1
Websitewww.commerce.gov
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves at the President's pleasure. A member of the President's Cabinet, the Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[1]

Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[2]

The 38th and current Secretary of Commerce is Penny Pritzker, who was appointed by President Barack Obama on June 26, 2013.[3]

List of Secretaries of Commerce[edit]

Parties

      No party       Democratic       Republican

Status
  Denotes acting Commerce Secretary
No.PortraitNameState of ResidenceTook OfficeLeft OfficePresident(s)
1WilliamCoxRedfield.jpgWilliam C. RedfieldNew YorkMarch 5, 1913October 31, 1919Woodrow Wilson
2JoshuaWillisAlexander.jpgJoshua W. AlexanderMissouriDecember 16, 1919March 4, 1921
3HerbertHoover.jpgHerbert C. HooverCaliforniaMarch 5, 1921August 21, 1928Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4WilliamFairfieldWhiting.jpgWilliam F. WhitingMassachusettsAugust 22, 1928March 4, 1929
5RobertPattersonLamont.jpgRobert P. LamontIllinoisMarch 5, 1929August 7, 1932Herbert C. Hoover
6RobertDikemanChapin.jpgRoy D. ChapinMichiganAugust 8, 1932March 3, 1933
7Daniel Calhoun Roper pers0178.jpgDaniel C. RoperSouth CarolinaMarch 4, 1933December 23, 1938Franklin D. Roosevelt
8Harry Lloyd Hopkins.jpgHarry L. HopkinsNew YorkDecember 24, 1938September 18, 1940
9Jesse Holman Jones pers0174.jpgJesse H. JonesTexasSeptember 19, 1940March 1, 1945
10HenryAgardWallace.jpgHenry A. WallaceIowaMarch 2, 1945September 20, 1946
Harry S. Truman
-Alfred Schindler
(acting)
September 20, 1946October 7, 1946
11William Averell Harriman.pngW. Averell HarrimanNew YorkOctober 7, 1946April 22, 1948
12CharlesSawyer.jpgCharles W. SawyerOhioMay 6, 1948January 20, 1953
13CharlesSinclairWeeks.jpgSinclair WeeksMassachusettsJanuary 21, 1953November 10, 1958Dwight D. Eisenhower
-Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss pers0164.jpgLewis L. Strauss
(acting)
West VirginiaNovember 13, 1958June 30, 1959
14Frederick Henry Mueller pers0162.jpgFrederick H. MuellerMichiganJune 30, 1959August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959January 19, 1961
15Luther Hartwell Hodges.jpgLuther H. HodgesNorth CarolinaJanuary 21, 1961January 15, 1965John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
16JohnThomasConnor.jpgJohn T. ConnorNew JerseyJanuary 18, 1965January 31, 1967
17AlexanderBuelTrowbridge.jpgAlexander B. TrowbridgeNew YorkJanuary 31, 1967June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967March 1, 1968
18Cyrus Rowlett Smith pers0154.jpgCyrus R. SmithNew YorkMarch 6, 1968January 19, 1969
19Maurice Stans.jpgMaurice H. StansNew YorkJanuary 21, 1969February 15, 1972Richard Nixon
20PeterGeorgePeterson.jpgPeter G. PetersonIllinoisFebruary 29, 1972February 1, 1973
21FrederickBailyDent.jpgFrederick B. DentSouth CarolinaFebruary 2, 1973March 26, 1975
Gerald Ford
22RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpgRogers C. B. MortonMarylandMay 1, 1975February 2, 1976
23ElliotLeeRichardson.jpgElliot L. RichardsonMassachusettsFebruary 2, 1976January 20, 1977
24Kreps-juanita-morris.pngJuanita M. KrepsNorth CarolinaJanuary 23, 1977October 31, 1979Jimmy Carter
-Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
(acting)
North CarolinaOctober 31, 1979January 9, 1980
25PhilipMorrisKlutznick.jpgPhilip M. KlutznickIllinoisJanuary 9, 1980January 20, 1981
26Malcolm Baldridge pers0138.jpgMalcolm BaldrigeConnecticutJanuary 20, 1981July 25, 1987Ronald Reagan
-Bud Brown 97th Congress 1981.jpgClarence J. Brown Jr.
(acting)
OhioJuly 25, 1987October 19, 1987
27CalvinWilliamVerity.jpgC. William Verity, Jr.OhioOctober 19, 1987January 30, 1989
28RobertAdamMosbacher.jpgRobert A. MosbacherTexasJanuary 31, 1989January 15, 1992George H. W. Bush
-Rockwell A. Schnabel
(acting)
January 15, 1992February 27, 1992
29BarbaraHackmanFranklin.jpgBarbara H. FranklinPennsylvaniaFebruary 27, 1992January 20, 1993
30RonBrownUS.JPGRonald H. BrownNew YorkJanuary 22, 1993April 3, 1996Bill Clinton
31MichaelKantor.jpgMickey KantorTennesseeApril 12, 1996January 21, 1997
32DaleyWilliam.jpgWilliam M. DaleyIllinoisJanuary 30, 1997July 19, 2000
-MallettRobert.jpgRobert L. Mallett
(acting)
July 19, 2000July 21, 2000
33NormanYoshioMineta.jpgNorman Y. MinetaCaliforniaJuly 21, 2000January 20, 2001
34Donald Evans.jpgDonald L. EvansTexasJanuary 20, 2001February 7, 2005George W. Bush
35Carlos Gutierrez official portrait.jpgCarlos M. GutierrezFloridaFebruary 7, 2005January 20, 2009
-WolffOtto-c.jpgOtto J. Wolff
(acting)
January 20, 2009March 26, 2009Barack Obama
36Gary Locke official portrait.jpgGary F. LockeWashingtonMarch 26, 2009August 1, 2011
-U s blank official photo-191x235.jpgRebecca M. Blank
(acting)
MinnesotaAugust 1, 2011October 21, 2011
37John Bryson official portrait.jpgJohn E. BrysonNew YorkOctober 21, 2011June 11, 2012
-U s blank official photo-191x235.jpgRebecca M. Blank
(acting)
MinnesotaJune 11, 2012June 1, 2013
-Cameron Kerry official portrait.jpegCameron Kerry
(acting)
MassachusettsJune 1, 2013June 26, 2013
38Penny Pritzker official portrait.jpgPenny PritzkerIllinoisJune 26, 2013Incumbent

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former Secretaries of Commerce[edit]

Line of Succession[edit]

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[4]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce in charge of Administration
  9. Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Penny Pritzker Sworn in as 38th Secretary of Commerce". Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Executive Order on Succession at the Department of Commerce". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of Agriculture
10th in lineSucceeded by
Secretary of Labor