United States national cemetery

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Gravesites at Fort Logan National Cemetery during Memorial Day 2006
Flags flying at Fort Logan National Cemetery during Memorial Day 2006. The cemetery has flat markers, a practice which is used extensively in the new fields at this cemetery.
National Cemetery in Memphis, Tennessee

"United States national cemetery" is a designation for 147 nationally important cemeteries in the United States. A national cemetery is generally a military cemetery containing the graves of U.S. military personnel, veterans and their spouses, but not exclusively so. There are also state veteran cemeteries.

The best known national cemetery is Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, outside of Washington, D.C.

Some national cemeteries, especially Arlington, contain the graves of important civilian leaders and other important national figures. Some national cemeteries also contain sections for Confederate soldiers.

The National Cemetery Administration of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs maintains 131 of the 147 national cemeteries. The Department of the Army maintains two national cemeteries, Arlington National Cemetery and United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery. The National Park Service (NPS) maintains 14 cemeteries associated with historic sites and battlefields.

The American Battle Monuments Commission, an independent agency, maintains 24 American military cemeteries and other memorials outside of the United States.

History[edit]

The first national cemeteries were set up after the United States Civil War by Edmund Burke Whitman.[1] Congress passed a law to establish and protect national cemeteries in 1867.[2]

Final military honors are provided for qualified veterans by several volunteer details known as a Memorial Honor Detail (MHD) upon request of family members through their choice of mortuaries handling the deceased's remains.

List of United States national cemeteries[edit]

CemeteryCityStateAgency
Abraham Lincoln National CemeteryElwoodIllinoisVA
Alabama National CemeteryMontevalloAlabamaVA
Alexandria National CemeteryPinevilleLouisianaVA
Alexandria National CemeteryAlexandriaVirginiaVA
Alton National CemeteryAltonIllinoisVA
Andersonville National CemeteryAndersonvilleGeorgiaNPS
Andrew Johnson National CemeteryGreenevilleTennesseeNPS
Annapolis National CemeteryAnnapolisMarylandVA
Antietam National CemeterySharpsburgMarylandNPS
Arlington National CemeteryArlingtonVirginiaArmy
Bakersfield National CemeteryBakersfieldCaliforniaVA
Balls Bluff National CemeteryLeesburgVirginiaVA
Baltimore National CemeteryBaltimoreMarylandVA
Barrancas National CemeteryPensacolaFloridaVA
Bath National CemeteryBathNew YorkVA
Baton Rouge National CemeteryBaton RougeLouisianaVA
Battleground National CemeteryWashingtonD.C.NPS
Bay Pines National CemeteryBay PinesFloridaVA
Beaufort National CemeteryBeaufortSouth CarolinaVA
Beverly National CemeteryBeverlyNew JerseyVA
Biloxi National CemeteryBiloxiMississippiVA
Black Hills National CemeterySturgisSouth DakotaVA
Calverton National CemeteryCalvertonNew YorkVA
Camp Butler National CemeterySpringfieldIllinoisVA
Camp Nelson National CemeteryNicholasvilleKentuckyVA
Cave Hill National CemeteryLouisvilleKentuckyVA
Chalmette National CemeteryChalmetteLouisianaNPS
Chattanooga National CemeteryChattanoogaTennesseeVA
City Point National CemeteryHopewellVirginiaVA
Cold Harbor National CemeteryMechanicsvilleVirginiaVA
Corinth National CemeteryCorinthMississippiVA
Crown Hill National CemeteryIndianapolisIndianaVA
Culpeper National CemeteryCulpeperVirginiaVA
Custer National CemeteryCrow AgencyMontanaNPS
Cypress Hills National CemeteryBrooklynNew YorkVA
Dallas-Fort Worth National CemeteryDallasTexasVA
Danville National Cemetery (Illinois)DanvilleIllinoisVA
Danville National Cemetery (Kentucky)DanvilleKentuckyVA
Danville National Cemetery (Virginia)DanvilleVirginiaVA
Dayton National CemeteryDaytonOhioVA
Eagle Point National CemeteryEagle PointOregonVA
Fayetteville National CemeteryFayettevilleArkansasVA
Finn's Point National CemeterySalemNew JerseyVA
Florence National CemeteryFlorenceSouth CarolinaVA
Florida National CemeteryBushnellFloridaVA
Fort Bayard National CemeteryBayardNew MexicoVA
Fort Bliss National CemeteryFort BlissTexasVA
Fort Custer National CemeteryAugustaMichiganVA
Fort Donelson National CemeteryDoverTennesseeNPS
Fort Gibson National CemeteryFort GibsonOklahomaVA
Fort Harrison National CemeteryRichmondVirginiaVA
Fort Leavenworth National CemeteryFort LeavenworthKansasVA
Fort Logan National CemeteryDenverColoradoVA
Fort Lyon National CemeteryLas AnimasColoradoVA
Fort McPherson National CemeteryMaxwellNebraskaVA
Fort Meade National CemeterySturgisSouth DakotaVA
Fort Mitchell National CemeteryFort MitchellAlabamaVA
Fort Richardson National CemeteryFort RichardsonAlaskaVA
Fort Rosecrans National CemeterySan DiegoCaliforniaVA
Fort Sam Houston National CemeterySan AntonioTexasVA
Fort Scott National CemeteryFort ScottKansasVA
Fort Sill National CemeteryElginOklahomaVA
Fort Smith National CemeteryFort SmithArkansasVA
Fort Snelling National CemeteryMinneapolisMinnesotaVA
Fredericksburg National CemeteryFredericksburgVirginiaNPS
Georgia National CemeteryCherokee CountyGeorgiaVA
Gerald B. H. Solomon Saratoga National CemeterySchuylervilleNew YorkVA
Gettysburg National CemeteryGettysburgPennsylvaniaNPS
Glendale National CemeteryRichmondVirginiaVA
Golden Gate National CemeterySan BrunoCaliforniaVA
Grafton National CemeteryGraftonWest VirginiaVA
Great Lakes National CemeteryHollyMichiganVA
Hampton National CemeteryHamptonVirginiaVA
Hampton VA National CemeteryHamptonVirginiaVA
Hot Springs National CemeteryHot SpringsSouth DakotaVA
Houston National CemeteryHoustonTexasVA
Indiantown Gap National CemeteryAnnvillePennsylvaniaVA
Jacksonville National CemeteryJacksonvilleFloridaVA
Jefferson Barracks National CemeterySt. LouisMissouriVA
Jefferson City National CemeteryJefferson CityMissouriVA
Keokuk National CemeteryKeokukIowaVA
Kerrville National CemeteryKerrvilleTexasVA
Knoxville National CemeteryKnoxvilleTennesseeVA
Leavenworth National CemeteryLeavenworthKansasVA
Lebanon National CemeteryLebanonKentuckyVA
Lexington National CemeteryLexingtonKentuckyVA
Little Rock National CemeteryLittle RockArkansasVA
Long Island National CemeteryFarmingdaleNew YorkVA
Los Angeles National CemeteryLos AngelesCaliforniaVA
Loudon Park National CemeteryBaltimoreMarylandVA
Marietta National CemeteryMariettaGeorgiaVA
Marion National CemeteryMarionIndianaVA
Massachusetts National CemeteryBourneMassachusettsVA
Memphis National CemeteryMemphisTennesseeVA
Mill Springs National CemeteryNancyKentuckyVA
Miramar National CemeteryMiramar, San DiegoCaliforniaVA
Mobile National CemeteryMobileAlabamaVA
Mound City National CemeteryMound CityIllinoisVA
Mountain Home National CemeteryMountain HomeTennesseeVA
Nashville National CemeteryMadisonTennesseeVA
Natchez National CemeteryNatchezMississippiVA
National Cemetery of the AllegheniesCecil TownshipPennsylvaniaVA
National Memorial Cemetery of ArizonaPhoenixArizonaVA
National Memorial Cemetery of the PacificHonoluluHawaiiVA
New Albany National CemeteryNew AlbanyIndianaVA
New Bern National CemeteryNew BernNorth CarolinaVA
Oakdale Cemetery Soldiers' Lot[3]DavenportIowaVA[4]
Ohio Western Reserve National CemeteryRittmanOhioVA
Philadelphia National CemeteryPhiladelphiaPennsylvaniaVA
Poplar Grove National CemeteryPetersburgVirginiaNPS
Port Hudson National CemeteryZacharyLouisianaVA
Prescott National CemeteryPrescottArizonaVA
Puerto Rico National CemeteryBayamonPuerto RicoVA
Quantico National CemeteryTriangleVirginiaVA
Quincy National CemeteryQuincyIllinoisVA
Raleigh National CemeteryRaleighNorth CarolinaVA
Richmond National CemeteryRichmondVirginiaVA
Riverside National CemeteryRiversideCaliforniaVA
Rock Island National CemeteryRock IslandIllinoisVA
Roseburg National CemeteryRoseburgOregonVA
Sacramento Valley National CemeteryDixonCaliforniaVA
Salisbury National CemeterySalisburyNorth CarolinaVA
San Antonio National CemeterySan AntonioTexasVA
San Francisco National CemeterySan FranciscoCaliforniaVA
San Joaquin Valley National CemeteryGustineCaliforniaVA
Santa Fe National CemeterySanta FeNew MexicoVA
Sarasota National CemeterySarasotaFloridaVA
Seven Pines National CemeterySandstonVirginiaVA
Shiloh National CemeteryShilohTennesseeNPS
Sitka National CemeterySitkaAlaskaVA
South Florida National CemeteryLake WorthFloridaVA
Springfield National CemeterySpringfieldMissouriVA
St. Augustine National CemeterySt. AugustineFloridaVA
Staunton National CemeteryStauntonVirginiaVA
Stones River National CemeteryMurfreesboroTennesseeNPS
Tahoma National CemeteryKentWashingtonVA
Togus National CemeteryChelseaMaineVA
U.S. Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National CemeteryWashingtonD.C.Army
Vicksburg National CemeteryVicksburgMississippiNPS
Washington Crossing National CemeteryNewtownPennsylvaniaVA
West Virginia National CemeteryGraftonWest VirginiaVA
Willamette National CemeteryPortlandOregonVA
Wilmington National CemeteryWilmingtonNorth CarolinaVA
Winchester National CemeteryWinchesterVirginiaVA
Wood National CemeteryMilwaukeeWisconsinVA
Woodlawn National CemeteryElmiraNew YorkVA
Yorktown National CemeteryYorktownVirginiaNPS
Zachary Taylor National CemeteryLouisvilleKentuckyVA

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Edmund Whitman (1812–1873)". University of Michigan. Retrieved 2008-10-31. "After the war Whitman became assistant quartermaster in charge of national cemeteries and mortuary records for the same district. Charged with inspecting cemeteries and battlefields, he located Union soldiers buried in Tennessee, Kentucky, Georgia, and Alabama." 
  2. ^ Chap. LXI. 14 Stat. 399 from "A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U. S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875". Library of Congress, Law Library of Congress. Retrieved April 25, 2012.
  3. ^ For information, see: NPS: Oakdale Cemetery Soldiers' Lot.
  4. ^ Most of the original burials were transferred to the Rock Island and Keokuk National Cemeteries.

External links[edit]