United States House Committee on Education and the Workforce

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The Committee on Education and the Workforce is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. From 1947 until 1994 and again from 2007 to 2011, during Democratic control of the House, it was known as the Committee on Education and Labor.[1][2]

History of the Committee[edit]

Attempts were made to create a congressional committee on education and labor starting with the early congresses but issues over Congress's constitutional ability to oversee such issues delayed the committee's formation. Finally, on March 21, 1867, the Committee on Education and Labor was founded following the end of the Civil War and during the rapid industrialization of America. On December 19, 1883, the committee was divided into two, the Committee on Education and the Committee on Labor. The committees again merged on January 2, 1947, after the passage of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, becoming the Committee on Education and Labor again. On January 4, 1995, when the Republicans took over the House, the Committee was renamed the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities. It was renamed again as the Committee on Education and the Workforce two years later on January 7, 1997. On January 4, 2007, with the Democrats once again in the majority, the committee's name was changed back to Committee on Education and Labor.[3] After Republicans recaptured the House majority in the 2010 elections, they returned to the name, Committee on Education and the Workforce, effective with the opening of the 112th Congress in 2011.[4]

Jurisdiction[edit]

From the Official Committee Webpage:

The Education and Labor Committee's purpose is to ensure that Americans' needs are addressed so that students and workers may move forward in a changing school system and a competitive global economy.

The committee and its five subcommittees oversee education and workforce programs that affect all Americans, from early learning through secondary education, from job training through retirement.

The Education and Labor Committee Democrats' goal is to keep America strong by increasing education opportunities for students, by making it easier to send young adults to college, and by helping workers find job training and retirement security for a better future. The following education issues are under the jurisdiction of the Education and Labor Committee:

Education. The Committee on Education and Labor oversees federal programs and initiatives dealing with education at all levels—from preschool through high school to higher education and continuing education. These include:

Labor. The Committee on Education and Labor also holds jurisdiction over workforce initiatives aimed at strengthening health care, job training, and retirement security for workers. Workforce issues in the jurisdiction of the Education and the Labor Committee include:

Members, 113th Congress[edit]

MajorityMinority

Sources: H.Res. 6 (Chairs), H.Res. 7 (D), H.Res. 17 (R) and H.Res. 22 (D).

Subcommittees[edit]

SubcommitteeChairRanking Member
Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary EducationTodd Rokita (R-IN)Carolyn McCarthy (D-NY)
Workforce ProtectionsTim Walberg (R-MI)Joe Courtney (D-CT)
Higher Education and Workforce TrainingVirginia Foxx (R-NC)Ruben Hinojosa (D-TX)
Health, Employment, Labor, and PensionsPhil Roe (R-TN)Rob Andrews (D-NJ)

Chairs[edit]

1867-1883[edit]

ChairPartyStateStart of ServiceEnd of Service
Jehu BakerRepublicanIL18671869
Samuel M. ArnellRepublicanTN18691871
Legrand PerceRepublicanMS18711873
James MonroeRepublicanOH18731875
Gilbert C. WalkerDemocraticVA18751877
John Goode, Jr.DemocraticVA18771881
Jonathan T. UpdegraffRepublicanOH18811882
John C. SherwinRepublicanIL18821883

1947-present[edit]

ChairPartyStateStart of ServiceEnd of Service
Fred A. HartleyRepublicanNJ19471949
John Lesinski, Sr.DemocraticMI19491950
Graham A. BardenDemocraticNC19501953
Samuel K. McConnellRepublicanPA19531955
Graham A. BardenDemocraticNC19551961
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.DemocraticNY19611967
Carl D. PerkinsDemocraticKY19671984
Gus HawkinsDemocraticCA19841991
William D. FordDemocraticMI19911995
William F. GoodlingRepublicanPA19952001
John BoehnerRepublicanOH20012006
Buck McKeonRepublicanCA20062007
George MillerDemocraticCA20072011
John KlineRepublicanMN2011present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ H.Res. 5, 112th Congress
  2. ^ Hooper, Molly K. (December 22, 2010). "New GOP rules will make it tougher for House to raise debt ceiling". The Hill. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  3. ^ Chapter 9. Records of the Committees on Education and Labor, Guide to the Records of the U.S. House of Representatives at the National Archives, 1789-1989 (Record Group 233), National Archives and Records Administration
  4. ^ Wall Street Journal: Republicans Labor to Avoid ‘Labor’

External links[edit]