United States Department of Health and Human Services

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Department of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Seal.svg
Official seal
US-DeptOfHHS-Logo.svg
HHS Logo
DHHS2 by Matthew Bisanz.JPG
DHHS headquarters in Washington, D.C. an example of Brutalist architecture
Department overview
FormedApril 11, 1953
May 4, 1980
Preceding DepartmentUnited States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
HeadquartersHubert H. Humphrey Building
Washington, D.C.

38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444Coordinates: 38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444

Employees67,000 (2004)
Annual budget$78.4 billion (2011)[1]
Department executivesKathleen Sebelius, Secretary
Bill Corr, Deputy Secretary
Child DepartmentHHS agencies
Website
Official Website
 
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Department of Health and Human Services
US-DeptOfHHS-Seal.svg
Official seal
US-DeptOfHHS-Logo.svg
HHS Logo
DHHS2 by Matthew Bisanz.JPG
DHHS headquarters in Washington, D.C. an example of Brutalist architecture
Department overview
FormedApril 11, 1953
May 4, 1980
Preceding DepartmentUnited States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
HeadquartersHubert H. Humphrey Building
Washington, D.C.

38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444Coordinates: 38°53′12″N 77°00′52″W / 38.88667°N 77.01444°W / 38.88667; -77.01444

Employees67,000 (2004)
Annual budget$78.4 billion (2011)[1]
Department executivesKathleen Sebelius, Secretary
Bill Corr, Deputy Secretary
Child DepartmentHHS agencies
Website
Official Website

The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), sometimes referred to as the Health Department, is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. Its motto is "Improving the health, safety, and well-being of America". Before the separate federal Department of Education was created in 1979, it was called the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW).

Contents

History

President Harding proposed a Department of Education and Welfare as early as 1923, and similar proposals were also recommended by subsequent presidents, but for various reasons were not implemented.[2] The Department was only created thirty years later under Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 pursuant to authority granted in the Reorganization Act of 1949, in which the president was allowed to create or reorganize executive branch departments as long as neither house of Congress passed a legislative veto. This power to create new departments was removed after 1962, and in the early 1980s the Supreme Court declared legislative vetoes unconstitutional.

Unlike statutes authorizing the creation of other executive departments, the contents of Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 were never properly codified within the United States Code, although Congress did codify a later statute ratifying the Plan. Today, the Plan is included an appendix to Title 5 of the United States Code. The result is that HHS is the only executive department whose statutory foundation today rests on a confusing combination of several codified and uncodified statutes.

The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in 1979,[3] when its education functions were transferred to the newly created United States Department of Education under the Department of Education Organization Act.[4] HHS was left in charge of the Social Security Administration, agencies constituting the Public Health Service, and Family Support Administration.

In 1995, the Social Security Administration was removed from the Department of Health and Human Services, and established as an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States Government.

HHS is administered by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, who is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The United States Public Health Service (PHS) is the main division of the HHS and is led by the Assistant Secretary for Health. The current Secretary, Kathleen Sebelius is the Vice-Chair of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, and the Department of Health and Human Services is a member of the Council, which is dedicated to preventing and ending homelessness in America.

The United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, the uniformed service of the PHS, is led by the Surgeon General who is responsible for addressing matters concerning public health as authorized by the Secretary or by the Assistant Secretary of Health in addition to his or her primary mission of administering the Commissioned Corps. The Office of Inspector General (OIG) investigates criminal activity for HHS. The special agents who work for OIG have the same title series "1811", training and authority as other federal criminal investigators, such as the FBI, ATF, DEA and Secret Service. However, OIG Special Agents have special skills in investigating white collar crime related to Medicare and Medicaid fraud and abuse. Organized crime has dominated the criminal activity relative to this type of fraud.

HHS-OIG investigates tens of millions of dollars in Medicare fraud each year. In addition, OIG will continue its coverage of all 50 States and the District of Columbia by its multi-agency task forces (PSOC Task Forces) that identify, investigate, and prosecute individuals who willfully avoid payment of their child support obligations under the Child Support Recovery Act.

HHS-OIG agents also provide protective services to the Secretary of HHS, and other department executives as necessary.

In 2002, the department released Healthy People 2010, a national strategic initiative for improving the health of Americans.

Strengthening Communities Fund

In June 2010 the Department of Health and Human Services created the strengthening communities fund as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment act. The fund was appropriated $50 million to be given as grants to organizations in the United States who were engaged in Capacity Building programs. The grants were given to two different types of capacity builders:[5]*State, Local and Tribal governments engaged in capacity building- grants will go to state local and tribal governments to equip them with the capacity to more effectively partner with faith-based or non-faith based nonprofit organizations.[6]

Capacity building in this program will involve education and outreach that catalyzes more involvement of nonprofit organizations in economic recovery

and building up nonprofit organization's abilities to tackle economic problems. State, Local and Tribal governments can receive up to $250,000 in 2-year-grants

Not only this but they were able to increase the health from 2010 til present

Agencies[7]

Office of the Secretary (OS)

Operating divisions

HHS business areas.jpg

(Several agencies within HHS are components of the Public Health Service (PHS), including AHRQ, ASPR, ATSDR, CDC, FDA, HRSA, IHS, NIH, SAMHSA, OGHA, and OPHS).[9]

Former operating divisions and agencies

Budget

The Department of Health and Human Services' budget includes more than 300 programs, covering a wide spectrum of activities. Some highlights include:

Health care reform

The 2010 United States federal budget establishes a reserve fund of more than $630 billion over 10 years to finance fundamental reform of the health care system.[10]

Related legislation

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ whitehouse.gov
  2. ^ Eisenhower, Dwight (1953-03-12). "Special Message to the Congress Transmitting Reorganization Plan of 1953 Creating the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare". http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=9794. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  3. ^ Office of the Law Revision Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives, Title 20, Section 3508
  4. ^ Full text of the Department of Education Organization Act, P.L. 96-88
  5. ^ "Strengthening communities fund". http://www.hhs.gov/recovery/programs/scf/index.html.
  6. ^ "American Recovery and Reinvestment Act". HHS. http://www.hhs.gov/recovery/reports/plans/pdf20100610/ACF%20SCF%20June%202010.pdf.
  7. ^ HHS.gov
  8. ^ HHS.gov
  9. ^ HHS.gov
  10. ^ WhiteHouse.gov