United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit

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United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
(1st Cir.)
Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
LocationJohn Joseph Moakley United States Courthouse
Boston, Massachusetts
Appeals from
EstablishedJune 16, 1891
Chief judgeSandra Lynch
Active judges6
Senior judges4
Circuit justiceStephen Breyer
Official site
 
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United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
(1st Cir.)
Seal of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
LocationJohn Joseph Moakley United States Courthouse
Boston, Massachusetts
Appeals from
EstablishedJune 16, 1891
Chief judgeSandra Lynch
Active judges6
Senior judges4
Circuit justiceStephen Breyer
Official site

The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (in case citations, 1st Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:

The court is based at the John Joseph Moakley Federal Courthouse in Boston, Massachusetts. Most sittings are held in Boston, where the court usually sits for one week most months of the year; in one of July or August, it takes a summer break and does not sit. The First Circuit also sits for one week each March and November at the Jose V. Toledo Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico, and occasionally sits at other locations within the circuit.[1]

With five active and four senior judges, the First Circuit is the smallest of the thirteen United States courts of appeals. Since retiring as an active Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Associate Justice David Souter has sat on the First Circuit by designation in several cases.

Current composition of the court[edit]

As of June 1, 2013 (2013-06-01), the active judges on the court are as follows:[2]

Six judges currently serve on the court on senior status[2] and retired Supreme Court Justice David Souter has sat by designation.[3][4]

#TitleJudgeDuty stationBornTerm of serviceAppointed by
ActiveChiefSenior
27Chief JudgeSandra LynchBoston, MA19461995–present2008–presentClinton
21Circuit JudgeJuan R. TorruellaSan Juan, PR19331984–present1994–2001Reagan
29Circuit JudgeJeffrey R. HowardConcord, NH19552002–presentG.W. Bush
30Circuit JudgeOjetta Rogeriee ThompsonProvidence, RI19512010–presentObama
31Circuit JudgeWilliam J. Kayatta, Jr.Portland, ME19532013–presentObama
32Circuit Judgevacant
18Senior JudgeLevin H. Campbellinactive19271972–19921983–19901992–presentNixon
22Senior JudgeBruce M. SelyaProvidence, RI19341986–20062006–presentReagan
23Senior JudgeConrad K. Cyrinactive19311989–19971997–presentG.H.W. Bush
25Senior JudgeMichael BoudinBoston, MA19391992–20132001–20082013–presentG.H.W. Bush
26Senior JudgeNorman H. StahlBoston, MA19311992–20012001–presentG.H.W. Bush
28Senior JudgeKermit LipezPortland, ME19411998–20112011–presentClinton

Vacancies and Pending Nominations[edit]

SeatSeat Last Held ByVacancy ReasonDate of VacancyNomineeDate of Nomination
1Michael BoudinSenior StatusJune 1, 2013David Jeremiah BarronSeptember 24, 2013

List of former judges[edit]

#JudgeStateBorn/DiedActive serviceChief JudgeSenior statusAppointed byReason for
termination
1Colt, LeBaron B.LeBaron B. ColtRI1846–19241891–1913[Note 1]Arthur, Arthurresignation
2Putnam, William LeBaronWilliam LeBaron PutnamME1835–19181892–1917Harrison, B.B. Harrisonretirement
3Lowell, Francis CabotFrancis Cabot LowellMA1855–19111905–1911Roosevelt, T.T. Rooseveltdeath
4Schofield, WilliamWilliam SchofieldMA1857–19121911–1912Taft, Taftdeath
5Dodge, FredericFrederic DodgeMA1847–19271912–1918Taft, Taftresignation
6Bingham, George HutchinsGeorge Hutchins BinghamNH1864–19491913–19391939–1949Wilson, Wilsondeath
7Johnson, Charles FletcherCharles Fletcher JohnsonME1859–19301917–19291929–1930Wilson, Wilsondeath
8Anderson, George WestonGeorge Weston AndersonMA1861–19381918–19311931–1938Wilson, Wilsondeath
9Wilson, ScottScott WilsonME1870–19421929–19401940–1942Hoover, Hooverdeath
10Morton, Jr., James MadisonJames Madison Morton, Jr.MA1869–19401932–19391939–1940Hoover, Hooverdeath
11Magruder, CalvertCalvert MagruderMA1893–19681939–19591948–19591959–1968Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
12Mahoney, John ChristopherJohn Christopher MahoneyRI1882–19521940–19501950–1952Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
13Woodbury, PeterPeter WoodburyNH1899–19701941–19641959–19641964–1970Roosevelt, F.F. Rooseveltdeath
14Hartigan, John PatrickJohn Patrick HartiganRI1887–19681950–19651965–1968Truman, Trumandeath
15Aldrich, BaileyBailey AldrichMA1907–20021959–19721965–19721972–2002Eisenhower, Eisenhowerdeath
16McEntee, Edward MatthewEdward Matthew McEnteeRI1906–19811965–19761976–1981Johnson, L.L. Johnsondeath
17Coffin, Frank M.Frank M. CoffinME1919–20091965–19891972–19831989–2009Johnson, L.L. Johnsondeath
19Bownes, Hugh HenryHugh Henry BownesNH1920–20031977–19901990–2003Carter, Carterdeath
20Breyer, StephenStephen BreyerMA1938–present1980–19941990–1994Carter, Carterreappointment
24Souter, DavidDavid SouterNH1939–present1990–1990Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bushreappointment
  1. ^ Colt was appointed as a circuit judge for the First Circuit in 1884 by Chester A. Arthur. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to what is now the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

The court has six seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the president.

Seat 1
Established on December 10, 1869 by the Judiciary Act of 1869 as a circuit judgeship for the First Circuit
Reassigned on June 16, 1891 to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the First Circuit by the Judiciary Act of 1891
ColtRI1891–1913
BinghamNH1913–1939
MagruderMA1939–1959
AldrichMA1959–1972
CampbellMA1972–1992
BoudinMA1992–2013
vacant2013–present
Seat 2
Established on June 16, 1891 by the Judiciary Act of 1891
PutnamME1892–1917
JohnsonME1917–1929
WilsonME1929–1940
WoodburyNH1941–1964
McEnteeRI1965–1976
BownesNH1977–1990
SouterNH1990–1990
StahlNH1992–2001
HowardNH2002–present
Seat 3
Established on January 21, 1905 by 33 Stat. 611
LowellMA1905–1911
SchofieldMA1911–1912
DodgeMA1912–1918
AndersonMA1918–1931
MortonMA1932–1939
MahoneyRI1940–1950
HartiganRI1950–1965
CoffinME1965–1989
CyrME1989–1997
LipezME1998–2011
KayattaME2013–present
Seat 4
Established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
BreyerMA1980–1994
LynchMA1995–present
Seat 5
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
TorruellaPR1984–present
Seat 6
Established on July 10, 1984 by 98 Stat. 333
SelyaRI1986–2006
ThompsonRI2010–present

Notable decisions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ "Court Calendar". United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Retrieved 26 Oct 2012. "In January through June, and October through December, the Court usually sits for one week starting on the first Monday of the month. In either July or August, the court sits for one week. In September, the Court starts on the Wednesday after Labor Day and sits for the 3 days in that week and the 5 days in the following week. In November and March the court sits two weeks, with one week in Boston and one week in Puerto Rico. Court sittings are held in the morning, typically between 9:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m." 
  2. ^ a b "U. S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on December 31, 2004. Retrieved May 29, 2005. 
  3. ^ Wente, Gary H. (September 7, 2012). Pagano, Florence; Dumas, Michelle; and McQuillan, Kelly, ed. "First Circuit 2010 Annual Report" (pdf). Circuit Executive, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. p. 8. Retrieved December 28, 2012. "In January, February, March, and May 2010, retired United States Supreme Court Justice David Souter sat with the court." 
  4. ^ "Judges". Official website of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Retrieved July 1, 2004. 
General
  • Dargo, George (1993). A History of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit: Volume I, 1891–1960. 

External links[edit]