United States Ambassador to Benin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Ambassador of the United States to Benin
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
John Knight (Ambassador).jpeg
Incumbent
James Knight

since August 7, 2009
NominatorBarack Obama
Inaugural holderR. Borden Reams
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
FormationOctober 14, 1960
WebsiteU.S. Embassy - Cotonou
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Ambassador of the United States to Benin
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
John Knight (Ambassador).jpeg
Incumbent
James Knight

since August 7, 2009
NominatorBarack Obama
Inaugural holderR. Borden Reams
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
FormationOctober 14, 1960
WebsiteU.S. Embassy - Cotonou

The Kingdom of Dahomey was an overseas possession of France—part of French West Africa—until 1958. In that year Dahomey became an autonomous republic, and gained full independence in 1960. The United States immediately recognized Dahomey and began the process of initiating diplomatic relations. A U.S. Embassy at Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire (then named Ivory Coast) was established with Donald L. Norland as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. The embassy was also accredited also to Dahomey, Niger, and Upper Volta (now named Burkina Faso) while resident at Abidjan. On July 31, 1960, Chargé Norland presented his credentials to the government of Dahomey, to take effect on August 1, 1960. On October 14, 1960, R. Borden Reams was appointed as the ambassador and presented his credentials on November 26, 1960.

On February 15, 1961, the Embassy in Cotonou, Dahomey was established with Converse Hettinger as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. Ambassador Reams remained resident in Abidjan.

In 1961 Robinson McIlvaine was appointed as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary with a separate commission solely to Dahomey. He presented his credentials to the government of Dahomey on June 22, 1961.

The Republic of Dahomey changed its name to Republic of Benin in 1975.

In June 2009, President Barack Obama nominated James Knight to succeed Brown as U.S. Ambassador to Benin.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reams was accredited to Ivory Coast, Niger, Upper Volta, and Dahomey—resident at Abidjan
  2. ^ Superseded by a separate commission to Dahomey July 31, 1961.
  3. ^ Reams was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on February 6, 1961.
  4. ^ An earlier nomination of December 2, 1971, was not acted upon by the Senate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]