United House of Prayer for All People

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United House of Prayer for All People
United House of Prayer for All People.JPG
The Headquarters of The United House of Prayer for All People located in Washington D.C., referred to as "Sweet God's White House" by the members
ClassificationProtestant
OrientationPentecostal
PolityEpiscopal
RegionUnited States
FounderCharles Manuel Grace
Origin1919
West Wareham Massachusetts, incorporated in 1927 in Washington, D.C.
Congregations145
Members27,500-50,000[1][2]
 
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United House of Prayer for All People
United House of Prayer for All People.JPG
The Headquarters of The United House of Prayer for All People located in Washington D.C., referred to as "Sweet God's White House" by the members
ClassificationProtestant
OrientationPentecostal
PolityEpiscopal
RegionUnited States
FounderCharles Manuel Grace
Origin1919
West Wareham Massachusetts, incorporated in 1927 in Washington, D.C.
Congregations145
Members27,500-50,000[1][2]

The United House of Prayer for All People of the Church on the Rock of the Apostolic Faith is an evangelistic Christian denomination founded by Marcelino Manuel da Graca, also known as Charles Manuel Grace. Da Graça was born in Brava in the Cape Verde Islands. In 1919, Grace, with his own hands, built the first United House of Prayer For All People in West Wareham, Massachusetts, and incorporated the United House of Prayer for All People in Washington, D.C. in 1927.[3]

According to church literature and their official website, the United House of Prayer for All People has 145 places of worship in 29 states. The church has an estimated membership of 27,500-50,000 members.[1][2] The national headquarters for the church is located in Washington, D.C. at 601 M Street.

The United House of Prayer for All People is known for feeding its communities with its affordable soul food restaurants, its annual "Christian Saints" marching parades, replete with marching bands and baton twirling majorettes, as well as its public street baptisms, sometimes performed by fire hose [4] and for its shout bands.[5]

Doctrine[edit]

The United House of Prayer for All People is Apostolic in doctrine. Its creed establishes its basic principles as believing in Jesus Christ and his death on the cross so that humanity could have life, water baptism for the repentance of sin, that to be saved one must be born again of the Holy Spirit, and that one leader is the Divine ruler of the Kingdom of God.

The first portion of the name is derived from Isaiah 56:7 where God says: "Mine house shall be called a house of prayer for all people." (This is also found in Matthew 21:13, Mark 11:17, and Luke 19:46). The latter part is taken from "Acts 4:10–12 and Ephesians 2:20, which discusses Christian salvation as being built on a figurative cornerstone, or rock,"[6] which "is believed to be the teachings of Jesus Christ as preached by the Apostle Peter."[6]

The United House of Prayer for All People believes that the word church means a group of Christians who are believers and worshippers in Christ and that the modern definition of church as a building, denomination, or institution is unbiblical according to the writings of the Holy Scriptures as recorded in Acts 9:31."[7] Therefore, the United House of Prayer does not see itself as a denomination.

History[edit]

Bishop Grace[edit]

Bishop Charles Manuel "Sweet Daddy" Grace was born Marcelino Manuel da Graca, January 25, 1884, in Brava Cape Verde Islands, a Portuguese possession off the west coast of Africa. He came to America on a ship called Freedom in 1903 and settled in New Bedford, Massachusetts. After leaving his job as a railway cook, Grace began using the title bishop.[2] In 1919, "Daddy" Grace, as parishioners knew him, built the first House of Prayer in West Wareham, Massachusetts at the cost of thirty-nine dollars.[8] He later established branches in Charlotte, North Carolina and Newark, New Jersey.[9]

The "Mother House" in Harlem, New York City was founded in 1920 by Bishop Grace; the congregation moved to this building after their first house burned down in 1947

Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, Grace traveled America preaching and establishing the United House of Prayer for all People. The constitution and bylaws of The United House of Prayer, promulgated in 1929, stated that the purpose of the organization in pertinent part was "to erect and maintain places of worship and assembly where all people may gather prayer and to worship the Almighty God, irrespective of denomination or creed."[8] He traveled extensively throughout the segregated South in the 1920s and 1930s preaching to integrated congregations years before the civil rights struggles of the 1950s and 1960s and the religious ecumenical movements which followed.

One of the principles that Grace taught which provoked controversy was the concept of one-man leadership. Grace used the Bible as his reference and taught that God only used one man at a time (e.g. Noah, Moses, and Jesus). One of the many criticisms made against Grace is the following statement which Grace is to have allegedly made in the early 1940s: "Salvation is by Grace only. Grace has given God a vacation, and since He is on vacation, don't worry about Him. If you sin against God, Grace can save you, but if you sin against Grace, God cannot save you."[2][9][10] Nonetheless, the "interpretation of this point – that Grace claimed he himself was God – has been almost completely definitive in both academic and popular literature, and only a handful of writers have ever questioned it, usually as an aside."[6] The most extensive research done by Danielle Brune Sigler on this statement shows that Mr. Fauset selectively quoted certain parts of the original message which changed the context."[6] The original statement, spoken by a member and not Grace, shows that the members and Grace, himself, thought that he was not "God himself", but merely an "intermediary" and "the path to salvation."[6][11]

One reason for the early success of the denomination is that offerings went directly to Grace for investment into products such as soap, stationery, tea, coffee, cookies, toothpaste, facial creams, talcum powder, hair dressing, and the Grace Magazine.[2]

Bishop Grace died on January 12, 1960 at his home in Los Angeles, California. Bishop W. McCollough succeeded the founder of the denomination for 31 long years.

Bishop McCollough[edit]

When Grace died he left the church with an unclear succession. After winning a court fight and two elections, Walter McCollough succeeded Grace as the second bishop.[9] Bishop McCollough launched a nationwide building program. Through this program, low-income and affordable housing was being erected which benefitted not only parishioners, but other members of the community. New church structures were being built by their own construction teams and other edifices were receiving major renovations, which were financed solely by the members. Day care centers and senior citizens homes were also erected. One of the unique features of Daddy McCollough's building programs was that all of the church structures were completely paid for at the time of dedication.

United House of Prayer for All People in the Shaw neighborhood of Washington, D.C.

Under his leadership, the House of Prayer acquired a fleet of luxury coach buses; property was acquired for the House of Prayer for use as future development sites; concert and marching bands were organized to march in annual parades and annual competitions; and softball teams were organized, nationwide, for interstate competition. In addition, the McCollough Scholarship Fund was established which allowed youth of the church to pursue higher education. Bishop McCollough died on March 21, 1991.[8]

Bishop Madison[edit]

Once again a crisis occurred over the succession, with Charles McCollough, a son of the late Bishop McCollough, and Samuel Chistee Madison, the Senior Minister of "God's White House", struggling for control of the church.[9] On May 24, 1991, the members voted Madison to the office of Bishop. Shortly after, Madison pledged to fulfill everything that was on Bishop McCollough's agenda. Under his administration, over 123 Houses of Prayer received major renovation or were constructed. Added to this number were numerous apartments, senior citizens' dwellings, parsonages, houses, and commercial properties.

Bishop Madison was an advocate for scholastic achievement and was the chief executive officer and major contributor to the McCollough Scholarship College Fund. Madison expanded the academic programs of the organization through inaugurating the Annual First Lady Scholastic Achievement Awards Program.[8] Bishop Madison died on April 5, 2008.[12]

Bishop Bailey[edit]

Bishop C. M. Bailey, a native of Newport News, Virginia and the former pastor/apostle of the United House of Prayer For All People in Augusta, Georgia, the "Motherhouse" or parent church for the state of Georgia, succeeded Madison on May 23, 2008. He was elected during Memorial Week in Washington, D. C. after having won 91% of the electoral votes by the General Assembly. Bailey has been preaching and teaching across the nation since his election as bishop. Ever since his election, Bailey has been carrying out the goals and plans of Bishops McCollough and Madison. Bailey has issued a 10 year program from 2009 until 2019 called "Return", and giving a side caption stating "Where God is the greater aspect in our daily lives and Worship." He has also told the members of The House of Prayer to "Give God Everything!".Profession: Ecclesiastic. Ordained an Elder in 1967, by the late Bishop W. ("Sweet Daddy") McCollough, Successor Bishop to Bishop C. M. ("Sweet Daddy") Grace, founder of the United House of Prayer in America. Previous Positions: Youth Pastor of the United House of Prayer, Richmond, VA; Pastor of East Boundary House of Prayer, GA; Pastor of North Charlotte #1, Charlotte, NC; Consecrated as an Apostle of the United House of Prayer by Bishop W. McCollough, March 20, 1984; Appointed Pastor of Mother House of Prayer, South Philadelphia, PA, June 8, 1986; Appointed Pastor of the Mother House of Prayer of Augusta, GA, with supervisory responsibility for the States of Georgia, Florida and Alabama, October, 1989; Appointed as a Judge of the General Council (highest ecclesiastical body of the United House of Prayer) by Bishop S.C. Madison on September 29, 2000; appointed as Head Judge of the General Council of the United House of Prayer by Bishop S.C. Madison on February 4, 2004, in Los Angeles, CA; Appointed by Bishop S.C. Madison as Senior Minister of the United House of Prayer (to act with all powers of the Bishop in event of a vacancy in the Office) on May 26, 2006; Appointed by Bishop S.C. Madison as Moderator of the General Assembly of the United House of Prayer on May 26, 2006, and again on May 25, 2007; and, after the passing of Bishop Dr. S.C. Madison on April 5, 2008, elected by the General Assembly as Bishop on May 23, 2008 by an unprecedented 91 percent of the votes cast. Author/Publisher: The annual "Truth and Facts of the United House of Prayer;" the Madison Magazine (in the "Bailey Era"); and the annual "Are You Aware?" Civic Positions, Directorships, etc.: Sole Trustee of the United House of Prayer, and C.E.O.; Executive Director of the McCollough Scholarship College Fund; Sole Trustee of Single-member Owner of the Madison Saints Paradise South LLC (Senior Living Facilities); General Builder and Executive Director of the Nationwide Bailey Building Program, and the United House of Prayer churches and various properties; Sole Trustee of Single-member Owner of the Madison Early Childhood Development Center LLC./ Other Honors and Special Awards: Commended by State and City officials across the U.S. for his elevation to the Office of Bishop of the United House of Prayer. Bishop C. M. ("Sweet Daddy") Bailey's Contributions to Church, Community, and Nation: Bishop C. M. ("Sweet Daddy") Bailey comes to his position as only the fourth person to serve as Bishop of the United House of Prayer in its celebrated 82-year history as a religious institution, known in America and throughout the world. As Bishop, Daddy Bailey is now at the culmination of a lifelong service of dedication to his church, community and Nation. He knew the meaning of dedication so well that, when Daddy McCollough made the call in 1967 for young men to come to be ordained as Elders of the United House of Prayer, he testified that he evaded the call, or so he thought. It was on the Sunday evening of Convocation after the call for Elders had closed that he felt compelled to present himself to Daddy McCollough and ask if it was not too late to still respond to the call; to which Daddy McCollough responded to one of the Elders, "get his name quick, before he changes his mind!" So began 24 years of faithful service by Daddy Bailey as a minister under Daddy McCollough, to be followed by 17 more years of dedicated service in the ministry under Daddy Madison. Daddy Bailey's sum total of 41 years of loyal and devoted service in the ministry under his predecessors, Daddy McCollough and Daddy Madison is hard to match. He has travelled this Nation many times over in giving his untiring support to his predecessors. It was always their cause he advanced - their welfare he sought to protect - and not his own! More often than not, it was Daddy Bailey's voice that was heard as Master of Ceremony at Dedications of new Houses of Prayer built by Daddy Madison in communities across the Nation over these past 17 years; or at the opening of affordable housing developments or senior housing or other community reinvestment efforts directed by Daddy Madison in areas surrounding the various Houses of Prayer. In all of these initiatives, the United House of Prayer, the communities and the Nation have benefited. In the Year 2000, when Daddy Madison saw the need to strengthen the General Council, he appointed Daddy Bailey as a Judge of the General Council in September in Augusta, GA, with instructions that he would preside over the General Council in Charlotte, NC, for the closing out of the Convocation and of the works. In a further move to strengthen the institution of the General Council, Daddy Madison appointed Daddy Bailey in the year 2004 as Head Judge of the General Council. Finally, to preserve the stability of the organization, Daddy Madison saw fit to appoint Daddy Bailey as Senior Minister of the United House of Prayer (to act with all powers of the Bishop in event of a vacancy in the Office), while in the General Assembly Session of 2006. Daddy Madison went on to appoint Daddy Bailey as Moderator of the 2006 General Assembly Session and, again, for the 2007 General Assembly Session. On May 23, 2008, upon the passing of Daddy Madison, Daddy Bailey was elected as Bishop by an unprecedented 91 percent of the votes.

Structure[edit]

United House of Prayer for All People in the Near Northeast neighborhood of Washington, D.C.

The United House of Prayer as defined in their constitution and by-laws is composed of the bishop, elders, ministers, deacons, and all persons who assemble themselves in the various places of assembly maintained by the organization.[13] "On a broader organization level, each House of Prayer belonged to a regional district"[6] and each district is chaired by a minister who is the state chairman. The organization also has what they call the General Assembly which consist of the bishop, minsters, elders, and two elected representatives from each congregation.[13] The General Assembly is the vehicle used to make amendments to the constitution and by-laws, to fill vacancies in the office of bishop, and to remove the bishop for cause.[13] Besides the bishop, the General Assembly, ministers, and members, there exist an ecclesiastical court called the General Council.[14] The General Council consist of the bishop, state chairmen and others who are appointed by the bishop and their primary responsibility is to protect the work of the organization and the bishop and to ensure that all houses and members are compliant with laws outlined in the Supreme Laws For the Government of the United House of Prayer.

The constitution and by-laws of the organization stipulate that the bishop must be in full knowledge of the doctrine of the United House of Prayer, ready to give answers in good faith, able to judge the various members among the church and congregations, and must be continuously working for the good of the organization in accordance with the rules of the New Testament.[13] The bishop's role includes the power to select, ordain, and supervise ministers. He is also designated on behalf of the members as trustee of all church property.[6]

Memorial[edit]

A mausoleum in memory of W. McCollough and S. C. Madison was built in Lincoln Cemetery in Suitland, Maryland. The monument also honors C. M. Grace and the United House of Prayer for All People of the Church on The Rock of The Apostolic Faith. The memorial features several larger-than-lifesize statues. Walter McCollough is buried at Fort Lincoln Cemetery, Brentwood, Maryland.[15]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Burgess, Stanley M. and Van de Maas, Edouard M. (eds.) "United House of Prayer For All People, Church on the Rock of the Apostolic Faith" in The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002).
  2. ^ a b c d e "United House of Prayer for All People". Brittanica Online Encyclopedia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  3. ^ Guide to the United House of Prayer for All People Collection, 1944-1955, Special Collections Research Center, Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, the George Washington University
  4. ^ Salmon, Jacqueline L. (2007-08-27). "For Crowd Of Believers, A Baptism By Fire Hose". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-02-16. 
  5. ^ "Saints Paradise: Trombone Shout Bands from the United House of Prayer". Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Dallam, Marie W. Daddy Grace: A Celebrity Preacher and His House of Prayer, pp.57,87
  7. ^ The Truth and Facts of the United House of Prayer and the Most Honorable Bishop Dr. S.C. Madison (2005) p.30
  8. ^ a b c d "Official Website of the United House of Prayer for All People". Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  9. ^ a b c d Frantz, Douglas and Pulley, Brett (1995-12-17). "Harlem Church Is Outpost of Empire;House of Prayer Built Wide Holdings on Devotion to Sweet Daddy Grace". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  10. ^ Fauset, Arthur. Black Gods of the Metropolis, p.26
  11. ^ Brune, Danielle. "Sweet Daddy Grace: The Life and Times of a Modern Day Prophet" (Ph.D. diss., University of Texas, Austin, 2002), pp.64–71,170
  12. ^ Harris, Hamil R. (2008-04-07). "House of Prayer Bishop Had Deep Roots in D.C". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  13. ^ a b c d Constitution and By-Laws of the United House of Prayer For All People of the Church on the Rock of the Apostolic Faith (1992), pp.2,3,4,6
  14. ^ The Supreme Laws For The Government of the United House of Prayer For All People of the Church on the Rock of the Apostolic Faith (2005) p.1
  15. ^ Rath, Molly (June 9, 1995). "A House Divided". Washington City Paper. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 

External links[edit]