United Daughters of the Confederacy

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United Daughters of the Confederacy, Inc.
United Daughters of the Confederacy logo.png
FoundedSeptember 10, 1894 (1894-09-10)[1]
Founder(s)Caroline Goodlett,
Anna Raines[1]
Headquarters
Key peoplePresident-General
Jamie Likins
Office Manager
Mary Valentino
Focus(es)Historical
Educational
Benevolent
Memorial
Patriotic[3]
Employees7 (2013)[3]
Members19,314 (2012)[4]
Motto"Think, Love, Pray, Dare, Live"[5]
Formerly calledNational Association of the Daughters of the Confederacy[1]
Websitehqudc.org
 
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United Daughters of the Confederacy, Inc.
United Daughters of the Confederacy logo.png
FoundedSeptember 10, 1894 (1894-09-10)[1]
Founder(s)Caroline Goodlett,
Anna Raines[1]
Headquarters
Key peoplePresident-General
Jamie Likins
Office Manager
Mary Valentino
Focus(es)Historical
Educational
Benevolent
Memorial
Patriotic[3]
Employees7 (2013)[3]
Members19,314 (2012)[4]
Motto"Think, Love, Pray, Dare, Live"[5]
Formerly calledNational Association of the Daughters of the Confederacy[1]
Websitehqudc.org

The United Daughters of the Confederacy (U.D.C.) is a national society founded in 1894 for female descendants of soldiers and sailors who served in the Confederate forces.[1]

History[edit]

Across the South, associations were founded after the Civil War, many by women, to organize burials of Confederate soldiers, establish and care for permanent cemeteries for Confederate soldiers, organize commemorative ceremonies, and sponsor impressive monuments as a permanent way of remembering the Confederate cause and tradition.[6] They were "strikingly successful at raising money to build Confederate monuments, lobbying legislatures and Congress for the reburial of Confederate dead, and working to shape the content of history textbooks."[7]

In addition to raising money for cemeteries and memorials, the women funded and commissioned memorials to Confederate veterans and battles.[7] They were instrumental in organizing to commemorate the war, including annual events in many towns across the South. They led the struggle to shape memory in the aftermath of the war. They also raised money to care for the widows and children of the Confederate dead. Most of these memorial associations eventually merged into the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which grew from 17,000 members in 1900 to nearly 100,000 women by World War I.[6]

The organization encouraged women to publish their experiences in the war, beginning with biographies of major southern figures, such as Varina Davis' of her husband Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy. Later, women began adding more of their own experiences to the "public discourse about the war", in the form of memoirs, such as those published in the early 1900s by Sara Agnes Rice Pryor, Virginia Clay-Clopton and Louise Wigfall Wright and others. They also recommended structures for the memoirs. By the turn of the twentieth century, a dozen memoirs by southern women were published. They constituted part of the growing public memory about the antebellum years and the Lost Cause, as they usually defended the Confederacy.[8]

During World War I, the organization supported 70 hospital beds at the American Military Hospital at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France and contributed $82,069 for French and Belgian orphans. At home, members purchased $24,843,368 worth of war bonds and savings stamps. They also donated $841,676 to the Red Cross. During World War II, the U.D.C. assisted the National Nursing Association by donating financially to student nurses until the United States Congress passed the Bolton Act, which created the first Cadet Nurse Corps. The organization was later commended by the American Red Cross for their contributions to the overall war effort.[2]

Membership[edit]

Individual membership is through a local U.D.C. chapter where the prospective member resides. Local chapters typically come under the jurisdiction of the state or "Division".[3]

Scholarships[edit]

Magazine[edit]

The UDC Magazine is published eleven (11) times annually (the June and July issues are combined). Special features include General Officer columns, historical articles, Confederate Notes, and U.D.C. Division News.[5]

Children of the Confederacy[edit]

The Children of the Confederacy is an auxiliary consisting of young people from infancy through their eighteenth birthday who are descendants of Confederate veterans who served honorably in the Confederate forces.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Handbook (6th ed.), 2013, p. 3.
  2. ^ Handbook (6th ed.), 2013, p. 5.
  3. ^ a b [1].
  4. ^ Minutes (2012), 2013, p. 233.
  5. ^ Handbook (6th ed.), 2013, p. 7.
  6. ^ a b Blight (2001), pp. 272-273.
  7. ^ a b Faust (2008), pp. 237-247.
  8. ^ Gardner (2006), pp. 128-130.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]