Uniontown is a city in Bourbon County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 272.
Uniontown is located at 37°50′50″N 94°58′33″W / 37.84722°N 94.97583°W (37.847264, -94.975922), along the Marmaton River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 288 people, 120 households, and 72 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,337.6 people per square mile (505.4/km²). There were 138 housing units at an average density of 640.9 per square mile (242.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.22% White, 0.35% African American, 1.04% Native American, 0.35% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.39% of the population.
There were 120 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 16.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 27.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,417, and the median income for a family was $33,229. Males had a median income of $21,667 versus $19,464 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,283. About 12.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 9.7% of those sixty five or over.
In 1999, four students at the local high school started the Life in a Jar project honoring Irena Sendler, a Polish humanitarian who rescued over 2500 Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto during World War II. The project spread internationally and brought fame to a little known story of heroism.