Union Township, Union County, New Jersey

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Union Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Union
Map of Union Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Union Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°41′43″N 74°16′09″W / 40.695266°N 74.269078°W / 40.695266; -74.269078Coordinates: 40°41′43″N 74°16′09″W / 40.695266°N 74.269078°W / 40.695266; -74.269078[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyUnion
IncorporatedNovember 23, 1808
Government[5]
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorClifton People, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2014) (D)
 • AdministratorRonald Manzella[3]
 • ClerkEileen Birch[4]
Area[2]
 • Total9.092 sq mi (23.548 km2)
 • Land9.071 sq mi (23.494 km2)
 • Water0.021 sq mi (0.055 km2)  0.23%
Area rank219th of 566 in state
3rd of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[6]125 ft (38 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10]
 • Total56,642
 • Estimate (2013)[11]57,542
 • Rank25th of 566 in state
2nd of 21 in county[12]
 • Density6,244.3/sq mi (2,410.9/km2)
 • Density rank80th of 566 in state
9th of 21 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07083[13]
Area code(s)908
FIPS code3403974480[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID0882212[16][2]
Websitehttp://www.uniontownship.com
 
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Not to be confused with Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey and Union City, New Jersey in Hudson County.
Union Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Union
Map of Union Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Union Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Union Township, Union County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°41′43″N 74°16′09″W / 40.695266°N 74.269078°W / 40.695266; -74.269078Coordinates: 40°41′43″N 74°16′09″W / 40.695266°N 74.269078°W / 40.695266; -74.269078[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyUnion
IncorporatedNovember 23, 1808
Government[5]
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorClifton People, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2014) (D)
 • AdministratorRonald Manzella[3]
 • ClerkEileen Birch[4]
Area[2]
 • Total9.092 sq mi (23.548 km2)
 • Land9.071 sq mi (23.494 km2)
 • Water0.021 sq mi (0.055 km2)  0.23%
Area rank219th of 566 in state
3rd of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[6]125 ft (38 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10]
 • Total56,642
 • Estimate (2013)[11]57,542
 • Rank25th of 566 in state
2nd of 21 in county[12]
 • Density6,244.3/sq mi (2,410.9/km2)
 • Density rank80th of 566 in state
9th of 21 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07083[13]
Area code(s)908
FIPS code3403974480[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID0882212[16][2]
Websitehttp://www.uniontownship.com

Union is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. In the 18th century, the area that is now Union was then called Connecticut Farms. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 56,642,[8][9][10] the highest recorded in any decennial census, reflecting an increase of 2,237 (+4.1%) from the 54,405 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,381 (+8.8%) from the 50,024 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

History[edit]

Settled in 1667, Union was the third English speaking settlement in New Jersey after Elizabeth and Newark, with the area that is now Union then called Connecticut Farms.[18]

Union Township was the site of the Battle of Connecticut Farms, one of the last battles between British and American forces during the American Revolutionary War. On June 6, 1780, British troops, led by Hessian General Wilhelm von Knyphausen, boarded boats on Staten Island bound for Elizabeth, New Jersey. At midnight, 5,000 troops started to land. They expected the Continental Army to give little resistance, believing that they were tired of the war and were poorly fed and paid. They also expected the citizens of New Jersey to welcome them. They were wrong on both counts and were unable to make their way to and through the Hobart Gap.[19]

Union Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 23, 1808, from portions of Elizabeth Township, while the area was still part of Essex County. It became part of the newly formed Union County on March 19, 1857. Portions of the township have been taken to form Linden Township (March 4, 1861), Roselle Park, (March 22, 1901), Kenilworth (May 13, 1907) and Hillside (April 3, 1913).[20]

Geography[edit]

The Township of Union is located on the northern-central edge of Union County and is bordered by eight municipalities: Hillside to the east, Elizabeth to the southeast, Roselle Park and Kenilworth to the south and Springfield Township to the west. Northwest of the township lies Millburn, to the north lies Maplewood and to the northeast lies Irvington, all in Essex County.[21]

Union Township is located at 40°41′43″N 74°16′09″W / 40.695266°N 74.269078°W / 40.695266; -74.269078 (40.695266,-74.269078). According to the United States Census Bureau, Union township had a total area of 9.092 square miles (23.548 km2), of which, 9.071 square miles (23.494 km2) of it is land and 0.021 square miles (0.055 km2) of it (0.23%) is water.[1][2]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18101,428
18201,5679.7%
18301,409−10.1%
18401,4825.2%
18501,66212.1%
18601,8129.0%
18702,314*27.7%
18802,4184.5%
18902,84617.7%
19004,31551.6%
19103,419*−20.8%
19203,962*15.9%
193016,472315.7%
194024,73050.1%
195038,00453.7%
196051,49935.5%
197053,0773.1%
198050,184−5.5%
199050,024−0.3%
200054,4058.8%
201056,6424.1%
Est. 201357,542[11]1.6%
Population sources:
1810-1920[22] 1840[23]
1850-1870[24] 1850[25] 1870[26]
1880-1890[27] 1890-1910[28] 1910-1930[29]
1930-1990[30] 2000[31][32] 2010[7][8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,642 people, 19,556 households, and 14,276 families residing in the township. The population density was 6,244.3 per square mile (2,410.9 /km2). There were 20,250 housing units at an average density of 2,232.4 per square mile (861.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 53.78% (30,464) White, 28.98% (16,417) Black or African American, 0.14% (80) Native American, 10.60% (6,003) Asian, 0.04% (24) Pacific Islander, 4.06% (2,297) from other races, and 2.40% (1,357) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.94% (8,465) of the population.[8]

There were 19,556 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.35.[8]

In the township, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $73,722 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,858) and the median family income was $86,705 (+/- $3,822). Males had a median income of $54,811 (+/- $1,998) versus $47,144 (+/- $2,316) for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,135 (+/- $1,104). About 3.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[33]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] of 2000, there were 54,405 people, 19,534 households, and 14,162 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,968.1 people per square mile (2,303.3/km²). There were 20,001 housing units at an average density of 2,194.1 per square mile (846.8/km²). An example of a diverse city in the United States, the racial makeup of the township was 67.66% White, 19.76% African American, 0.15% Native American, 7.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.44% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.93% of the population.[31][32]

There were 19,534 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.[31][32]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.[31][32]

The median income for a household in the township was $59,173, and the median income for a family was $68,707. Males had a median income of $45,299 versus $35,604 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,768. About 3.0% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.[31][32]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Union Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. The Mayor, in addition to voting as a member of the Township Committee, presides over the meetings of the committee and carries out ceremonial duties.

As of 2014, members of the Union Township Committee are Mayor Clifton People, Jr. (D, term ends December 31, 2016), Deputy Mayor Manuel T. Figueiredo (D, 2015), Suzette Cavadas (D, 2016), Joseph M. Florio (D, 2014) and Anthony L. Terrezza, Jr. (D, 2015).[34][35][36][37][38]

Mayors of Union[edit]

#MayorYears in OfficePartyTermsNotes
1John Leonard1879–18831-4First term
2James A. Burnett1884–18855-6
3John Leonard18867Second term
4James B. Woodruff1887–18918-12Five Consecutive Terms
5John Tunison1892–189313-14Two consecutive terms
6Daniel H. Beach1894–189515-16Two consecutive terms
7William P. Bonnell189617
8John H. Doremus189718First term
9Daniel H. Beach189819Third term
10William A. Bainbridge189920
11John H. Doremus190021Second term
12Daniel H. Beach190122Fourth term
13John H. Doremus1902–190323-24Third and fourth terms
14Walter A. Miller1904–190525-26Two consecutive terms
15Daniel B. Wade190625First Term
16John H. Doremus190726Fourth term
17Daniel H. Beach190827
18Daniel B. Wade190928
19Gottlieb Schnabel191029
20Daniel H. Beach191130
21Howard B. Kline191231
22Gottlieb Schnabel191332
22Daniel H. Beach191433
23Cornelius E. Blanchard191534
24George A. Bashford191635
25Daniel H. Beach191736
26Harry Schmitt191837
27George A. Bashford191938
28Daniel H. Beach1920–192139-40Two consecutive terms
29George A. Bashford192241
30Ambrose B. Kline192342
31Charles W. Wink1924–192643-45Three consecutive terms
32Ambrose B. Kline1927–192846-47Two consecutive terms
33Gustav Hummel, Jr.1929–193148-50Three consecutive terms
34Max A. Schoenwalder1932–193351-52Two consecutive terms
35Charles Schramm1934–193953-58Six consecutive terms. Resigned in 1939.
36Fred Edward Biertuempfel1939–1973Republican59-93Thirty-four consecutive terms.
37Samuel Rabkin1973Republican93Finished Biertuempfel's term. Rabkin field named after him.
38Anthony E. Russo1974Democrat94
39James C. Conlon1975Republican95
40John S. Zimmerman1976Democrat96
41Edward Goodkin1977Republican97
42James C. Conlon1978–1980Democrat98-99Two consecutive terms
43Edward Weber1981Democrat100
44James C. Conlon1982Republican101
45Anthony E. Russo1983Democrat102
461984103
471985104
481986105
49Diane Heelan1987Republican106Union's first female mayor
501988107
511989108
521990109
53Anthony E. Russo1991Democrat110
541992111
551993112
56Jerome Petti1994Democrat113
57Greg Muller1995Republican114
58Jerome Petti1996Democrat115
59Greg Muller1997Republican116
60Anthony L. Terrezza1998–1999Democrat117-118Two consecutive terms
612000119
62Peter A. Capodice2001Democrat120
63Patrick Scanlon2002Democrat121
64Brenda C. Restivo2003Democrat122
65Anthony L. Terrezza2004Democrat123
66Joseph Florio2005Democrat124
67Peter A. Capodice2006Democrat125
68Brenda C. Restivo2007Democrat126Second Term
69Clifton People, Jr.2008Democrat127Union's first African-American mayor
70Anthony L. Terrezza2009–2010Democrat128-129Two consecutive terms
71Joseph Florio2011-2012Democrat130-131Two consecutive terms. Second & third terms as mayor.
72Clifton People, Jr.2013-2014 (Currently mayor)Democrat132-133Two consecutive terms. Second & third terms as mayor.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Union Township is split between the 7th and 10th Congressional Districts[39] and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district.[9][40][41] Prior to the 2010 Census, Union Township had also been split between the 7th and 10th Congressional Districts with different boundaries, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[42] The redistricting plan that took effect in 2013 placed 31,611 residents living in the central and western portions of the township into the 7th District, while 25,031 residents in a semicircle that runs along the northern, eastern and southern borders of the township were placed into the 10th District.[39][43]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[44] New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[46][47] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[48][49]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Raymond Lesniak (D, Elizabeth) and in the General Assembly by Joseph Cryan (D, Union) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth).[50][51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[54] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[55] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[56] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[57] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[58] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[59] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[60] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[61] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[62] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[63][64] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[65] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[66] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[67][68] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[69]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 31,155 registered voters in Union Township, of which 12,061 (38.7% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,928 (12.6% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 15,157 (48.7% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties.[70] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 55.0% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 69.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[70][71]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 16,423 votes here (70.7% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 6,464 votes (27.8% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 155 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 23,235 ballots cast by the township's 33,589 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.2% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[72][73] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 15,625 votes here (63.8% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 8,462 votes (34.5% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 189 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 24,505 ballots cast by the township's 32,622 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[74] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 12,751 votes here (57.9% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 8,987 votes (40.8% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 174 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 22,013 ballots cast by the township's 30,383 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.5% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[75]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 7,628 ballots cast (53.0% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 5,734 votes (39.8% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 741 votes (5.1% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 113 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 14,397 ballots cast by the township's 31,972 registered voters, yielding a 45.0% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[76]

Education[edit]

The Union Public School District serves students in pre-Kindergarten through grade twelve. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 7,466 students and 572.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.05:1.[77]The schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[78]) are six PreK-4 elementary schools — Battle Hill Elementary School[79] (427 students), Hannah Caldwell Elementary School[80] (701), Connecticut Farms Elementary School[81] (500), Franklin Elementary School[82] (476), Livingston Elementary School[83] (445) and Washington Elementary School[84] (596) — Jefferson Elementary School[85] (262 in grade 5), Burnet Middle School[86] (1,077; 6-8), Kawameeh Middle School[87] (665; 6-8) and Union High School[88] for grades nine through twelve (2,317).[89]

Union was threatened with being the first town north of the Mason-Dixon Line to suffer from penalties as a result of school segregation. The area of Vauxhall was primarily black and Jefferson Elementary School was disproportionately black compared to the rest of the town. Union avoided problems by converting Jefferson Elementary into a sixth-grade only school called Central 6 and bused the Jefferson students to all the other elementary schools. It was later renamed Central 5 and is now Hamilton School, which is used as a one-year school for fifth-grade students.[90]

Union is also home to several private nursery schools and the Deron School, a private school for learning disabled students ages 5–13.[91] St. Michael's School and Holy Spirit School operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[92]

Kean University, dating back to 1855, serves a total student population of almost 16,000.[93] Called New Jersey State Teachers College when it was located in Newark, the school moved to Union in 1958, was renamed Kean College in 1973 and was granted university status in 1997.[94]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 145.85 miles (234.72 km) of roadways, of which 120.11 miles (193.30 km) are maintained by the municipality, 11.43 miles (18.39 km) by Union County and 12.46 miles (20.05 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.85 miles (2.98 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[95]

Union is traversed by the Garden State Parkway, Interstate 78, U.S. Route 22 and Route 82 (Morris Avenue).[21]

The Parkway connects Kenilworth in the south to Hillside in the north.[96] The Parkway includes interchanges 139A (Chestnut Street) / 139B (Route 82 West Union), interchanges 140 (Route 22 / Route 82 west) / 140A (Route 22 / Route 82 west) and interchange 141 (Vauxhall Road / Union).[97]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers rail service at the Union train station[98] providing service on the Raritan Valley Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad) to Newark Penn Station.[99] The station opened in 2003 and includes a parking lot with over 450 spaces.[100]

NJ Transit also provides bus service to New York City and New Jersey points on the 113, 114 and 117 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 65, 66 70 and 94 routes to Newark and local service on the 26 and 52.[101]

Former Rahway Valley Railroad freight line, now abandoned, crosses through Union.[102] This line, presently licensed to Morristown and Erie Railway, is in the process of revitalization after which it will link to NJ Transit's Morris and Essex Lines at Summit and connect to Staten Island.[103]

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Union.

Notable buildings[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Union Township include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  3. ^ Administration Office, Township of Union. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  4. ^ Clerk's Office, Township of Union. Accessed August 5, 2014.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 90.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Union, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b 2010 Census: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 10, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 7, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Union township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 7, 2011.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Union, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 7, 2011.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  18. ^ Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Union", The New York Times, October 27, 1991. Accessed February 25, 2012. "UNION, the third oldest English settlement in New Jersey after Newark and Elizabeth, is returning to its Colonial roots.... Union was settled in 1667 by Puritans, who left Connecticut fearing religious persecution. Then called Connecticut Farms, the community figured prominently in shipbuilding from the late 17th century, when the Headleys, one of its first European families, established a factory for wooden hoops to hold sails to masts."
  19. ^ Yesenko, Michael R. "Union historian Yesenko presents 'Remembering General George Washington'", Suburban News, January 20, 2010. Accessed December 7, 2011.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 241. Accessed February 25, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Home page, Township of Union. Accessed May 24, 2013. "The Union County municipalities of Elizabeth, Hillside, Springfield, Kenilworth, and Roselle Park, and the Essex County communities of Irvington, Maplewood, and Millburn border the Township."
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  23. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed May 24, 2013. Source lists a population of 1,483 for 1840, in conflict with the 1,482 shown in the New Jersey Compendium of censuses 1726-1905.
  24. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed May 24, 2013. "Union had a population in 1860 of 1,812 and in 1870, 2,314."
  25. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  26. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 261. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  27. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed May 24, 2013.
  28. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed May 24, 2013.
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