Ufton Nervet

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Ufton Nervet
Ufton Court near Ufton Nervet - geograph.org.uk - 22970.jpg
Ufton Court, near Ufton Nervet
Ufton Nervet is located in Berkshire
Ufton Nervet

 Ufton Nervet shown within Berkshire
Population321 (2001 Census)
OS grid referenceSU6367
Civil parishUfton Nervet
Unitary authorityWest Berkshire
Ceremonial countyBerkshire
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townReading
Postcode districtRG7
Dialling code0118
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentWokingham
WebsiteSulhamstead and Ufton Nervet
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire
 
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Coordinates: 51°24′11″N 1°05′17″W / 51.403°N 1.088°W / 51.403; -1.088

Ufton Nervet
Ufton Court near Ufton Nervet - geograph.org.uk - 22970.jpg
Ufton Court, near Ufton Nervet
Ufton Nervet is located in Berkshire
Ufton Nervet

 Ufton Nervet shown within Berkshire
Population321 (2001 Census)
OS grid referenceSU6367
Civil parishUfton Nervet
Unitary authorityWest Berkshire
Ceremonial countyBerkshire
RegionSouth East
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townReading
Postcode districtRG7
Dialling code0118
PoliceThames Valley
FireRoyal Berkshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK ParliamentWokingham
WebsiteSulhamstead and Ufton Nervet
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Ufton Nervet is a village and civil parish about 6 miles (10 km) southwest of Reading, Berkshire, England.

Contents

Location

Ufton Nervet village is in hills south of the River Kennet, and its parish stretches down into the valley to the north as far as the A4 road. Two narrow lanes connect the village to the A4, crossing the Kennet and Avon Canal and the Great Western Railway line in the valley bottom. Both lanes cross the canal by swing bridges. The smaller lane passes through Ufton Green, crossing the railway by the level crossing involved in the rail crash, and the other by an overbridge. Other lanes connect the village with other villages on the higher ground above the valley. To the north lies the village and parish of Sulhamstead; Padworth is to the south west and Burghfield Common to the east. On the Kennett and Avon canal is Ufton Lock, now de-gated.

Local government

Ufton Nervet is a civil parish with an elected parish council. It is in the area of West Berkshire unitary authority.

History

An excavation at Ufton Green revealed a site which showed evidence of stone-working for the manufacture of tools or weapons and a number of scattered stone artefacts dating from the Mesolithic era.[1]

The toponym Ufton is derived from the Old English Uffa-tūn = "Uffa's farmstead" and the Domesday Book of 1086 records it as Offetune.[2]

Three manors have existed in this area: Ufton Robert, Ufton Nervet and Ufton Pole. The Domesday Book records the first two.

The original Ufton Nervet, also known as Ufton Richard, was about 1 mile (1.6 km) north west of the current village, in the current location of Ufton Green. It had its own parish church of St John the Baptist, the ruined west wall of which still survives. The place was named after Richard Neyrvut, later corrupted to Nervet, who held the manor in the 13th century.

The moat and site of Ufton Robert manor house. September 2002

Ufton Robert manor house was just west of the current village and had a moat, which still survives. Excavations in the 19th century found bridge piles, a gateway and other foundations. The moat is also part of a set of linked medieval fishponds fed from an artificial stream which flowed into the south pond. The water was controlled to the ponds and moat by a series of sluices.[3] The manor came into the hands of the Perkyns family around 1411. When they bought the manor of Ufton Pole in 1560 the two manors were combined and the main residence moved to Ufton Pole, which is now Ufton Court, a large Elizabethan manor house south-west of the village.

In 1434–35 the parishes of Ufton Nervet and Ufton Robert were merged and Ufton Robert's parish church of St Peter became the church of the merged parish. Although the original parish of Ufton Nervet had ceased to exist, this eventually became the name of the current village and parish.

Parish church

St Peter's parish church, January 2008

The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter was built in 1862, on the site of an earlier church, in a 14th century Gothic Revival style. The walls are predominantly a dark grey rag-stone with ashlar dressings. It has a chancel, north chapel (used as an organ chamber), nave of three bays, west tower with tall octagonal shingled spire, and south porch.[4] In front of the porch is a fine old yew tree. The church is now redundant and no longer used for worship.[citation needed]

Rail crash

The Ufton Nervet rail crash took place in the parish on the 6 November 2004. Seven people were killed when a First Great Western train from Paddington to Plymouth was derailed by colliding with a stationary car on an unmanned level crossing.

References

Sources and further reading

External links