Udaipur

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Udaipur
उदयपुर
metropolitan City
City palace, Udaipur
City palace, Udaipur
Nickname(s): White City and The City of Lakes
Udaipur is located in Rajasthan
Udaipur
Udaipur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68Coordinates: 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictUdaipur district
Area
 • Total64 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation600 m (2,000 ft)
Population (2011)<[1]
 • Total451,735
 • Rank6th
 • Density242/km2 (630/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN313001/24
Telephone code0294
Vehicle registrationRJ-27
Nearest cityJodhpur, Kota, Jaipur, Indore
Websitewww.udaipur.nic.in
 
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This article is about the city in Rajasthan, India. For other uses, see Udaipur (disambiguation).
Udaipur
उदयपुर
metropolitan City
City palace, Udaipur
City palace, Udaipur
Nickname(s): White City and The City of Lakes
Udaipur is located in Rajasthan
Udaipur
Udaipur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68Coordinates: 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictUdaipur district
Area
 • Total64 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation600 m (2,000 ft)
Population (2011)<[1]
 • Total451,735
 • Rank6th
 • Density242/km2 (630/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN313001/24
Telephone code0294
Vehicle registrationRJ-27
Nearest cityJodhpur, Kota, Jaipur, Indore
Websitewww.udaipur.nic.in

Udaipur About this sound pronunciation , is a city, a municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is located 403 kilometres (250 mi) southwest of the state capital, Jaipur and 250 km (155 mi) northeast from Ahmedabad. Udaipur is the historic capital of the kingdom of Mewar in the former Rajputana Agency. The Sisodia clan of Rajputs ruled the Mewar and its capital was shifted from Chittorgarh to Udaipur after founding city of Udaipur by Maharana Uday Singh. The Mewar province became part of Rajasthan after India became independent.

Apart from its history, culture, and scenic locations, it is also known for its Rajput-era palaces. The Lake Palace, for instance, covers an entire island in the Pichola Lake. Many of the palaces have been converted into luxury hotels. It is often called the "Venice of the East", and is also nicknamed the "Lake City" or "City of Lakes".[2][3] Lake Pichola, Fateh Sagar Lake, Udai Sagar and Swaroop Sagar in this city are considered some of the most beautiful lakes in the state.

The area is being recognised as a tribal belt of the country and the Lok Sabha seat from this constituency belongs to Arjun Lal Meena.

History[edit]

Main article: Udaipur State
Statue of Maharana Pratap of Mewar, commemorating the Battle of Haldighati.

Udaipur was founded in 1553 by Maharana Udai Singh II[4] as the final capital of the erstwhile Mewar kingdom, located in the fertile circular valley-"Girwa" to the southwest of Nagda, on the Banas River, the first capital of the Mewar kingdom. This area already had a thriving trading town of "Ayad" which had served as capital of Mewar for over 200 years and 17 rulers of Mewar had ruled from Ayad town of Girwa Valley (~10-12th centuries, Ruler #18-34), still earlier (4+1) Rawals ruled from Nagda; so the “Girwa” (& adjoining) valley was already well-known to Chittaud rulers who moved to it whenever the vulnerable tableland (Mesa)Chittaudgadh was threatened with enemy attacks. Maharana Udai Singh II, in the wake of 16th century emergence of artillery warfare decided to move his capital to a more secure location, importance of which he had realized during his exile at Kumbhalgadh. Ayad was flood-prone, hence he chose the ridge east of Pichola Lake to start his new capital city, where he came upon a hermit while hunting in the foothills of the Aravalli Range. The hermit blessed the king and asked him to build a palace on the spot, assuring him it would be well protected. Udai Singh II consequently established a residence on the site. In November 1567, the Mughal emperor Akbar attacked & laid siege of the venerated fort of Chittor, which was reduced to one of the 84 forts of Mewar.

Aerial view of City Palace on Lake Pichola

As the Mughal empire weakened, the Sisodia ranas, and later maharanas (also called the Guhilots or Suryavansh), who had always tried to oppose Mughal dominance, reasserted their independence and recaptured most of Mewar except for Chittor. Udaipur remained the capital of the state, which became a princely state of British India in 1818. Being a mountainous region and unsuitable for heavily armoured Mughal horses, Udaipur remained safe from Mughal influence in spite of much pressure. The rajvansh of Udaipur was one of the oldest dynasties of the world. Maharana Mahendra Singh Mewar (the Royal Family of Udaipur),is the current symbolic ruler of the city.

Geography and climate[edit]

Udaipur is located at 24°31′30″N 73°40′38″E / 24.525049°N 73.677116°E / 24.525049; 73.677116.[5] It has an average elevation of 598.00 m (1,962 ft). It is located in the southern region of Rajasthan and is close to Gujarat. It has five major lakes, which are under restoration with funds provided by the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) of the Government of India:[6]

Udaipur Panorama from Jag Mandir Island

Udaipur's autumn / winter climate is the most appealing time to pay her a visit. Tourists arrive in numbers, anytime between mid-September to late March or early April. Even in January, the coldest month, the days are bright, sunny and warm with maximum temperature around 28.3 °C (82.9 °F). Mornings, evenings and nights are cold with minimum temperature around 11.6 °C (52.9 °F) especially if there is a slight breeze in the air.[7]

Climate data for Udaipur
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)24.2
(75.6)
26.9
(80.4)
32.8
(91)
37.4
(99.3)
39.8
(103.6)
37.3
(99.1)
33.9
(93)
30.3
(86.5)
32.6
(90.7)
33.3
(91.9)
29.3
(84.7)
20.5
(68.9)
31.8
(89.2)
Average low °C (°F)7.0
(44.6)
9.1
(48.4)
14.3
(57.7)
20.2
(68.4)
25.0
(77)
26.1
(79)
24.5
(76.1)
23.2
(73.8)
21.4
(70.5)
16.9
(62.4)
11.7
(53.1)
7.7
(45.9)
17.2
(63)
Precipitation mm (inches)3.5
(0.138)
2.0
(0.079)
1.2
(0.047)
6.6
(0.26)
18.2
(0.717)
92.7
(3.65)
188.8
(7.433)
205.1
(8.075)
96.2
(3.787)
19.1
(0.752)
17.2
(0.677)
3.6
(0.142)
654.3
(25.76)
Source: IMD

Tourism[edit]

The Udaipur Palace Complex at night
City Palace
Sajjangarh Palace flood-lit during late evening
Nehru Garden on an island in Fateh Sagar Lake
Udaipur Bathing Ghat
Lake Palace
Sukhadia Circle at Night
City Palace, Udaipur
Main article: City Palace, Udaipur

Standing on the east bank of Lake Pichola is a massive series of palaces built at different times from 1559. The balconies of the palace provide panoramic views of the "Jag Niwas" (the Lake Palace Hotel). They also have views of Jag Mandir on one side and the city of Udaipur on the other. Its main entrance is through the triple-arched gate - the Tripolia, built in 1725. The way now leads to a series of courtyards, overlapping parations, terraces, corridors and gardens. There is a Suraj Gokhda, where the maharanas of Mewar presented themselves in the times of trouble to the people to restore confidence. The Mor-chowk (Peacock courtyard), gets its name from the mosaics in glass decorating its walls. The chini chitrashala is noteworthy while a series of wall paintings of Krishna are on display in Bhim Vilas. There are numerous other palaces such as Dilkhush mahal, Sheesh mahal, Moti mahal and Krishna vilas - in memory of a princess of striking beauty who poisoned herself to avert a bloody battle for her hand by rival princes. Now the palace contains many antique articles, paintings, decorative furniture and utensils and attracts thousands of visitors every day. Celebration mall (Highest rated mall of Rajasthan) that is India's first and only Heritage mall, is now serving as a tourist attraction destination.

The former guesthouse of the city palace, Shiv Niwas Palace and the Fateh Prakash Palace have been converted into heritage hotels.

Lake Palace
Main article: Lake Palace

The Lake Palace was built in 1743-1746. It is made of marble and is situated on Jag Niwas island in Lake Pichola. It was originally built as a royal summer palace, but is now a luxury 5 Star hotel, operating under the "Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces" banner.

Jag Mandir
Main article: Jag Mandir

Jag Mandir is another island in Lake Pichola which is known for its garden courtyard. Shah Jahan took refuge here while revolting against his father. There is a restaurant run by the HRH group of hotels.

Monsoon Palace
Main article: Monsoon Palace

Monsoon Palace also known as Sajjan Garh Palace The summer resort of the Maharajas is atop the hill overlooking all of the lakes. This palace had a way to collect rain water for consumption all year around.

Jagdish Temple

The Jagdish Temple is a large Hindu temple in the middle of Udaipur. It was built by Maharana Jagat Singh Ist in 1651 A.D. It is an example of Indo - Aryan architecture. This temple is a great example of architecture and art. The area is the main tourist place in the city. You can also find some special kind of things like rajasthani dress, paintings etc.

Fateh Sagar Lake
Main article: Fateh Sagar Lake

Fateh Sagar Lake is situated in the north of Lake Picholas. It was originally built by Maharana Jai Singh in the year 1678 AD, but later on reconstructed and extended by Maharana Fateh Singh after much destruction was caused by heavy rains. In 1993-1994, the water vanished from the lake, but in 2005-2006, the lake regained its water.

Lake Pichola
Main article: Lake Pichola

Lake Pichola has two islands, Jag Niwas and the Jag Mandir. This lake is 4 km long and 3 km wide, originally built by Maharana Udai Singh II. There are many ghats, like the bathing and washing ghats, which can be approached through boats from the City Palace of Udaipur (Bansi Ghat). In the heart of the lake the Lake Palace stands, which is now converted into a heritage palace hotel. The lake remains fairly shallow even during heavy rains, and gets dry easily in times of severe drought.

Saheliyon-ki-Bari
Main article: Saheliyon-ki-Bari

Sahelion ki Bari was laid for a group of forty-eight young women attendants who accompanied a princess to Udaipur as part of her dowry. The gardens set below the embankment of the Fatah Sagar Lake have lotus pools, marble pavilions and elephant-shaped fountains. These fountains are fed by the water of the lake gushing through ducts made for the purpose.

Gulab Bagh and Zoo
Main article: Gulab Bagh and Zoo

A rose garden laid out by Maharaja Sajjan Singh is situated near the palace on the east side of Lake Pichhola. A library in the garden has a collection of ancient handwritten manuscripts and books. Some of the part of the Satyarth Prakash have been written in this library. Styarth Prakash stup is situated in Gulab Bagh. Within the garden, there is a zoo with tigers, leopards, Chinkara gazelle, birds, and many wild animals. Children can enjoy mini train, track of which covers the main part of the garden and the zoo.

Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal

A museum of folk arts. It also hosts puppet shows in its auditorium.

Maharana Pratap Memorial or Moti Magri

Atop the Moti Magri or Pearl Hill, overlooking the Fatah Sagar Lake is the memorial of the Rajput hero Maharana Pratap with a bronze statue of the Maharana astride his favourite horse "Chetak".[8]

Bagore-ki-Haveli

This is an old building built right on the waterfront of Lake Pichola at Gangori Ghat. The haveli now stages Rajasthani traditional dance and music.

Ahar Museum
Main article: Ahar Cenotaphs

Located about 2 km east of Udaipur is a cluster of cenotaphs of the Maharanas of Mewar. There are about nineteen cenotaphs of Maharanas cremated there. One cenotaph is that Maharana Amar Singh, who reigned from 1597 to 1620. Nearby is also Ahar Museum, where on display is limited but very rare earthen pottery, as well as some sculptures and other archaeological finds. Some pieces date back to 1700 BC, and a tenth-century metal figure of Buddha is a special attraction.

Shilpgram

A crafts village located northwest of Udaipur, Shilpgram hosts an annual crafts fair which is one of the biggest in India; people from different states in the country have stalls showcasing their art and crafts work.[9]

Udaipur Solar Observatory

Asia's only solar observatory, the Udaipur Solar Observatory, is situated on an island in the middle of the Lake Fatah Sagar.

Culture[edit]

City seen from the Palace

Udaipur in popular culture[edit]

Udaipur is mentioned under the spelling Oodeypore in Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book as the birthplace of Bagheera, the fictional panther in the king's Menagerie.

Because of its picturesque and scenic locations, Udaipur has been the shooting location for many Hollywood and Bollywood movies. Indian sections of the James Bond film Octopussy were filmed in the city,[10] the Lake Palace, and the Monsoon Palace. The nearby desert was the backdrop of the remarkable rescue of Octopussy (Maud Adams) by Bond (Roger Moore). Some scenes from the British television series The Jewel in the Crown were filmed in Udaipur. The Disney channel film, The Cheetah Girls One World, was shot in Udaipur in January 2008. Additional non-Indian movies/TV serials filmed in Udaipur include: Darjeeling Limited, Opening Night, Heat and Dust, Indische Ring, Inside Octopussy, James Bond in India, Gandhi, and The Fall.

Some of the Bollywood movies shot here are Guide, Mera Saaya, Phool Bane Angaray, Kachche Dhaage, Mera Gaon Mera Desh, Jalmahal, Yaadein, Return of the thief of the bagdad, Eklavya: The Royal Guard, Dhamaal, Jis Desh Mei Ganga Rehta Hai, Chalo Ishq Ladaaye, Fiza, Gaddaar, Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke, Khuda Gawah, Kundan, Nandini, Saajan Ka Ghar,Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani,Ramleela, In addition, many Bollywood films' songs were filmed in Udaipur. Udaipur is also the setting of Star Plus's hit serial Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai. TV serials Swayamber of Rakhi Sawant and Swayambar of Rahul Mahajan on NDTV Imagine also filmed here at Hotel Fatehgarh. A hit historical show by Contiloe Telefilms named "Maharana Pratap" on Sony is shooting in that place. The pop Star Shakira performed in a party on 15 November 2011 of real estate tycoon owner of DLF Kush Pal Singh.The Party was held in Jag Mandir Palace

Transport[edit]

Udaipur is well connected to the major cities of India by land, rail and air.

Air[edit]

Dabok airport, also known as Maharana Pratap Airport, is situated in a satellite town about 20 kilometres from Udaipur. Daily Indian Airlines flights connect Udaipur with Jodhpur, Jaipur, Mumbai and Delhi. There are daily flights from Delhi, Mumbai and Jaipur on Jet Airways and Indian Airlines. The new airport has been constructed by the Airport Authority of India and despite several assurances of more connection to other domestic cities such as Bangalore and Chennai and a possible International status, the airport has remained confined to the routes mentioned above.

Rail[edit]

Udaipur City has direct trains on the broad gauge network to most of the major cities in Rajasthan and the rest of India such as [Khajurahoo, M.P.]Alwar, Jaipur, Kota, Chittorgarh, Ajmer, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ratlam, Indore, Ujjain, Mumbai, Surat, Baroda, and Gwalior [Agra, U.P.]. and a metre gauge network to Ahmedabad. Famous luxurious trains, The Palace on Wheels, Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, Maharaja Express and The Indian Maharaja make a scheduled stop in Udaipur. The popular trains connecting Udaipur with the Capital of India, Delhi are Mewar Express and Chetak Express.

Road[edit]

The city lies on the Golden Quadrilateral National Highway (NH) 8, midway between Delhi and Mumbai, located around 700 kilometres from either city. The East West Corridor which starts from Porbandar and ends at Silchar passes and is intersecting the Golden Quadrilateral and shares the common space from Udaipur to Chittor. The roads in this part of the country are paved and fit for private vehicles. One can either drive from Jaipur (around 6 hours via Chittorgarh), from Kota (3 hours - four-lane highway), from Ahmedabad (4.1/2 hours) or Surat (9 hours), or take a Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) bus from Bikaner House, India Gate in Delhi.rajasthan roadways

Local transport[edit]

Unmetered taxis, Private Taxi, Radio taxi, auto rickshaws, and regular city bus services are available for Udaipur City main roads to Dabok Airport, Badi Lake, and Bedala. City bus route number 1 runs from Badgaon to Titardi via Hiran Magri and route number 2 runs from Rampura to Dabok via DelhiGate .[11]

Udaipur panorama with dried Lake Pichola

Places nearby[edit]

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Udaipur.[12] Other popular sports include football, hockey, tennis, badminton, archery, etc. Luv Kush Indoor Stadium is generally used for the indoor sports especially Badminton and TT.[13] Mahrana Bhupal Singh Stadium is a multi purpose stadium used for organizing matches of football, cricket and other sports.[13] The lakes provide an opportunity for the water sports.

For Encouraging Sports in the city and even for encouraging International Sports in this ‘City of Lakes’.A step has been put forward by establishing ‘Khel Gaon (village)’or Maharana Pratap Khel Gaon in Chitrakoot Nagar. It will be committed to 12 sports namely like Basketball, Volleyball, Tennis, Kho-Kho, Kabaddi, Handball, Archery, Rifle shooting, Judo – Karate, Boxing, Swimming, Squash. The sum of 7.53 crore has already been spent on the main stadium. At present it has an audience capacity of 15000.

Kayaking and Canoeing Sport Camps have also been started at the Fateh Sagar Lake.

Education[edit]

Udaipur has a well-established education infrastructure. There are a number of universities, colleges and schools meeting the requirements of not only the city but the region and country as well. The main universities in Udaipur include IIM Udaipur, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Sir Padampat Singhania University and Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology. Other educational institutes include College of Technology And Engineering(One of the top ranked engineering college in Rajasthan), College of Dairy and Food Science Technology(Amongst the top colleges on dairy and food technology nationwide), RNT Medical College (one of the top ranked medical schools in Rajasthan state), Bhupal Nobles' College, J.R.N.Rajasthan Vidyapeeth(Deemed),S S College Of Engineering, Techno India NJR Institute of Technology,Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital,Pacific Commerce college, Pacific ENG College, Pacific Dental College & Hospital,Geetanjali Institute of technical studies, Cambridge Edupreneurs. Pvt. Ltd., Brainwave institute etc. Amongst the best known schools in the city are MMPS, St Paul's, St Gregorious, St Anthony's, The Study, Central Academy etc.

Media[edit]

Newspapers in Udaipur include Hindi dailies as Rajasthan Patrika, Dainik Bhaskar, Navbharat Times, Amber Ka Darshan,Apranha Times,[UDAIPUR EXPRESS] and English dailies such as The Times of India, The Economic Times, The Hindustan Times, The Hindu, etc. Online newspapers of Udaipur include UdaipurTimes.com. The state-owned All India Radio is broadcast both on the Medium Wave and FM bands (101.9 MHz) in the city. It competes with Three private local FM stations — Big FM (92.7 MHz), My FM (94.3 MHz) by Bhaskar Group, Radio Tadka [95 MHz].[14] The public broadcaster Doordarshan (Prasar Bharati) provide a regional channel besides the mainstay channels. DTH is gaining popularity over private cable operators for television viewing.

Handicrafts[edit]

Udaipur is well known for handicrafts such as paintings, marble articles, silver arts and terracotta.

Demographics[edit]

Population Growth of Udaipur 
CensusPop.
189146,700
190145,600-2.4%
191146,0000.9%
194159,600
195189,60050.3%
1961111,10024.0%
1971162,90046.6%
1981229,80041.1%
1991308,60034.3%
2001389,43826.2%
2011474,53121.9%
source:[15]
Population growth through the years
YearPopulation
1891
46,700
1901
45,600
1911
46,000
1941
59,600
1951
89,600
1961
111,100
1968
133,400
1971
162,900
1981
229,800
1991
308,600
2001
389,438
2011
474,531
2014
598,685

Source:[15]Source:[16]

Religions in Udaipur
ReligionPercent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
14%
Jains
  
4.7%
Others†
  
1.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

According to the 2011 India census population is 475,654. After expansion of city area limits in 2013 population became 598,685. Males constitute 53 percent of the population and females 47 percent. Udaipur has an average literacy rate of 62.74 percent, the national average is 79 percent: male literacy is 75.91 percent and female literacy is 49.10 percent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  2. ^ Davidson, Max (2008-02-02). "Udaipur: An eternal melding of the ages". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  3. ^ Tdil.mit.gov.in
  4. ^ Mathur, Pushparani (1994). Costumes of the Rulers of Mewar. p. 22. ISBN 9788170172932. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ http://www.worldlakes.org/uploads/Management_of_lakes_in_India_10Mar04.pdf Management of Lakes in Inda
  7. ^ "Udaipur - Department of Tourism, Government of Rajasthan". Department of Tourism, Government of Rajasthan. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  8. ^ More details are available at Maharanapratap.net, a collection of facts and figures on Maharana Pratap and his life
  9. ^ Shilpgram
  10. ^ Bondmovies.com
  11. ^ Udaipur City Bus/City Bus View
  12. ^ "Cricket styled weddings in Udaipur". Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b Stadiums in Rajasthan
  14. ^ "FM Channels India". Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  15. ^ a b "Historical Census of India". 
  16. ^ "Census of Udaipur". 

External links[edit]