Ucluelet

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Ucluelet
District municipality
Surfing on the beaches of Ucluelet
Surfing on the beaches of Ucluelet
Nickname(s): Ukee
Location of Ucluelet in British Columbia
Location of Ucluelet in British Columbia
Coordinates: 48°56′9″N 125°32′36″W / 48.93583°N 125.54333°W / 48.93583; -125.54333
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
RegionVancouver Island
Regional districtAlberni-Clayoquot Regional District
Incorporated1952
Government
 • Governing bodyUcluelet Council
Area
 • Total6.81 km2 (2.63 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total1,627
 • Density238.9/km2 (619/sq mi)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
Postal code spanV0R 3A0
Area code(s)250
Highways4
WaterwaysBarkley Sound
WebsiteUcluelet.BC.ca
 
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Ucluelet
District municipality
Surfing on the beaches of Ucluelet
Surfing on the beaches of Ucluelet
Nickname(s): Ukee
Location of Ucluelet in British Columbia
Location of Ucluelet in British Columbia
Coordinates: 48°56′9″N 125°32′36″W / 48.93583°N 125.54333°W / 48.93583; -125.54333
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
RegionVancouver Island
Regional districtAlberni-Clayoquot Regional District
Incorporated1952
Government
 • Governing bodyUcluelet Council
Area
 • Total6.81 km2 (2.63 sq mi)
Elevation20 m (70 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total1,627
 • Density238.9/km2 (619/sq mi)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
Postal code spanV0R 3A0
Area code(s)250
Highways4
WaterwaysBarkley Sound
WebsiteUcluelet.BC.ca

Coordinates: 48°56′6″N 125°32′31″W / 48.93500°N 125.54194°W / 48.93500; -125.54194

Ucluelet /juːˈkllɨt/ is a district municipality (population about 1,627) on the Ucluelet Peninsula on the west coast of Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. Ucluelet means "people of the safe harbour" in the indigenous Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) language.

Geography[edit]

Ucluelet is located at the northern edge of Barkley Sound, 288 kilometres northwest of the British Columbia provincial capital, Victoria, on the outer west coast of Vancouver Island.

The closest city is Port Alberni approximately 100 km to the east. The District of Tofino is 40 km northwest of Ucluelet on Highway 4.

In between Tofino and Ucluelet is the Long Beach unit of the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve. Barkley Sound lies southeast of Ucluelet and is a marine area that features the Broken Islands Group unit of the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve. The fishing and scientific research community of Bamfield lies on its farther shore.

Climate[edit]

Ucluelet has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) with mild, rainy winters and cool summers owing to its coastal location. As such, temperatures above 30 °C (86.0 °F) and below −10 °C (14.0 °F) are rare. Precipitation is high, averaging around 3,350 mm (132 in) per year, with most of it concentrated in the winter months. Even so, precipitation is significant in all months with no month averaging below 70 mm (3 in) of precipitation. Although it has an average snowfall of 32.4 cm (12.8 in), the median is 0,[1] meaning over 50% of years do not experience a single snowfall; which makes this climate very unique in Canada.

Climate data for Ucluelet (1981−2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.5
(61.7)
19.0
(66.2)
19.5
(67.1)
24.0
(75.2)
28.0
(82.4)
30.5
(86.9)
33.5
(92.3)
30.0
(86)
27.0
(80.6)
26.5
(79.7)
17.0
(62.6)
16.5
(61.7)
33.5
(92.3)
Average high °C (°F)8.4
(47.1)
9.2
(48.6)
10.3
(50.5)
12.4
(54.3)
15.0
(59)
17.1
(62.8)
19.0
(66.2)
19.1
(66.4)
18.2
(64.8)
13.9
(57)
10.4
(50.7)
8.5
(47.3)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.5
(41.9)
5.5
(41.9)
6.6
(43.9)
8.4
(47.1)
10.9
(51.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.0
(59)
15.0
(59)
13.7
(56.7)
10.2
(50.4)
7.2
(45)
5.5
(41.9)
9.7
(49.5)
Average low °C (°F)2.6
(36.7)
1.8
(35.2)
2.8
(37)
4.3
(39.7)
6.7
(44.1)
9.2
(48.6)
10.9
(51.6)
11.0
(51.8)
9.2
(48.6)
6.4
(43.5)
4.0
(39.2)
2.6
(36.7)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F)−9
(16)
−11
(12)
−4.5
(23.9)
−2
(28)
−1
(30)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41)
5.5
(41.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−3
(27)
−6
(21)
−9.5
(14.9)
−11
(12)
Precipitation mm (inches)501.8
(19.756)
353.1
(13.902)
322.3
(12.689)
266.5
(10.492)
165.9
(6.531)
147.2
(5.795)
78.5
(3.091)
87.6
(3.449)
139.6
(5.496)
345.3
(13.594)
492.2
(19.378)
451.1
(17.76)
3,351.1
(131.933)
Rainfall mm (inches)495.0
(19.488)
343.8
(13.535)
316.4
(12.457)
265.8
(10.465)
165.9
(6.531)
147.2
(5.795)
78.5
(3.091)
87.6
(3.449)
139.6
(5.496)
354.2
(13.945)
489.2
(19.26)
444.4
(17.496)
3,318.7
(130.657)
Snowfall cm (inches)6.8
(2.68)
9.3
(3.66)
5.9
(2.32)
0.76
(0.299)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.05
(0.02)
3.0
(1.18)
6.7
(2.64)
32.4
(12.76)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)22.518.821.618.215.913.89.410.012.019.222.721.7205.8
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)22.318.521.418.215.913.89.410.012.019.222.521.5204.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)1.82.01.50.320.00.00.00.00.00.040.651.88.0
Source: Environment Canada[2]

History[edit]

Archaeological evidence indicated the presence of First Nations along the outer west coast of Vancouver Island for at least 4,300 years. British Columbia’s recorded history began with European explorers searching for the legendary Northwest Passage.

It was on the west coast of Vancouver Island, at Nootka Sound, 100 km north of Ucluelet, that Juan Pérez anchored and traded in 1774. In 1775 Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra sailed along the coast of Vancouver Island, heading north for Alaska. He did not stop but roughly charted the coast in the vicinity of Kyuquot Sound.[3] Captain James Cook of the British Navy anchored in Nootka Sound and went ashore in 1778. Maritime fur traders followed, such as Charles William Barkley, captain of the Imperial Eagle, who in 1787 arrived near Ucluelet harbour in Barkley Sound in search of sea otter pelts.

In 1870, fur sealers came to the area seeking ports for vessels working the Bering Sea sealing grounds. Captain Francis, the owner of several sealing schooners, established a trading post in Ucluelet harbour. Ucluelet began to grow along with the sealing industry and became a bustling little town. In the 1890s more settlers began arriving on the news of pending road access from Port Alberni. Fishing was excellent and gold was to be found on Florencia Bay. The stories of gold were correct, but it was so fine and in such little quantity that it could not be worked profitably.

The Presbyterian Church built a Mission House and school and a doctor was dispatched to the area in 1898. By 1900, more settlers had moved to the west coast of Vancouver Island. Development began bringing infrastructure and services of all kinds. The Canadian Pacific Railway operated a small freight boat sailing from Victoria three times a month. In 1903 a whaling station was established in Barkley Sound. In Ucluelet a lighthouse, a government telegraph office, and a lifeboat station were built. As the First World War began, the fishing industry had started.

When World War II began the Government of Canada took measures to protect Vancouver Island’s west coast from potential invasions. The military established a seaplane base in Ucluelet and a land base at Long Beach. The road to Tofino, which had been worked on for thirty years was finally completed.

Boats in Ucluelet's Inner Harbour.

In 1941, the Direction Finding capabilities at RCAF station Ucluelet (Long Beach) were placed at the disposal of the Royal Canadian Navy. In 1942, RCN operators at Ucluelet, Coal Harbour and Alliford Bay were transferred to Gordon Head in Victoria.

Ucluelet continued to prosper after the war luring more residents hoping for prosperity to the region. In August 1959, the long awaited road to Port Alberni was finally opened. [4]

On February 26, 1952 Ucluelet became incorporated. Its status was changed to a District in 1997 to reflect, in part, the increasing population and increasing importance within the region.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Very important in local society is the presence of the Yuu-tluth-aht people ("people of the safe landing place" or "people of the safe harbour" in Nuu-chah-nulth), whose government is the Ucluelet First Nation.[6] Their community is based at Ittatsoo (Ucluelet Indian Reserve), which is located 28 kilometres from the town of Ucluelet.

Both Ucluelet and nearby Tofino have become target sites for the construction of resorts, restaurants and adventure tourism centres. Although the local population has historically been based on fishing and logging, increasing numbers of seasonal residents pass through both communities to work in the tourism and hospitality industry.

Health and education[edit]

Public education is offered by School District 70 Alberni, through the Ucluelet Elementary School and Ucluelet Secondary School. Health services are provided in town by the Ucluelet Medical Clinic and larger facilities are located in Tofino and Port Alberni; all are operated by the Vancouver Island Health Authority (VIHA).[7]

Tourism[edit]

Like its neighbour Tofino, Ucluelet is making the transition from a resource-based economy to a tourism-based economy.

Tourist activities include surfing, fishing, whale watching, kayaking, camping, hiking, storm watching, biking, swimming, and beachcombing.

Transportation[edit]

The Canadian Princess is now a moored hotel in Ucluelet.

Ucluelet has an airport, Tofino Ucluelet Airport, about twenty minutes drive from town. Long Beach Airport is accessible to small passenger planes and the harbour in Ucluelet, Ucluelet Water Aerodrome, is accessible to floatplanes. Coastal fog is a common morning phenomenon in the summer, complicating access by air until the weather clears.

Accessing Ucluelet by car is via Highway 4 from Port Alberni. Snow chains or winter tires are required from October to May.

Tofino Bus also services Ucluelet from Victoria, Vancouver, Nanaimo and Port Alberni.

Festivals and events[edit]

Every March, the Pacific Rim Whale Festival is a week of events hosted by Ucluelet, Tofino and the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.[2] With a strong focus on marine life protection education, the event celebrates the annual return of migrating Pacific Grey Whales from their breeding and calving grounds along the Baja Peninsula of Mexico. Community events within the festival include gala dinners, children’s activities, workshops and live entertainment.[8]

Every odd year, Ucluelet hosts a leg of the Van Isle 360. It is a point-to-point race circumnavigating Vancouver Island, sailed in 10 legs. While the participants are in Ucluelet, the community hosts a special salmon barbecue with live music and a send-off event.[9]

In mid-June, there is the Annual Edge to Edge Marathon. Every year participants from within the community and beyond race from Tofino through the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve to Ucluelet.[10]

The Pacific Rim Summer Festival is held in early July with two weeks of music, word and multi-cultural concerts featuring national and international performers. Nightly concerts are performed at venues in Ucluelet, Tofino and the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.[11]

The end of July or the last weekend are Ukee Days, a local celebration with several events such as a salmon barbecue on Friday, pancake breakfast and town parade on Saturday and a Ukee Days dance.

Also during the Full moon weekend of July, the Soundwave music festival happens at the mussel beach campground throughout the weekend, it showcases world class djs, local artists, and live music all weekend, usually 4-5000 people are in attendance.

Activities[edit]

The Wild Pacific Trail begins near the mouth of Ucluelet Inlet at Amphitrite Point Lighthouse and travels north along the open Pacific coastline through Big Beach Park to the bike path just outside of Ucluelet. The final section will extend the trail to Halfmoon Bay in the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.[12] [13]

The trail is accessible to all ages and abilities, even wheel chairs in certain areas. No bikes, horses or motorized vehicles are permitted on the park’s beaches or trails. The hiking trails are designed to let visitors experience the shoreline while preventing damage to the fragile environment.

Various marine tours are available including sea kayaking, whale and wildlife watching

There has been an on-going interest in sport fishing out of Ucluelet and there are many chartered sports fishing options in town.[14]

Surfing has become a popular activity among tourists and locals alike. In the summer months, surfers of all levels of experience and ability flock to the surf breaking along Florencia Bay, Wickaninnish Beach and Long Beach in the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]