USS Leahy (DLG-16)

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USS Leahy, port bow view departing San Diego, May 1978
USS Leahy
Career (US)
Name:Leahy
Namesake:William D. Leahy
Ordered:7 November 1958
Builder:Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine
Laid down:3 December 1959
Launched:1 July 1961
Acquired:27 July 1962
Commissioned:4 August 1962
Decommissioned:1 October 1993
Struck:1 October 1993
Fate:Dismantled/scrapped in Brownsville, Texas 2005 by International Shipbreaking Limited
Notes:Homeports - Charleston, SC (1962), Norfolk, VA (1968), San Diego, CA (1976)
General characteristics
Class & type:Leahy class cruiser
Displacement:8281 tons fully loaded
Length:533 ft
Beam:55 ft
Draft:26 ft
Propulsion:2 shaft; gear turbines; 4 boilers; 85,000 shp
Speed:32 knots (37 mph; 59 km/h)
Range:8,000 nmi (15,000 km) at 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h)
Complement:37 officers and 408 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPS-39 followed by AN/SPS-48 3D air search radar
AN/SPS-43 followed by AN/SPS-49 2D air search radar
AN/SPS-10 surface search radar
AN/SPG-55 missile fire control radar
AN/SQS-23 bow mounted sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
AN/SLQ-32
Mark 36 SRBOC
Armament:2 × Mark 10 Terrier SAM; 1 × ASROC ASW system; 2 × 3 in (50 cal) twin gun mounts (replaced with Harpoon ASMs and Phalanx CIWS during 1980s); 2 × triple MK 32 ASW torpedo launchers with MK 46 torpedoes
Motto:Prompta Et Parata, "Prompt And Ready"
Notes:Nickname: "Sweet 16"
 
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USS Leahy, port bow view departing San Diego, May 1978
USS Leahy
Career (US)
Name:Leahy
Namesake:William D. Leahy
Ordered:7 November 1958
Builder:Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine
Laid down:3 December 1959
Launched:1 July 1961
Acquired:27 July 1962
Commissioned:4 August 1962
Decommissioned:1 October 1993
Struck:1 October 1993
Fate:Dismantled/scrapped in Brownsville, Texas 2005 by International Shipbreaking Limited
Notes:Homeports - Charleston, SC (1962), Norfolk, VA (1968), San Diego, CA (1976)
General characteristics
Class & type:Leahy class cruiser
Displacement:8281 tons fully loaded
Length:533 ft
Beam:55 ft
Draft:26 ft
Propulsion:2 shaft; gear turbines; 4 boilers; 85,000 shp
Speed:32 knots (37 mph; 59 km/h)
Range:8,000 nmi (15,000 km) at 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h)
Complement:37 officers and 408 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPS-39 followed by AN/SPS-48 3D air search radar
AN/SPS-43 followed by AN/SPS-49 2D air search radar
AN/SPS-10 surface search radar
AN/SPG-55 missile fire control radar
AN/SQS-23 bow mounted sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
AN/SLQ-32
Mark 36 SRBOC
Armament:2 × Mark 10 Terrier SAM; 1 × ASROC ASW system; 2 × 3 in (50 cal) twin gun mounts (replaced with Harpoon ASMs and Phalanx CIWS during 1980s); 2 × triple MK 32 ASW torpedo launchers with MK 46 torpedoes
Motto:Prompta Et Parata, "Prompt And Ready"
Notes:Nickname: "Sweet 16"

USS Leahy (DLG/CG-16) was the lead ship of a new class of destroyer leaders in the United States Navy. Named for Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, she was commissioned in 4 August 1962 as DLG-16, a frigate, and reclassified as CG-16, a cruiser, on 30 June 1975.

From 1962 to 1993, Leahy operated as a unit of the Atlantic Fleet (1962-1976) and the Pacific Fleet (1976-1993). She made six Mediterranean deployments (Sixth Fleet), two UNITAS cruises and eight WestPac deployments (Seventh Fleet), completed three Panama Canal transits, and crossed the equator over a dozen times. She traveled the seas from the easternmost end of the Mediterranean to the westernmost edge of the Indian Ocean. She steamed far north to Leningrad, Russia, and the Aleutian Islands; and far south for two passages through the Straits of Magellan. Over the course of her sixteen major deployments, Leahy made port calls on six continents—North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia.

Leahy served longer than any other ship of her class. After more than 31 years of active service all over the globe, the "Sweet 16" was decommissioned on 1 October 1993. After another 11 years in the reserve fleet, she was scrapped in Brownsville, Texas, in 2005.

Design and Construction[edit]

Leahy was the first of a new "double-ender" class fitted with Terrier (later Standard ER) missile launchers fore and aft, and the first and only frigate class designed without a main gun battery for shore bombardment or ship-vs.-ship engagements. The gun armament was reduced in order to carry a larger missile load. One of the principal missions of these ships, like their predecessors, the Farragut class, was to form part of the anti-air and antisubmarine screen for carrier task forces while also controlling aircraft from the carrier by providing vectors to assigned targets.

Leahy carried over the propulsion plant of the Farragut class, fitted into a longer hull designed with a knuckled “hurricane” bow that reduced plunging in rough seas, thus keeping her forecastle dry as needed to operate the forward missile launcher. Other features included an expanded electrical plant and increased endurance. A major design innovation was the use of "macks"—combined masts and stacks—on which the radars could be mounted without smoke interference.[1]

Close-in anti-aircraft defense consisted of a pair of MK 22 3-inch/50 caliber guns; anti-submarine armament consisted of ASROC and two triple MK 32 torpedo mounts. The 3-inch gun mounts were replaced with Harpoon ASMs and the Phalanx CIWS during an overhaul in 1981.

Leahy was laid down by Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine, 3 December 1959; launched 1 July 1961; sponsored by Mrs. Michael J. Mansfield, wife of Senator Mansfield, Montana, Senate Majority Leader; and commissioned 4 August 1962, Captain Robert L. Baughan, Jr., in command.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

After shakedown in the Caribbean, Leahy departed Boston on 19 September 1963 and reported to Charleston, South Carolina., where Rear Adm. E. E. Grimm, Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla 6, selected her as his flagship. She then proceeded to the Jacksonville, Florida operating areas for type training. She briefly put into home port in November, then returned to the Caribbean to participate in AA warfare exercises.

On 2 January 1964, the DLG was again bound for the Caribbean for missile training, which ended 26 February. From 1 April to 10 April, she joined in an amphibious exercise, “Quick Kick V,” and on 1 June was permanently assigned to Destroyer Squadron 6.

Leahy departed for duty with the Sixth Fleet on 17 July as part of a Fast Carrier Task Group, which included USS Forrestal (CV-59), and participated in a coordinated fleet exercise, “MEDLANDEX-64,” between the Balearic Islands and Sardinia. She then carried out independent training in the eastern Mediterranean before departing from Naples, Italy, on 22 September to join in NATO exercise, “FALLEX-64.” She returned to Naples on 26 October and, in November, participated in another fleetwide exercise, “POOPDECK-IV,” which brought some 40 ships of Task Force 60 together off the coast of Spain.

Leahy departed from Barcelona, Spain, on 2 December for replenishment, and on 14 December drew the curtain on 32,750 nautical miles (60,653 km) of steaming while deployed with the Sixth Fleet. She arrived at Charleston on 22 December and began a period of restricted availability in preparation for extensive tests to evaluate the Terrier Missile System. During these tests, which were completed in September, Leahy was briefly deployed for the Dominican Republic Crisis from 28 April to 7 May 1965 as a unit of the Strike and Covering Force.

She departed from Charleston on 30 November for the Mediterranean and relieved USS William V. Pratt (DLG-13) at Pollensa, Majorca, 9 December. During this second deployment with the Sixth Fleet, she operated throughout the Mediterranean participating in ASW, gunnery, and AA warfare exercises as well as major fleet tactical operations alongside other NATO ships.

USS Leahy (CG-16) and the Kingdome.

Leahy returned home to Charleston on 8 April 1966. During June and July, she gave some 60 midshipmen from Annapolis valuable at-sea training, and visited ports along the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean. Following this, Leahy conducted exercises with the navies of many South American countries as part of operation UNITAS VII. She sailed through the Panama Canal in early September, thence south and through the Straits of Magellan at the end of October.

The operation was completed on 6 December and the DLG returned to Charleston on the 15th. Leahy then prepared for massive modernization at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, arriving there on 27 January 1967 and decommissioning on 18 February. For over a year she received new AAW and ASW equipment, allowing her to utilize the most recent developments in the technology of naval warfare. She was placed in commission, special, on 4 May 1968 for the extensive period of testing her updated weapons systems. Leaving Philadelphia on 18 August, she arrived at her new home port, Norfolk, 3 days later.

A second shakedown cruise and training on the new weapons systems lasted into 1969. In August, Leahy took part in UNITAS X, which included ships from the navies of Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela and Uruguay. She returned to Norfolk, VA shortly before Christmas.

In September 1970, while on a routine missile exercise, Leahy was ordered to make an emergency deployment to the eastern Mediterranean as part of a contingency force in response to the Jordanian Crisis. She remained there for more than seven months operating with the USS Forrestal (CV-59) battle group, returning in May 1971. For her efforts, she received the first of her five Meritorious Unit Commendations. Leahy deployed once more to the Mediterranean in 1972 and, after an overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard, again in 1974. During the 1974 deployment, she operated extensively with the USS America (CV-66) battle group and made port calls in France, Spain, Italy, Greece and Turkey.

In 1975, Leahy deployed to the Mediterranean for a sixth time. Prior to entering the Mediterranean, she participated with USS Tattnall (COMCRUDESGRU 12, RADM Langille, and staff embarked) in an historic port call at Leningrad in the USSR. The Leahy and the Tattnall were the first U.S. warships to visit the Soviet Union since World War II. During the five day visit, Leahy hosted over 12,300 visitors. Her crew participated in a variety of athletic contests with local teams, and enjoyed visits to a hockey game and the Kirov Ballet. She also received a visit from Elizabeth Taylor, who was on location filming The Blue Bird. Leahy then made port calls in Helsinki, Finland and Portsmouth, England before making her way into the Mediterranean. During the deployment she visited Spain, France, Monaco (for the Fourth of July celebrations and HSH Princess Grace's Red Cross Ball), Italy, Greece and Turkey.

USS Leahy profile

USS Leahy was redesignated CG-16 (guided missile cruiser) on 30 June 1975, as part of the United States Navy 1975 ship reclassification. Her sister ships were also redesignated as guided missile cruisers.

In January 1976, Leahy was transferred to the Pacific Fleet and, after transiting the Panama Canal, entered her new home port of San Diego. On 6 June 1976, she rescued 22 crewmembers off the research vessel Aquasition, which caught fire at sea and eventually sank. On 1 November 1976, she entered drydock for an overhaul at the Long Beach Naval Shipyard, which lasted a year. She did not make her first deployment to the Western Pacific until July 1978, when she served as part of the USS Constellation (CV-64) carrier battle group. She made stops at Okinawa, Yokosuka, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, the Philippines and South Korea before returning to the United States in February 1979.

Leahy’s next deployment to the Western Pacific began in May 1980. By September, she was in the Arabian Sea supporting the USS Midway (CV-41) and USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) carrier battle groups. In October, she entered the Persian Gulf to provide anti-aircraft support for Saudi Arabia against possible attacks by Iran. Her stay in the gulf was short and the Leahy returned to San Diego on 4 December. She began another overhaul in January 1981 that lasted into May.

USS Leahy (CG-16) in 1989

Leahy’s next Western Pacific deployment began in March 1983 as part of a battle group with the newly reactivated battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62). During the cruise, she visited ports in the Philippines, Japan, South Korea and Hong Kong. In 1984, she operated with the USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) in the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean, then deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1985. In 1986, again escorting the Carl Vinson, she deployed to the Western Pacific and the Persian Gulf.

After a New Threat Upgrade that lasted into 1988, Leahy returned to regular duty with the Pacific Fleet. In 1990, she served as the senior host ship for the Soviet Navy’s historic first trip to San Diego, which was also the first Russian visit to any west coast naval base. In April 1991, she arrived in the Persian Gulf shortly after the completion of Operation Desert Storm. In 1992, while serving part of the USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) battle group, Leahy helped direct United Nations UNOSOM relief flights into Mogadishu, Somalia as part of Operation Restore Hope. In early 1993, Leahy was ordered to the northern Persian Gulf to take part in the newly authorized Operation Southern Watch, enforcing a “no-fly” zone in southern Iraq.

In 1993, Leahy won a Battle “E” for outstanding combat preparedness, as well as excellence awards in anti-aircraft warfare and anti-submarine warfare. At the time, she was the oldest conventional cruiser in the Navy’s inventory.

Decommissioning[edit]

Leahy was decommissioned on 1 October 1993[5] and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register (NVR) the same day. On 8 October 1993, she was transferred to the USDOT Maritime Administration (MARAD) and laid up as part of the Suisun Bay Reserve Fleet in Benicia, CA. In 2004, she was towed by USNS Navajo (T-ATF-169) to the former Rodman Naval Station in the Canal Zone. From there, she was towed by USNS Mohawk (T-ATF-170) and on 21 June 2004 arrived at the Naval Inactive Ship Maintenance Facility in Beaumont, TX.

On 24 July 2004, Leahy was moved to the International Shipbreaking Limited yards in Brownsville, Texas, to be dismantled. Scrapping started the first week of August 2004, 42 years after her 4 August 1962 commissioning. Three of her sisters, USS Gridley (CG-21), USS England (CG-22) and USS Halsey (CG-23), passed this way before her. Scrapping was completed 6 July 2005, 44 years after her 1 July 1961 launch date.

In October 2013, the ship's bell, builder's plaque and other items were placed on long term loan from the Naval History & Heritage Command to the Franklin County Historical Society Museum in Hampton, Iowa for an exhibit on native son William D. Leahy.[6] In addition, the 1/48 scale model previously displayed at the Surface Warfare Officer's School in Newport, Rhode Island was loaned for the same exhibit.

Awards and Commendations[edit]

Unit awards from Navy awards database.[7]

Joint Meritorious Unit Award-3d.svgJoint Meritorious Unit Award1992-1993
Gold star
Gold star
Gold star
Gold star
Meritorious Unit Commendation5 Awards: 1970, 1975-1976, 1984-1985, 1987, 1992-1993
Battle Effectiveness Award
Battle Effectiveness Award3 Awards: 1982-1983, 1983-1984, 1991-1992
Navy Expeditionary Medal
Navy Expeditionary Medal1980 (Indian Ocean, Iran)
Gold star
National Defense Medal2 Awards: Vietnam War (1961-1974), Gulf War (1990-1995)
Gold star
Gold star
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal3 Awards: 1965 (Dominican Republic), 1989 (Persian Gulf), 1993 (Somalia)
Gold star
Southwest Asia Service Medal1991, 1992-1993
Silver star
Gold star
Gold star
Gold star
Sea Service Deployment Ribbon9 Awards for post-1974 deployments

Deployments and Overhauls[edit]

Summary of all 16 major deployments and 5 yard overhauls.

YearLocationStartEndComments
1964Mediterranean17 JUL 196422 DEC 1964Operations with USS Forrestal (CV-59) task group

Port calls in France, Greece, Italy & Spain

1965-66Mediterranean30 NOV 19658 APR 1966Operations with Task Group 60.1 and USS America (CV-66)

Port calls in Italy & Spain

1966South America (UNITAS VII)24 AUG 196615 DEC 1966Operations with S.A. naval units. Port calls in Puerto Rico, Colombia, Canal

Zone, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Trinidad, St. Thomas

1967-68Philadelphia Naval Shipyard18 FEB 19674 MAY 1968Decommissioned; AAW & ASW modernization
1969South America (UNITAS X)25 JUL 196911 DEC 1969Operations with South American naval units. Port calls in Puerto Rico, Colombia,

Canal Zone, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela

1970-71Mediterranean14 SEP 19701 MAY 1971Emergency early deployment with USS Forrestal (CV-59) in response to the

Jordanian Crisis. Port calls in Greece, Malta, Italy & Spain

1972Mediterranean14 FEB 19725 SEP 1972Operations with USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42) task group

Port calls in Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey & France

1972-73Norfolk Naval Shipyard14 NOV 197210 MAY 1973Regular overhaul
1974Mediterranean4 JAN 19743 JUL 1974Operations with USS America (CV-66) battle group

Port calls in France, Spain, Italy, Greece & Turkey

1975Northern Europe, Mediterranean25 APR 197523 OCT 1975Port calls in England, Russia, Finland, Spain, Monaco, France & Italy

First U.S. Navy post-WWII visit to Russia (Leningrad)

1976-77Long Beach Naval Shipyard9 SEP 197615 AUG 1977Regular overhaul
1978-79Western Pacific6 JUL 197819 FEB 1979Operations with USS Constellation (CV-64) battle group. Port calls in

Hawaii, Japan, Okinawa, Philippines, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore & Guam

1980Western Pacific, Indian Ocean15 MAY 19804 DEC 1980Operations with USS Midway (CV-41) & USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69)

Port calls in Hawaii, Korea, Japan, Philippines, Diego Garcia, Singapore, Kenya

1981-82Long Beach Naval Shipyard16 JAN 198125 FEB 1982Regular overhaul
1983Western Pacific20 MAR 1983?? SEP 1983Operations with USS New Jersey (BB-62) battle group.

Port calls in Hawaii, Alaska (Adak), Japan, Korea, Hong Kong & Philippines

1984-85Western Pacific, Indian Ocean18 OCT 198425 MAY 1985Operations with USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) battle group.

Port calls in Hawaii, Japan, Hong Kong, Macao, Philippines, Kenya & Australia

1986-87Western Pacific, Indian Ocean12 AUG 19866 FEB 1987Operations with USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) battle group. Port calls in Hawaii,

Japan, Philippines, Singapore, Maldives, Kenya, Diego Garcia & Australia

1987-88Long Beach Naval Shipyard27 JUL 198725 AUG 1988New Threat Upgrade (NTU)
1989-90Western Pacific, Indian Ocean10 AUG 19899 FEB 1990Port calls in Hawaii, Philippines, Singapore, India, Bahrain,

Dubai, Sri Lanka, Malaysia & Hong Kong

1991Western Pacific, Indian Ocean26 FEB 1991?? AUG 1991Operation Desert Storm follow-up. Port calls in Hawaii, Philippines,

Singapore, Sri Lanka, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Thailand & Hong Kong

1992-93Western Pacific, Indian Ocean3 NOV 19923 MAY 1993Operation Restore Hope & Operation Southern Watch

Port calls in Hong Kong, UAE, Bahrain, Thailand, Singapore & Hawaii

Note: Cruise books were published for all major deployments except 1972 and 1975.[8] A Leahy Pictogram was published in August 1972 with deployment details and photographs of officers and crew.

Plank Owners[edit]

The 4 August 1962 commissioning crewmembers were the original 363 plank owners. The 1962 commissioning ceremony booklet[3] lists 21 officers, 24 chief petty officers, 39 first class petty officers, 50 second class petty officers, 96 third class petty officers, 87 seamen and 46 firemen. Because Leahy was decommissioned on 18 February 1967 for a major overhaul and then recommissioned on 4 May 1968, a second group of plank owners was created. The 1968 commissioning ceremony booklet[9] lists these additional 370 plank owners.

Ship's Seal and Motto[edit]

USS Leahy (CG-16) Seal

The ship's seal shows twin crossed missiles representing Leahy's status as the lead ship of the "double-ender" class of guided missile cruisers. The five stars represent her namesake Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy.

The Leahy motto "Prompta et Parata" translates as "Prompt and Ready" from the Latin.[10] The words are most well known from Cicero's De Oficiis as part of the phrase "... the good will of men, on the other hand, prompt and ready for the advancement of our interests, is secured through wisdom and virtue."

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "A Historical Review of Cruiser Characteristics, Roles and Missions". Future Concepts And Surface Ship Design Group (05D), Naval Sea Systems Command, Department of the Navy. 28 March 2005. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  2. ^ USS Leahy CO, XO & Dept. Head List: http://www.ussleahy.com/LeahyCO.html
  3. ^ a b USS Leahy 1962 Commissioning Ceremony Booklet: http://www.ussleahy.com/Book1.html
  4. ^ For the traditional "mast stepping" ceremony during construction, an 1875 silver dollar was placed beneath the forward mack to honor the birth year of Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy. During the NTU overhaul in 1987, two more coins, a 1987 silver dollar and a 1972 silver dollar, were placed in the same spot. All three coins were removed prior to decommissioning.
  5. ^ USS Leahy 1993 Decommissioning Ceremony Booklet: http://www.ussleahy.com/Book3.html
  6. ^ "Tribute to Fleet Adm. William Leahy arrives in Hampton". The Mason City Globe Gazette. October 24, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  7. ^ Navy Unit Awards Database: https://awards.navy.mil/awards/webapp01.nsf/(frmQUnitName)?OpenForm
  8. ^ USS Leahy Cruise Book List: http://www.ussleahy.com/LeahyCB.html
  9. ^ USS Leahy 1968 Commissioning Ceremony Booklet: http://www.ussleahy.com/Book2.html
  10. ^ The motto of the USS Cleveland (LPD-7) is "Promptus et Paratus", which also translates as "Prompt and Ready" -- the difference being the Latin masculine singular form (-us) vs. the feminine singluar or neuter plural form (-a). The U.S. Coast Guard motto is "Semper Paratus" -- "Always Ready"

External links[edit]