USS Jallao (SS-368)

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Jallao (SS-368), underway, mid-1950s, after Guppy IIA conversion.
Career (US)
Name:USS Jallao (SS-368)
Builder:Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company, Manitowoc, Wisconsin[1]
Laid down:29 September 1943[1]
Launched:12 March 1944[1]
Commissioned:8 July 1944[1]
Decommissioned:30 September 1946[1]
Recommissioned:4 December 1953[1]
Decommissioned:26 June 1974[1]
Struck:26 June 1974[2]
Fate:Transferred to Spain, 26 June 1974[1]
Career (Spain)Spanish Ensign
Name:SPS Narciso Monturiol (S-35)
Acquired:26 June 1974
Decommissioned:12 December 1984
Fate:Scuttled off Cartagena, Spain, 1985
General characteristics
Class & type:Balao class diesel-electric submarine[2]
Displacement:1,526 tons (1,550 t) surfaced[2]
2,424 tons (2,463 t) submerged[2]
Length:311 ft 9 in (95.02 m)[2]
Beam:27 ft 3 in (8.31 m)[2]
Draft:16 ft 10 in (5.13 m) maximum[2]
Propulsion:

4 × General Motors Model 16-278A V16 diesel engines driving electrical generators[2][3]
2 × 126-cell Sargo batteries [4]
4 × high-speed General Electric electric motors with reduction gears [2]
two propellers [2]
5,400 shp (4.0 MW) surfaced[2]

2,740 shp (2.0 MW) submerged[2]
Speed:20.25 knots (38 km/h) surfaced[4]
8.75 knots (16 km/h) submerged[4]
Range:11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km) surfaced at 10 knots (19 km/h)[4]
Endurance:48 hours at 2 knots (3.7 km/h) submerged[4]
75 days on patrol
Test depth:400 ft (120 m)[4]
Complement:10 officers, 70–71 enlisted[4]
Armament:10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
 (six forward, four aft)
 24 torpedoes[4]
1 × 5-inch (127 mm) / 25 caliber deck gun[4]
Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
General characteristics (Guppy IIA)
Displacement:

1,848 tons (1,878 t) surfaced[5]

2,440 tons (2,479 t) submerged[5]
Length:307 ft (93.6 m)[6]
Beam:27 ft 4 in (8.3 m)[6]
Draft:17 ft (5.2 m)[6]
Propulsion:

Snorkel added[5]
One diesel engine and generator removed[5]

Batteries upgraded to Sargo II[5]
Speed:

Surfaced:

  • 17.0 knots (19.6 mph; 31.5 km/h) maximum
  • 13.5 knots (15.5 mph; 25.0 km/h) cruising

Submerged:

  • 14.1 knots (16.2 mph; 26.1 km/h) for ½ hour
  • 8.0 knots (9.2 mph; 14.8 km/h) snorkeling
  • 3.0 knots (3.5 mph; 5.6 km/h) cruising[5]
Armament:

10 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
 (six forward, four aft)[6]

all guns removed[5]
 
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Jallao (SS-368), underway, mid-1950s, after Guppy IIA conversion.
Career (US)
Name:USS Jallao (SS-368)
Builder:Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company, Manitowoc, Wisconsin[1]
Laid down:29 September 1943[1]
Launched:12 March 1944[1]
Commissioned:8 July 1944[1]
Decommissioned:30 September 1946[1]
Recommissioned:4 December 1953[1]
Decommissioned:26 June 1974[1]
Struck:26 June 1974[2]
Fate:Transferred to Spain, 26 June 1974[1]
Career (Spain)Spanish Ensign
Name:SPS Narciso Monturiol (S-35)
Acquired:26 June 1974
Decommissioned:12 December 1984
Fate:Scuttled off Cartagena, Spain, 1985
General characteristics
Class & type:Balao class diesel-electric submarine[2]
Displacement:1,526 tons (1,550 t) surfaced[2]
2,424 tons (2,463 t) submerged[2]
Length:311 ft 9 in (95.02 m)[2]
Beam:27 ft 3 in (8.31 m)[2]
Draft:16 ft 10 in (5.13 m) maximum[2]
Propulsion:

4 × General Motors Model 16-278A V16 diesel engines driving electrical generators[2][3]
2 × 126-cell Sargo batteries [4]
4 × high-speed General Electric electric motors with reduction gears [2]
two propellers [2]
5,400 shp (4.0 MW) surfaced[2]

2,740 shp (2.0 MW) submerged[2]
Speed:20.25 knots (38 km/h) surfaced[4]
8.75 knots (16 km/h) submerged[4]
Range:11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km) surfaced at 10 knots (19 km/h)[4]
Endurance:48 hours at 2 knots (3.7 km/h) submerged[4]
75 days on patrol
Test depth:400 ft (120 m)[4]
Complement:10 officers, 70–71 enlisted[4]
Armament:10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
 (six forward, four aft)
 24 torpedoes[4]
1 × 5-inch (127 mm) / 25 caliber deck gun[4]
Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
General characteristics (Guppy IIA)
Displacement:

1,848 tons (1,878 t) surfaced[5]

2,440 tons (2,479 t) submerged[5]
Length:307 ft (93.6 m)[6]
Beam:27 ft 4 in (8.3 m)[6]
Draft:17 ft (5.2 m)[6]
Propulsion:

Snorkel added[5]
One diesel engine and generator removed[5]

Batteries upgraded to Sargo II[5]
Speed:

Surfaced:

  • 17.0 knots (19.6 mph; 31.5 km/h) maximum
  • 13.5 knots (15.5 mph; 25.0 km/h) cruising

Submerged:

  • 14.1 knots (16.2 mph; 26.1 km/h) for ½ hour
  • 8.0 knots (9.2 mph; 14.8 km/h) snorkeling
  • 3.0 knots (3.5 mph; 5.6 km/h) cruising[5]
Armament:

10 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
 (six forward, four aft)[6]

all guns removed[5]

USS Jallao (SS-368), a Balao-class submarine, was a ship of the United States Navy named for the jallao, a pearl-white haemulonid food fish of the Gulf of Mexico.

Jallao (SS-368) was launched by Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, Wisc., 12 March 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Oliver G. Kirk; and commissioned 8 July 1944, Lieutenant Commander Joseph B. Icenhower in command.

After spending most of July in training operations, Jallao departed Manitowoc 26 July for Chicago, where she was loaded into a floating dry dock for the long trip down the Mississippi to New Orleans. She subsequently departed New Orleans 6 August 1944, and steamed through the Panama Canal to the Pacific and arrived Pearl Harbor 22 September 1944.

First patrol, October – December 1944[edit]

Following additional training the submarine sailed 9 October for her first war patrol, operating with Pintado (SS-387) and Atule (SS-403) in a coordinated attack group known as "Clarey's Crushers". At first the submarines proceeded toward Luzon Strait; but, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf late in October, they were directed to take up scouting positions between the Philippines and Japan to cut off Japanese cripples struggling home after their devastating defeat at the Battle off Cape Engaño. On the evening of 25 October Jallao contacted damaged light cruiser Tama and moved to attack. She fired seven torpedoes; three hit the Japanese warship, sinking it. After this notable success on her maiden patrol, Jallao continued her search until 28 November, returning to Majuro 10 December.

Second–fourth patrols, January – September 1945[edit]

Jallao sailed for the Yellow Sea for her second war patrol 6 January 1945. The decimated Japanese merchant marine offered few targets. However, she flushed a convoy 5 March. During the attack she had a close call when an enemy escort trying to ram her damaged her periscope. Two days later she sailed for Midway, arriving 26 March.

After repairs, the submarine departed Midway 20 April 1945 for her third war patrol, and was assigned aircraft lifeguard duty off Marcus Island. Responding to reports of flyers in the water north of the island 9 May, Jallao braved shore batteries to move in and pick up five men in a raft, delivering them safely to Saipan 12 May 1945. She then departed for the coast of Japan and more lifeguard duty as American heavy bombers stepped up their attacks on the home islands. She arrived Pearl Harbor 13 June 1945.

After advanced training in the Marianas, Jallao departed Guam 31 July to patrol the Sea of Japan. On this, her fourth and final patrol, the submarine sank 6,000-ton freighter Timoko Maru 11 August 1945 {19 survivors were found by the USS Stickleback (SS-415) 21 August 1945}. Four days later hostilities ended; and the ship sailed via Guam to San Francisco, where she arrived 28 September 1945. She was decommissioned at Mare Island 30 September 1946, and entered the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

1953–1956[edit]

Jallao's home port was changed to New London in July 1953, for a GUPPY IIA conversion in which she was streamlined and equipped with snorkeling gear and new electric equipment. She recommissioned 4 December 1953, Lt. Comdr. J. W. Mercer in command. After shakedown in the San Diego area, the submarine departed 12 April for the East Coast, steaming via the Panama Canal to Norfolk, Va.

Joining Submarine Squadron 6, Jallao operated out of Halifax, Nova Scotia during 1954, training with Canadian and American antisubmarine units. In January and February 1955, she took part in fleet exercises in the Caribbean, returning to Norfolk 4 March.

Jallao's home port was changed to New London in July 1955 and she got underway with British submarine HMS Alderney 7 August to take part in Joint Exercise "New Broom IV". Following this operation, Jallao was deployed to the 6th Fleet and departed for the Mediterranean 9 November 1955. In the months that followed, she helped train Italian Navy ships and took part in fleet exercises, beginning the long voyage home in mid-January 1956. The ship steamed through the Suez Canal, visited several countries of eastern and southern Africa, and crossed the South Atlantic to take part in exercises with Uruguayan and Brazilian destroyers. The veteran submarine returned to New London 16 April.

1957–1967[edit]

After having installed the latest in electronic gear, Jallao resumed operations in January 1957. Combined fleet exercises in the Caribbean occupied her through February; and, after coastal antisubmarine operations, she arrived Boston late in July for a short midshipman training cruise. September and October were spent in the North Atlantic on a NATO exercise as the submarine helped strengthen the armed forces of the Atlantic Allies. She returned to New London 24 October 1957.

Jallao spent most of 1958 on training exercises off the Atlantic Coast, taking part in a combined antisubmarine exercise in the North Atlantic in September. The year 1959 was spent largely in equipment development work and training with the Submarine School at New London.

The ship got underway 20 January 1960 for exercises in the Caribbean, returning 19 February. The latter part of the year was spent in training out of Bermuda. From 9 January to 24 March 1961, the veteran submarine carried out special training operations off Scotland, and operated with Canadian ships off Halifax during that summer. The remainder of the year was spent in the New London area.

Jallao began 1962 with her second Mediterranean cruise, sailing 2 January and exercising with the vital 6th Fleet in the troubled area until 7 May. The last 4 months of the year were spent in extensive modernization and repairs at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. Through 1963 and 1964, the ship took part in training cruises to the Caribbean, served in submarine school training, and participated in equipment evaluation work.

On 3 January 1965, she departed for a 4-month 6th Fleet deployment. She returned 1 May for submarine warfare tactics and submarine school operations out of New London. Jallao operated along the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean until 1974.

SPS Narciso Monturiol (S-35)[edit]

On 26 June 1974, Jallao was decommissioned, struck from the US Naval Register, and transferred (sold) under the terms of the Security Assistance Program, to Spain. The submarine was commissioned into the Spanish Navy as SPS Narciso Monturiol (S-35), named after Narcís Monturiol.

Monturiol was decommissioned 12 December 1984, and scuttled off Cartagena in 1985.

Awards[edit]

Jallao received four battle stars for World War II service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Friedman, Norman (1995). U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 285–304. ISBN 1-55750-263-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 275–280. ISBN 0-313-26202-0. 
  3. ^ U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 261
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 305-311
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Friedman, Norman (1994). U.S. Submarines Since 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 11–43. ISBN 1-55750-260-9. 
  6. ^ a b c d U.S. Submarines Since 1945 pp. 242

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°03′N 133°12′E / 38.05°N 133.2°E / 38.05; 133.2