USS Compass Island (AG-153)

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Compass Island AG153 and NYC Skyline.jpg
Career (USA)
Name:USS Compass Island (AG-153)
Namesake:An island in Penobscot Bay off the coast of Maine
Builder:New York Shipbuilding Corporation
Launched:24 October 1953 as Garden Mariner
Acquired:29 March 1956
Commissioned:3 December 1956
Decommissioned:1 May 1980
Struck:31 March 1986
Fate:Maritime Administration 9 April 1993
Status:National Defense Reserve Fleet
General characteristics
Class & type:Compass Island
Displacement:18,000 tons (full)
Length:563 ft (172 m)
Beam:76 ft (23 m)
Draft:26 ft (7.9 m)
Speed:20 knots
Complement:214
 
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Compass Island AG153 and NYC Skyline.jpg
Career (USA)
Name:USS Compass Island (AG-153)
Namesake:An island in Penobscot Bay off the coast of Maine
Builder:New York Shipbuilding Corporation
Launched:24 October 1953 as Garden Mariner
Acquired:29 March 1956
Commissioned:3 December 1956
Decommissioned:1 May 1980
Struck:31 March 1986
Fate:Maritime Administration 9 April 1993
Status:National Defense Reserve Fleet
General characteristics
Class & type:Compass Island
Displacement:18,000 tons (full)
Length:563 ft (172 m)
Beam:76 ft (23 m)
Draft:26 ft (7.9 m)
Speed:20 knots
Complement:214

Compass Island (EAG-153) was launched 24 October 1953 as Garden Mariner by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey and sponsored by Mrs. H. A. Smith. Acquired by the Navy 29 March 1956 and commissioned 3 December 1956, Commander J. A. Dare in command.

Compass Island was one of two ships, the other being USS Observation Island (E-AG-154), converted and classified as navigational research test vessels under the Polaris Missile system budget. Compass Island's conversion was at an estimated cost of $19,600,000.[1] The ship's mission was to assist in the development and evaluation of a navigation system independent of shore-based and celestial aids, a necessary adjunct of the ballistic missile program. She operated along the eastern seaboard testing equipment and training personnel until 13 March 1958 when she sailed from New York for experiments in the Mediterranean, returning to New York 17 April to resume her east coast operations. A dramatic example of her work was provided when USS Nautilus (SSN-571), using the Shipboard Inertial Navigation System (SINS) first tested by Compass Island in 1957, made a submerged cruise beneath the Arctic ice pack, touching exactly at the North Pole on 3 August 1958. The INS hardware was the N6A-1 built by North American Aviation, a naval modification of the N6A designed for the Navaho cruise missile. It had also been installed on the USS Skate (SSN-578), along with the Nautilus, following successful sea trials on the Compass Island.[2] USS Skate reached the North Pole the week after Nautilus, and in the following year became the first vessel to surface at the North Pole.

North Pole navigation succeeded after initial INS testing on the Compass Island.

On 10 September 1958, Compass Island entered New York Naval Shipyard for overhaul and installation of additional navigational equipment to be tested. With this new equipment, she continued her east coast and Caribbean cruising through 1960.

In 2003, Compass Island and three other decommissioned US Navy ships, USS Caloosahatchee (AO-98), USS Canopus (AS-34), and USS Canisteo (AO-99), were towed to the port city of Hartlepool in the United Kingdom to be scrapped, but UK environmentalists protested their arrival at Able UK, the salvage company.

Work to dismantle a controversial fleet of former US warships was slated to begin in the summer of 2008, five years after the company originally won the scrapping contract.

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