USS Columbus (CA-74)

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USS Columbus (CA-74)
USS Columbus in 1948
Career (US)
Name:Columbus
Namesake:Columbus, Ohio
Ordered:9 September 1940
Laid down:28 June 1943
Launched:30 November 1944
Sponsored by:Mrs. E. G. Meyers
Commissioned:8 June 1945
Decommissioned:8 May 1959
Recommissioned:1 December 1962
Decommissioned:31 January 1975
Reclassified:CG-12 on 30 September 1959
Struck:9 August 1976
Motto:Ad Frontes Mundi
Fate:Sold for scrap on 03 OCT 1977
Badge:USS Columbus CG-12 Badge.jpg
General characteristics
Displacement:13,600 tons
Length:674 ft 11 in (205.71 m)
Beam:70 ft 10 in (21.59 m)
Draft:26 ft 5 in (8.05 m)
Speed:32.6 knots (60.4 km/h)
Complement:1,906 officers and enlisted
Armament:9 × 8 in (200 mm) guns
12 × 5 in (130 mm) guns
 
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USS Columbus (CA-74)
USS Columbus in 1948
Career (US)
Name:Columbus
Namesake:Columbus, Ohio
Ordered:9 September 1940
Laid down:28 June 1943
Launched:30 November 1944
Sponsored by:Mrs. E. G. Meyers
Commissioned:8 June 1945
Decommissioned:8 May 1959
Recommissioned:1 December 1962
Decommissioned:31 January 1975
Reclassified:CG-12 on 30 September 1959
Struck:9 August 1976
Motto:Ad Frontes Mundi
Fate:Sold for scrap on 03 OCT 1977
Badge:USS Columbus CG-12 Badge.jpg
General characteristics
Displacement:13,600 tons
Length:674 ft 11 in (205.71 m)
Beam:70 ft 10 in (21.59 m)
Draft:26 ft 5 in (8.05 m)
Speed:32.6 knots (60.4 km/h)
Complement:1,906 officers and enlisted
Armament:9 × 8 in (200 mm) guns
12 × 5 in (130 mm) guns
For other ships of the same name, see USS Columbus.

The third USS Columbus (CA-74), a Baltimore-class heavy cruiser, was the second ship of the United States Navy named for Columbus, Ohio. She was launched on 30 November 1944 by Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, Massachusetts; she was sponsored by Mrs. E. G. Meyers; and commissioned on 8 June 1945, Captain Allen Hobbs in command.

History[edit]

As CA-74[edit]

30 November 1944–8 May 1959

Joining the Pacific Fleet, Columbus reached Tsingtao, China, on 13 January 1946 for occupation duty. On 1 April, she helped to sink 24 Japanese submarines, prizes of war, and next day sailed for San Pedro, California. For the remainder of the year, she operated in west coast waters, then made a second Far Eastern cruise from 15 January to 12 June 1947.

After west coast operations and an overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Columbus cleared Bremerton on 12 April 1948 to join the Atlantic Fleet, arriving at Norfolk, Va., on 19 May. Columbus made two cruises as flagship of Commander-in-Chief, Naval Forces Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, from 13 September 1948 to 15 December 1949 and from 12 June 1950 to 5 October 1951, and one as flagship of Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic, during parts of NATO Operation Mainbrace from 25 August to 29 September 1952. She cruised in the Mediterranean from October 1952 through January 1953, serving part of that time as flagship of the 6th Fleet. Now flagship of Cruiser Division 6, she returned to the Mediterranean from September 1954 to January 1955. Between deployments, Columbus received necessary overhauls and carried out training operations along the east coast and in the Caribbean.

USS Columbus after conversion to a guided missile cruiser in 1965.

Reassigned to the Pacific Fleet, Columbus cleared Boston, Massachusetts, on 8 November 1955 for Long Beach, California, where she arrived on 2 December. Just a month later, on 5 January 1956, she sailed for Yokosuka, Japan, and operated with the 7th Fleet until she returned to Long Beach on 8 July. Columbus made two more cruises to the Far East in 1957 and 1958. During the late summer of 1958, her presence was a reminder of American strength and interest as she patrolled the Taiwan Straits during the crisis brought on by the renewed shelling of the offshore islands by the Chinese communists. On 8 May 1959, Columbus went out of commission at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to begin her conversion to a guided missile cruiser.

As CG-12[edit]

30 September 1959–31 January 1975

Insignia Adopted in 1962, after conversion to CG

On 30 September 1959, the USS Columbus was retrofitted as an Albany class Guided Missile Cruiser, joining USS Albany (CG-10) and USS Chicago (CG-11) as the only three ships of this line, and reclassified CG-12. USS Columbus (CG-12) was subsequently recommissioned on 1 December 1962 (following a much shorter conversion period than either Chicago or Albany), and her first deployment was to the western Pacific in August 1964.

The 1959 Albany-class refit of USS Columbus left CG-12 with the following armaments:

Fore: Systems 1 & 2, with one launcher; Aft: Systems 7 & 8, with one launcher
Starboard: Systems 3 & 5 with MK11 launcher; Port: Systems 4 & 6 with MK11 launcher
USS Columbus, CG-12, firing Tartar missile while on deployment to Mediterranean

Flagship[edit]

Columbus served as Flagship COMCRUDESFLOT throughout 1966, after assignment to the Atlantic Fleet at the start of that year. From 1966 until 1974, Columbus deployed to the Mediterranean seven times.

Unlike the other members of the Albany class that had been converted to guided missile cruisers, the ship was not modernised in 1970, instead receiving some heavy maintenance to keep her operational. Upon return from her final Mediterranean deployment on 31 May 1974, she entered port and began preparations for deactivation and decommissioning. After serving for 29.5 years, Columbus was decommissioned on 31 January 1975, stricken from the Navy List on 9 August 1976 and sold for scrapping on 3 October 1977, to Union Minerals & Alloys Corp., and scrapped in Port Newark, NJ.

References[edit]

External links[edit]