USS Camanche (1864)

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Uss Camanche 1864.jpg
USS Camanche off Mare Island, during the Spanish-American War
CareerUnited States Navy Jack
Name:USS Camache
Builder:Donohue, Ryan & Secor
Launched:14 November 1864
Commissioned:May 1865
Decommissioned:1898
Fate:sold, 22 March 1899
General characteristics
Class & type:Passaic-class ironclad monitor
Displacement:1,335 long tons (1,356 t)
Length:200 ft (61 m) overall
Beam:46 ft (14 m)
Draft:11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Installed power:320 ihp (240 kW)
Propulsion:1 × Ericsson vibrating lever engine
2 × Martin boilers
1 × shaft
Speed:kn (8.1 mph; 13 km/h)
Complement:76
Armament:2 × 15 in (380 mm) Dahlgren guns
Armor:
  • Side: 3–5 in (7.6–12.7 cm)
  • Turret: 11 in (28 cm)
  • Pilothouse: 8 in (20 cm)
  • Deck: 1 in (2.5 cm)
Notes:Armor is iron.
 
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For other ships of the same name, see USS Camanche.
Uss Camanche 1864.jpg
USS Camanche off Mare Island, during the Spanish-American War
CareerUnited States Navy Jack
Name:USS Camache
Builder:Donohue, Ryan & Secor
Launched:14 November 1864
Commissioned:May 1865
Decommissioned:1898
Fate:sold, 22 March 1899
General characteristics
Class & type:Passaic-class ironclad monitor
Displacement:1,335 long tons (1,356 t)
Length:200 ft (61 m) overall
Beam:46 ft (14 m)
Draft:11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Installed power:320 ihp (240 kW)
Propulsion:1 × Ericsson vibrating lever engine
2 × Martin boilers
1 × shaft
Speed:kn (8.1 mph; 13 km/h)
Complement:76
Armament:2 × 15 in (380 mm) Dahlgren guns
Armor:
  • Side: 3–5 in (7.6–12.7 cm)
  • Turret: 11 in (28 cm)
  • Pilothouse: 8 in (20 cm)
  • Deck: 1 in (2.5 cm)
Notes:Armor is iron.

USS Camanche was a Passaic-class monitor that was prefabricated at Jersey City, N.J. by Secor Brothers. She was disassembled and shipped around Cape Horn in the sailing ship Aquila to San Francisco, Calif., where Aquila sank on 14 November 1863. The monitor's parts were salvaged and she was launched on 14 November 1864. Camanche was commissioned in May 1865, Lieutenant Commander C.J. McDougal in command.

Commissioned just after the end of the Civil War, for more than a year — until the arrival of the larger monitor MonadnockCamanche was the only U.S. ironclad on the Pacific coast, and she was one of but two stationed there for nearly 25 years.

USS Camanche c. 1866.

Camanche's career was a quiet one, with the ship generally maintained in decommissioned status at the Mare Island Navy Yard, in northern San Francisco Bay. She was the California Naval Militia's training ship in 1896–97 and appears to have been reactivated for a few months in 1898, during the Spanish-American War, for coastal defense purposes. Camanche was sold on 22 March 1899, but photographic evidence indicates that she remained in the San Francisco area for several years after that.

According to page 10 of the San Francisco Call dated November 20, 1899, the Camanche had her machinery, her weapons and her armor removed by the Union Iron Works in Oakland and she was converted into a collier, hauling coal. Her first voyage as a collier occurred on November 19, 1899.

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