USB Attached SCSI

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USB Attached SCSI (UAS) is a computer protocol used to move data to and from USB storage devices such as hard drives, solid-state drives, and thumb drives. UAS depends on the USB protocol, and uses the standard SCSI command set. Use of UAS generally provided faster transfers, when compared to the older USB Mass Storage Bulk-Only Transfer (BOT) drivers.

UAS was introduced as part of the USB 3.0 standard, but can be used for slower USB 2.0 devices assuming compatible hardware, firmware and drivers are used.

Overview[edit]

UAS is defined across two standards, the T10 "USB Attached SCSI" (T10/2095-D) referred to as the "UAS" specification, and the USB "Universal Serial Bus Mass Storage Class - USB Attached SCSI Protocol (UASP)" specification. The T10 technical committee of the International Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS) develops and maintains the UAS specification; the SCSI Trade Association (SCSITA) promotes the UAS technology. The USB mass-storage device class (MSC) Working Group develops and maintains the UASP specification; the USB Implementers Forum, Inc. (USB-IF) promotes the UASP technology.

UAS drivers generally provide faster transfers when compared to the older USB Mass Storage Bulk-Only Transfer (BOT) protocol drivers.[1][2][3] Although UAS was added in the USB 3.0 standard, it can also be used at USB 2.0 speeds, assuming compatible hardware.[4]

When used with an SSD, UAS is considerably faster than BOT for random reads and writes, but still well below the speed of a native SATA 3 interface (6 Gbit/s).[5]

Hardware support[edit]

A brief hardware roundup in July 2010 by SemiAccurate found that Gigabyte Technology had introduced working UAS drivers for their boards using NEC/Renesas chips, and that—on the hardware level at least—"the LucidPort USB 300 and USB302, Symwave SW6315, Texas Instruments TUSB9260 and the VLI VL700 controllers all support UASP, while as far as we could find, the ASMedia ASM1051 and ASM1051E as well as the Fujitsu MB86C30A doesn’t."[1]

A comparative performance review by VR-Zone in August 2011, concluded that only the NEC/Renesas chips had UAS working drivers.[6] The same Renesas UAS driver (for Windows) also works with AMD's A70M and A75 Fusion Controller Hubs,[7] the USB part of which was co-developed by AMD and Renesas.[8] In October 2011, ASMedia chips had gained driver support as well (they had support on the hardware side before).[9] Fujitsu lists some higher-end chips like the MB86C311A that do support UAS.[10]

As for support by Intel PCH, an article in MyCE notes: "The native Intel USB3 UASP solution is only supported under Windows 8. To further complicate matters, not all Z77 motherboards support USB3 UASP. A license is required to implement UASP, and not all motherboard manufacturers are prepared to pass on the extra cost of this license to the end user."[11]

Operating system support[edit]

Microsoft added native support for UAS to Windows 8.[12] Drives supporting UAS load Uaspstor.sys instead of the older Usbstor.sys.[13] Windows 8 supports UAS by default over USB 2.0 as well.[14] UAS drivers and products are certified by Microsoft using the Windows Hardware Certification Kit.[15]

As of 2012, the Linux kernel also had native UAS support, but it had compatibility problems with Texas Instruments chipsets.[16] The Linux driver had "broken" status from December 2012[17] until September 2013.[18]

Apple added native support for UAS to OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion; drives using UAS show up as using IOUSBAttachSCSI instead of the older IOUSBMassStorageClass kext.[19]

Goals[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lars-Göran Nilsson (2010-07-30). "Gigabyte adds UASP support to its USB 3.0 motherboards". SemiAccurate. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  2. ^ Andrew Ku (2012-06-19). "USB Attached SCSI (UAS): Enabling Even Better USB 3.0 Performance - Faster USB 3.0 Performance: Examining UASP And Turbo Mode". Tomshardware.com. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  3. ^ Sandler, Steve (2012-03-18). "What's the Difference Between USB UASP And BOT | Embedded content from". Electronic Design. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  4. ^ Lars-Göran Nilsson (2010-08-11). "Gigabyte's UASP USB 3.0 driver boosts USB 2.0 performance". SemiAccurate. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  5. ^ "Beyond USB3, with UASP - IOMeter test results". myce.com. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  6. ^ TeamVR (August 23, 2011). "USB 3.0 Speed Tests: 7-Way Host Controllers Roundup - Page 1 of 11". Vr-zone.com. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  7. ^ "USB to SATA3 bridge supports UASP". Electronics Eetimes. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  8. ^ Lars-Göran Nilsson (2011-03-23). "AMD's A75 and A70M FCH gains USB-IF approval". SemiAccurate. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  9. ^ By TeamVR on October 14, 2011 1:23 am (2014-01-10). "Asus launches USB 3.0 speed booster, UASP support for ASMedia". Vr-zone.com. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  10. ^ "USB 3.0-SATA Bridge ICs : Fujitsu Global". Fujitsu.com. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Beyond USB3, with UASP". Myce.com. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  12. ^ Jerome Myers (2012-10-25). "New USB 3.0 Support Built-In to Windows 8". Plugable. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  13. ^ "USB in Windows - FAQ (Windows Drivers)". Msdn.microsoft.com. 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  14. ^ USB Attached SCSI (UAS) Best Practices for Windows 8, page 6
  15. ^ "USB 2.0 & 3.0 SCSI Compliance test for UAS on EHCI (LOGO)". Msdn.microsoft.com. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  16. ^ "Forums - Consumer & Computing Forum - Consumer & Computing - TI E2E Community". E2e.ti.com. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  17. ^ "Greg Kroah-Hartman: [ 18/28] USB: mark uas driver as BROKEN". LKML. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  18. ^ "Gerd Hoffmann: [PATCH 5/5] uas: remove BROKEN". LKML. 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  19. ^ fortysomethinggeek (2013-04-03). "Fortysomething Geek: OSX Mountain Lion 10.8 UAS UASP USB Attach SCSI drivers". Fortysomethinggeek.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 

External links[edit]