U.S. Open (golf)

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U.S. Open
2015 US Golf Open Logo.png
2015 logo
Tournament information
LocationUniversity Place, Washington
in 2015
Established1895, 120 years ago
Course(s)Chambers Bay in 2015
Par72 in 2015
Length7,585 yd (6,936 m) in 2015
Organized byUSGA
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par–16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
Current champion
Germany Martin Kaymer
2015 U.S. Open (golf)
 
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For the women's tournament, see United States Women's Open Championship (golf).
U.S. Open
2015 US Golf Open Logo.png
2015 logo
Tournament information
LocationUniversity Place, Washington
in 2015
Established1895, 120 years ago
Course(s)Chambers Bay in 2015
Par72 in 2015
Length7,585 yd (6,936 m) in 2015
Organized byUSGA
Tour(s)PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
FormatStroke play
Month playedJune
Tournament record score
Aggregate268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par–16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
Current champion
Germany Martin Kaymer
2015 U.S. Open (golf)

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open golf tournament of the United States. It is the second of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday, which is Father's Day.

The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult with a premium placed on accurate driving. U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans), undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"), and pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.

History[edit]

The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was a 21-year-old Englishman named Horace Rawlins, who had arrived in the U.S. in January that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.[1][2]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the last 11 tournaments.

Qualification and prizes[edit]

The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with an up-to-date men's USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.[3] Players (male or female)[3] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. As of the most recent U.S. Open in 2014, the exemption categories are:[4]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date.

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).[6]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.[6] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.[7]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

The purse at the 2014 U.S. Open was $9 million, and the winner's share was $1.62 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€6,665,578 in 2014). In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years, as well as The Players Championship, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years. They may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons. Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff format[edit]

The U.S. Open is the only one of the four major championships which retains a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie exists after that fifth round, then the playoff continues as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open has advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Champions[edit]

Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each.[8] Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990.[9] The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months and 14 days in 1911.[9]

YearChampionCountryVenueLocationScoreWinning
margin
Runner(s)-upWinner's
share ($)
2015Chambers BayUniversity Place, Washington
2014Martin Kaymer GermanyPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North Carolina271 (–9)8 strokesUnited States Erik Compton
United States Rickie Fowler
1,620,000
2013Justin Rose EnglandMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania281 (+1)2 strokesAustralia Jason Day
United States Phil Mickelson
1,440,000
2012Webb Simpson United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California281 (+1)1 strokeNorthern Ireland Graeme McDowell
United States Michael Thompson
1,440,000
2011Rory McIlroy Northern IrelandCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland268 (–16)8 strokesAustralia Jason Day1,440,000
2010Graeme McDowell Northern IrelandPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California284 (E)1 strokeFrance Grégory Havret1,350,000
2009Lucas Glover United StatesBethpage State Park, Black CourseFarmingdale, New York[N 1]276 (–4)2 strokesUnited States Ricky Barnes
United States David Duval
United States Phil Mickelson
1,350,000
2008Tiger Woods (3) United StatesTorrey Pines Golf Course, South CourseLa Jolla, California[N 2]283 (–1)PlayoffUnited States Rocco Mediate1,350,000
2007Ángel Cabrera ArgentinaOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania285 (+5)1 strokeUnited States Jim Furyk
United States Tiger Woods
1,260,000
2006Geoff Ogilvy AustraliaWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York285 (+5)1 strokeUnited States Jim Furyk
United States Phil Mickelson
Scotland Colin Montgomerie
1,225,000
2005Michael Campbell New ZealandPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North Carolina280 (E)2 strokesUnited States Tiger Woods1,170,000
2004Retief Goosen (2) South AfricaShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York276 (–4)2 strokesUnited States Phil Mickelson1,125,000
2003Jim Furyk United StatesOlympia Fields Country Club, North CourseOlympia Fields, Illinois272 (–8)3 strokesAustralia Stephen Leaney1,080,000
2002Tiger Woods (2) United StatesBethpage State Park, Black CourseFarmingdale, New York[N 1]277 (–3)3 strokesUnited States Phil Mickelson1,000,000
2001Retief Goosen South AfricaSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma276 (–4)PlayoffUnited States Mark Brooks900,000
2000Tiger Woods United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California272 (–12)15 strokesSouth Africa Ernie Els
Spain Miguel Ángel Jiménez
800,000
1999Payne Stewart (2) United StatesPinehurst Resort, Course No. 2Pinehurst, North Carolina279 (–1)1 strokeUnited States Phil Mickelson625,000
1998Lee Janzen (2) United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]280 (E)1 strokeUnited States Payne Stewart535,000
1997Ernie Els (2) South AfricaCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland276 (–4)1 strokeScotland Colin Montgomerie465,000
1996Steve Jones United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan278 (–2)1 strokeUnited States Tom Lehman
United States Davis Love III
425,000
1995Corey Pavin United StatesShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York280 (E)2 strokesAustralia Greg Norman350,000
1994Ernie Els South AfricaOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania279 (–5)PlayoffScotland Colin Montgomerie
United States Loren Roberts
320,000
1993Lee Janzen United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey272 (–8)2 strokesUnited States Payne Stewart290,000
1992Tom Kite United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California285 (–3)2 strokesUnited States Jeff Sluman275,000
1991Payne Stewart United StatesHazeltine National Golf ClubChaska, Minnesota282 (–6)PlayoffUnited States Scott Simpson235,000
1990Hale Irwin (3) United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois280 (–8)PlayoffUnited States Mike Donald220,000
1989Curtis Strange (2) United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 4]278 (–2)1 strokeUnited States Chip Beck
United States Mark McCumber
Wales Ian Woosnam
200,000
1988Curtis Strange United StatesThe Country Club, Composite CourseBrookline, Massachusetts278 (–6)PlayoffEngland Nick Faldo180,000
1987Scott Simpson United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]277 (–3)1 strokeUnited States Tom Watson150,000
1986Raymond Floyd United StatesShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York279 (–1)2 strokesUnited States Chip Beck
United States Lanny Wadkins
115,000
1985Andy North (2) United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan279 (–1)1 strokeCanada Dave Barr
Taiwan Tze-Chung Chen
Zimbabwe Denis Watson
103,000
1984Fuzzy Zoeller United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York276 (–4)PlayoffAustralia Greg Norman94,000
1983Larry Nelson United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania280 (–4)1 strokeUnited States Tom Watson72,000
1982Tom Watson United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California282 (–6)2 strokesUnited States Jack Nicklaus60,000
1981David Graham AustraliaMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania273 (–7)3 strokesUnited States George Burns
United States Bill Rogers
55,000
1980Jack Nicklaus (4) United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey272 (–8)2 strokesJapan Isao Aoki55,000
1979Hale Irwin (2) United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio284 (E)2 strokesUnited States Jerry Pate
South Africa Gary Player
50,000
1978Andy North United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado285 (+1)1 strokeUnited States J. C. Snead
United States Dave Stockton
45,000
1977Hubert Green United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma278 (–2)1 strokeUnited States Lou Graham45,000
1976Jerry Pate United StatesAtlanta Athletic Club, Highlands CourseDuluth, Georgia[N 5]277 (–3)2 strokesUnited States Al Geiberger
United States Tom Weiskopf
42,000
1975Lou Graham United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois287 (+3)PlayoffUnited States John Mahaffey40,000
1974Hale Irwin United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York287 (+7)2 strokesUnited States Forrest Fezler35,000
1973Johnny Miller United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania279 (–5)1 strokeUnited States John Schlee35,000
1972Jack Nicklaus (3) United StatesPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, California290 (+2)3 strokesAustralia Bruce Crampton30,000
1971Lee Trevino (2) United StatesMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania280 (E)PlayoffUnited States Jack Nicklaus30,000
1970Tony Jacklin EnglandHazeltine National Golf ClubChaska, Minnesota281 (–7)7 strokesUnited States Dave Hill30,000
1969Orville Moody United StatesChampions Golf Club, Cypress Creek CourseHouston, Texas281 (+1)1 strokeUnited States Deane Beman
United States Al Geiberger
United States Bob Rosburg
30,000
1968Lee Trevino United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 4]275 (–5)4 strokesUnited States Jack Nicklaus30,000
1967Jack Nicklaus (2) United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey275 (–5)4 strokesUnited States Arnold Palmer30,000
1966Billy Casper (2) United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]278 (–2)PlayoffUnited States Arnold Palmer26,500
1965Gary Player South AfricaBellerive Country ClubSt. Louis, Missouri[N 6]282 (+2)PlayoffAustralia Kel Nagle26,000
1964Ken Venturi United StatesCongressional Country Club, Blue CourseBethesda, Maryland278 (–2)4 strokesUnited States Tommy Jacobs17,000
1963Julius Boros (2) United StatesThe Country Club, Composite CourseBrookline, Massachusetts293 (+9)PlayoffUnited States Jacky Cupit
United States Arnold Palmer
17,500
1962Jack Nicklaus United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania283 (–1)PlayoffUnited States Arnold Palmer17,500
1961Gene Littler United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan281 (+1)1 strokeUnited States Bob Goalby
United States Doug Sanders
14,000
1960Arnold Palmer United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado280 (–4)2 strokesUnited States Jack Nicklaus (a)14,400
1959Billy Casper United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York282 (+2)1 strokeUnited States Bob Rosburg12,000
1958Tommy Bolt United StatesSouthern Hills Country ClubTulsa, Oklahoma283 (+3)4 strokesSouth Africa Gary Player8,000
1957Dick Mayer United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio282 (+2)PlayoffUnited States Cary Middlecoff7,200
1956Cary Middlecoff (2) United StatesOak Hill Country Club, East CourseRochester, New York[N 4]281 (+1)1 strokeUnited States Julius Boros
United States Ben Hogan
6,000
1955Jack Fleck United StatesOlympic Club, Lake CourseSan Francisco, California[N 3]287 (+7)PlayoffUnited States Ben Hogan6,000
1954Ed Furgol United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Lower CourseSpringfield, New Jersey284 (+4)1 strokeUnited States Gene Littler6,000
1953Ben Hogan (4) United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania283 (–5)6 strokesUnited States Sam Snead5,000
1952Julius Boros United StatesNorthwood ClubDallas, Texas281 (+1)4 strokesUnited States Ed Oliver4,000
1951Ben Hogan (3) United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan287 (+7)2 strokesUnited States Clayton Heafner4,000
1950Ben Hogan (2) United StatesMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania287 (+7)PlayoffUnited States George Fazio
United States Lloyd Mangrum
4,000
1949Cary Middlecoff United StatesMedinah Country Club, Course No. 3Medinah, Illinois286 (+2)1 strokeUnited States Clayton Heafner
United States sam Snead
2,000
1948Ben Hogan United StatesRiviera Country ClubPacific Palisades, California[N 7]276 (–8)2 strokesUnited States Jimmy Demaret2,000
1947Lew Worsham United StatesSt. Louis Country ClubLadue, Missouri282 (–2)PlayoffUnited States Sam Snead2,500
1946Lloyd Mangrum United StatesCanterbury Golf ClubBeachwood, Ohio284 (–4)PlayoffUnited States Vic Ghezzi
United States Byron Nelson
1,833
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941Craig Wood United StatesColonial Country ClubFort Worth, Texas284 (E)3 strokesUnited States Denny Shute1,000
1940Lawson Little United StatesCanterbury Golf ClubBeachwood, Ohio287 (–1)PlayoffUnited States Gene Sarazen1,000
1939Byron Nelson United StatesPhiladelphia Country Club, Spring Mill CourseGladwyne, Pennsylvania284 (–4)PlayoffUnited States Denny Shute
United States Craig Wood
1,000
1938Ralph Guldahl (2) United StatesCherry Hills Country ClubCherry Hills Village, Colorado284 (E)6 strokesUnited States Dick Metz1,000
1937Ralph Guldahl United StatesOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan281 (+1)2 strokesUnited States Sam Snead1,000
1936Tony Manero United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Upper CourseSpringfield, New Jersey282 (–2)2 strokesEnglandUnited States Harry Cooper1,000
1935Sam Parks, Jr. United StatesOakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania299 (+11)2 strokesScotlandUnited States Jimmy Thomson1,000
1934Olin Dutra United StatesMerion Golf Club, East CourseArdmore, Pennsylvania293 (+9)1 strokeUnited States Gene Sarazen1,000
1933Johnny Goodman (a) United StatesNorth Shore Country ClubGlenview, Illinois287 (–1)1 strokeUnited States Ralph Guldahl0
1932Gene Sarazen (2) United StatesFresh Meadow Country ClubQueens, New York286 (+2)3 strokesScotland Bobby Cruickshank
England |Philip Perkins
1,000
1931Billy Burke United StatesInverness ClubToledo, Ohio292 (+4)PlayoffUnited States George Von Elm1,000
1930Bobby Jones (a) (4) United StatesInterlachen Country ClubEdina, Minnesota287 (–1)2 strokesScotlandUnited States Macdonald Smith0
1929Bobby Jones (a) (3) United StatesWinged Foot Golf Club, West CourseMamaroneck, New York294PlayoffUnited States Al Espinosa0
1928Johnny Farrell United StatesOlympia Fields Country Club, North CourseOlympia Fields, Illinois294PlayoffUnited States Bobby Jones (a)500
1927Tommy Armour Scotland
 United States
Oakmont Country ClubOakmont, Pennsylvania301PlayoffScotlandUnited States Harry Cooper500
1926Bobby Jones (a) (2) United StatesScioto Country ClubColumbus, Ohio2931 strokeUnited States Joe Turnesa0
1925Willie Macfarlane ScotlandWorcester Country ClubWorcester, Massachusetts291PlayoffUnited States Bobby Jones (a)500
1924Cyril Walker EnglandOakland Hills Country Club, South CourseBloomfield Hills, Michigan2973 strokesUnited States Bobby Jones (a)500
1923Bobby Jones (a) United StatesInwood Country ClubInwood, New York296PlayoffScotland Bob Cruickshank0
1922Gene Sarazen United StatesSkokie Country ClubGlencoe, Illinois2881 strokeScotland John Black
United States Bobby Jones (a)
500
1921Jim Barnes EnglandColumbia Country ClubChevy Chase, Maryland2899 strokesUnited States Walter Hagen
ScotlandUnited States Fred McLeod
500
1920Ted Ray JerseyInverness ClubToledo, Ohio2951 strokeUnited States Jack Burke, Sr.
United States Leo Diegel
United States Jock Hutchison
Jersey Harry Vardon
500
1919Walter Hagen (2) United StatesBrae Burn Country Club, Main CourseWest Newton, Massachusetts301PlayoffUnited States Mike Brady500
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916Chick Evans (a) United StatesThe Minikahda ClubMinneapolis, Minnesota2862 strokesScotland Jock Hutchison0
1915Jerome Travers (a) United StatesBaltusrol Golf Club, Revised CourseSpringfield, New Jersey2971 strokeUnited States Tom McNamara0
1914Walter Hagen United StatesMidlothian Country ClubMidlothian, Illinois2901 strokeUnited States Chick Evans (a)300
1913Francis Ouimet (a) United StatesThe Country ClubBrookline, Massachusetts304PlayoffJersey Ted Ray
Jersey Harry Vardon
0
1912John McDermott (2) United StatesCountry Club of BuffaloBuffalo, New York2942 strokesUnited States Tom McNamara300
1911John McDermott United StatesChicago Golf ClubWheaton, Illinois307PlayoffUnited States Mike Brady
United States George Simpson
300
1910Alex Smith (2) ScotlandPhiladelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's CoursePhiladelphia, Pennsylvania298PlayoffUnited States John McDermott
Scotland Macdonald Smith
300
1909George Sargent EnglandEnglewood Golf ClubEnglewood, New Jersey2904 strokesUnited States Tom McNamara300
1908Fred McLeod ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts322PlayoffScotland Willie Smith300
1907Alec Ross ScotlandPhiladelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's CoursePhiladelphia, Pennsylvania3022 strokesEngland Gilbert Nicholls300
1906Alex Smith ScotlandOnwentsia ClubLake Forest, Illinois29517 strokesScotland Willie Smith300
1905Willie Anderson (4) ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts3142 strokesScotland Alex Smith200
1904Willie Anderson (3) ScotlandGlen View ClubGolf, Illinois3034 strokesEngland Gilbert Nicholls200
1903Willie Anderson (2) ScotlandBaltusrol Golf Club, Original CourseSpringfield, New Jersey307PlayoffScotland David Brown200
1902Laurie Auchterlonie ScotlandGarden City Golf ClubGarden City, New York3076 strokesScotland Stewart Gardner
United States Walter Travis (a)
200
1901Willie Anderson ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts331PlayoffScotland Alex Smith200
1900Harry Vardon JerseyChicago Golf ClubWheaton, Illinois3132 strokesEngland J.H. Taylor200
1899Willie Smith ScotlandBaltimore Country Club, Roland Park CourseLutherville-Timonium, Maryland31511 strokesScotland Val Fitzjohn
Scotland George Low
England Bert Way
150
1898Fred Herd ScotlandMyopia Hunt ClubSouth Hamilton, Massachusetts3287 strokesScotland Alex Smith150
1897Joe Lloyd EnglandChicago Golf ClubWheaton, Illinois1621 strokeScotland Willie Anderson150
1896James Foulis ScotlandShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New York1523 strokesEngland Horace Rawlins150
1895Horace Rawlins EnglandNewport Country ClubNewport, Rhode Island1732 strokesScotland Willie Dunn150

(a) denotes amateur

Summary by course, state and region[edit]

Legend
State totals - preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals - each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Note: 2014 U.S. Open at Pinehurst is included
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/RegionNo.Years hostedGeog.
sort
Myopia Hunt Club41908,1905,1901,1898MA
The Country Club31913,1963,1988MA
Worcester Country Club11925MA
Brae Burn Country Club11919MA
Total Massachusetts9NewEng
Newport Country Club11895RI
Total Rhode Island1NewEng
Total New England10NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club52006,1984,1974,1959,
1929
NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club42004,1995,1986,1896NY
Oak Hill Country Club31989,1968,1956NY
Bethpage State Park22009,2002NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club11932NY
Inwood Country Club11923NY
Country Club of Buffalo11912NY
Garden City Golf Club11902NY
Total New York18MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club82007,1994,1983,1973,
1962,1953,1935,1927
PA
Merion Golf Club52013,1981,1971,1950,
1934
PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club21910,1907PA
Philadelphia Country Club11939PA
Total Pennsylvania16MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club71993,1980,1967,1954,
1936,1915,1903
NJ
Englewood Golf Club11909NJ
Total New Jersey8MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic42NEast
Total Northeast52USA
Congressional Country Club32011,1997,1964MD
Baltimore Country Club11899MD
Columbia Country Club11921MD
Total Maryland5SthAtl
Pinehurst Resort32014,2005,1999NC
Total North Carolina3SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club11976GA
Total Georgia1SthAtl
Total South Atlantic9South
Total East South Central0South
Southern Hills Country Club32001,1977,1958OK
Total Oklahoma3WSC
Champions Golf Club11969TX
Colonial Country Club11941TX
Northwood Club11952TX
Total Texas3WSC
Total West South Central6South
Total South15USA
Medinah Country Club31990,1975,1949IL
Chicago Golf Club31911,1900,1897IL
Olympia Fields Country Club22003,1928IL
North Shore Country Club11933IL
Skokie Country Club11922IL
Midlothian Country Club11914IL
Onwentsia Club11906IL
Glen View Club11904IL
Total Illinois13ENC
Inverness Club41979,1957,1931,1920OH
Canterbury Golf Club21946,1940OH
Scioto Country Club11926OH
Total Ohio7ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club61996,1985,1961,1951,
1937,1924
MI
Total Michigan6ENC
Total East North Central26Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club21991,1970MN
Interlachen Country Club11930MN
The Minikahda Club11916MN
Total Minnesota4WNC
Bellerive Country Club11965MO
St. Louis Country Club11947MO
Total Missouri2WNC
Total West North Central6Midwest
Total Midwest32USA
Cherry Hills Country Club31978,1960,1938CO
Total Colorado3Mtn
Total Mountain3West
Olympic Club52012,1998,1987,1966,
1955
CA
Pebble Beach Golf Links52010,2000,1992,1982,
1972
CA
Torrey Pines Golf Course12008CA
Riviera Country Club11948CA
Total California12Pac
Total Pacific12West
Total West15USA
Total U.S. Opens114

Records[edit]

There is an extensive records section on the official site here.

Broadcasting[edit]

As of 2015, Fox Sports is the official broadcaster of the U.S. Open, as the result of a 12-year deal with the USGA for exclusive rights to its tournaments through 2026. Coverage will be telecast by Fox (over-the-air) and Fox Sports 1 (cable).[12]

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's most recent period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC) held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.[13]

Future sites[edit]

2015 U.S. Open Logo
YearEditionCourseLocationDatesTimes hosted
2015115thChambers BayUniversity Place, WashingtonJune 18–21Never
2016116thOakmont Country ClubOakmont, PennsylvaniaJune 16–191927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007
2017117thErin HillsErin, WisconsinJune 15–18Never
2018118thShinnecock Hills Golf ClubShinnecock Hills, New YorkJune 14–171896, 1986, 1995, 2004
2019119thPebble Beach Golf LinksPebble Beach, CaliforniaJune 13–161972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010
2020120thWinged Foot Golf ClubMamaroneck, New YorkJune 18–211929, 1959, 1974, 1984, 2006
2021121stTorrey Pines Golf CourseLa Jolla, CaliforniaJune 17–202008

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  2. ^ La Jolla is a neighborhood within the city of San Diego that has a unique postal identity.
  3. ^ a b c d The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  4. ^ a b c The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  5. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  6. ^ The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  7. ^ Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://golf.about.com/od/majorchampionships/f/usopen1stwinner.htm
  2. ^ http://www.ticketcity.com/golf-tickets/us-open-golf-tickets/us-open-golf-history.html
  3. ^ a b "112th U.S. Open Championship application form". USGA. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Open – Exemption List". USGA. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "USGA - Changes Made To Exemptions For 2012 USGA Championships". USGA. February 23, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Open to expand world-ranking use". ESPN. Associated Press. February 5, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ "USGA Announces Changes To Exemption Categories" (Press release). USGA. February 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Champions". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b "Age". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b "Rory McIlroy runs away with Open title". ESPN. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  11. ^ Murray, Scott (June 19, 2011). "US Open 2011 – day four as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  12. ^ Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  13. ^ Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated: 49. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 

External links[edit]