Tyler, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Tyler, Texas
City
City of Tyler
Clockwise: Tyler skyline with Plaza Tower at right and People's National Bank office building in center, Cotton Belt Depot, Caldwell Zoo, Chamblee Rose Garden, Smith County Courthouse, Goodman Home.
Clockwise: Tyler skyline with Plaza Tower at right and People's National Bank office building in center, Cotton Belt Depot, Caldwell Zoo, Chamblee Rose Garden, Smith County Courthouse, Goodman Home.
Official seal of Tyler, Texas
Seal
Nickname(s): Rose Capital, Yellow Rose of Texas
Motto: A Natural Beauty
Location in Smith County and the state of Texas
Location in Smith County and the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°21′N 95°18′W / 32.350°N 95.300°W / 32.350; -95.300Coordinates: 32°21′N 95°18′W / 32.350°N 95.300°W / 32.350; -95.300
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountySmith
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Barbara Bass
Charles Alworth
Donald Sanders
Ralph Caraway
Nathaniel Moran
Steve Smith
Chris Simons
 • City ManagerMark McDaniel
Area
 • City54.376 sq mi (140.833 km2)
 • Land54.2 sq mi (140.5 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation544 ft (165 m)
Population (2014)
 • City107,405
 • Density1,782.0/sq mi (688.0/km2)
 • Metro209,714
Time zoneCentral (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes75700-75799
Area code(s)430, 903
FIPS code48-74144[1]
GNIS feature ID1348998[2]
Websitehttp://www.cityoftyler.org
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Tyler, Texas
City
City of Tyler
Clockwise: Tyler skyline with Plaza Tower at right and People's National Bank office building in center, Cotton Belt Depot, Caldwell Zoo, Chamblee Rose Garden, Smith County Courthouse, Goodman Home.
Clockwise: Tyler skyline with Plaza Tower at right and People's National Bank office building in center, Cotton Belt Depot, Caldwell Zoo, Chamblee Rose Garden, Smith County Courthouse, Goodman Home.
Official seal of Tyler, Texas
Seal
Nickname(s): Rose Capital, Yellow Rose of Texas
Motto: A Natural Beauty
Location in Smith County and the state of Texas
Location in Smith County and the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°21′N 95°18′W / 32.350°N 95.300°W / 32.350; -95.300Coordinates: 32°21′N 95°18′W / 32.350°N 95.300°W / 32.350; -95.300
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountySmith
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Barbara Bass
Charles Alworth
Donald Sanders
Ralph Caraway
Nathaniel Moran
Steve Smith
Chris Simons
 • City ManagerMark McDaniel
Area
 • City54.376 sq mi (140.833 km2)
 • Land54.2 sq mi (140.5 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation544 ft (165 m)
Population (2014)
 • City107,405
 • Density1,782.0/sq mi (688.0/km2)
 • Metro209,714
Time zoneCentral (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes75700-75799
Area code(s)430, 903
FIPS code48-74144[1]
GNIS feature ID1348998[2]
Websitehttp://www.cityoftyler.org

Tyler is a city in and the county seat of Smith County, Texas, in the United States.[3] It takes its name from President John Tyler. The city had a population of 96,901 in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau. Tyler's 2014 estimated population is 107,405.[4] Tyler is the principal city of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, with a population of 209,714 in 2010, and the regional center of the Tyler-Jacksonville combined statistical area, with a population of 260,559 in 2010.

Tyler has the nickname "Rose Capital of the World". It gained this name due to the large quantity of rose bushes processed through the area, along with hosting America's largest rose garden.

In 1985, the international Adopt-a-Highway movement originated in Tyler when, after appeals by local Texas Department of Transportation officials, the local Civitan chapter adopted a two-mile (3-km) stretch of U.S. Highway 69. Tyler is also home to the Caldwell Zoo and Broadway Square Mall.

As a regional educational and technology center, Tyler is the host for more than 20,000 higher education students, a College of Engineering, and a University Health Science Center, two regional, billion-dollar hospital systems, and a variety of technology startups.

Geography[edit]

Tyler skyline
Tyler
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.3
 
57
38
 
 
3.7
 
64
41
 
 
4
 
72
49
 
 
3.7
 
78
55
 
 
4.5
 
84
63
 
 
3.7
 
90
70
 
 
2.2
 
94
73
 
 
2.6
 
94
72
 
 
3.3
 
88
67
 
 
5.1
 
78
56
 
 
4.5
 
67
48
 
 
4.8
 
58
40
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Weather.com / NWS

Tyler is located at 32°20′03″N 95°18′00″W / 32.334249°N 95.299927°W / 32.334249; -95.299927 [5] Elevation: 544 feet (166 m). Tyler is surrounded by many smaller cities, including Whitehouse, Lindale, New Chapel Hill, Bullard, Edom, Brownsboro, and Chandler.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.4 square miles (140.8 km2), of which, 54.2 mi2 (140.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 mi2(0.3 km2²) of it is covered by water.

Climate[edit]

Tyler experiences weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring. All of East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the American South.

The record high for Tyler is 115 °F (46 °C), which occurred in 2011. The record low for Tyler is −3 °F (−19 °C), which occurred on January 18, 1930.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18802,423
18906,908185.1%
19008,06916.8%
191010,40028.9%
192012,08516.2%
193017,11341.6%
194028,27965.2%
195038,96837.8%
196051,23031.5%
197057,77012.8%
198070,50822.0%
199075,4507.0%
200083,65010.9%
201096,90115.8%
Est. 2012[6]104,0837.4%
Tyler welcome sign on HWY 69 N
Tyler City Hall

As of the 2010 census[1], 96,900 people resided in the city of Tyler, Texas. The population density was 1,782.0 people per square mile (688.0/km²). The 41,742 housing units averaged a density of 716.7 per mi2(276.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was: 60.5% White, 24.8% Black, 0.5% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. About 21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $87.7 million in revenues, $101.7 million in expenditures, $49.2 million in total assets, $12.3 million in total liabilities, and $17.6 million in cash in investments.[7]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[8]

City Manager Mark McDaniel

Assistant City Manager/Communications Director Susan Guthrie

Managing Director for Utilities/Public Works (& Utilities Director) Greg Morgan

Managing Director for Public Safety (& Police Chief) Gary Swindle

Managing Director for Administration (& HR Director) ReNissa Wade

City Engineer Carter Delleney, P.E.

CFO/Finance Director Keidric Trimble

Fire Chief Tim R. Johnson

Parks Director Stephanie Rollings

Director for Innovation Guillermo Garcia

Director of Planning/ Exec. Director of MPO Heather Nick

Director of Solid Waste Russ Jackson

Chief Information Officer Benny Yazdanpanahi

City Attorney Deborah Pullum

Vehicle Services Manager Leroy Sparrow

City Librarian Mary Vernau

Internal Auditor John Grundy

Transit Manager and MPO Director Barbara Holly, AICP

Neighborhood Services Manager Brenda Johnson

Community Service Manager Larry Everett

Housing Manager Andy Davis

Housing Supervisor Candace Porter

Airport Manager Davis Dickson

Human Recources Manager Rose Ray

Water Utilities Financial Manager James Yanker

Water Utilities Manager Joan Roberson

Development Services Engineer Michael Wilson, P.E.

Traffic Engineer Peter Eng, P.E.

The Northeast Texas Public Health District[9] is a political subdivision under the State of Texas established by the City of Tyler and Smith County. In place for nearly 70 years, the Health District became a separate entity in 1994, with an administrative Public Health Board. With a stated vision "To be the Healthiest Community in Texas", the district has a full-time staff of over 130 employees. The Health District has a broad range of services and responsibilities dedicated to their mission: "To Protect, Promote, and Provide for the Health of Our Community."

State government[edit]

Tyler is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kevin Eltife, District 1, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Matt Schaefer, District 6.

The Texas Twelfth Court of Appeals is located in Tyler.[10]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Region I Parole Division Office and the Tyler District Parole Office in Tyler.[11]

Federal government[edit]

The two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Tyler is part of Texas' US Congressional 1st District, which is currently represented by Republican Louie Gohmert.

The United States Postal Service operates several post offices in Tyler, including Tyler,[12] Azalea,[13] Southeast Crossing,[14] and the South Tyler Annex.[15]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Tyler's higher education institutions include the University of Texas at Tyler and the University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, both part of the University of Texas System, Tyler Junior College, and Texas College.

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

John Tyler High School

Public primary and secondary education for much of the city is provided by the Tyler Independent School District, which includes two high schools, John Tyler and Robert E. Lee; Premier High School of Tyler, a public charter school (Cumberland Academy); several Tyler schools offer international baccalaureate and advanced placement programs.

Portions of incorporated Tyler are served by surrounding school districts. These include sections of southeast Tyler by the Whitehouse Independent School District, and some sections in the east which are served by the Chapel Hill Independent School District.

Private schools[edit]

The Tyler Catholic School System of the Catholic Diocese of Tyler consists of St. Gregory Cathedral School and Bishop Thomas K. Gorman Regional Catholic Middle and High School. There are several other private schools, including [1] Grace Community School, All Saints Episcopal School, Seventh-day Adventist Church School, King's Academy Christian School, Christian Heritage School, East Texas Christian Academy, and Good Shepherd Reformed Episcopal School, and the Brook Hill School(Bullard).

Economy[edit]

People's National Bank office building in downtown Tyler
Chamber of Commerce office in downtown Tyler

In addition to its role in the rose-growing industry, Tyler is the headquarters for Brookshire Grocery Company, which operates Brookshire's, Fresh and Super 1 Foods, and Ole! supermarkets in three states (Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas). The company's main distribution center is located in south Tyler, while SouthWest Foods, a subsidiary that produces dairy products, is located just northeast of the city. Adams Engineering has also made its headquarters in Tyler.

The manufacturing sector includes:

Also produced in Tyler are John Soules Foods' fajita and other meat products, Greenberg's smoked turkeys, Distant Lands Coffee Roasters coffee, Tyler Candle Co. jar candles, Tyler Products, and a variety of small, high-tech businesses, including Synthesizers.com, F3 Technology Solutions, Wood Networks, Group M7, CBI, Power-Up, and Arrick Robotics.

Tyler is also a major medical center which serves the city, as well as the surrounding East Texas area.

According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top ten employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1East Texas Medical Center3,650
2Trinity Mother Frances Health System3,567
3Tyler Independent School District2,572
4Brookshire Grocery Company2,190
5Trane1,949
6Walmart1,670
7Carrier1,201
8Suddenlink Communications1,057
9Tyler Junior College998
10University of Texas at Tyler854

Recreation and tourism[edit]

Annually, the Texas Rose Festival draws thousands of tourists to Tyler.[17] The festival, which celebrates the role of the rose-growing industry in the local economy, is held in October and features a parade, the coronation of the Rose Queen, and other civic events. The Rose Museum features the history of the Festival. Tyler is home to Caldwell Zoo, several local museums, Lake Palestine, Lake Tyler, and numerous golf courses and country clubs.[18] A few miles away in Flint, TX is The WaterPark @ The Villages, a year-round, indoor water park. There is also an "Azalea Trail" in Tyler, which are two officially designated routes within the city that showcase homes or other landscaped venues adorned with azalea shrubs.[19] Tyler State Park is a few miles away where visitors can camp, canoe, and paddle boat on the lake. Activities include picnicking; camping; boating (motors allowed - 5 mph speed limit); boat rentals; fishing; birding; hiking; mountain biking and hiking trails; lake swimming (in unsupervised swimming area); and nature study. The Smith County Historical Society operates a museum and archives in the old Carnegie Library.[20] The East Texas State Fair is held annually in Tyler.[21] Lake Tyler was the location of the HGTV Dream Home contest in 2005. The 6,500 square feet (600 m²) house briefly boosted tourism and interest in the community. It subsequently was sold at public auction in January, 2008, for 1.325 million dollars.[22]

Historical[edit]

The Smith County Historical Society building is located across the street from the Tyler Public Library.

Tyler has a Cotton Belt Railroad Depot Museum located near the Chamber of Commerce office.

The Smith County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering, collecting, and preserving data, records, and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. The Society operates a museum and archives, which is located in the former Carnegie Public Library building in downtown Tyler. Permanent museum exhibits include life-size dioramas with Smith County history topics ranging from Caddo Indians to the 20th century. Other items from the society's collections are showcased in revolving, temporary exhibits. The society's archival library contains historical artifacts of Smith County, including newspapers, city directories, school records, photographs, maps, historical papers, rare books, and much more. The archives are open to the public for research on a limited schedule with volunteer staff on duty. The society is also the official caretaker of Camp Ford Historic Park.

Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. The original site of the camp stockade is a public historic park managed by the Smith County Historical Society. The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, and a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north of Loop 323.

Transportation[edit]

Aerial photo of Tyler Pounds Regional Airport in Tyler, Texas, shot by Butler Planning Services on 9/9/2005.

As with much of modern America, the automobile is the most common form of transportation. Tyler is a nexus of several major highways. Interstate 20 runs along the north edge of the city going east and west, U.S. Highway 69 runs north-south through the center of town and State Highway 64 runs east-west through the city. Tyler also has access to U.S. Highway 271, State Highway 31, State Highway 155, and State Highway 110. Loop 323 was established in 1957 and originally encircled the city, which has continued to grow outside of this loop. Loop 49 was designed to be an "outer loop" around the city and currently runs from State Highway 110 to Interstate 20 west of Tyler. Future segments will extend Loop 49 to Interstate 20 east of Tyler and to other East Texas cities.

Public transportation[edit]

Tyler Transit provides customers with public transportation service within the City of Tyler. The buses run daily, excluding Sundays and holidays. Tyler Transit offers customers the option to purchase tickets, tokens, or passes at the Tyler Transit office, located at 210 E. Oakwood Street inside the Cotton Belt Railroad Depot at the main transfer point. The City of Tyler paratransit service is a shared-ride, public transportation service. Requests for service must be made the day before the service is needed. Trips can be scheduled up to 14 days in advance. ADA complimentary paratransit service is provided to all origins and destinations within the service area defined as the city limits of Tyler. [23] Greyhound Lines bus service is available through a downtown terminal.

Via air[edit]

Tyler Pounds Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle and to Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport via Colgan Air United Express.

Via train[edit]

Tyler was the hub for a series of short-line railroads which later evolved into the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, better known as "The Cotton Belt Route". This line later became part of the Southern Pacific Railroad, which itself merged with the Union Pacific Railroad, which continues to serve the city today. No passenger train service to Tyler has occurred since April 1956, but Amtrak runs through the city of Mineola, a short distance north of Tyler.

Walkability[edit]

A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Tyler with a walkability score of 40 with some amenities within walking distance.[24]

Healthcare[edit]

Hospitals located in Tyler include East Texas Medical Center, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, and Texas Spine & Joint Hospital. There are also many clinics including the Direct Care Clinic.

First Baptist Church in downtown Tyler
Marvin United Methodist Church in Tyler
Family Life Center of West Erwin Church of Christ in Tyler

Places of worship[edit]

Tyler is the home of many churches, including five large congregations in downtown, the Marvin United Methodist Church, Dayspring United Methodist Church, West Erwin Church of Christ, First Baptist Church, and the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Tyler is also the seat of Catholic Diocese of Tyler, which is particularly noteworthy for its St. Joseph the Worker Parish, one of the few churches in America dedicated to the exclusive use of the Traditional Latin Mass. The parish is staffed by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter. The city's largest church, Green Acres Baptist Church, is located on Troup Highway in southeast Tyler. Tyler is also home to two reformed Baptist churches, Sylvania Church and Living Acts Church, both of which are located in the south Tyler area. Additionally, Tyler has two Jewish houses of prayer, Ahavath Achim, which associates itself with Conservative Judaism and Beth El which adheres to Reform Judaism.[25] Tyler is also home to East Texas Islamic Society, established in 1988, which includes an Islamic house of worship and an Islamic school for children.[26] There is also a Unitarian, Universalist Fellowship on Old Omen Road.

Two Tyler churches were destroyed during the 2010 East Texas church burnings.

Media[edit]

Currently, 18 media outlets and one newspaper are located in Tyler, as well as many more in the surrounding areas.

Newspaper[edit]

Television[edit]

VHF/UHF Channel
Call Letters
Network
7KLTVABC
19KYTXCBS
51KFXK-TVFOX
56KETKNBC

Radio[edit]

AM stations[edit]

Frequency
Call Letters
Format
Name
600KTBBNews/Talk
1330KGLDGospelThe Light
1490KYZS

FM stations[edit]

Frequency
Call Letters
Format
Name
88.7KLOVEChristian ContemporaryKLOVE
89.5KVNEChristian ContemporaryEncouragement FM
91.3KGLYReligious
92.1KTBB-FMSportsESPN East Texas
93.1KTYLHot Adult ContemporaryMix 93.1
96.1KKTXClassic RockClassic Rock 96.1
96.7KOYESpanishLa Invasora
99.3KAPWNews/Talk/Sports99.3 Talk FM
101.5KNUECountry
104.1KKUSClassic CountryThe Ranch
106.5KOOIAdult Contemporary
107.3KISXUrban ContemporaryHot1073Jamz
102.7The BlazeHip Hop and R&B

Sports[edit]

College and university teams[edit]

Baseball teams[edit]

Football[edit]

High school sports teams[edit]

Football[edit]

Notable events[edit]

Notable citizens[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Musicians[edit]

Others[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://www.cityoftyler.org/Departments/PlanningDepartment/CityDemographics.aspx
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ http://www.cityoftyler.org/Portals/0/docs/Departments/Planning%20Department/Tyler%201st/Population.pdf
  7. ^ City of Tyler CAFR. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
  8. ^ http://cityoftyler.org/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=76
  9. ^ Northeast Texas Public Health District website. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
  10. ^ "Contact Information." Twelfth Eleventh Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
  11. ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "Post Office Location - TYLER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - AZALEA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "Post Office Location - SOUTHEAST CROSSING." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  15. ^ "Post Office Location - SOUTH TYLER ANNEX." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  16. ^ City of Tyler 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, p. 152. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  17. ^ Until Now[dead link]
  18. ^ Navarro, Edward (2006). "It's Tee Time in Tyler". Images of Tyler (Journal Communications, Inc.) 1: 57. 
  19. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Tyler Azalea Trail. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  20. ^ "Smith County Historical Society". Smith County Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  21. ^ "East Texas State Fair". Etstatefair.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  22. ^ "HGTV Dream Home Sold, $1.325 Million". Kltv.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  23. ^ "Tyler Transit". Cityoftyler.org. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  24. ^ "City and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved Aug 28, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Tyler, Texas", found in the Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities,
  26. ^ "East Texas Islamic Society". Tylermuslims.com. 1988-05-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  27. ^ Palestine Herald Press. February 3, 2009. 
  28. ^ "An Update From Max". blogs.myspace.com/sayanything. 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 

Further reading[edit]

External Links[edit]