"el paso Texas" redirects here. For the professional wrestler, see Lorelei Lee
Tyler is a city in and the county seat of Smith County, Texas, in the United States. It takes its name from President John Tyler. The city had a population of 96,900 in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau. Tyler is the principal city of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, with a population of 209,714 in 2010, and the regional center of the Tyler-Jacksonville combined statistical area, with a population of 260,559 in 2010.
Tyler has the nickname "Rose Capital of the World". It gained this name due to the large quantity of rose bushes processed through the area, along with hosting America's largest rose garden.
In 1985, the international Adopt-a-Highway movement originated in Tyler when, after appeals by local Texas Department of Transportation officials, the local Civitan chapter adopted a 2-mile (3-km) stretch of U.S. Highway 69. Tyler is also home to the Caldwell Zoo and Broadway Square Mall.
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Tyler is located at 32°20′03″N 95°18′00″W / 32.334249°N 95.299927°W  Elevation: 544 feet (166 m). Tyler is surrounded by many smaller cities including Whitehouse, Lindale, New Chapel Hill, Bullard, Edom, Brownsboro, and Chandler.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 54.4 square miles (140.8 Square kilometres), of which, 54.2 square miles (140.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it is water.
Tyler experiences weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring time. All of East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the American South.
The record high for Tyler is 111 °F (44 °C), which occurred on July 31, 1921. The record low for Tyler is −3 °F (−19 °C), which occurred on January 18, 1930.
Tyler welcome sign on HWY 69 N
As of the 2010 census, there were 109,000 people residing in the city. The population density was 1,782.0 people per square mile (688.0/km²). There were 41,742 housing units at an average density of 716.7 per square mile (276.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was: 60.5% White, 24.8% Black, 0.5% Indian, 1.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 10.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $87.7 million in Revenues, $101.7 million in expenditures, $49.2 million in total assets, $12.3 million in total liabilities, and $17.6 million in cash in investments.
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
City Manager Mark McDaniel
Director of Communications Susan Guthrie
Finance Manager Daniel Crawford
Director of Human Resources ReNissa Wade
Chief Information Officer Benny Yazdanpanahi
Director of Public Works Greg Morgan
Director of Solid Waste Russ Jackson
Fire Chief Tim R. Johnson
Police Chief Gary Swindle
City Attorney Gary Landers
Parks Director Stephanie Rollings
Director of Planning and Zoning Barbara Holly
Director of Vehicle Services Russ Jackson
Director of Internal Audit and Budget Keidric Trimble
Director of Transportation Heather Nick
City Engineer Carter Delleney
Neighborhood Services Manager Brenda Johnson
Community Service Manager Larry Everett
Housing Manager Andy Davis
Housing Supervisor Candace Porter
Airport Manager Davis Dickson
Human Recources Manager Rose Ray
Water Utilities Financial Manager James Yanker
Water Utilities Manager Joan Roberson
The Northeast Texas Public Health District is a political subdivision under the State of Texas established by the City of Tyler and Smith County. In place for nearly 70 years, the Health District became a separate entity in 1994, with an administrative Public Health Board. With a stated vision "To be the Healthiest Community in Texas," the district has a full-time staff of over 130 employees. The Health District has a broad range of services and responsibilities dedicated to their Mission: "To Protect, Promote, and Provide for the Health of our Community."
Tyler is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Kevin Eltife, District 1, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Matt Schaefer, District 6.
The Texas Twelfth Court of Appeals is located in Tyler.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Region I Parole Division Office and the Tyler District Parole Office in Tyler.
The two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Kay Bailey Hutchison; Tyler is part of Texas' US Congressional 1st District, which is currently represented by Republican Louie Gohmert.
The United States Postal Service operates several post offices in Tyler, including Tyler, Azalea, Southeast Crossing, and the South Tyler Annex.
Colleges and universities
Tyler's higher education institutions include the University of Texas at Tyler and the University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, both part of the University of Texas System, Tyler Junior College, and Texas College.
Primary and secondary schools
Public primary and secondary education for much of the city is provided by the Tyler Independent School District, which includes two high schools, John Tyler and Robert E. Lee; Premier High School of Tyler, a public charter school (Cumberland Academy); several Tyler schools offer International Baccalaureate and Advance Placement programs.
Portions of incorporated Tyler are served by surrounding school districts. These include sections of southeast Tyler by the Whitehouse Independent School District, and some sections in the east which are served by the Chapel Hill Independent School District.
The Tyler Catholic School System of the Catholic Diocese of Tyler consists of St. Gregory Cathedral School and Bishop Thomas K. Gorman Regional Catholic Middle and High School. There are several other private schools, including Good Shepherd School, Grace Community School, All Saints Episcopal School, Seventh-day Adventist Church School, King's Academy Christian School, Christian Heritage School, East Texas Christian Academy, and Good Shepherd Reformed Episcopal School, and the Brook Hill School(Bullard).
People's National Bank office building in downtown Tyler
Chamber of Commerce office in downtown Tyler
In addition to its role in the rose-growing industry, Tyler is the headquarters for Brookshire Grocery Company, which operates Brookshire's, Fresh and Super 1 Foods, and Ole! supermarkets in three states (Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas). The company's main distribution center is located in south Tyler, while SouthWest Foods, a subsidiary that produces dairy products, is located just north-east of the city. Adams Engineering has also made its headquarters in Tyler.
According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top ten employers in the city are:
The manufacturing sector includes:
- Tyler Pipe, a subsidiary of McWane Inc. that produces soil and utility pipe products
- Trane, a business of Ingersoll-Rand, formerly a unit of American Standard Companies, which manufactures air conditioners and heat pumps (this plant was originally built in 1955 by General Electric)
- Carrier, which manufactures air conditioners
- Delek Refining, an Israeli-owned oil refinery formerly dba La Gloria Oil and Gas Co (a Crown Central Petroleum subsidiary).
- Ferguson Beauregard, an operating company of Dover Corporation that specializes in equipment for the measurement and production of natural gas using the plunger lift method.
- DYNAenergetics Tyler Distribution Center, part of DYNAenergetics USA, which manufactures perforating equipment and explosives for the oil and gas industry.
- Vesuvius USA, manufacturer of refractory ceramics used in the steel industry.
- Cavender's Boot City, a large regional western wear retailer and manufacturer.
Also produced in Tyler are John Soules Foods' fajita and other meat products, Greenberg's Smoked Turkeys, Distant Lands Coffee Roasters coffee, Tyler Candle Co. jar candles, Tyler Products, and a variety of small high-tech businesses including Synthesizers.com, F3 Technology Solutions, Wood Networks, Group M7, CBI, Power-Up, and Arrick Robotics.
Tyler is also a major medical center which serves the city as well as the surrounding East Texas area.
Recreation and tourism
Chamblee Rose Garden in Tyler
Annually, the Texas Rose Festival draws thousands of tourists to Tyler. The festival, which celebrates the role of the rose-growing industry in the local economy, is held in October and features a parade, the coronation of the Rose Queen, and other civic events. There is also a Rose Museum featuring the history of the Festival. Tyler is home to Caldwell Zoo, several local museums, Lake Palestine, Lake Tyler, and numerous golf courses and country clubs. There is also an "Azalea Trail," which are 2 officially designated routes within the city that showcase homes or other landscaped venues adorned with azalea shrubs. Tyler State Park is a few miles away where visitors can camp, canoe, and paddle boat on the lake. Activities include picnicking; camping; boating (motors allowed - 5 mph speed limit); boat rentals; fishing; birding; hiking; mountain biking and hiking trails; lake swimming (in unsupervised swimming area); and nature study. The Smith County Historical Society operates a museum and archives in the old Carnegie Library. The East Texas State Fair is held annually in Tyler. Lake Tyler was the location of the HGTV Dream Home contest in 2005. The 6,500 square feet (600 m²) house briefly boosted tourism and interest in the community. It subsequently was sold at public auction in January, 2008, for 1.325 million dollars.
The Smith County Historical Society building is located across the street from the Tyler Public Library.
Tyler has a Cotton Belt Railroad Depot Museum located near the Chamber of Commerce office.
The Smith County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering, collecting and preserving data, records and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. The Society operates a museum and archives, which is located in the former Carnegie Public Library building in downtown Tyler. Permanent museum exhibits include life-size dioramas with Smith County history topics ranging from Caddo Indians to the Twentieth Century. Other items from the Society's collections are showcased in revolving, temporary exhibits. The Society's archival library contains historical artifacts of Smith County, including newspapers, city directories, school records, photographs, maps, historical papers, rare books and much more. The archives are open to the public for research on a limited schedule with volunteer staff on duty. The Society is also the official caretaker of Camp Ford Historic Park.
Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. The original site of the camp stockade is a public historic park managed by the Smith County Historical Society. The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, and a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north of Loop 323.
As with much of modern America, the automobile is the most common form of transportation. Tyler is a nexus of several major highways. Interstate 20 runs along the north edge of the city going east and west, U.S. Highway 69 runs north-south through the center of town and State Highway 64 runs east-west through the city. Tyler also has access to U.S. Highway 271, State Highway 31, State Highway 155, and State Highway 110. Loop 323 was established in 1957 and originally encircled the city, which has continued to grow outside of this loop. Loop 49 is designed to be an "outer loop" around the city and eventually connect to Interstate 20. Completed segments now run from State Highway 110 to State Highway 155. Further segments are under construction that extend from State Highway 155 towards Interstate 20.
Tyler Transit provides customers with safe, dependable, efficient public transportation service within the City of Tyler. The buses run daily, excluding Sundays and holidays. Tyler Transit offers customers the option to purchase tickets, tokens, and passes at the Tyler Transit office. The Tyler Transit office is located at 210 E. Oakwood Street inside the Cotton Belt Railroad Depot at the main transfer point. The City of Tyler paratransit service is a shared ride, public transportation service. Requests for service must be made the day before the service is needed. Trips can be scheduled up to 14 days in advance. ADA complimentary paratransit service is provided to all origins and destinations within the service area defined as the City limits of Tyler.  Greyhound Lines bus service is available through a downtown terminal.
Tyler Pounds Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle and to Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport via Colgan Air United Express.
Tyler was the hub for a series of short-line railroads which later evolved into the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, better known as "The Cotton Belt Route." This line later became part of the Southern Pacific Railroad, which itself merged with the Union Pacific Railroad, which continues to serve the city today. There has been no passenger train service to Tyler since April 1956, but Amtrak runs through the city of Mineola, a short distance north of Tyler.
A 2011 study by Walk Score ranked Tyler with a walkability score of 40 with some amenities within walking distance.
Hospitals located in Tyler include East Texas Medical Center, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, and Texas Spine & Joint Hospital. There are also many clinics including the Direct Care Clinic. Tyler serves as a major medical center for communities throughout East Texas.
Church in downtown Tyler
Places of Worship
Tyler is the home of many churches, including five large congregations in downtown, the Marvin United Methodist Church, Dayspring United Methodist Church, West Erwin Church of Christ, First Baptist Church, and the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Tyler is also the seat of Catholic Diocese of Tyler, which is particularly noteworthy for its St. Joseph the Worker Parish, one of the few churches in America dedicated to the exclusive use of the Traditional Latin Mass. The parish is staffed by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter. The city's largest church, Green Acres Baptist Church, is located on Troup Highway in southeast Tyler. Tyler, too, is home to two Jewish houses of prayer, Ahavath Achim, which associates itself with Conservative Judaism and Beth El which adheres to Reform Judaism. Tyler is also home to East Texas Islamic Society, established in 1988, which includes an Islamic house of worship and an Islamic school for children.
There are currently 18 media outlets and one newspaper located in Tyler, as well as many more in the surrounding areas.
|89.5||KVNE||Christian Contemporary||Encouragement FM|
|92.1||KTBB-FM||Sports||ESPN East Texas|
|93.1||KTYL||Hot Adult Contemporary||Mix 93.1|
|99.3||KZTK||News/Talk/Sports||99.3 Talk FM|
|104.1||KKUS||Classic Country||The Ranch|
College & University teams
- Tyler Elbertas (1912)
- Tyler Trojans (1924–1929, 1931, 1935–1940, 1946–1950)
- Tyler Sports (1932)
- Tyler Governors (1933–1934)
- Tyler East Texans (1950–1953)
- Tyler Tigers (1954–1955)
- Tyler Wildcatters (1994–1997)
- Tyler Roughnecks (2001)
- East Texas Twisters (2004)
High school sports teams
- All Saints Trojans
- Grace Cougars
- John Tyler Lions
- Kings Academy Royals
- Robert E. Lee Red Raiders
- T.K. Gorman Crusaders
- Tyler Heat
- The November 6th 2012 election results passing the legal sale of beer and wine for off premise consumption. The first time any retail alcohol has been legally sold in Tyler since before prohibition. Beer and Wine first hit shelves December 28, 2012 just in time for the New Year, 52 days after the measure passed.
- Sandy Duncan - Born on February 20, 1946, in Henderson, Texas, but she grew up in Tyler where she attended Birdwell Elementary School, Robert E. Lee High School, and Tyler Junior College. Singer, dancer, and actress of stage, television, and movies. She is best known for her performances in the Broadway revival of Peter Pan and in the television sitcom The Hogan Family (seasons 3-6).
- Alex Finlayson - Born on December 4, 1951, in Tyler. A playwright whose sly irreverent plays have found more success on the English stage than in the United States. Her first play, Ladies' Side, was produced by the Source Theatre, Washington, DC, and received a Helen Hayes Award nomination for Best New Play of the Year. Her play, World of Beauty, won the 1988 Texas Playwrights Festival at Stages Repertory Theatre, Houston.
- Kiki Shepard - Born July 15, 1951, in Tyler. Television host of Live in Hollywood, and formerly of It's Showtime at the Apollo.
- Arthur "Dooley" Wilson - Born on April 3, 1886?, in Tyler, where he sang and played the drums in black clubs. He became an actor best known for playing Sam in the 1942 movie Casablanca.
- Gary Baxter - Born November 24, 1978, in Tyler. A former NFL defensive back for the Baltimore Ravens (2001-2004) and Cleveland Browns (2005-2007). Attended John Tyler High School in Tyler.
- Ciron Black - Born October 29, 1986, in Tyler. Played college football for Louisiana State University. Projected as a right tackle in the NFL and was considered one of the best offensive tackles available in 2010. However, Black went undrafted in the 2010 NFL Draft. Attended Robert E. Lee High School in Tyler.
- Jeb Blount - Born July 12, 1954, in Tyler. A former NFL quarterback for the Oakland Raiders (1976) and Tampa Bay Buccaneers (1977).
- Earl Campbell - Born March 29, 1955, in Tyler. A former NFL running back for the Houston Oilers (1978-1984) and New Orleans Saints (1984-1985). As a collegiate football player at the University of Texas at Austin, he won the Heisman Trophy in 1977. Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame on July 27, 1991. Nicknamed "The Tyler Rose". Attended John Tyler High School in Tyler.
- Chris Carter - Born September 27, 1974, in Tyler. A former NFL defensive back for the New England Patriots (1997-2000), Cincinnati Bengals (2000-2001), and Houston Texans (2002).
- Travis Chick, Born June 10, 1984 in Irving, raised in Whitehouse. MLB pitcher for the Seattle Mariners 2006. Attended Whitehouse High School near Tyler with Josh Tomlin.
- Tim Crowder - Born June 30, 1985, in Tyler. NFL defensive end for the Denver Broncos (2007-2008) and Tampa Bay Buccaneers (2009–present). Attended John Tyler High School in Tyler.
- Matt Flynn - Born June 20, 1985, in Tyler. NFL quarterback for the Green Bay Packers (2008-2011) and Seattle Seahawks (2012–present). Attended Robert E. Lee High School in Tyler.
- Hunter Freeman - Born January 8, 1985, in Tyler. Major League Soccer defender/midfielder (2003–present).
- Randy Grimes - Born July 20, 1960, in Tyler. A former NFL center for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers (1983-1992).
- Daniel Hernández - Born July 23, 1976, in Tyler. Major League Soccer defender/midfielder (1998–present). Attended John Tyler High School in Tyler.
- Clarence Huber - Born October 27, 1895, in Tyler. Former MLB third baseman for the Detroit Tigers (1920-1921) and Philadelphia Phillies (1925-1926).
- Kendall Hunter - Born September 16, 1988, in Tyler. NFL running back for the San Francisco 49ers (2011–present). Attended John Tyler High School in Tyler. Played collegiate football at Oklahoma State University.
- Larry Johnson - Born March 14, 1969, in Tyler. Former NBA forward for the Charlotte Hornets (1991-1996) and New York Knicks (1996–2001).
- Billie Wayne Lemons - Born July 9, 1955, in Tyler. A former NFL player for the Cleveland Browns (1977). Died on October 12, 2008, while serving as a Church of Christ minister in Lubbock, Texas.
- Tremain Mack - Born November 21, 1974, in Tyler. A former NFL kick returner for the Cincinnati Bengals (1997-2000).
- Benny Malone - Born February 3, 1952, in Tyler. A former NFL running back for the Miami Dolphins (1974-1978) and Washington Redskins (1978-1979). He played college football at Arizona State and was drafted in the second round of the 1974 NFL Draft.
- Jerry Mumphrey - Born September 9, 1952, in Tyler. Former MLB outfielder for the St. Louis Cardinals (1974-1979), San Diego Padres (1980), New York Yankees (1981-1983), Houston Astros (1983-1985), and Chicago Cubs (1986-1988).
- Terrence Murphy - Born December 15, 1982, in Tyler. NFL wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers 2005). Attended Chapel Hill High School near Tyler.
- Brandon Pettigrew - Born February 23, 1985, in Tyler. NFL tight end for the Detroit Lions (2009–present). Attended Robert E. Lee High School in Tyler. Played collegiate football at Oklahoma State University.
- Johnny Manziel - Born December 6, 1992, in Tyler. Current Quarterback for the Texas A&M University football team and winner of the 2012 Heisman Trophy.
- Archie Reynolds - Born January 3, 1946, in Glendale, California, he attended John Tyler High School in Tyler. Former MLB pitcher for the Chicago Cubs (1968–1970), California Angels (1971), and Milwaukee Brewers (1972).
- Derrell Robertson - Born September 22, 1967, in Tyler. Former Canadian Football League player for the Las Vegas Posse (1994). Died in a car accident in December 1994.
- Aaron Ross - Born September 15, 1982, in San Antonio, he attended John Tyler High School in Tyler. NFL cornerback for the New York Giants (2007–present).
- Louis Santop - Born January 17, 1890, in Tyler. Former Negro League catcher (1909–1926) for the Philadelphia Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, and Hilldale Daisies. Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 2006.
- Robert Taylor - Born September 14, 1948, in Tyler. 1972 Summer Olympics (Munich) - sprinter that won gold medal in 4x100 meter relay and silver medal in 100 meter; 1975 Pan American Games - gold medal in 4x400 m relay; father of Bobby Taylor, who played 10 years as a NFL defensive back for the Philadelphia Eagles and Seattle Seahawks
- Josh Tomlin - Born October 19, 1984, in Tyler. MLB pitcher for the Cleveland Indians (2010–present). Attended Whitehouse High School near Tyler.
- Lee Tunnell - Born October 30, 1960, in Tyler. Former MLB pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1982–1985), St. Louis Cardinals (1987), and Minnesota Twins (1989). Also, a former Nippon Professional Baseball pitcher for the Fukuoka Daiei Hawks (1991-1993).
- Morgan Wade - Born July 13, 1983, in Tyler. He competed as a professional BMX Rider in the 2006 and 2007 X-Games in the Freestyle and Big Air competitions.
- Branch Warren - professonal bodybuilder, born in Tyler.
- Doug Wyatt - Born October 18, 1946, in Tyler. A former NFL defensive back for the New Orleans Saints (1970-1972) and Detroit Lions (1973-1974).
- Paul Baloche - contemporary worship music singer/songwriter
- Max Bemis - lead singer of rock band Say Anything, who is also married to Sherri DuPree of Eisley.
- Richard Dobson - singer/songwriter
- Eisley - indie band comprising Chauntelle, Sherri, Stacy, Weston and Garron DuPree.
- Teron Beal - Songwriter Michael Jackson. Bonnie Raitt, Mya
- Element Eighty - alternative metal band comprising Zack Bates, Ryan Carroll, David Galloway and Matt Woods.
- Johnny Gimble - Award-winning fiddle player associated with Western Swing and Bob Wills.
- Brandon Beal - singer/songwriter/producer Snoop Dogg, Flo Rida, Juelz Santana
- Shaun Groves - Christian-rock singer/songwriter
- Johnny Horton - country singer
- Gospel Keynotes - Gospel Quartet
- Will Jennings - songwriter
- Ralph Kirshbaum - world famous classical celllist
- Mouse and the Traps - 1960s Garage rock band comprising Buggs Henderson, Ken Murray, David S. Stanley and Ronnie "Mouse" Weiss.
- Ivoryline - alternative band
- John E. Barrett - photographer (world-renown images of Jim Henson and his Muppets; National Lampoon poster Are You A Nerd?)
- Jere Locke Beasley - born December 12, 1935, in Tyler. He was the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Alabama when Governor George Corley Wallace was shot and severely injured in an assassination attempt in Laurel, Maryland, on May 15, 1972. Since Wallace was out-of-state for more than twenty days, recovering in a Maryland hospital, the Alabama Constitution required that the lieutenant governor take over gubernatorial duties in the interim. Beasley, a Democrat, hence served as the acting governor of Alabama from June 5 to July 7, 1972.
- Leo Berman - District 6 member of the Texas House of Representatives since 1999
- Josh Byerly - NASA spokesman and one of the "voices of Mission Control"
- Jo-Carroll Dennison - Miss America 1942, the first Miss Texas to win the national title
- James T. Draper, Jr. - president of the Southern Baptist Convention from 1982 to 1984, was a pastor in Tyler in the early 1960s.
- Kevin Eltife - member of the Texas Senate
- Jonna Fitzgerald - former Miss Texas, runner-up in Miss America pageant, television news anchor, noted musician
- Brady P. Gentry - former Chairman Texas State Highway Commission; former US Congressman; Gymnasium at Tyler Junior College named after him
- Louie Gohmert - U.S. representative and former Smith County judge
- William Wayne Justice - Federal District Court Judge in Tyler for 30 years - made countless key decisions on environment and civil rights
- Sarah McClendon - Journalist and White House correspondent for over half a century, longest tenure ever in the White House press corps
- Frank Melton (1949-2009) - Born in Houston, he became general manager in 1977 of KLTV in Tyler, where he climbed the ranks before becoming president of Buford Television, Inc. Served as mayor of Jackson, Mississippi, from July 4, 2005, until his death on May 7, 2009.
- Allen R. Morris - Born in Dallas, he is an Emmy Award winning producer/director/writer. For a period, worked for Buford Television at KLTV in Tyler, as Operations Manager and Director of Creative Services, during which time he was also a frequent actor at the Tyler Civic Theatre (1979 to 1990).
- Albert Parsons (1848-1887) – Born in Alabama, at one point resided in Tyler, where he was raised by his eldest brother, William Henry Parsons. William moved the family moved from Tyler in the mid 1850s. Albert is best remembered as one of four Chicago radical leaders convicted of conspiracy and hanged following a bomb attack on police remembered as the Haymarket Affair.
- William Steger (1920-2006) - Served as U.S. District Court judge for the Eastern District of Texas, based in Tyler, from 1970 until his death. The William M. Steger Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Tyler was named in his honor in 2006.
- Kelley Thompson- Born December 8, 1987 in Tyler. Playboy Playmate for November 2009.
- Ned Touchstone (1926–1988) - Born in Florien, Louisiana, he was the leader of the Radical Right in 1960s and 1970s. At the time of death, he resided on Lake Palestine near Tyler.
- Brian Werner - Born in Norwood, Ohio, he is a co-founder of Tiger Creek Wildlife Refuge, located near Tyler.
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ City of Tyler CAFR. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
- ^ http://cityoftyler.org/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=76
- ^ Northeast Texas Public Health District website. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- ^ "Contact Information." Twelfth Eleventh Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
- ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- ^ "Post Office Location - TYLER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- ^ "Post Office Location - AZALEA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- ^ "Post Office Location - SOUTHEAST CROSSING." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- ^ "Post Office Location - SOUTH TYLER ANNEX." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- ^ City of Tyler 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, p. 152. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
- ^ Until Now
- ^ Navarro, Edward (2006). "It's Tee Time in Tyler". Images of Tyler (Journal Communications, Inc.) 1: 57.
- ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Tyler Azalea Trail. http://www.tylerazaleatrail.com/faqs.htm. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- ^ "Smith County Historical Society". Smith County Historical Society. http://www.smithcountyhistoricalsociety.org. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- ^ "East Texas State Fair". Etstatefair.com. http://www.etstatefair.com/. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- ^ "HGTV Dream Home Sold, $1.325 Million". Kltv.com. http://www.kltv.com/Global/story.asp?S=7615650. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- ^ "Tyler Transit". Cityoftyler.org. http://www.cityoftyler.org/Departments/TylerTransit.aspx. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- ^ "City and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. http://www.walkscore.com/TX/Tyler. Retrieved Aug 28, 2011.
- ^ "Tyler, Texas", found in the Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities,
- ^ "East Texas Islamic Society". Tylermuslims.com. 1988-05-29. http://www.tylermuslims.com/about-etis.html. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- ^ Palestine Herald Press. February 3, 2009.
- ^ "An Update From Max". blogs.myspace.com/sayanything. 2009-05-20. http://blogs.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&friendId=2296310&blogId=490202116. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
- Austin, Gladys Peters, Along the Century Trail: Early History of Tyler, Texas (Dallas: Avalon Press, 1946)
- Burton, Morris Tyler as an Early Railroad Center, Chronicles of Smith County, Spring 1963
- Betts, Vicki, Smith County, Texas, in the Civil War (Tyler, Texas: Smith County Historical Society, 1978)
- Everett, Dianna, The Texas Cherokees: A People between Two Fires, 1819–1840 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990)
- Glover, ed., Robert W., Tyler and Smith County, Texas (n.p.: Walsworth, 1976)
- Henderson, Adele, Smith County, Texas: Its Background and History in Ante-Bellum Days (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1926)
- McDonald, Archie P. Historic Smith County (Historical Publishing Network, 2006).
- Reed, Robert E. Jr. Images of America: Tyler (Arcadia Publishing, 2008).
- Reed, Robert E. Jr. Postcard History: Tyler (Arcadia Publishing, 2009).
- Smith County Historical Society, Historical Atlas of Smith County (Tyler, Texas: Tyler Print Shop, 1965)
- Whisenhunt, Donald W. comp., Chronological History of Smith County (Tyler, Texas: Smith County Historical Society, 1983)
- Woldert, Albert, A History of Tyler and Smith County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1948)