Twyla Tharp (born July 1, 1941) is an American dancer and choreographer, who lives and works in New York City. Biography [edit ] Early years [edit ]
Tharp, born in 1941 on a farm in
Portland, Indiana, was named for Twila Thornburg, the "Pig Princess" of the 89th Annual Muncie Fair in Indiana.
As a young child, Tharp spent a few months each year living with her Quaker grandparents on their farm in Indiana. Her mother insisted she take lessons in dance (ballet, tap, jazz and modern), and piano, drum, viola, violin, shorthand, German and French. In 1950 Tharp's family—younger sister Twanette, twin brothers Stanley and Stanford, mother Lecile and father William—moved to
Rialto, California. Her parents opened a [1 ] drive-in movie theater, where Tharp worked from the age of eight. The drive-in was on the corner of Acacia and Foothill, the major east–west artery in Rialto and the path of Route 66. She attended Pacific High School in [2 ] San Bernardino and studied at the Vera Lynn School of Dance. Tharp, a "devoted bookworm," admits that this schedule left little time for a social life. [3 ] Tharp attended [4 ] Pomona College in California but later transferred to Barnard College in New York City, where she graduated with a degree in Art History in 1963. It was in New York that she studied with Richard Thomas, Martha Graham and Merce Cunningham. In 1963 Tharp joined the [5 ] Paul Taylor Dance Company Dances and ballets [edit ]
In 1965, Tharp choreographed her first dance
Tank Dive. In 1966, she formed her own company Twyla Tharp Dance. Her work often utilizes classical music, jazz, and contemporary pop music. From 1971 to 1988, Twyla Tharp Dance toured extensively around the world, performing original works.
In 1973, Tharp choreographed
to the music of Deuce Coupe The Beach Boys for the Joffrey Ballet. Deuce Coupe is considered to be the first crossover ballet. Later she choreographed Push Comes to Shove (1976), which featured Mikhail Baryshnikov and is now thought to be the best example of the crossover ballet.
In 1988, Twyla Tharp Dance merged with
American Ballet Theatre, since which time ABT has held the world premieres of 16 of Tharp's works. In 2010, they had a total of 20 of her works in their repertory. Tharp has since choreographed dances for: Paris Opera Ballet, The Royal Ballet, New York City Ballet, Boston Ballet, Joffrey Ballet, Pacific Northwest Ballet, Miami City Ballet, American Ballet Theatre, Hubbard Street Dance and Martha Graham Dance Company. Tharp also created the dance roadshow Cutting Up, (1991) with Mikhail Baryshnikov, which went on to tour and appeared in 28 cities over two months.
In the summer of 2000, Twyla Tharp Dance regrouped with entirely new dancers. This Tharp dance company also performed around the world. It was with this company that Tharp developed the material that would go on to become
an award winning Broadway musical featuring the songs of Billy Joel and starring many of the dancers that were in the dance company. Movin' Out,
In 2012, Tharp created the full-length ballet
The Princess and the Goblin., based on the story by [6 ] George MacDonald. The ballet is based on MacDonald's story and is Tharp's first to include children. The narrative ballet was co-commissioned by The Princess and the Goblin Atlanta Ballet and Royal Winnipeg Ballet and performed by both companies.
Tharp was the first Artist in Residency (A.I.R.) at
Pacific Northwest Ballet in Seattle. During this time she created and premiered Waiting At The Station, a new work with music by R&B artist Allen Toussaint and sets & costumes by long-time collaborator Santo Loquasto. Broadway [edit ]
In 1980, Tharp's work first appeared on Broadway with Twyla Tharp Dance performing
When We Were Very Young, followed in 1981 by The Catherine Wheel, her collaboration with David Byrne at the Winter Garden. "Wheel" was broadcast on PBS, and had its soundtrack released on LP.
In 1985, her staging of
played at the Singin' in the Rain, Gershwin for 367 performances.
Tharp premiered her dance musical
, set to the music and lyrics of Movin' Out Billy Joel in Chicago in 2001. The show opened on Broadway in 2002. ran for 1,331 performances on Broadway. A national tour opened in January 2004. Movin' Out Movin' Out received 10 Tony nominations and Tharp was named Best Choreographer.
Tharp opened a new show titled
, to the music of The Times They Are a-Changin' Bob Dylan in 2005 at The Old Globe Theatre in San Diego. The Times They are A-Changin' set the records or the highest grossing show and highest ticket sales as of the date of closing (March 2006). It was also the first time a show received a second extension before the first preview. After this record setting run in California, the New York show ran for 35 previews and 28 performances. [7 ]
In 2009, Tharp worked with the songs of
Frank Sinatra to mount Come Fly with Me, which ran at the Alliance Theater in Atlanta and was the best selling four-week run as of the date of closing in 2009. Renamed [8 ] the show opened on Broadway in 2010 at the Come Fly Away Marquis Theatre in New York and ran for 26 previews and 188 performances. Come Fly Away, was retooled and opened under the title Sinatra: Dance with Me at The Wynn Las Vegas in 2011. Come Fly Away National Tour opened in Atlanta, Georgia, in August 2011. Film, television and print [edit ]
Tharp collaborated with film directors
Miloš Forman on (1978), Hair Ragtime (1980) and (1984); Amadeus Taylor Hackford on (1985) and White Nights James Brooks on (1994). I'll Do Anything
Television credits include choreographing
Sue's Leg (1976) for the inaugural episode of the PBS program Dance in America,; co-producing and directing Making Television Dance (1977), which won the Chicago International Film Festival Award; and directing The Catherine Wheel (1983) for BBC Television. Tharp co-directed the award-winning television special "Baryshnikov by Tharp" in 1984.
Tharp has written three books: an early autobiography,
Push Comes to Shove (1992; Bantam Books); The Creative Habit: Learn It and Use It for Life (2003, Simon & Schuster), translated into Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Korean, Thai and Japanese; “The Collaborative Habit” (2009, Simon & Schuster), also translated into Thai, Chinese and Korean. Personal life [edit ]
Tharp has a son and a grandson.
[9 ] Quote [edit ]
"Art is the only way to run away without leaving home."
Works chronology [edit ] Dances / Ballets / Theatre [edit ]
Tank Dive 4/29/65 Stage Show 7/7/65 Stride 8/9/65 Cede Blue Lake 12/1/65 Unprocessed 12/1/65 Re-Moves 10/18/66 Twelve Foot Change 10/18/66 One, Two, Three 2/2/67 Jam 2/4/67 Disperse 4/27/67 Yancey Dance 7/1/67 Three Page Sonata 7/6/67 Forevermore 2/9/68 Generation 2/9/68 One Way 2/9/68 Excess, Idle, Surplus 4/25/68 Group Activities 1/13/69 After Suite 2/2/69 Medley 7/19/69 Dancing In The Streets 11/11/69 YLFYFFYYFFFMPMPPPPP PW 03/09/70 Sowing Of Seeds 6/7/70 The Willie Smith Series 7/10/70 Rose’s Cross Country 8/1/70 Fugue, The 8/1/70 The One Hundreds 8/1/70 11-Minute Abstract, Repertory 1965-70 11/16/70 The History of Up and Down, I and II 1/22/71 Sunrise, Noon, Sundown 5/28/71 Mozart Sonata K.545 8/1/71 Eight Jelly Rolls 9/16/71 Torelli 11/2/71 Piano Rolls 11/7/71 The Bix Pieces 4/14/71 The Raggedy Dances 10/26/72 (ballet) 2/8/73 Deuce Coupe As Time Goes By 10/10/73 In the Beginnings 1/26/74 All About Eggs 2/1/74 The Fugue on London Weekend Television 4/22/74 Twyla Tharp and Eight Jelly Rolls 5/12/74 Bach Duet 9/5/74 Deuce Coupe II 2/1/75 Sue’s Leg 2/21/75 The Double Cross 2/21/75 Ocean’s Motion 6/22/75 Rags Suite Duet 9/10/75 Push Comes To Shove 1/9/76 Sue’s Leg, Remembering the Thirties 3/24/76 Give and Take 3/25/76 Once More Frank 7/12/76 Country Dances 9/4/76 Happily Ever After 11/3/76 After All 11/15/76 Cacklin’ Hen 2/14/77 Fifty Ways To Leave Your Lover 5/12/77 Mud 5/12/77 Simon Medley 5/12/77 The Hodge Podge 5/12/77 1903 2/2/79 Chapters and Verses 2/2/79 Baker’s Dozen 2/15/79 Three Dances From The Film "Hair" 2/15/79 Three Fanfares 3/14/79 Brahms Paganini 2/8/80 Deuce Coupe III 2/8/80 Assorted Quartets 7/29/80 Third Suite 8/26/80 Short Stories 8/27/80 Uncle Edgar Dyed His Hair Red 2/28/81 The Catherine Wheel 9/22/81 (music by David Byrne) Nine Sinatra Songs 10/15/82 Bad Smells 10/15/82 The Little Ballet 4/1/84 Telemann 11/4/83 Fait Accompli 11/8/83 "The Golden Section" 11/8/83 (music by David Byrne) (also filmed for PBS) Sinatra Suite 12/6/83 Bach Partita 12/9/83 (ballet), choreography by Tharp and Brahms/Handel Jerome Robbins 6/7/84 Sorrow Floats 7/5/84 Singin’ in the Rain - Broadway 7/2/85 In The Upper Room 8/28/86 Ballare 8/30/86 The Catherine Wheel III 2/2/87 Quartet 2/4/89 Bum’s Rush 2/8/89 Rules of the Game 2/17/89 Everlast 2/21/89 Brief Fling 2/28/90 Grand Pas: Rhythm of the Saints 10/1/91 Men’s Piece 10/4/91 Octet 10/4/91 Sextet 1/30/92 Cutting Up: A Dance Roadshow 11/27/93 Bare Bones 11/27/93 Pergolesi 6/4/93 Demeter & Persephone 10/5/93 Waterbaby Bagatelles 4/30/94 “New Works” Twyla Tharp in Washington: Red, White & Blues” 9/13/94 How Near Heaven 3/3/95 Americans We 5/1/95 Jump Start 5/1/95 I Remember Clifford 8/9/95 Mr. Worldly Wise 12/9/95 The Elements 5/3/96 Sweet Fields 9/20/96 “66” 9/20/96 Heroes 9/20/96 Roy’s Joys 8/18/97 Story Teller, The 10/29/97 Noir 1/30/98 Yemaya 3/13/98 Known By Heart Duet 8/6/98 Diabelli 10/22/98 Known By Heart 11/3/98 Grosse Sonate 7/1/98 Beethoven Seventh 1/22/00 The Brahms/Haydn Variations aka: Variations on a Theme by Haydn 3/21/00 Mozart Clarinet Quintet K. 581 7/6/00 Surfer At The River Styx 7/6/00 Westerly Round 6/23/01 - Chicago 6/25/02 Movin’ Out Movin’ Out - New York 10/24/02 Even The King 1/11/03 Movin' Out - US Tour 1/27/04 - California 2/9/06 The Times They Are A-Changin' Catherine Wheel Suite 5/11/06 The Times They Are A-Changin' - New York 10/26/06 NIGHTSPOT 3/28/08 Rabbit and Rogue 6/3/08 Opus 111 9/25/08 Afternoon Ball 9/25/08 Come Fly With Me 9/23/09 3/25/10 Come Fly Away Sinatra: Dance With Me - 12/11/10 Armenia 4/23/11 Come Fly Away Tour 8/3/11 Scarlatti 10/13/11 The Princess and The Goblin - Atlanta 2/10/12 The Princess and the Goblin - Winnipeg 10/17/12 Treefrog in Stonehenge 07/26/13 Waiting at the Station 09/27/13 Come Fly Away (Ballet) 09/28/13 Collaborative work [edit ] Film [edit ] Video [edit ] Scrapbook Tape 10/25/82 The Catherine Wheel 3/1/83 Baryshnikov by Tharp / Push Comes to Shove 10/5/84 Twyla Tharp: Oppositions 4/24/96 Television [edit ] The Bix Pieces (series of productions) 1973 Making Television Dance 10/4/77 Dance Is A Man’s Sport Too 1980 Confessions of a Cornermaker 10/13/81 Catherine Wheel, PBS 3/1/83 "The Golden Section" from Dance in America: Miami City Ballet 10/28/11 Books [edit ] Push Comes To Shove 12/92 The Creative Habit 9/29/03 The Collaborative Habit 11/24/09 Honors and awards [edit ]
Twyla Tharp received two Emmy Awards, 19 honorary doctorates, the
Vietnam Veterans of America President’s Award, the 2004 National Medal of the Arts, and numerous grants including the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Fellowship. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
At the 1982 Barnard College commencement ceremonies, Tharp's
alma mater awarded her its highest honor, the Barnard Medal of Distinction.
She received the
Tony Award for Best Choreography and the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography for the 2002 musical Movin' Out. She received a Drama Desk nomination for Outstanding Choreography for the musical . Singin' in the Rain
She was named a
Kennedy Center Honoree for 2008. [10 ]
Tharp was inducted into the
Academy of Achievement in 1993. [11 ] Awards by year [edit ]
George Irwin The Lepercq Foundation
Foundation for the Contemporary Performing Arts, 1970 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship, John S. Guggenheim Memorial Foundation The Emma A. Sheafer Trust, 1970–1981, 1985
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, 1971, 1974 National Endowment for the Arts Choreographers Fellowship, 1971, 1973 New York State Council on the Arts Annual Support, 1971–1986
Brandeis University, Creative Arts Citation
National Endowment for the Arts Annual Support, 1973–1986
Creative Artists Public Service Program Edward John Nobel Foundation New York Public Library Dance Collection The Place Trust, London The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, 1974–1978, 1982, 1983, 1986
Eight Jelly Rolls, 1st in Festival in Video and Modern Dance Video Certificate of Honor Making Television Dance, Modern Dance Video Certificate of Merit
Mademoiselle Magazine, Mademoiselle Magazine Award Exxon Corporation, 1976, 1980, 1982–1984, 1986
The Green Fund, 1977, 1980, 1981 National Endowment for the Arts Challenge Grant, 1977, 1985 The Shubert Foundation, 1977, 1978, 1980–1986
Dance Film Association, 7th Annual Dance Video and Film Festival Honorary Degree, California Institute of the Arts Silver Satellite Award for Making Television Dance, American Women in Radio & Television The Ford Foundation, 1978, 1980 The Ford Motor Company, 1978–1985 The Surdna Foundation, 1978, 1980, 1985
Soho Arts Second Annual Awards, The Soho Weekly News Honorary Degree, Bucknell University The Scherman Foundation, 1979, 1980, 1982–1985 United Artists The David Merrick Arts Foundation Mobil Foundation, Inc., 1979, 1981–1986
Honorary Degree, Bates College Dance Educators of America Award for Making Television Dance Screening and Red Ribbon Award for Making Television Dance The Booth Ferris Foundation Chase Manhattan Bank, 1980–1982 Con Ed, 1980–1985 Morgan Guarantee Trust, 1980–1981, 1983–1984, 1986 The Jerome Robbins Foundation, 1980, 1983
Film Library Association American Film Festival Honorary Degree, Bard College Honorary Degree, Brown University Dance Magazine Award, Dance Magazine Dance Film Award for Making Television Dance, Chicago International Film Festival Indiana Arts Award, Indiana Arts Commission Citibank, 1981–1986 Doll Foundation, 1981–1986 Weil Foundation Norman and Rosita Winston Foundation Rockefeller Foundation
Medal of Distinction, Barnard College Chemical Bank, 1982–1986 National Corporate Fund for Dance, 1982–1985 Robert Sterling Clark Foundation Ida and William Rosenthal Foundation, 1982, 1986 New York Telephone, 1982–1985
Spirit of Achievement Award, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Honorary Degree, Williams College Indiana Arts Award, Indiana Arts Commission The Thorne Foundation Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund, 1983–1984, 1986 C.L. Glazer Trust The Klingenstein Fund Warner Communications
Mayor's Award of Honor for Arts and Culture, Edward I. Koch, New York City Dance Masters of America 1984 Choreographer's Award Arthur Andersen and Company, 1984–1986 Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission Booth Ferris Foundation Brooklyn Union and Gas Merrill Lynch, 1984, 1986 New York Times Company Foundation, 1984–1986
Emmy Awards for Baryshnikov by Tharp choreography and co-direction, Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement for Baryshnikov by Tharp Indiana Arts Award, Indiana Arts Commission APA Trucking The Charles Engelhard Foundation Corporate Property Investors Hausman Belding Foundation Gerald D. Hines Interests GFI/Knoll International NBC, 1985–1986 Samuel I. Newhouse Foundation, 1985, 1986 Zayre Corporation
University Medal of Excellence, Columbia University Bankers Trust Cadillac Fairview MCA Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company Ridgewood Energy Corporation
Honorary Degree, Indiana University Honorary Degree, Pomona College Golden Plate Award, American Academy of Achievement
Honorary Degree, Hamilton College Honorary Degree, Skidmore College
Honorary Degree, Marymount Manhattan College Lions of the Performing Arts Award, New York Public Library
Samuel M. Scripps Award, American Dance Festival
Laurence Olivier Award for In the Upper Room, Laurence Olivier Foundation Wexner Foundation Award, The Ohio State University Wexner Center for the Arts
MacArthur Fellowship, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Ruth Page Visiting Arts, Harvard University, 1992–1993
Golden Plate Award, American Academy of Achievement Woman of Achievement, Barnard College Inducted, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Arts Award, Dickinson College Honorary Degree, Ball State University Distinguished Artist Award, International Society For The Performing Arts
American Honorary Member, American Academy of Arts and Letters
Trust for Mutual Understanding
MOCA Award to Distinguished Women In The Arts, Museum Of Contemporary Art
The Doris Duke Awards for New Work
Women’s Project & Productions Exceptional Achievement Award
New York Awards Lifetime Achievement
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Choreography: Movin' Out Tony Award Best Choreography: Movin' Out Drama League Outstanding Achievement Award for Musical Theatre TDF/Astaire Award Best Choreographer: Movin' Out Indiana Living Legend, Indiana Historical Society Glamour Woman of the Year Award Outstanding Contribution to the Arts Award North Carolina School of the Arts Honorary Doctorate, North Carolina School of the Arts
National Medal of Arts Vietnam Veterans of America President’s Award for Excellence in the Arts Independent Reviewers of New England Award Best Choreography: Movin' Out. Broadway in Boston Goddard Space Flight Center’s Center Director’s Colloquium Citation for Enlightening, Creative and Thought-Provoking Presentation
Best Choreography: Movin' Out. Touring Broadway Awards Jane Addams Medal for Distinguished Service presented by Rockford College
Princess Grace Award – Outstanding Artistry Critics Circle Dance Award Outstanding Choreography: Movin' Out. London
Honorary Degree, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina Honorary Degree, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ Touring Broadway Award: Best Choreography for a touring show for Movin' Out
The Jerome Robbins Prize The Kennedy Center Honors Woman of the Year Award, presented by Nevada State Ballet
U.S. News & World Report: listed on "America's Best Leaders" Leadership at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government
The IAL Diamond Award for Achievement in the Arts, presented by Columbia University's The Varsity Show The Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreographer: Come Fly Away Lifetime Achievement Award, presented by The American Academy of Hospitality Sciences Suzi Bass Award for Best Choreography: "Come Fly With Me" Rolex Dance Award
The Vasterling Award, Presented by Nashville Ballet Honorary Degree, The Juilliard School, New York, NY TITAS Award for Contributions to the Arts Woman of Achievement Award, Meredith College Spotlight Award, Presented by Hubbard Street Dance Chicago
Lifetime Achievement Award, presented by Tribeca Film Festival 62nd Capezio Dance Award References [edit ] ^ James Hebert (2006-01-29). "Twyla Tharp found a kindred spirit to inspire "The Times They Are A-Changin'" at Old Globe". The San Diego Union-Tribune . Retrieved 2009-02-16. ^ Adams, John Anthony (2004). . Images Of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 85. Rialto ISBN 0-7385-2892-7 . Retrieved 2008-07-23. ^ "Tharp Is Back Where the Air Is Rarefied", by Gia Kourlas, The New York Times, March 5, 2010 (March 7, 2010 p. AR1 NY ed.). Retrieved 2010-03-07. ^ "Interview: Twyla Tharp Dancer and Choreographer". Academy of Achievement. 2007. p. 3 . Retrieved 2008-08-13. ^ Craine, Debra and Judith Mackrell. (2010). . The Oxford Dictionary of Dance, p. 450 ^ Seibert, Brian (12 February 2012). "Toe Shoes That Carry a Princess to Victory". The New York Times . Retrieved 3 March 2012. ^ Marketing Statement from The Old Globe Theatre in San Diego ^ Marketing Statement from Alliance Theater ^ Kourlas, Gia (3 February 2012). "Tharp’s New Tale, Woven In Dance". The New York Times . Retrieved 3 March 2012. ^ Andrew Gans (9 September 2008). "Streisand, Freeman, Tharp, Jones, Townshend and Daltrey Are 2008 Kennedy Center Honorees". Playbill . Retrieved 2009-02-16. ^ "Twyla Tharp Biography". Academy of Achievement. 2007 . Retrieved 2008-09-30. General references [edit ]
Siegel, Marcia B. Howling Near Heaven. New York: St. Martins Press 2006. Print.
Tharp, Twyla. Push Comes to Shove. United States; Canada: Bantam Books 1992. Print. External links [edit ]