Tuolumne City, California

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Tuolumne City
Tuolumne
census-designated place
Central Park Downtown, Tuolumne City
Central Park Downtown, Tuolumne City
Location in Tuolumne County and the state of California
Location in Tuolumne County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°57′42″N 120°14′13″W / 37.96167°N 120.23694°W / 37.96167; -120.23694Coordinates: 37°57′42″N 120°14′13″W / 37.96167°N 120.23694°W / 37.96167; -120.23694
Country United States
State California
CountyTuolumne
Area[1]
 • Total2.362 sq mi (6.118 km2)
 • Land2.332 sq mi (6.040 km2)
 • Water0.030 sq mi (0.078 km2)  1.27%
Elevation2,592 ft (790 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,779
 • Density750/sq mi (290/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code95379
Area code(s)209
FIPS code06-80763
GNIS feature ID1867064
 
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Tuolumne City
Tuolumne
census-designated place
Central Park Downtown, Tuolumne City
Central Park Downtown, Tuolumne City
Location in Tuolumne County and the state of California
Location in Tuolumne County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°57′42″N 120°14′13″W / 37.96167°N 120.23694°W / 37.96167; -120.23694Coordinates: 37°57′42″N 120°14′13″W / 37.96167°N 120.23694°W / 37.96167; -120.23694
Country United States
State California
CountyTuolumne
Area[1]
 • Total2.362 sq mi (6.118 km2)
 • Land2.332 sq mi (6.040 km2)
 • Water0.030 sq mi (0.078 km2)  1.27%
Elevation2,592 ft (790 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,779
 • Density750/sq mi (290/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code95379
Area code(s)209
FIPS code06-80763
GNIS feature ID1867064
West Side Lumber Company Shay No.7, inside the old millyard at Tuolumne, 1981. WSL Shay No. 7 now operates at the Roaring Camp and Big Trees Narrow Gauge Railroad.

Tuolumne (or Tuolumne City) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Tuolumne County, California, United States. The population was 1,779 at the 2010 census, down from 1,865 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

The area is known for a history of logging operations. Remnants of logging railroads are still present in the area. In the 1970s, there was a plan to open a park which was centered on narrow gauge live steam equipment. It was to feature restored locomotives from the logging operation here.

The plan was led by Herbert Reichhold who envisioned transforming the town of Tuolumne into a "Railroad Theme Park". To this end he began purchasing many properties in the town. However he lost his vision on the death of his wife and the plans never moved forward.

Unlike the rest of Tuolumne County, Tuolumne City was not in the Bell System/SBC service area. Tuolumne Telephone Company provided service to this area. Wired telephone numbers in the Tuolumne City Central Office follow the pattern (209) 928-xxxx.

There are three schools: Summerville Elementary with grades K-8, Motherlode Christian School with grades K-12, and Summerville High School with grades 9-12. Summerville High School also hosts Tuolumne County's Connections Arts School for grades 7-12.

Preserved steam donkey next to the fire station

A logging company town, Tuolumne City experienced an economic downturn when the Westside Lumber Mill closed. For many years the community has struggled to create a new economic base.

The Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians, a federally recognized tribe, is headquartered in Tuolumne.[2] In recent years, the tribe has contributed new growth in this hamlet with revenues from nearby Black Oak Casino, which is owned and operated by the Tuolumne Band. A new medical clinic and a new library are a few recent improvements. Another addition has been the renovation of the Tuolumne City Memorial Museum on Carter Street.

Once known as the two towns of "Summerville"[3] in the south and "Carters[4]"[5] in the north, Tuolumne City has incorporated them both into one town and now has a loyal citizen base who work diligently to revive its community life. A new municipal advisory council has been established to help with this revival.

Memorial Hall which serves as the town hall and general meeting place

Tuolumne is also the birthplace of the Vaudevillian performer and hipster comedian Lord Buckley, born Richard Myrle Buckley, April 5, 1906.

Geography[edit]

Tuolumne is located at 37°57′42″N 120°14′13″W / 37.96167°N 120.23694°W / 37.96167; -120.23694 (37.961785, -120.236851).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which, 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) of it (1.27%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Tuolumne City had a population of 1,779. The population density was 753.2 people per square mile (290.8/km²). The racial makeup of Tuolumne City was 1,547 (87.0%) White, 13 (0.7%) African American, 83 (4.7%) Native American, 12 (0.7%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 50 (2.8%) from other races, and 73 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 206 persons (11.6%).

The Census reported that 1,768 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 11 (0.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 758 households, out of which 223 (29.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 297 (39.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 95 (12.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 52 (6.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 70 (9.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 6 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 239 households (31.5%) were made up of individuals and 107 (14.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33. There were 444 families (58.6% of all households); the average family size was 2.93.

The population was spread out with 397 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 161 people (9.1%) aged 18 to 24, 411 people (23.1%) aged 25 to 44, 510 people (28.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 300 people (16.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.

There were 840 housing units at an average density of 355.6 per square mile (137.3/km²), of which 396 (52.2%) were owner-occupied, and 362 (47.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.7%. 987 people (55.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 781 people (43.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,865 people, 736 households, and 474 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 801.4 people per square mile (309.0/km²). There were 797 housing units at an average density of 342.5 per square mile (132.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.01% White, 0.38% African American, 4.29% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.54% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 3.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.97% of the population.

There were 736 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,361, and the median income for a family was $41,007. Males had a median income of $35,524 versus $22,593 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,567. About 13.0% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Tuolumne City is located in the 14th Senate District, represented by Republican Tom Berryhill, and in the 25th Assembly District, represented by Republican Kristin Olsen. Federally, Tuolumne City is located in California's 19th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10[9] and is represented by Republican Jeff Denham.

Notable Natives[edit]

Lord Buckley was born in Tuolumne City.

In Popular Culture[edit]

In 1951, scenes of the western High Noon, starring Gary Cooper, were filmed in Tuolumne City.[10] Cooper's Will Kane went to St. Joseph's Church to solicit help from the townspeople.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "Tribal Directory. National Congress of Americans Indians. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  3. ^ Tuolumne Memorial Museum Archives
  4. ^ P.O. Records
  5. ^ Tuolumne Memorial Museum Archives
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  10. ^ http://www.movie-locations.com/movies/h/highnoon.html