Tulane Stadium

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Tulane Stadium
The Sugar Bowl
TulaneStadiumFront1.jpg
LocationNew Orleans, Louisiana
 United States
Coordinates29°56′34″N 90°7′3″W / 29.94278°N 90.11750°W / 29.94278; -90.11750Coordinates: 29°56′34″N 90°7′3″W / 29.94278°N 90.11750°W / 29.94278; -90.11750
Broke groundApril 7, 1924
OpenedOctober 23, 1926 (1926-10-23)
ClosedAugust 3, 1975
DemolishedNovember 18,1979-June 15,1980
OwnerTulane University
OperatorTulane University
SurfacePoly-Turf (1971–1979)
Grass (1926–1970)
Construction cost$295,968[1]
($3.94 million in 2014 dollars[2])
Capacity80,985 (1956–1975)
80,735 (1947–1955)
69,000 (1939–1946)
49,000 (1937–1938)
35,000 (1926–1936)
Record attendance86,598 (December 1, 1973)
Tenants
Tulane Green Wave (NCAA) 1926–1974
Sugar Bowl (NCAA) 1935–1974
New Orleans Saints (NFL) 1967–1974
Super Bowl (NFL) 1970, 1972, 1975
Pelican Bowl (NCAA) 1974
 
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Tulane Stadium
The Sugar Bowl
TulaneStadiumFront1.jpg
LocationNew Orleans, Louisiana
 United States
Coordinates29°56′34″N 90°7′3″W / 29.94278°N 90.11750°W / 29.94278; -90.11750Coordinates: 29°56′34″N 90°7′3″W / 29.94278°N 90.11750°W / 29.94278; -90.11750
Broke groundApril 7, 1924
OpenedOctober 23, 1926 (1926-10-23)
ClosedAugust 3, 1975
DemolishedNovember 18,1979-June 15,1980
OwnerTulane University
OperatorTulane University
SurfacePoly-Turf (1971–1979)
Grass (1926–1970)
Construction cost$295,968[1]
($3.94 million in 2014 dollars[2])
Capacity80,985 (1956–1975)
80,735 (1947–1955)
69,000 (1939–1946)
49,000 (1937–1938)
35,000 (1926–1936)
Record attendance86,598 (December 1, 1973)
Tenants
Tulane Green Wave (NCAA) 1926–1974
Sugar Bowl (NCAA) 1935–1974
New Orleans Saints (NFL) 1967–1974
Super Bowl (NFL) 1970, 1972, 1975
Pelican Bowl (NCAA) 1974

Tulane Stadium was an outdoor football stadium located in New Orleans, that stood from 1926 to 1980. Officially known as the Third Tulane Stadium, it replaced the "Second Tulane Stadium" where the Telephone Exchange Building is now located.[1] The former site is currently bound by Willow Street to the south, Ben Weiner Drive to the east, the Tulane University property line west of McAlister Place, and the Hertz Basketball/Volleyball Practice Facility and the site of Yulman Stadium to the north.

The stadium hosted three of the first nine Super Bowls in 1970, 1972, and 1975.

History[edit]

Opening[edit]

The stadium was opened in 1926 with a seating capacity of roughly 35,000 on the sidelines of the field. Tulane Stadium was built on Tulane University's campus (before 1871, Tulane's campus was Paul Foucher's Plantation, where Foucher's father-in-law, Etienne de Bore, had first granulated sugar from cane syrup).

Since the institution of the annual Sugar Bowl game, Tulane Stadium itself was often informally referred to as "the Sugar Bowl". It was also billed as "The Queen of Southern Stadiums". It was in a portion of Tulane University's main campus in Uptown New Orleans fronting Willow Street, with parking stretching to Claiborne Avenue. The original 1926 structure was mostly of brick and concrete.

The institution of the annual Sugar Bowl game[edit]

The first Sugar Bowl game was played at the stadium on January 1, 1935, matching host Tulane against the Temple Owls from Philadelphia. The term "Sugar Bowl" had been coined by Fred Digby, sports editor of the New Orleans Item',' who had been pushing for an annual New Year's Day football game since 1927.[3]

Sugar Bowl in the late 1940s

Seating expansion[edit]

The stadium was eventually expanded to seat up to 80,985 fans. In its final configuration, the stadium included four concrete and steel sections (separated at the corners of the field), with a short steel upper deck wrapping around the sides and north end of the stadium. The press box was located on the western side of the field, and the main gate (pictured above) was at the southern end of the field facing Willow Street. The support structure for the upper deck was entirely open, exposing the ramps and lattice work, and hiding the original brick facade underneath with the exception of the Willow Street end of the stadium. Lights were installed in 1957. The record attendance for the stadium was set on December 1, 1973, when 86,598 watched Tulane defeat in-state rival LSU 14-0, ending a 25-year winless streak for the Green Wave against the Bayou Bengals. It was the last installment of the LSU-Tulane rivalry played on the Tulane campus.

Tulane's final game on campus[edit]

Tulane's final game on campus came 364 days later, a 26-10 loss to Ole Miss on a miserably cold[4] afternoon November 30, 1974. One month later, Nebraska won the final college game in the stadium, defeating Florida 13-10 in the Sugar Bowl on December 31.

As the home of the New Orleans Saints[edit]

In addition to hosting Tulane University football games and the Sugar Bowl, the stadium was also home to the National Football League's New Orleans Saints from 1967 through 1974. The Saints' first game was a 27-13 loss to the Los Angeles Rams on September 17, 1967, although New Orleans provided fans with a memorable highlight when John Gilliam returned the opening kickoff 94 yards for a touchdown. The Saints won their last game in the stadium, 14-0 over the St. Louis Cardinals on December 8, 1974.

As the site of the Super Bowl[edit]

Tulane Stadium was the site of three early Super Bowls: IV, VI, and IX. Super Bowl IX was the final professional league game ever played at the stadium. The stadium hosted the coldest outdoor Super Bowl, at 39 degrees.

Tom Dempsey's 63-yard field goal[edit]

Aside from the various bowls, the most memorable moment at the stadium might have been the Saints victory over the Detroit Lions on November 8, 1970. In the NFL prior to the 1974 season, the goal posts were on the goal line instead of the end line. With seconds remaining, the Saints attempted a place kick with the holder spotting at the Saints' own 37-yard line. Kicker Tom Dempsey nailed the 63-yard field goal with a couple of feet to spare, and the Saints won the game 19-17, one of only two games the Saints won that year. That record would stand alone for 28 years before it was tied by Jason Elam of the Denver Broncos, Sebastian Janikowski of the Oakland Raiders, and David Akers of the San Francisco 49ers. And then late in the 2013 NFL season Matt Prater of the Denver Broncos broke Tom Dempsey's record with a 64 yard field goal against the Tennessee Titans during week 14.

Usage following the opening of the Louisiana Superdome[edit]

In 1975, the day the new Louisiana Superdome was opened, Tulane Stadium was condemned. Upon appeal by the University, the older concrete and brick section was deemed fit to use, but not the newer metal seating section. The stadium then continued in more limited use for five years with the smaller seating area, used for football practice, high-school games, and other smaller events. The Denver Broncos used Tulane Stadium as its practice facility prior to Super Bowl XII, the first Super Bowl played in the Superdome.

Tulane Stadium's final game[edit]

The last game played in the stadium was a game between New Orleans Catholic League rivals De La Salle High School, located less than two miles (3 km) from the Tulane campus, and Archbishop Rummel High School on November 1, 1979. The last point scored in Tulane Stadium History was by Rummel High place kicker Gary Boudreaux.

Demolition[edit]

Final stages of demolition

On November 2, 1979, Tulane President Sheldon Hackney announced that the stadium would be demolished. The demolition started on November 18, 1979 and ended in June 1980. While the storage areas underneath the seating in the stadium were being emptied prior to demolition, various neglected University possessions were rediscovered, including an Ancient Egyptian mummy couple.[5]

The site is currently home to the Aron and Willow student housing complexes, the Diboll parking structure, the Reily Student Fitness Center and Brown Quad.

Tulane Stadium is one of five stadiums that had hosted a Super Bowl game that are no longer standing. Tampa Stadium, which hosted two Super Bowls, was demolished in April 1999; Stanford Stadium, which hosted one Super Bowl, was demolished and redeveloped in 2005-2006; the Orange Bowl, which hosted five Super Bowls, was demolished in May 2008; and the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, which also hosted one Super Bowl, was demolished in March 2014.

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Second Tulane Stadium[1]
Home of the
Tulane Green Wave

1926–1974
Succeeded by
Louisiana/Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Preceded by
Second Tulane Stadium
Home of the
Sugar Bowl

1935–1974
Succeeded by
Louisiana/Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Preceded by
Second Tulane Stadium
Home of the
New Orleans Saints

1967–1974
Succeeded by
Louisiana/Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Preceded by
Orange Bowl
Orange Bowl
Rice Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
IV 1970
VI 1972
IX 1975
Succeeded by
Orange Bowl
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Orange Bowl

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tulane Stadium History
  2. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  3. ^ "Sugar Bowl History". Allstate Sugar Bowl. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2006. 
  4. ^ Weather History Back to 1945 from the Farmers' Almanac. Farmersalmanac.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  5. ^ "A Tale of Two Mummies". Tulanian. 1999. Retrieved 2007-03-15.