Tula Arms Plant

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Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod
TypePublic limited company
IndustryDefence
Founded1712
Founder(s)Peter the Great
HeadquartersTula, Russia
Key peopleSergey Pariyskiy (CEO)[1]
ProductsFirearms and ammunition
Net incomeDecrease US$ -9,913,000 (2009)[2]
Total assetsDecrease US$ 11,334,000 (2009)[2]
Employees3600 (August 2010) [3]
Websitewww.tulatoz.ru
 
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Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod
TypePublic limited company
IndustryDefence
Founded1712
Founder(s)Peter the Great
HeadquartersTula, Russia
Key peopleSergey Pariyskiy (CEO)[1]
ProductsFirearms and ammunition
Net incomeDecrease US$ -9,913,000 (2009)[2]
Total assetsDecrease US$ 11,334,000 (2009)[2]
Employees3600 (August 2010) [3]
Websitewww.tulatoz.ru
Tula Arms Plant

Tula Arms Plant (or Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod)(Rus"Тульский оружейный завод") is a Russian weapons manufacturer founded by Tsar Peter I of Russia in 1712[4] in Tula, Russia as Tula Arsenal. Throughout its history, it has produced weapons for whomever controlled the Russian state. Its name was changed from Tula Arsenal to Tula Arms Plant during the Soviet era.

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Strategic importance

Tula was strategically important to the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Significant ore deposits were situated relatively close to it and it had access to ample transportation routes like the Upa River and many rail lines coming into and out of the city.

During World War II, the German army invaded Russia as part of Operation Barbarossa. By December 5, the German 2nd Panzer Division had advanced to within a few kilometers of Tula, forcing the Soviets to evacuate Tula Arms Plant. As a result, far fewer weapons were produced there than at other Soviet factories such as Izhevsk Mechanical Plant. Consequently, Tula weapons of World War II are considered more valuable by collectors.

Products

During the early to mid Soviet era, Tula Arms Plant produced a variety military rifles, including the Mosin-Nagant, SVT-40, SKS, and AK-47. It also produced the Nagant M1895 revolver.

From the early 1980s, the factory continued to produce the AK-47 as well as AK-74, and also manufactured the VSS Vintorez, AS Val, OTs-14 Groza, and TOZ rifle weapons designed by TsNIITochMash. The plant also produces large quantities of small arms ammunition for the military as well as for commercial sale.

See also

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Coordinates: 54°12′02″N 37°36′53.4″E / 54.20056°N 37.614833°E / 54.20056; 37.614833