Tuil

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Tuil
Town
Kerkje van Tuil
The town centre (red) and the statistical district (light green) of Tuil in the municipality of Neerijnen.
Coordinates: 51°49′22″N 5°14′23″E / 51.82278°N 5.23972°E / 51.82278; 5.23972Coordinates: 51°49′22″N 5°14′23″E / 51.82278°N 5.23972°E / 51.82278; 5.23972
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
MunicipalityNeerijnen
Population (2005)
 • Total657
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
 
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Tuil
Town
Kerkje van Tuil
The town centre (red) and the statistical district (light green) of Tuil in the municipality of Neerijnen.
Coordinates: 51°49′22″N 5°14′23″E / 51.82278°N 5.23972°E / 51.82278; 5.23972Coordinates: 51°49′22″N 5°14′23″E / 51.82278°N 5.23972°E / 51.82278; 5.23972
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
MunicipalityNeerijnen
Population (2005)
 • Total657
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)

Tuil is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Neerijnen, and lies about 14 km west of Tiel.

In 2001, the town of Tuil had 388 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.10 km², and contained 137 residences.[1] The statistical area "Tuil", which also can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 650.[2]

History[edit]

The area now encompassing the village of Tuil was inhabited in Roman times by the Batavians, but by about 800 AD Frankish tribes had occupied the site. The River Waal in this area originally meandered to the north of the present river's course, but spontaneously straightened in the 13th century due to increased river flow, leaving the village streets running at right angles to the river. By the 19th century, after repeated dike breaks at Tuil, a new dike was built along the present-day route that severely truncated the village.[3][4][5][6]

The first known mentions of Tuil appear in feudal documents of 963 AD and 1031 AD.[7] In the 14th century, four members of the family Van Tuyl lived near the village of Tuil, and three others to the north, along the River Linge. This establishes the village of Tuil as the place of origin for the family name Van Tuyl.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001. (Statistics are for the continuous built-up area).
  2. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005. As of 1 January 2005.
  3. ^ R. L. Van Tuyl and J. N. A. Groenendijk, “A Van Tuyl Chronicle – 650 Years in the History of a Dutch-American Family,” 1996, Chapter 1.
  4. ^ P. F. Elbers, "Een Opgraving in Tuil," in Mededilingen van de Historiche Kring West-Betuwe, March 1986, pg. 2
  5. ^ P. F. Elbers, "Tuil, een Bijzonder Dorp," in Mededilingen van de Historiche Kring West-Betuwe, vol. 15, no. 3, 1987, pg. 27
  6. ^ P. F. Elbers, "De Dijken van Tuil, een Treurige Geschiedenis," in Mededilingen van de Historiche Kring West-Betuwe, August 1992, pg. 28
  7. ^ Van Tuyl and Groenedijk, pg. 13.
  8. ^ Van Tuyl and Groenedijk, pp. 25-26.