Tsuyama, Okayama

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Tsuyama
津山市
City

Flag
Location of Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture
Tsuyama, Okayama is located in Japan
Tsuyama
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°4′10″N 134°0′16″E / 35.06944°N 134.00444°E / 35.06944; 134.00444Coordinates: 35°4′10″N 134°0′16″E / 35.06944°N 134.00444°E / 35.06944; 134.00444
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
PrefectureOkayama Prefecture
Government
 • MayorAkinori Miyaji (since March 2010)
Area
 • Total506.36 km2 (195.51 sq mi)
Population (December 1, 2010)
 • Total108,057
 • Density213.40/km2 (552.7/sq mi)
Time zoneJapan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- TreeCamphor laurel
- FlowerSatsuki azalea, Sakura
Address520 Yamakita, Tsuyama-shi, Okayama-ken
708-8501
Phone number868-23-2111
WebsiteCity of Tsuyama
 
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Tsuyama
津山市
City

Flag
Location of Tsuyama in Okayama Prefecture
Tsuyama, Okayama is located in Japan
Tsuyama
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°4′10″N 134°0′16″E / 35.06944°N 134.00444°E / 35.06944; 134.00444Coordinates: 35°4′10″N 134°0′16″E / 35.06944°N 134.00444°E / 35.06944; 134.00444
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
PrefectureOkayama Prefecture
Government
 • MayorAkinori Miyaji (since March 2010)
Area
 • Total506.36 km2 (195.51 sq mi)
Population (December 1, 2010)
 • Total108,057
 • Density213.40/km2 (552.7/sq mi)
Time zoneJapan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- TreeCamphor laurel
- FlowerSatsuki azalea, Sakura
Address520 Yamakita, Tsuyama-shi, Okayama-ken
708-8501
Phone number868-23-2111
WebsiteCity of Tsuyama
Tsuyama city hall

Tsuyama (津山市 Tsuyama-shi?) is a city located in Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 89,974 and a population density of 484.43 persons per km². The total area was 185.73 km². The area increased in 2005 as the result of a merger with adjacent towns, which also boosted the city's population to more than 100,000.

History[edit]

The city was founded on February 11, 1929.

Tsuyama Castle in 1873

Tsuyama is known for the 17th-century Tsuyama Castle, whose grandeur was said to rival that of Himeji Castle in neighboring Hyōgo Prefecture. The castle was destroyed in 1874, and today only the stone foundations remain, save for a single turret that was reconstructed in 2005. The castle ruins remain Tsuyama's main tourist attraction along with Joto Street, a narrow street of old, traditional buildings that was once part of the pilgrimage route from Kyoto to Izumo, and Shurakuen Garden, a traditional Japanese garden constructed in 1657.

The 1938 Tsuyama massacre, in which 21-year-old Mutsuo Toi murdered 30 people in the course of one and a half hours, took place in a village near Tsuyama which became part of the city of Tsuyama in 2005. It was considered for several decades to be the world's largest massacre committed by a single criminal.

On February 28, 2005, the town of Kamo, the village of Aba (both from Tomata District), the town of Shōboku (from Katsuta District), and the town of Kume (from Kume District) were merged into Tsuyama.

Climate[edit]

Tsuyama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cold winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for Tateyama, Okayama
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)7.2
(45)
8.4
(47.1)
12.4
(54.3)
19.1
(66.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.3
(79.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.6
(88.9)
27.0
(80.6)
21.2
(70.2)
15.3
(59.5)
9.7
(49.5)
19.33
(66.79)
Daily mean °C (°F)1.7
(35.1)
2.5
(36.5)
5.7
(42.3)
12.0
(53.6)
16.7
(62.1)
20.7
(69.3)
24.8
(76.6)
25.6
(78.1)
21.2
(70.2)
14.7
(58.5)
8.8
(47.8)
3.7
(38.7)
13.17
(55.73)
Average low °C (°F)−2.4
(27.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.2
(32.4)
5.7
(42.3)
10.5
(50.9)
16.2
(61.2)
21.1
(70)
21.5
(70.7)
17.0
(62.6)
9.8
(49.6)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.7
(30.7)
8.41
(47.14)
Precipitation mm (inches)48.4
(1.906)
57.0
(2.244)
95.8
(3.772)
144.1
(5.673)
153.1
(6.028)
230.1
(9.059)
258.8
(10.189)
125.5
(4.941)
223.8
(8.811)
96.3
(3.791)
64.2
(2.528)
34.8
(1.37)
1,531.9
(60.312)
Snowfall cm (inches)22
(8.7)
17
(6.7)
7
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(3.1)
54
(21.3)
 % humidity77757271737882798079818077.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours127.4128.3166.4178.5202.7158.3154.2189.1147.1154.5120.3116.21,843
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Festivals[edit]

Attractions[edit]

View from Tsuyama Castle

Education[edit]

Transport[edit]

Tsuyama's main railway station is Tsuyama Station. The station is served by the Tsuyama Line (to Okayama), the Kishin Line (to Himeji and Niimi), and the Inbi Line (to Tottori). All services are operated by JR West. Tsuyama is one of the major cities along the Chūgoku Expressway. As with many Japanese cities, cycling is a very common form of transport, particularly among school students.

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Okayama Airport.

Rail[edit]

Road[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Tsuyama[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]