Tro tro

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Tro tro in Accra

In Ghana and neighboring countries tro tro are privately owned minibus share taxis that travel fixed routes leaving when filled to capacity.[1] While there are tro tro stations, these vehicles for hire can also be boarded anywhere along the route.[2]

Operated by a driver and a conductor (who collects money, shouts out the destination, and is called a "mate"), many are decorated with slogans and sayings, often religious.[3] Few operate on Sundays.[4]


A popular means of transport

Used by 70% of Ghanaian commuters, tro tro are the most popular form of transport for work and shopping in the country as of 2010.[5] Large buses also provide public transport in Accra, Ghana, as of 2008[AICD 1] but may be used by fewer people.[citation needed]


In Ghana tro tro are licensed by the government, but the industry is self-regulated.[2] As of 2008 there was no independent transport authority in Accra, Ghana.[AICD 2]

In the absence of a regulatory environment groups called syndicates oversee minibus share taxis like tro tro in Africa. These groups may collect dues, set routes, manage terminals, and fix fares.[AICD 3] In Accra as of 2008 such syndicates include GPRTU and PROTOA.[AICD 4]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Report from the Field: The Tro-Tro – An Essential Mode of Transport in Accra, Ghana by Susan Blaustein., 9.29.2010
  3. ^
  4. ^ Ghana: The Bradt Travel Guide (page 69) Philip Briggs. Bradt Travel Guides, 2007. 4th ed. 416 pages. 1841622052, 9781841622057 (Google Books)
  5. ^ City of Accra, Ghana consultative citizens' report card (page 113) Report No. 55117-GH. The World Bank. 2010/06/01.
  1. ^ Stuck in Traffic; Urban Transport in Africa (page xiii) Ajay Kumar & Fanny Barrett. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic in cooperation with the World Bank, January 2008. Draft Final Report.
  2. ^ Barrett & Kumar, page 14
  3. ^ Barrett & Kumar, page xiv
  4. ^ Barrett & Kumar, page 9

See also