Double (basketball)

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In basketball, a double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in one of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. Multiple players usually score double-digit points in any given basketball game; the double nomenclature is usually reserved for when a player has double-digit totals in more than one category. A double-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in two of the five categories in a game. The most common double-double combination is points-rebounds, followed by points-assists. Since the 1985–86 season, Karl Malone leads the National Basketball Association (NBA) in the points-rebounds combination with 811 and John Stockton leads the points-assists combination with 709. A triple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in three of the five categories in a game. The most common way to notch a triple-double is through points, rebounds, and assists. Oscar Robertson leads the all-time NBA list with 181. Until his retirement in 2013, Jason Kidd led the list among active players with 107. A quadruple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in four of the five categories in a game. This has occurred four times in the NBA. A quintuple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in all five categories in a game. Two quintuple-doubles have been recorded by high school girls, but none have occurred in college or professional games. A similar accomplishment is the five-by-five, which is the accumulation of at least five points, five rebounds, five assists, five steals, and five blocks in a game. In the NBA, only Hakeem Olajuwon and Andrei Kirilenko have accumulated multiple five-by-fives since the 1985–86 season.

Double-double[edit]

"Double-double" redirects here. For other uses, see Double-double (disambiguation).

A double-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in two of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. The most common double-double combination is points and rebounds, followed by points and assists.[1] Double-doubles are fairly common in the NBA. During the 2008–09 season, 69 players who were eligible for leadership in the main statistical categories recorded at least 10 double-doubles during the season.[2]

Special double-doubles are rare. One such double-double is called double double-double (also referred to as 20–20 or Double-20). It occurs when a player accumulates 20 or more in two different statistical categories in a game.[3][4][5] Another such double-double is called a triple double-double (also referred to as 30–30).[6] The only player in NBA history to record a 40-40 is Wilt Chamberlain, who achieved the feat 5 times in his career. Of the 5 instances, 4 were recorded in his rookie season, and the fifth was achieved the following year where he scored 78 points and 43 rebounds in a game.

NBA[edit]

Double-double leaders (in regular season)[edit]

The following is a list of regular season double-double leaders since the 1985–86 season:

^Denotes active player
*Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame

Facts[edit]

Triple-double[edit]

A triple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double digit number total in three of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. The most common way for a player to achieve a triple-double is with points, rebounds, and assists, though on occasion players may record 10 or more steals or blocked shots in a game.[11] The origin of the term "triple-double" is unclear. Some sources claim that it was coined by former Los Angeles Lakers public relations director Bruce Jolesch in the 1980s in order to showcase Magic Johnson's versatility,[12][13] while others claim that it was coined by then Philadelphia 76ers media relations director Harvey Pollack in 1980.[14][15] The triple-double became an officially recorded statistic during the 1979–80 season.

A triple-double is seen as an indication of an excellent all-around individual performance.[11] However, the converse is not true; a player can have an excellent all-around performance while failing to achieve a triple-double. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), they are rare, as the top players usually accumulate fewer than 10 in a season (out of a possible 82 games in the regular NBA season).[16] They are even more rare at the collegiate level (though double-doubles are much more common). There are two primary reasons for the relative infrequency of triple-doubles at the collegiate level: the shot clock in men's college basketball is 35 seconds as opposed to 24 seconds in the NBA, and college games last only 40 minutes instead of 48 in the NBA. Both timing issues considerably reduce the number of possessions in a game and thus the chances for amassing large numbers in any one statistic, much less all three.[17]

There has been occasional controversy surrounding triple-doubles made when a player achieves the feat with a late rebound. Players with nine rebounds in a game have sometimes been accused of deliberately missing a shot late in the game in order to recover the rebound; a few have even gone so far as shooting off their opponent's basket trying to score a triple-double. To deter this, NBA rules allow rebounds to be nullified if the shot is determined not to be a legitimate scoring attempt.[18]

NBA[edit]

From the 1990–91 to the 2010–11 season, the NBA averaged 34.5 triple-doubles per season, roughly 1 in every 36 games.[19]

NCAA Division I[edit]

NameTeamScoreOpponentRoundDateMinutes
played
PointsReboundsAssistsStealsBlocksReference
Robertson, OscarOscar RobertsonCincinnati98–85LouisvilleThird placeMarch 21, 195939391710[63]
Johnson, MagicMagic JohnsonMichigan State95–64LamarSecond roundMarch 10, 197935131710
Johnson, MagicMagic JohnsonMichigan State101–67PennFinal FourMarch 24, 19793529101030[63]
Grant, GaryGary GrantMichigan97–109North CarolinaSecond roundMarch 14, 19873924101010[64]
O'Neal, ShaquilleShaquille O'NealLSU94–83BYUFirst roundMarch 19, 19923126134111[63]
Cain, DavidDavid CainSt. John's85–67Texas TechFirst roundMarch 18, 19933712111110[65]
Miller, AndreAndre MillerUtah76–51ArizonaElite EightMarch 21, 19983618141321[63]
Wade, DwyaneDwyane WadeMarquette83–69KentuckyElite EightMarch 29, 20033529111114[63]
Aldrich, ColeCole AldrichKansas60–43DaytonSecond roundMarch 22, 20093113201010[66]
Green, DraymondDraymond GreenMichigan State76–78UCLAFirst roundMarch 17, 20113723111040[67]
Green, DraymondDraymond GreenMichigan State89–67Long IslandSecond roundMarch 16, 20123524121010[68]

Quadruple-double[edit]

Center David Robinson is the most recent NBA player to accomplish the feat of a quadruple-double by recording at least 10 points, rebounds, assists, and blocks in a game.

A quadruple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double digit number total in four of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game.[71] This feat is extremely rare:[71][72] only four players have officially recorded a quadruple-double in National Basketball Association (NBA) history. The first American male player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Nate Thurmond, who achieved this feat in 1974 while playing for the NBA's Chicago Bulls. The first American female player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Ann Meyers, who achieved this feat in 1978 while playing for the UCLA Bruins.[73] The first male player in NCAA Division I history to record a quadruple-double was Lester Hudson.[74]

Note that a quadruple-double (or a triple-double) is much harder to accomplish in most leagues other than the NBA because of the greater length of NBA games—48 minutes (four 12-minute quarters), as opposed to 40 minutes under NCAA, FIBA, and WNBA rules. (The NCAA uses 20-minute halves, while the WNBA and FIBA use 10-minute quarters.)

NBA[edit]

Quadruple-doubles have only been possible since the 1973–74 season, when the NBA started recording both blocked shots and steals. It is often speculated by observers that other all-time greats, namely Oscar Robertson (all time triple-doubles leader with 181[59][75]), Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell or Jerry West could conceivably have had quadruple-doubles.[72] According to West's biography at NBA.com, he reportedly recorded a quadruple-double after having 44 points, 12 rebounds, 10 assists and 10 blocks.[76] Wilt Chamberlain also reportedly recorded a quadruple-double in Game 1 of the 1967 Eastern Division Finals against the Boston Celtics, when he had 24 points, 32 rebounds, 13 assists and 12 blocks.[77]

The four players listed below are the only players who have officially recorded a quadruple-double in an NBA game. Except for Thurmond, who retired before the award was established in 1983, all of them have won NBA Defensive Player of the Year at least once.[78]

*Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
NameDateTeamScoreOpponentMinutes
played
PointsReboundsAssistsStealsBlocksOvertimeReference
Thurmond, NateNate Thurmond*October 18, 1974Chicago Bulls120–115Atlanta Hawks452214130 or 112Yes (OT)[79]
Robertson, AlvinAlvin RobertsonFebruary 18, 1986San Antonio Spurs120–114Phoenix Suns36201110100No[80]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon*March 29, 1990Houston Rockets120–94Milwaukee Bucks40181610111No[81]
Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson*February 17, 1994San Antonio Spurs115–96Detroit Pistons43341010210No[82]

Several others missed that mark by finishing with triple-doubles and a total of 9 in a fourth statistical category (statistical categories in which they fell short are in bold):

NameDateTeamOpponentMinutes
played
PointsReboundsAssistsStealsBlocksOvertimeReference
Barry, RickRick Barry*October 29, 1974Golden State WarriorsBuffalo Braves433010119No[83][84]
Steele, LarryLarry SteeleNovember 16, 1974Portland Trail BlazersLos Angeles Lakers441211910No[85][86]
Moore, JohnnyJohnny MooreJanuary 8, 1985San Antonio SpursGolden State Warriors362611139No[87]
Bird, LarryLarry Bird*[a]February 18, 1985Boston CelticsUtah Jazz333012109No[88][89]
Richardson, Micheal RayMicheal Ray RichardsonOctober 30, 1985New Jersey NetsIndiana Pacers543811119Yes (3 OT)[90]
Drexler, ClydeClyde Drexler*January 10, 1986Portland Trail BlazersMilwaukee Bucks422691110No[86]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon*[b]March 3, 1990Houston RocketsGolden State Warriors4029189[b]11No[91]
Drexler, ClydeClyde Drexler*November 1, 1996Houston RocketsSacramento Kings422510910No[92]
Notes

Other men's basketball[edit]

LeagueNameDateTeamOpponentMinutes
played
PointsReboundsAssistsStealsBlocksOvertimeReference
French National LeagueLewis, DerrickDerrick Lewis[c]February 24, 1990ReimsLorient20111210No[97]
National Basketball League (Australasia)Rowe, DarenDaren Rowe[d]1990Geelong SupercatsNorth Melbourne Giants25171111No[98]
Chinese Basketball AssociationHu XuefengDecember 8, 2004Jiangsu DragonsYunnan Bulls16101210No[99]
FIBA Europe Under-16 ChampionshipRubio, RickyRicky RubioAugust 19, 2006SpainCroatia3319101311No[100]
American Basketball Association (2000–)Staten, JamelJamel StatenFebruary 2, 2007Minnesota RipkneesSt. Louis Stunners29131010No[101]
NCAA Division I menHudson, LesterLester Hudson[e]November 13, 2007Tennessee-MartinCentral Baptist31251210101No[74][102]
Continental Basketball AssociationBlackburn, JermaineJermaine BlackburnDecember 20, 2008East Kentucky MinersWest Virginia Wild22101410No[103]
High school boysBenimon, JerrelleJerrelle BenimonFebruary 17, 2009Fauquier HSOsbourn HS13171110No[104]
Chinese Basketball AssociationWilliams, ChrisChris WilliamsDecember 25, 2009Qingdao DoublestarDongguan Leopards3915111111No[105]
Notes

Women's basketball[edit]

LeagueNameDateTeamOpponentPointsReboundsAssistsStealsBlocksReference
American Basketball LeagueBlack, DebbieDebbie BlackDecember 8, 1996Colorado XplosionAtlanta Glory10141210[106][107]
Israeli Basketball Super LeagueBrown, EdwinaEdwina BrownDecember 2008Ramat HenHapoel Holon22101010[108]
Greek Women's Basketball LeagueDimitrakou, ZoiZoi DimitrakouMarch 22, 2009G.S. Megas AlexandrosAris Holargou49181012[109]
Russian Premiere LeagueKalmykova, MariaMaria KalmykovaJanuary 21, 2001Chevakata VologdaDynamo Kursk20151111[110]
European U16 ChampionshipVerameyenka, AnastasiyaAnastasiya VerameyenkaApril 20, 2003Belarus U16 NTCzech U16 NT21101012[111]
AIAW Division I womenMeyers, AnnAnn MeyersFebruary 18, 1978UCLAStephen F. Austin20141010[73]
NCAA Division III womenEsteves, EvitaEvita EstevesFebruary 5, 2004Emmanuel CollegeJohnson & Wales10101113[112][113]
NCAA Division III womenPurnell, DannaDanna PurnellFebruary 10, 2007SUNY-Old WestburyNew Rochelle14101113[112][114]
NCAA Division III womenWilliams, LatiquaLatiqua WilliamsNovember 16, 2008Bard CollegeNew Rochelle21131011[115]

Other known quadruple-doubles[edit]

LeagueNameDateTeamReference
NCAA Division I womenTate, SonjaSonja TateJanuary 27, 1993Arkansas State[112][116]
NCAA Division III womenVenet, SuzySuzy Venet1997Mount Union[112]
NCAA Division III womenSantiago, KatherineKatherine Santiago1999Lehman[112]
NCAA Division III womenPoppleton, AmandaAmanda Poppleton2003Notre Dame (Md.)[112]
High school girlsFaris, KellyKelly FarisNovember 24, 2007Heritage Christian[117]
High school girlsGriner, BrittneyBrittney GrinerDecember 2, 2008Nimitz HS[118]

During the 2003–04 season, Helena Sverrisdóttir averaged a quadruple-double for Haukar in the Icelandic Women's Division II. In 16 games she averaged 37.6 points, 13.3 rebounds, 11.6 assists and 10.2 steals.[119]

Quintuple-double[edit]

A quintuple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in all five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a single game.[120] There are only two known quintuple-doubles, both at the girls' high-school level. The first was recorded by Tamika Catchings of Duncanville High School (Duncanville, Texas) with 25 points, 18 rebounds, 11 assists, 10 steals and 10 blocks in 1997.[121] The second was by Aimee Oertner of Northern Lehigh High School (Slatington, Pennsylvania), who had 26 points, 20 rebounds, 10 assists, 10 steals, and 11 blocks on January 7, 2012.[122]

Five-by-five[edit]

A five-by-five is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a total of five in five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocks—in a single game.[123] Statistics for steals and blocks were not kept in the NBA until the 1973–74 season, so NBA five-by-fives were only possible from that season onward. Hakeem Olajuwon (six times) and Andrei Kirilenko (three times) are the only players to have recorded multiple five-by-fives (based on records since the 1985–86 season).[123] Both are also the only players to record five-by-sixes (at least six in all five statistical categories).[123]

NBA[edit]

The following is a list of known five-by-fives. Note the list contains all five-by-fives since the 1985–86 season as well as one before. There may be other five-by-fives in the NBA that occurred before the 1985–86 season.

NameDateAgeTeamScoreOpponentPointsReboundsAssistsStealsBlocksOvertimeReference
Erving, JuliusJulius ErvingDecember 5, 197929 years, 286 daysPhiladelphia 76ers132–120San Antonio Spurs2871055No[124][125][126]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem OlajuwonMarch 10, 198724 years, 48 daysHouston Rockets127–136Seattle SuperSonics38176712Yes (2OT)[127]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem OlajuwonMarch 3, 199027 years, 41 daysHouston Rockets129–109Golden State Warriors29189511No[91]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem OlajuwonApril 11, 199229 years, 81 daysHouston Rockets92–99Dallas Mavericks1913655No[128]
Robinson, DavidDavid RobinsonNovember 10, 199227 years, 96 daysSan Antonio Spurs104–98Milwaukee Bucks2995510No[129]
Coleman, DerrickDerrick ColemanJanuary 15, 199325 years, 208 daysNew Jersey Nets110–105Philadelphia 76ers2110755Yes (OT)[130]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem OlajuwonApril 22, 199330 years, 91 daysHouston Rockets112–110Minnesota Timberwolves3313555Yes (OT)[131]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem OlajuwonNovember 5, 199330 years, 288 daysHouston Rockets110–88New Jersey Nets2419655No[132]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem OlajuwonDecember 30, 199330 years, 343 daysHouston Rockets110–104Minnesota Timberwolves3410558No[133]
Divac, VladeVlade DivacFebruary 22, 199527 years, 19 daysLos Angeles Lakers112–100Philadelphia 76ers1912855No[134]
Tinsley, JamaalJamaal TinsleyNovember 16, 200123 years, 261 daysIndiana Pacers113–120Minnesota Timberwolves1291565Yes (2OT)[135]
Kirilenko, AndreiAndrei KirilenkoDecember 3, 200322 years, 288 daysUtah Jazz101–107Houston Rockets195785Yes (OT)[136]
Kirilenko, AndreiAndrei KirilenkoDecember 10, 200322 years, 295 daysUtah Jazz95–73New York Knicks1012665No[137]
Camby, MarcusMarcus CambyJanuary 9, 200429 years, 293 daysDenver Nuggets106–96Utah Jazz811558No[138]
Kirilenko, AndreiAndrei KirilenkoJanuary 3, 200624 years, 319 daysUtah Jazz90–80Los Angeles Lakers148967No[139]
Batum, NicolasNicolas BatumDecember 16, 201224 years, 2 daysPortland Trail Blazers95–94New Orleans Hornets1151055No[140]

Facts[edit]

All facts based on data since 1985–86:

Players with at least 5 steals and 5 blocked shots in a game[edit]

This is a list of players since the 1985–86 NBA season who have posted totals of five or more in both steals and blocked shots, but did not record a five-by-five.

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