Trinidad, Colorado

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Trinidad, Colorado
—  City  —
Trinidad, Colorado, ca. 1907
Location in Las Animas County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 37°10′15″N 104°30′23″W / 37.17083°N 104.50639°W / 37.17083; -104.50639Coordinates: 37°10′15″N 104°30′23″W / 37.17083°N 104.50639°W / 37.17083; -104.50639
Country United States
State State of Colorado
County[1]Las Animas County - seat[2]
IncorporatedDecember 30, 1879[3]
Government
 • TypeHome Rule Municipality[1]
Area
 • Total6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
 • Land6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[4]6,010 ft (1,832 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total9,078
 • Density1,441/sq mi (556.9/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[5]81082
Area code(s)719
FIPS code08-78610
GNIS feature ID0204811
WebsiteCity of Trinidad
 
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Trinidad, Colorado
—  City  —
Trinidad, Colorado, ca. 1907
Location in Las Animas County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 37°10′15″N 104°30′23″W / 37.17083°N 104.50639°W / 37.17083; -104.50639Coordinates: 37°10′15″N 104°30′23″W / 37.17083°N 104.50639°W / 37.17083; -104.50639
Country United States
State State of Colorado
County[1]Las Animas County - seat[2]
IncorporatedDecember 30, 1879[3]
Government
 • TypeHome Rule Municipality[1]
Area
 • Total6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
 • Land6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[4]6,010 ft (1,832 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total9,078
 • Density1,441/sq mi (556.9/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[5]81082
Area code(s)719
FIPS code08-78610
GNIS feature ID0204811
WebsiteCity of Trinidad

The historic City of Trinidad is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Las Animas County, Colorado, United States.[6] The United States Census Bureau estimates that the city population was 9,077 in 2005.[7]

Contents

Geography

Trinidad is located at 37°10′15″N 104°30′23″W / 37.17083°N 104.50639°W / 37.17083; -104.50639 (37.170944, -104.506447)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16 km2), all of it land.

Trinidad is situated in the Purgatoire River valley at an elevation of 6,025 feet (1,836 m). On the northern end of the town is Simpson's Rest, a prominent bluff named for early resident George Simpson, who is buried atop. North Avenue leads to a rut-prone county road to the top of Simpson's Rest for overviews of the city. The vista from Simpson's Rest includes Fisher's Peak, a prominent mountain of 9,600 feet (2,900 m) in elevation, south of the city.

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 9,078 people, 3,701 households, and 2,335 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,439.4 people per square mile (555.5/km²). There were 4,126 housing units at an average density of 654.2 per square mile (252.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.97% White, 0.54% African American, 3.02% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 12.12% from other races, and 3.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.07% of the population.

There were 3,701 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,681, and the median income for a family was $33,992. Males had a median income of $27,817 versus $19,064 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,271. About 16.2% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

The Bloom Mansion is part of the Trinidad History Museum.
Historic Baca House, the original home of Philipe Baca, the founder of Trinidad
Holy Trinity Catholic Church in downtown Trinidad
Trinidad City Hall
A glimpse of downtown Trinidad with the Columbia Hotel to the rear right
Coal miners monument in Trinidad
U.S. Post Office in downtown Trinidad
First fire bell used in Trinidad, 1890-1928
Trinidad trolley cars offer free tours of the historic city.
City of Trinidad locomotive is displayed downtown.

Economy

For many years Trinidad housed the miners who worked in the coal mines of the Raton Basin south and west of the town. The coal mines are now closed, but since the 1980s companies have been drilling new gas wells to extract coalbed methane from the remaining coal seams.

Trinidad's location at the foot of Raton Pass, along the Santa Fe Trail between St. Joseph, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico, has always made it a favored route for travellers, first by foot, then horse and ox-drawn wagon, then by railroad. Today Interstate 25, the most highly-travelled route between Colorado and New Mexico, passes through Trinidad.

Bowen Mine Explosion, 1902

On Aug. 7, 1902, the Bowen Town coal mine, near Trinidad, experienced a horrific gas explosion, killing all 13 miners. At the time it was one of the worst mining disasters in the state.

"Sex Change Capital of the World"

Trinidad has been dubbed the "Sex Change Capital of the World", because a local doctor had an international reputation for performing sex reassignment surgery. In the 1960s, Dr. Stanley Biber, a veteran surgeon returning from Korea, decided to move to Trinidad because he had heard that the town needed a surgeon. In 1969 a local social worker asked him if he would perform the surgery for her, which he learned by consulting diagrams and a New York surgeon. Biber attained a reputation as a good surgeon at a time when very few doctors performed the operations. At his peak, Biber was performing roughly four sex change operations a day, and the term "taking a trip to Trinidad" became a euphemism for some seeking the procedures he offered. His surgical practice was taken over in 2003 by Marci Bowers. Biber was featured in an episode of South Park where elementary school teacher Mr. Garrison undergoes a sex change operation. Dr. Bowers has since moved the practice to San Mateo, California.

Notable people

Transportation

Aerial view of Trinidad ca. 1907

Road

Rail

Air

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. http://www.dola.state.co.us/dlg/local_governments/municipalities.html. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  2. ^ "Colorado County Seats". State of Colorado, Department of Public Health and Environment. http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/hs/cntyseat.html. Retrieved 2007-12-31.
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/muninc.html. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/citytown.jsp. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado" (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21, 2006. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2005-04-08.csv. Retrieved November 17, 2006.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Kathy Weiser, "Poker Alice - Famous Frontier Gambler"". legendsofamerica.com. http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-pokeralice.html. Retrieved May 10, 2012.

External links