List of trees of Canada

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This list includes many of the common large shrubs of Canada, as well as the trees. Many of the trees on this list are introduced as ornamentals or for food and are not common in Canada. Also due to the vast area of Canada, a tree that is common in one area, may be completely absent or unable to grow in another area. In particular many warm-temperate trees can only be grown on the mild Pacific coast (where gardens may contain many additional species not listed here).

See also Provincial tree emblems of Canada for the official trees of the Provinces and Territories of Canada.

Pinophyta (Conifers)

Abies (firs)

Araucaria

Callitropsis

Cedrus (cedars)

Chamaecyparis

Cryptomeria

Cupressus

Juniperus (junipers)

Larix (larches)

Metasequoia

Picea (spruces)

Pinus (pines)

Platycladus

Pseudotsuga

Sciadopitys

Sequoia

Sequoiadendron

Taxodium (cypresses)

Taxus (yews)

Thuja (thujas)

Tsuga (hemlocks)

Ginkgophyta (Ginkgos)

Ginkgo

Magnoliophyta (Broadleaves)

Acer (maples)

Aesculus (buckeyes and horse-chestnuts)

Ailanthus

Alnus (alders)

Amelanchier (serviceberries)

Aralia

Arbutus

Asimina

Betula (birches)

Caragana

Carpinus (hornbeams)

Carya (hickories)

Castanea (chestnuts)

Catalpa (catalpas)

Celtis (hackberries)

Cephalanthus

Cercidiphyllum

Cercis

Cladrastis

Cornus (dogwoods)

Corylus (hazels )

Cotinus

Crataegus (Hawthorns) - too many species to list.

Elaeagnus

Euonymus (Euonymus)

Fagus (beeches)

Fraxinus (ashes)

Gleditsia

Gymnocladus

Hamamelis

Hippophae

Ilex (hollies)

Juglans (walnuts)

Laburnum

Liquidambar

Liriodendron

Maclura

Magnolia (magnolias)

Malus (apples)

Morus (mulberries)

Myrica

Nemopanthus – see Ilex

Nyssa (tupelos)

Ostrya

Phellodendron

Platanus (planes)

Populus (poplars, balsam poplars, aspens, cottonwoods)

Prunus (cherries, plums, peaches)

Ptelea

Pyrus (pears)

Quercus (oaks)

Rhamnus (buckthorns)

Rhododendron (rhododendrons)

Rhus (sumacs)

Robinia

Sassafras

Salix (willows) - too many species to list.

Sambucus (elder)

Shepherdia

Sorbus (rowans)

Syringa

Tilia (lindens)

Toxicodendron

Ulmus (elms)

Viburnum (viburnums)

Zanthoxylum (Zanthoxylums, prickly-ashes)

Zelkova