Mobility issues include:
- bus-only city mass transit system; the absence of rapid transit and light rail.
- undue emphasis on automobile travel in city planning; the lack of sidewalks and bike paths.
- excessive automobile usage resulting in environmental degradation (specifically air pollution), as evidenced by the city's history of poor air quality
- lack of cross-town bus routes, forcing bus riders to travel downtown to cross from one side of the city to another, often doubling or tripling what the trip distance would have been with a direct route.
- "lack of vision" in building a transportation network based entirely on non-renewable resources and old technology
- paucity of scheduled bus routes, often forcing riders to choose between arriving at a destination extremely early, or late.
- lack of night bus services, which forces those who work late shifts to find other ways to get around. These can be much more expensive.
- fiscal costs of building (for instance liens), repairing, and replacing roads
There are other concerns over a lack of safe walking paths in many areas of the city. Many suburbs which were incorporated in the consolidation of 1968 don’t have sidewalks. This often forces pedestrians to navigate a narrow road shoulder near high-speed automobile traffic.
Interstate Highways 10 and 95 intersect in Jacksonville, creating the busiest intersection in the region with 200,000 vehicles each day. Interstate 10 ends at this intersection (the other end being in Santa Monica, California).
A $152 million project to create a high-speed interchange at the intersection of Interstates 10 and 95 began in February 2005, after the conclusion of Super Bowl XXXIX. Construction was expected to take nearly six years with multiple lane flyovers and the requirement that the interchange remain open throughout the project. The previous configuration utilized single lane, low speed, curved ramps which created backups during rush hours and contributed to accidents.
Major arterial highways:
- US 1 The primary north-south local access roadway through downtown Jacksonville.
- US 17 Roosevelt Boulevard is a major north-south connector from downtown Jacksonville to Clay County.
- US 23 Kings Road, is another major north-south connector that terminates in downtown Jacksonville as Union Street going southeast and State Street going northwest. Most of the road is either multiplexed with US 1 or US 17.
- US 90 Beach Boulevard is a major east-west connector from downtown Jacksonville to the beaches.
- State Road 202 J. Turner Butler Boulevard is a major connector from Jacksonville to the beaches.
- State Road 10 Atlantic Boulevard is the north connector to the beaches.
- State Road 115 Southside Boulevard is a southeast residential connector; in north Jacksonville, it goes by many names but is a northwest residential connector.
- State Road A1A Scenic two-lane road that runs along the Atlantic Ocean.
- Regular bus service - JTA's fleet has 180 vehicles that travel 8.5 million miles per year on 56 routes; 110 maintenance workers and 320 drivers are employed. Bicycle racks are now available on all city buses.
- Express bus service - Five once-daily early morning routes are offered which originate from an outlying area and go directly to their destination with no intermediate stops, then return in late afternoon.
- Trolley-replica buses - local transportation available weekdays from mid-morning to early afternoon; Bay Street and Beaver Street (downtown) routes are free; Riverside and the Beach trolley have a minimal charge.
- Stadium shuttle - game day bus transportation from suburban, downtown and Park-n-Ride locations to the stadium and back.
- JTA Connexion (paratransit) - special transport for the disabled and elderly, provided by private vendors with specially equipped vehicles and drivers.
- Park-n-Ride - Parking facility available in combination with express bus service or Jacksonville Skyway.
- A dozen companies offer Taxi service in Jacksonville. A cab can be hailed from the Jacksonville International Airport and most downtown locations, but elsewhere requires a phone call.
Jacksonville Skyway train
The Jacksonville Skyway is an automated people mover connecting Florida State College at Jacksonville downtown campus, the Northbank central business district, Convention Center, and Southbank locations. The system includes 8 stops connected by two lines. The existing train is a UMIII monorail built by Bombardier. The guideway consists of concrete beams which rest atop an unusually large support structure not used in most monorail systems. Maximum speed for the train is 48 km/h (30 mph).
A monorail was first proposed in 1970s as part of a mobility plan hoping to attract interest from the Urban Mass Transit Administration's Downtown Peoplemover Program. The initial study was undertaken by the Florida Department of Transportation and Jacksonville's planning department, who took the Skyway project to the Jacksonville Transportation Authority (JTA) in 1977. Following further development and a final 18-month feasibility study, the UMTA selected Jacksonville as one of seven cities to receive federal funding for an automated people mover. Two other related projects are Miami's Metromover and Detroit People Mover. UMTA's approved plan called for the construction of a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) Phase I system to be built in three segments.
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service from the Jacksonville Amtrak Station on Clifford Lane in the northwest section of the city. Two trains presently stop there, the Silver Meteor and Silver Star. Jacksonville was also served by the thrice-weekly Sunset Limited and the daily Silver Palm. Service on the Silver Palm was cut back to Savannah, Georgia in 2002. The Sunset Limited route was truncated at San Antonio, Texas as a result of the track damage in the Gulf Coast area caused by Hurricane Katrina on August 28, 2005. Service was restored as far east as New Orleans by late October 2005, but Amtrak has opted not to fully restore service into Florida.
Jacksonville is the headquarters of two significant freight railroads. CSX Transportation, owns a large building on the downtown riverbank that is a significant part of the skyline. Florida East Coast Railway also calls Jacksonville home.
Jacksonville International Airport Concourse C
Jacksonville International Airport (JIA), identified as IATA airport code JAX, is the seventh largest airport in Florida with nearly 6 million passengers annually and serves the Greater Jacksonville Metropolitan Area, Northeast Florida and Southeast Georgia. The airport is currently served by 7 major airlines and 13 commuter airlines. Several air service companies utilize JIA including FedEx, DHL Express and UPS. The airport is served by taxis, dedicated JTA bus routes, as well as several shuttle bus services available 24 hours a day. It also has a rental car center and parking garage.
In 2006, construction began to replace the three existing passenger concourses. Concourse A was demolished and rebuilt, followed by Concourse C, which was completed in 2008. Concourse B was a low priority because the capacities of Concourses A & C were more than adequate for existing demand. The Late-2000s recession resulted in a significant decrease in passengers and flights, which prompted the Jacksonville Aviation Authority to demolish Concourse B in June 2009 because it was safer and easier for the contractor. The JAA expects passenger traffic to increase by 2013, and when it occurs, Concourse B will be erected.
There are several minor airports operated by the Jacksonville Aviation Authority. These include:
Northeast Florida airports and airfields
Port of Jacksonville
River Taxi docked at Southbank
Public seaports in Jacksonville are managed by the Jacksonville Port Authority, known as JAXPORT. Imported and exported goods are shipped from well over 100 countries through the Port of Jacksonville. JAXPORT operates three main cargo facilities: the Blount Island Marine Terminal, the Talleyrand Marine Terminal and the Dames Point Marine Terminal. Through these terminals over 21 million tons of cargo is shipped each year. Port activity is estimated to have an annual impact of over $19 billion, including 65,000 jobs.
the Port of Jacksonville also serves as a hub for passenger ships. The JAXPORT Cruise Terminal is a 63,000 sq ft (5,900 m2) cruise ship terminal located at the northwest corner of the Dames Point Marine Terminal, beside the Dames Point Bridge. Vehicle access to the site is via Hecksher Drive and there is paved parking for about 600 cars. Sailings commenced in October 2003 and Carnival Cruise Lines presently offers service aboard the Fasciantion with service to the Bahamas and Key West.
Passenger boat services
Future and proposed projects
Several proposals for expanding the Jacksonville transit system are in various stages of discussion, planning, or initial funding.
- In 2010, Cecil Field became the United States' eighth licensed commercial spaceport and the first in Florida authorized to fly space vehicles that take off and land horizontally.
- The First Coast Commuter Rail is a proposed commuter rail system serving Jacksonville, FL and Northeast Florida. It is currently in the very early planning stages, having completed the first step of a feasibility study and currently pursuing an alternatives analysis. Three routes were analyzed indepth, north to Yulee, FL, southwest to Green Cove Springs, FL and the southeast to St. Augustine, FL.
- JTA is applying for grants to extend the Jacksonville Skyway into a new station located next to the operations and maintenance center in Jacksonville's fast-growing Brooklyn neighborhood.
- ^ The 2005 Urban Mobility Report
- ^ The Public Purpose Highway & Motorway Fact Book - Lane Miles per Capita 1999:US Urbanized Areas over 1,000,000
- ^ Jacksonville Transportation Woes
- ^ Hannan, Larry: "Jacksonville’s scrambled I-10/I-95 intersection transforming traffic until 2011" Florida Times-Union, June 7, 2010
- ^ Hannan, Larry: "I-95/I-10 construction is almost done" Florida Times-Union, August 11, 2010
- ^ "Profile of Services" Jacksonville Transportation Authority website
- ^ "Jacksonville: Taxis & Rental Cars" Trip Advisor
- ^ "Monorails of North America" The Monorail Society Website
- ^ Gibbons, Timothy J.: Demolition of JIA's Concourse B brings end of an era Florida Times-Union, June 22, 2009
- ^ overview. 3.12.07:overview.qxd.qxd
- ^ "US Port Ranking by Cargo Volume 2008" American Association of Port Authorities
- ^ "Jacksonville Port Authority" JAXPORT website
- ^ "Cruise Terminal" Jacksonville Port Authority, Cruise Terminal
- ^ "Carnival back with bigger, better ship, the Fascination" Florida Times-Union, September 19, 2008
- ^ "Jacksonville Cruises" Jacksonville Cruises
- ^ "St. Johns River Ferry Jacksonville" Yahoo Travel guide
- ^ 
- ^  Feasibility Study Final Report
- ^ Bauerlein, David (May 16, 2013). "JTA head Nat Ford seeks new direction for transit". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- ^ "IRS scrutiny, JTA's new leader, Clay County election efficiency, Baymeadows changes | Politics - Home". News4jax.com. 2013-06-02. Retrieved 2013-07-26.