Trachelospermum

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Trachelospermum
Trachelospermum jasminoides - 01.jpg
Trachelospermum jasminoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Asterids
Order:Gentianales
Family:Apocynaceae
Subfamily:Apocynoideae
Tribe:Apocyneae
Genus:Trachelospermum
Lem.
Synonyms[1]
  • Rhynchospermum Lindl. 1846, illegitimate homonym, not Reinw. 1825
  • Parechites Miq.
  • Microchonea Pierre
 
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Trachelospermum
Trachelospermum jasminoides - 01.jpg
Trachelospermum jasminoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Asterids
Order:Gentianales
Family:Apocynaceae
Subfamily:Apocynoideae
Tribe:Apocyneae
Genus:Trachelospermum
Lem.
Synonyms[1]
  • Rhynchospermum Lindl. 1846, illegitimate homonym, not Reinw. 1825
  • Parechites Miq.
  • Microchonea Pierre
Flowers of T. jasminoides

Trachelospermum /trəˌklɵˈspɜrməm/[2] is a genus of evergreen woody vines in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1851. All species are native to southern and eastern Asia.[1][3]

They have long stems climbing to 12 m or more high in trees. The leaves are opposite, simple broad lanceolate to ovate, 2–8 cm long and 0.5–4 cm broad. The flowers are salverform (like those of Phlox), simple, 2.5–7 cm broad, with five white, pale yellow or purple petals joined together at the base to form a tube.

The generic name Trachelospermum comes from the Greek, literally meaning "neck seed", and referring to the seed shape.[4]

Species[1]
  1. Trachelospermum asiaticum (Siebold & Zucc.) Nakai - China (incl Tibet + Taiwan), Japan (incl Ryukyu + Bonin Islands), Korea, Indochina, Assam, Borneo, W Malaysia
  2. Trachelospermum assamense Woodson - Assam, Bhutan
  3. Trachelospermum axillare Hook.f. - China, Himalayas (N + E India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet), Thailand, Myanmar
  4. Trachelospermum bodinieri (H.Lév.) Woodson - Tibet, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
  5. Trachelospermum brevistylum Hand.-Mazz. - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Tibet
  6. Trachelospermum dunnii (H.Lév.) H.Lév. - Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Vietnam
  7. Trachelospermum inflatum (Blume) Pierre ex Pichon - Java, Sumatra
  8. Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem. Japan, Korea, Laos, Vietnam, Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang
  9. Trachelospermum lucidum (D.Don) K.Schum. - Himalayas (N Pakistan, N + E India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand)
  10. Trachelospermum ninhii - C Vietnam
  11. Trachelospermum vanoverberghii Merr. - Luzon in Philippines
formerly included[1]
  1. Trachelospermum anceps = Kibatalia macrophylla
  2. Trachelospermum auritum = Epigynum auritum
  3. Trachelospermum curtisii = Epigynum auritum
  4. Trachelospermum difforme = Thyrsanthella difformis
  5. Trachelospermum esquirolii = Melodinus fusiformis
  6. Trachelospermum laurifolium = Kibatalia laurifolia
  7. Trachelospermum navaillei = Aganosma schlechteriana
  8. Trachelospermum obtusifolium = Anodendron wrayi
  9. Trachelospermum philippinense = Micrechites serpyllifolius
  10. Trachelospermum slootenii = Chonemorpha verrucosa
  11. Trachelospermum stans = Mandevilla foliosa
  12. Trachelospermum verrucosa = Chonemorpha verrucosa

Uses[edit]

Some species - notably T. asiaticum and T. jasminoides - are cultivated for their foliage and strongly-scented flowers.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 166 络石属 luo shi shu Trachelospermum Lemaire, Jard. Fleur. 1: t. 61. 1851.
  4. ^ Coombes, Allen J. (2012). The A to Z of plant names. USA: Timber Press. p. 312. ISBN 978-1-60469-196-2. 
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1-4053-3296-4. 

External links[edit]