Toyota Land Cruiser (J40)

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Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series
ManufacturerToyota
Also called

Toyota Bandeirante (Brazil)

Toyota Macho (Venezuela)
Production

1960–1984

1959–2001 (Brazil)
PredecessorToyota J20 series
SuccessorToyota J55 and J70 series
ClassCompact SUV
Body style2-door truck
2-door SUV
4-door SUV (1960-66)
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
EnginePetrol: 3.8L I6
4.2L I6
Diesel: 3.0L I4
3.6L I6
3.4L I4
4.0L I6
3.2L I4
3.8L I6
3.7L I6
Wheelbase2,285 mm (90 in)/2,430 mm (96 in)/2,650 mm (104 in)/2,950 mm (116 in)/2,650 mm (104 in)/2,950 mm (116 in))
 
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Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series
ManufacturerToyota
Also called

Toyota Bandeirante (Brazil)

Toyota Macho (Venezuela)
Production

1960–1984

1959–2001 (Brazil)
PredecessorToyota J20 series
SuccessorToyota J55 and J70 series
ClassCompact SUV
Body style2-door truck
2-door SUV
4-door SUV (1960-66)
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
EnginePetrol: 3.8L I6
4.2L I6
Diesel: 3.0L I4
3.6L I6
3.4L I4
4.0L I6
3.2L I4
3.8L I6
3.7L I6
Wheelbase2,285 mm (90 in)/2,430 mm (96 in)/2,650 mm (104 in)/2,950 mm (116 in)/2,650 mm (104 in)/2,950 mm (116 in))

The Toyota J40 is the model designation for a Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series made from 1960 until 1984 (in Brazil, where it was known as the Toyota Bandeirante, it was made from 1959 until 2001). Most 40 series Land Cruisers were built as two-door vehicles with slightly larger dimensions than a Jeep CJ.

The model was available as the FJ40 series (with F engines) and also BJ40/41/42 (short wheelbase), BJ43/44/46 (middle wheelbase) or HJ45/47 (long wheelbase) designation where it had a Diesel engine. Brazilian built Land Cruisers (Bandeirantes) with Mercedes-Benz engines received OJ50-series model codes.

References to the series in this article will be to the J40 series unless referring to one of the petrol (FJ40/42 – 2WD) or diesel (BJ4#/HJ4#) models specifically.

Contents

History

For the history of the J series from the original 1951 Toyota Jeep BJ through the J20 series see Land Cruiser History from 1950 to 1955.

2-door FJ45-B renamed FJ45 (II) (w/b 2,950 mm (116 in)).
BJ42/46 and BJ45 launched with a 3.4-liter four-cylinder diesel engine.

Models

A ZPU-2 set on a Toyota 40 series belonging to the Iranian Army during the Iran-Iraq War

Paint color codes

A BJ40 in the Gibson Desert in 2006
CodeColor
012Cygnus White
031White (?-'80)
033White ('80-)
113Health Grey
309Freeborn Red
414Buffalo Brown
415Pueblo Brown
416Dune Beige
464Beige
Traditional Beige
474Dark Copper
532Mustard Yellow
611Dark Green
621Rustic Green
622Nebula Green
653Sicilian Olive
681Green
(Nicknamed "John Deere Green")
808Horizontal Blue
822Royal Blue
854Sky Blue
857Nordic Blue
Feel Like Bule

Engines

Over the years Toyota has changed the engines used in the J40 series. The B series motor is a 4-cylinder diesel, and the H series a 6-cylinder diesel. The diesel-engined trucks were never sold to the general public in the USA, though some found their way in as mine trucks. The engines are similar, within the series. For example, the F and 2F engines share many of the same parts. However the H and 2H engines have almost nothing in common. There are individual models within the engine series, for example, there is an F125 engine, and an F155 engine, all in the F series with different power ratings. Here is a list of some of them (the power and torque figures may vary depending on the market):

Petrol
EngineCapacity (l)Power (hp)TorqueUsed
F3.8105/125189 lb·ft (256 N·m)/209 lb·ft (283 N·m)1960–1975
2F4.2135210 lb·ft (285 N·m)1975–1984
Diesel
EngineCapacity (l)Power (hp)TorqueUsed
B3.085141 lb·ft (191 N·m)1974–1979
2B3.293159 lb·ft (216 N·m)1979–1981
3B3.498167 lb·ft (226 N·m)1979–1984
H3.690151 lb·ft (205 N·m)1972–1980
2H4.0105177 lb·ft (240 N·m)1980–1984
OM3243.478193 lb·ft (262 N·m)1961–1973 (Bandeirante)
OM3143.885235 lb·ft (319 N·m)1973–1989 (Bandeirante)
OM3644.090235 lb·ft (319 N·m)1989–1994 (Bandeirante)
14B3.796240 lb·ft (325 N·m)1994–2001 (Bandeirante)

Features

A 45 Troop Carrier (II) in action

Future

There is a good sized following of people that collect, maintain, and drive their J-series truck off road.[citation needed][dated info] Toyota still offers many replacement parts,[dated info] available through Toyota parts departments worldwide. Many of these trucks find their home in places with severe road conditions as work trucks, where they are used daily by their owners. Its essence lives on in the J70 series, which is essentially a J40 with an updated front half and slightly different engine offerings, such as a turbo charged diesel. It sells in many countries, but was never for sale in the USA.[2]

Toyota FJ Cruiser

For 2006, Toyota introduced the FJ Cruiser, a modern SUV styled after the original FJ40. The FJ Cruiser (FJC) went on sale in the spring of 2006.

Even though its production ended in Brazil many years ago, the Toyota Bandeirante is still very sought after, due to its good off-road performance. Thus Bandeirantes reach high prices in the Brazilian used car market, especially the rare 1993 models which were the only ones fitted with a Mercedes-Benz engine married to a five-speed transmission.

References

Further reading