Toyota 86

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Toyota 86
2013 Scion FR-S -- 2012 NYIAS.JPG
Scion FR-S (US & Canada)
Overview
ManufacturerSubaru (Fuji Heavy Industries)
Toyota Motor Corporation
Also calledToyota GT86
Scion FR-S
Subaru BRZ
ProductionJanuary 2012 – present
Model years2012 – present
AssemblyŌta, Gunma, Japan
Body and chassis
Class

Sports car

Sports Compact
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L 4U-GSE / FA20 boxer engine
Transmission6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,570 mm (101.2 in)
Length4,240 mm (166.9 in)
4,234 mm (166.7 in) (Subaru BRZ)
Width1,775 mm (69.9 in)
Height1,285 mm (50.6 in)
Curb weight1,190–1,298 kg (2,624–2,862 lb) (Toyota 86)
1,251–1,273 kg (2,758–2,806 lb) (Scion FR-S)
 
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Toyota 86
2013 Scion FR-S -- 2012 NYIAS.JPG
Scion FR-S (US & Canada)
Overview
ManufacturerSubaru (Fuji Heavy Industries)
Toyota Motor Corporation
Also calledToyota GT86
Scion FR-S
Subaru BRZ
ProductionJanuary 2012 – present
Model years2012 – present
AssemblyŌta, Gunma, Japan
Body and chassis
Class

Sports car

Sports Compact
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L 4U-GSE / FA20 boxer engine
Transmission6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,570 mm (101.2 in)
Length4,240 mm (166.9 in)
4,234 mm (166.7 in) (Subaru BRZ)
Width1,775 mm (69.9 in)
Height1,285 mm (50.6 in)
Curb weight1,190–1,298 kg (2,624–2,862 lb) (Toyota 86)
1,251–1,273 kg (2,758–2,806 lb) (Scion FR-S)

The 86 is a series of grand tourer sports coupés jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru and solely manufactured by the latter. It features a boxer engine, front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout and 2+2 seating. The 86 is sold under three different brands with respective model names:

The name 86 (pronounced "eight-six" or Hachi-Roku (ハチロク) in Japanese, but more commonly pronounced as "eighty-six") leverages on the AE86 generation of rear-wheel drive sports coupes and hatchbacks sold as the Toyota Sprinter Trueno and Toyota Corolla Levin from 1983 to 1987. The 86 has been marketed as the spiritual successor to the AE86 by Toyota, with further referencing to a heritage tracing back to the 1967 Toyota 2000GT (a front-engined, rear-drive sports car with a 2.0 litre engine whose design cues adorn the 86) as well as the 1965 Toyota Sports 800, Toyota's first sports car[2] (which also had a boxer engine).

Development and early concepts[edit]

The 2009 Toyota FT-86 Concept

Initial layout and design elements for the 86 were first presented via the Toyota FT-HS concept car at the Detroit Motor Show in 2007. The FT-HS had a front engine, rear-wheel drive layout and 2+2 seating, but utilized a V6 engine with hybrid electric assistance. In 2008 Toyota bought 16.5% of Fuji Heavy Industries, parent to Subaru.[3] Toyota, led by project leader Tetsuya Tada,[4] offered Subaru involvement in their sport coupé project, co-developing a new boxer engine known as the D4-S,[5] but Subaru rejected plans for further development of a rear wheel drive sports coupe due to their vehicle line-up predominantly offering all-wheel drive. Subaru's balk led the project to a six month halt before Toyota invited journalists and Subaru engineers to test a developmental prototype to demonstrate the capabilities of the platform. Following the test, Subaru agreed to become further involved in development.[6]

The new collaboration produced a new concept car in October 2009 at the Tokyo Motor Show, the FT-86. Smaller than the FT-HS, the design of the FT-86 was further refined by Toyota's ED2 design studio while the hybrid V6 engine was replaced by the new D4-S boxer. Subaru provided the chassis and gearbox for the concept car, basing it on an Impreza. The concept was painted Shoujyouhi Red, based on the backside of a Japanese Macaque.[7]

The following year, Toyota launched their G Sports line of aftermarket accessories, and showed the FT-86 G Sports fitted with G Sports performance parts also at the Tokyo Motor Show. These parts included carbon fibre panels, a vented bonnet, rear wing, 19 in (48 cm) wheels, Recaro race seats, and an interior rollcage.[8] The D4-S engine also added a turbocharger.[9]

In 2011, Toyota and Subaru unveiled five near-production concept cars to show their progress with the project. The first, known as the FT-86 II Concept, was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2011. ED2 refined the design of the initial FT-86, developing new front and rear fascias, and increasing the dimensions of the car by several millimeters.[10] At the same show Subaru unveiled a transparent silhouette concept car to show off the new D4-S boxer engine and display the "Boxer Sports Car Architecture".[11]

Scion followed next in April at the New York Motor Show with the FR-S Sports Coupe Concept, co-developed with aftermarket tuner Five Axis.[12] Another semi-transparent Subaru, known as the BRZ Prologue, was shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September,[13] followed in November at the Los Angeles Motor Show by the BRZ Concept STI, the first full mock-up of Subaru's version of the 86 with input from Subaru Tecnica International.[14]

Toyota FT-86 G Sports 
Toyota FT-86 II 
Subaru BRZ Prologue 
Scion FR-S Sports Coupe 
Subaru BRZ Concept STI 

Production[edit]

The first production Toyota 86 debuted at the 2011 Tokyo Auto Show. All variants are built at Subaru's Gunma Main Plant,[15] with the first cars assembled on 2 February before sales began in March and deliveries in April. 7,000 orders were placed for the Toyota 86 in the first month of production,[16] while Subaru took in 3,500 orders.[17]

In the United States, Scion were allocated 10,000 units for the 2013 model year,[18] while Subaru was limited to only 6,000 units.[19]

Engineering[edit]

The 86's engine, known by the Toyota code 4U-GSE and Subaru code FA20, is a naturally aspirated four-cylinder engine that uses Subaru's horizontally opposed boxer engine layout that runs on 98 RON (premium unleaded) fuel. Toyota added their D-4S injection system which uses both direct and port injection. The engine has a 12.5:1 compression ratio and a bore and stroke of 86 mm (3.4 in) that results in 200 horsepower (149 kW; 203 PS) at 7,000 rpm and 151 lb·ft (205 N·m) of torque at 6,000 rpm.[20] As part of the 86's low-weight design, the car utilizes an aluminum hood, a solid roof, and a trunk as opposed to a hatchback.[21][22] The boxer engine sits as far back and as low as possible in the engine bay for a weight distribution of 53% in front and 47% in the rear. The low-sitting engine provides a lower center of gravity, allowing the engine to sit lower than the Nissan GTR and just 0.6 inches higher than the Lexus LFA.[21]

The 86, BRZ and FR-S are offered with two 6-speed transmissions built by Aisin, a manual gearbox and an automatic transmission which is modified from the Lexus IS 250. The automatic uses a traditional wet torque converter design, but its software has been engineered to mimic the response of a dual-clutch gearbox. The automatic transmission uses three different modes: Sport, Snow, and Normal. A torque sensing limited slip differential is standard on most models.

The vehicles are offered with 16 in (41 cm) steel and alloy wheels or 17 in (43 cm) alloy wheels, except for the limited editions TRD GT86 models which have 18 in (46 cm) forged aluminium wheels instead. The non-TRD cars feature Michelin Primacy HP tyres (as used on the Toyota Prius) with a diameter and width of 215/45. All non-TRD cars feature ventilated front disc brakes and solid rear disc brakes on base models or, on higher models, also ventilated rear disc brakes with two piston-opposed calipers in the front and single caliper design in the rear. Suspension design comprises front MacPherson struts and double wishbones at the rear.

Design[edit]

The optional upgraded interior of a North American Subaru BRZ, equipped with leather and Alcantara seats, push-button start, and automatic climate control

The 86 was designed around a front-mounted boxer engine, rear-wheel drive configuration, inspired by the AE86. The flat architecture of the boxer engine allows it to be mounted low, dropping the center of gravity down, resulting in sporty handling characteristics.[2] The exterior design of the 86 was inspired by the Toyota 2000GT's extremely low-to-the-ground profile and long, sleek hood. Its design cues translate onto the 86 in such areas as: upward trailing edge of the doors; the upward finish to the side-window line; the front and rear haunches; the circular taillights set in silver (singular instead of double as on the 2000GT).

According to the 86's designers, "The goal was to create an authentic rear-wheel drive sports car with compelling style, exceptionally balanced performance and handling, flexible utility and surprising MPG."[2] When asked about the TRD version of the car, the lead engineer Mr. Tada said "There is definitely going to be a more TRD oriented variant down the line. However any of the parts that would be standard on the TRD model will fit on your current Toyota 86 so there is no need to wait."[23]

The 86 "boxer" side badge appears on all Toyota and Scion versions of the car, but not the Subaru BRZ. Aside from badging, the main differences between the 86/GT86 and the BRZ are the front grilles and bumper bars. The rest, including the 17 inch alloy wheels, are shared.

Interior[edit]

The interior features a 2+2 seating configuration, which utilizes low mounted front seats. The rear seats fold down enabling increased storage space for larger items.[21] Three interior variations exist, the FR-S and base 86 models have cloth seats with all black interior trim that features a black patterned dash trim, while the shift boot features red stitching. The BRZ has two available interiors, one identical to the FR-S but with silver dash trim, a red stitched parking brake boot, black gauge faces (instead of the white tachometer of the 86 GTS models) and a touch-screen navigation head unit; the second option upgrades to leather and Alcantara heated seats, automatic HVAC controls, and a push-button start. The top-of-the-range 86 models are fitted like the BRZ except as noted above, and the Japanese interior can be had in black/red leather and Alcantara or full black leather and Alcantara (Australia being offered only the latter).

Performance[edit]

Versions[edit]

Toyota 86 and GT86[edit]

An Australian-specification Toyota 86 GTS (MY12)

The Toyota 86 is available in Japan from Toyota's Netz Store line of dealerships. Four trim levels are offered, with the RC model being the base aimed at people wishing to modify or race their vehicles. This model is available with only a 6-speed manual transmission and comes with unpainted bumpers and mirrors, 16 inch steel wheels, simpler interior trim components, analogue speedometer and no stereo or air conditioning. Outside of Japan, the RC model is only available in New Zealand. The G model adds all the interior components missing from the RC, plus a fully painted exterior and 16 inch alloy wheels and the availability of an automatic transmission. The GT86 model adds high intensity discharge headlights with LED daytime running lights, fog lamps, automatic climate control, keyless start with engine start button, 17 inch alloy wheels, chrome exhaust tips, white tachometer face with analogue and digital speedometer, silver accents on the centre dash and steering wheel, aluminium pedals. The top-of-the-range GT Limited adds leather and Alcantara seating and a rear spoiler.

In Europe, all GT86 models are equivalent to the Japanese 86 GT with a red/black leather/Alcantara interior with red stitching. Options not available to all markets include a Bose sound system upgrade.

In Australia, the GT is the equivalent of the Japanese G model but with only an all black interior trim and standard radio head unit, whereas the top-of-the-range GTS model is the equivalent of the Japanese GT Limited except for an all black leather/Alcantara and red-stitch interior trim only and touchscreen multimedia head unit. Upon Australian launch in June 2012, all (MY12) models for Australia featured a full-size spare wheel, the GTS lacked a rear spoiler, and a limited slip differential or LSD was standard on all models except automatic GT's.[28] The full-size spare wheel was phased out after the first shipments to Australia, replaced with a repair kit. The range of models and main options had the following retail prices: GT manual A$29,990; GT automatic A$32,490; GTS manual A$35,490; GTS automatic A$37,990; metallic paint A$425 for all models; "Aero pack" bodykit A$3,000 for GTS only. As of the August 2013 production update (MY13), the automatic GT also gained LSD as standard (but with a price increase of A$300; manual price unchanged) and the GTS gained the same rear spoiler fitted to the Japanese GTS Limited and the Subaru BRZ (with a price increase of A$500 for both the manual and automatic model).[29] Other distinguishing features on the MY13 models include the removal of the lettered "TOYOTA" badge from the rear bonnet of the GTS and optional availability of rear parking sonar sensors on GT and GTS.

In the United Kingdom, the car was also available as a limited edition Toyota Racing Department "TRD GT86" with features including: 18 inch forged aluminium wheels (with sport-focused Yokohama Advan Sport tyres instead of the Prius-sourced Michelin Primacy HP tyres of the standard models); full bodykit with front and side skirts, rear spoiler and new diffuser; quad-exhaust system; TRD-branded detailing on the filler cap, radiator cap and gear knob. In New Zealand, the TRD 86 is sold with the above features (except for Michelin Pilot Sport 3 tyres instead) plus upgraded braking system comprising upsized TRD two-piece rotors and TRD six-pot 355mm front and four-pot 345mm rear calipers (compared to the GTS' 294mm and 290mm calipers and GT's 277mmm and 286mm, respectively).

Subaru BRZ[edit]

A North American-specification Subaru BRZ Limited

The BRZ's name comes from three elements: Boxer engine, Rear-wheel drive, and Z standing for the zenith.[30] The Subaru BRZ differs from the 86's design in the front fascia, with a different grill and headlight assembly, as well as a different front fender vent. The BRZ's grill is hexagonal in shape, compared to the Toyota's trapezoid. The BRZ features a wraparound of LED parking lights in the headlight assembly, while daytime running lights are integrated into the bumper. The suspension setup of the Subaru is different from the Toyota.[31] Like the Japanese Toyota 86, Subaru offers an RA base model lacking most interior comforts and utilizing 16 inch steel wheels, with the only difference from the 86 RC being that the BRZ RA's bumpers are painted the same color as the body. Two main trim levels are offered: R trim, known as Premium in North America, and S trim, known as Limited in North America. European and Australian BRZs offer a Toyota stereo unit, while Japanese and North American vehicles use a Subaru unit. Australian BRZ's were originally available for sale only online.

In 2013 Subaru unveiled a BRZ tS model for the Japanese market, tuned by Subaru Tecnica International. The tS model features an improved suspension setup, 18 inch silver BBS wheels, STI bodykit and front spoiler, a larger drive shaft, and Brembo brakes, along with interior changes to include a new steering wheel, front seat, gauges, and Alcantara accents.[32] A further tS GT Package includes Recaro seats, black BBS wheels, and an adjustable carbon fibre rear wing. The tS is limited to 500 units in total, with a maximum of 250 of them being the GT package.[33]

Scion FR-S[edit]

A Scion FR-S

The Scion FR-S is exclusive to the United States and Canada. Its name is derived from a description of the platform: Front-engine, Rear-wheel drive, Sport.[12] Unlike all other 86 variants, the Scion has no trim levels, although certain elements of higher level 86s are available as options. Scion's own BeSpoke stereo systems are offered with the FR-S. As part of Scion's 10th anniversary, a Sc10n Series FR-S was offered in Silver Ignition paint in a limited run of 2500 units. The Sc10n Series adds items which are not available on the standard FR-S: HID headlights, automatic climate control, and push button start. The Sc10n Series also has illuminated front and rear badges and shifter knob.[34]

Later concepts[edit]

FR-S Tuner Challenge cars (2012)[edit]

They are 3 versions of 2013 Scion FR-S built with $15,000 build budget, created as part of the eighth annual Scion Tuner Challenge. The FR-S Tuner Challenge vehicles are "Carbon Stealth FR-S" by John Toca of Chicago, Illinois; "FR-S GT" by Daniel Song of Orange County, California; "Minty FReSh" by Chris Basselgia of Lebanon, Pennsylvania.

The vehicles were unveiled in 2012 SEMA show.[35]

Chris Basselgia's Minty FReSh won the challenge.[36]

Subaru Premium Sport Package Concept (2013)[edit]

At the January 2013 Tokyo Auto Salon, Subaru unveiled a Premium Sport Package Concept featuring various Subaru Tecnica International parts as well as 19 inch BBS wheels and a carbon fiber roof.

2013 Tokyo Auto Salon Toyota 86 concepts (2013)[edit]

86×style cb is a version of Toyota 86 built by Gazoo Racing features a completely remodeled exterior and was designed for female drivers,[37]

Toyota GT86 Modellista is a version of Toyota 86 with new side skirts, rear bumper and diffuser, a special lip spoiler, 18 inch matte chrome “Wing Dancer II” wheels with 225/40 Toyo tires, a two-tone black and red interior, instrument cluster and interior panels are in a red metal finish.[38]

TOM'S N086V is a version of Toyota 86 with a GR V6 engine rated at 298 kW (400 hp).[39]

GT86 TRD Griffon Project (2013)[edit]

TRD Griffon Project is a version of GT86 designed specifically for track driving, created by Toyota Racing Development. Changes include bonnet, roof, doors, boot lid and rear wings made from lightweight carbon fibre; carbonfibre reinforced plastic bumpers, wider front wings and rear diffuser; windows made from polycarbonate material, TRD driver's bucket seat, gear shift knob, ignition button and oil pressure and water temperature gauges; Momo steering wheel, Takata seatbelts, a TRD mechanical LSD replacing standard Torsen limited-slip differential, coil over suspension kit, final gear ratio shortened to 4.8:1, an oil cooler for the engine, a TRD mono block brake calliper kit with racing spec brake pads, TWS 18-inch wheels with Yokohama Advan tyres, stock Toyota GT86 engine. The vehicle is 227 kg (500 lb) lighter than stock Toyota GT86.

TRD Griffon Project was unveiled in 2013 Tokyo Auto Salon,[40] followed by 2013 Goodwood Festival of Speed.[41]

Toyota FT-86 Open Concept (2013)[edit]

The Toyota FT-86 Open Concept, a convertible version of the 86

The FT-86 Open concept was a convertible concept vehicle based on Toyota 86. It included electrically operated multi-layered fabric roof with glass, high-contrast white and navy blue interior and exterior designed by Toyota Boshoku Milan Design (TBMD) to capture the spirit and atmosphere of Milan, white body colour, yellow-gold stitching in the floor mats and seats. It was first shown at the March 2013 Geneva Motor Show,[42][43] followed by the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show (with Flash Red body colour and electrically operated soft top)[44][45]

However, Subaru brand chief Yasuyuki Yoshinaga has said that a convertible 86 would need a complete redesign to meet safety standards and that it is unlikely to happen.[46]

GRMN SPORTS FR Concept (2013)[edit]

It is a version of Toyota 86 built by GAZOO Racing, with GRMN exclusive turbocharger and scroll supercharger, 6-speed manual transmission, GRMN suspension tuning, GRMN Brake calipers and brake rotors, GRMN Dual exhaust only GRMN, Alloy Wheels & Tires size before and after different, Exterior front / rear fender / bumper, Racing rear spoiler, Rear garnish, Bucket seat interior only, 4-point seat belt, roll cage, back skin tone interior, Additional meter (boost gauge, water temperature gauge, oil temperature gauge).

The vehicle was unveiled in Nurburgring Circuit.[47][48]

Tokyo Auto Salon 2014 concepts (2014)[edit]

GRMN 86 Concept is a version of Toyota 86 that incorporates the technical expertise gained through the 24 Hours Nürburgring endurance race, achieving optimal vehicle weight reduction, a lower center of gravity, an enhanced powertrain and improved body rigidity. It included FA20 engine, 6-speed manual transmission, 215/40R17 tires, carbon fiber engine cover, roof, rear hatch, diffuser, side skirt, tail wing, seats; polycarbonate windows, reinforced engine parts, oil cooler, rewritten ECU, mechanical limited slip differential.[49][50]

86 X style Cb (model ZN6-A2E7) is a production prototype based on the 86 X style Cb concept from Tokyo Auto Salon 2013, with 6-speed automatic transmission, style Cb TB sport seat, leather-wrapped steering wheel, original meter and lighting, style Cb original floor mat, Toyota NHZD-W62G navigation system, dark smoke plated inner panel register RL, centre cluster garnish, door panel; metallic steering wheel door switch base, shift bezel; Zack suspension absorber, BBS style Cb original colour wheels (18x7J front, 18x7.5J rear), Bridgestone POTENZA S001 86 exclusive spec tires (215/40R18 85W front, 225/40R18 88W rear).[51]

86 X style Cb spider (model ZN6-A2B8) is a Toyota convertible by Toyota Original Accessory, with 6-speed automatic transmission, fender garnish with side lamp, trunk spoiler and licence garnish, rear combination lamp (in dark smoke plated), backup lamp rear bumper, spider aero bulge, rear diffuser integrated into rear bumper, one-off style Cb sport seat, leather-wrapped steering wheel, style Cb original meter panel/new decorative panel with lighting, style Cb original floor mat, brembo brake with front 4-piston and rear 2-piston calipers, Goodyear Eagle LS Premium tires (215/40R18 89W front, 225/45R18 91W rear)[52][53]

GAZOO Racing TRD 86 is a race car version of Toyota 86 for the TRD Rally Challenge, built by GAZOO Racing. It included 6-speed manual transmission.[54]

GAZOO Racing LUCK 86 is a race car version of Toyota 86 for the JN3 class of Japanese Rally Championship, built by GAZOO Racing.It included 6-speed manual transmission.[55]

GAZOO Racing SPIRIT 86 is a race car version of Toyota 86 for the Super Taikyu Series, built by GAZOO Racing. It included 6-speed manual transmission.[56]

86 Supercharger produced by Team Netz with Tom's is a version of Toyota 86 built by AREA 86. It included 6-speed manual transmission, roots style supercharger, exclusive ECU, water-cooled intercooler, exclusive muffler, original aero kit, Saten white pearl 37J body panel, TEAM NETZ original front bumper (made by ABS), TOM'S side step, TOM's rear under spoiler, TOM'S ADVOX suspension kit with exclusive setting, TOM'S brake pad and brake line, 8.0J INSET44-inch TWS T66F wheel in original gun metal colour, 225/40R18 Michelin PILOT SPORT3 tires.[57]

86 TRD Griffon Concept 014 is based on the TRD Griffon Project.[58]

86 TRD Customize Concept 014 is based on the 86 TRD Griffon Concept 014, with roof fin, rear diffuser, HID bulb kit, winker bulb, full bucket driver seat, passenger sports seat, shoulder pad set, interior panel set (carbon), steering wheel and interior boot set, sport meter set (water temperature, oil temperature, oil pressure), leather shift knob (for manual transmission car), knee pad, battery clamp, fuel cap cover, full length adjustable suspension set, pillow upper set, stabilizer set (front, rear), front strut tower bar, member brace set, door stabilizer set, sports air filter, high response muffler Ver.R, sound changer, circuit brake kit, clutch cover, clutch disc (sport phasing), fly wheel, quick shift set (18-inch cast aluminium TRD TF6 18x7.5J-inch wheels, Goodyear EAGLE RS Sport 86spec 225/40R18 tires), lug nut set (M12×P1.25), oil filler cap, sport oil filter, radiator cap.[59]

Autobacs G7 86 Potenza (No. 557) (ZN6-VPNT8A),[60] Manatura Kota-R BRZ (No. 61) (DBA-ZC6),[61] N1 Tech Potenza Win 86 (No. 100) (ZN6-VPNT8A),[62] NETZ Gunma FK Massimo µ86 (No. 62) (ZN6-VPNT8A)[63] are race car versions of Toyota 86 Racing, BRZ RA Racing, Toyota 86 Racing, Toyota 86 Racing respectively, for the GAZOO Racing 86/BRZ Race.

The vehicles were unveiled in Tokyo Auto Salon 2014.[64][65][66]

Marketing[edit]

As part of the Subaru BRZ market launch, a 2-part movie documenting the vehicle's development was produced.[67] In Canada, a TV commercial titled Scorched was produced by OMD, with creative from DDB. The execution was handled by DDB PR with Juxta Productions working on the interior. The commercial was shot at Queen and McCaul St. in Toronto.[68][69][70][71]

As part of Subaru BRZ launch in Australia, the Subaru BRZ was the first car ever to be sold new by a manufacturer online, orders opening on 16 July 2012. According to Subaru the concept has been a success, selling their entire 2012 Australian allocation of 201 cars in under 3 hours. The first buyer was able to secure their car in less than 20 minutes from the site going live. The process was implemented as a reaction to the 86's popularity and has come under scrutiny since it was first suggested as a solution by Subaru.

Scion made a similar decision in the United States, creating the 'First 86' program to allow 86 buyers to take delivery of their cars before the general public sales. On 12 January 2012 users had eight hours and six minutes to submit their requests to a program website. Winners were required to take their confirmation number and $500 to a dealer within 96 hours to claim their cars.[72] Scion produced a commercial called Close Call featuring Ken Gushi avoided collision with a deer while driving Scion FR-S in Mt. Diablo State Park in Northern California.[73]

A British Toyota GT86 commercial titled The Real Deal was banned for encouraging motorists to drive irresponsibly.[74]

Awards[edit]

The Toyota 4U-GSE/Subaru FA20 was named one of Ward's 10 Best Engines in 2013

In Europe, the GT86 was awarded the following titles in 2012:

In Australia, the 86 was awarded the following titles in 2012:

Other awards received include:

The Subaru BRZ was also crowned:

In addition, the Toyota-Subaru D4-S boxer engine was named one of Ward's 10 Best Engines in 2013.[86]

Motorsport[edit]

R&D Sport's Subaru BRZ silhouette currently competes in the Super GT Series
Gazoo Racing's Toyota 86 competing in the Super Taikyu Endurance Series

In 2011, with the unveiling of the Super BRZ Concept STI, Subaru also unveiled their latest entry in the Super GT series' GT300-category. R&D Sport would develop the BRZ GT300 to replace their Legacy for the 2012 season.[87] The BRZ GT300 does not utilize the production car's FA20 engine, instead opting for the Legacy's EJ20 engine.

Toyota, in partnership with Gazoo Racing, announced plans to develop the 86 for motorsport use in multiple disciplines. Toyota and Gazoo will support private teams in the Super Taikyu Endurance Series and All-Japan Rally Championship.[88] Gazoo Racing entered 86s in the 24 Hours Nürburgring, winning their SP3 class in 2012. Privateers Toyota Swiss Racing also claimed the V3 category in the same year.[89] In the United Kingdom, GPRM is developing a turbocharged version of the 86 for classification in the SRO Group's GT4 category for use in Europe. The engine developments are being carried out by Nicholson McLaren Engines.[90]

In the United States, Ken Gushi utilized a GPP Scion Racing FR-S built by GReddy Racing for the US Formula Drift championship. The FR-S features a turbocharged EJ25 boxer engine from a Subaru WRX STI[91] produced more than 450 kW (600 bhp).[92] Ryan Tuerck drives a 2013 model year Scion FR-S powered by a stroked 2JZ-GTE producing more than 520 kW (700 bhp) for Retaks Backpacks and Maxxis Tires in the US Formula Drift championship.[93] In 2013 the FR-S replaced the Scion tC for the Toyota Pro/Celebrity Race at the Grand Prix of Long Beach. The FR-S' were production units modified for racing safety and reliability.[94] Nobuhiro Tajima will enter a Toyota 86 silhouette in the Pikes Peak Hill Climb in 2013.[95]

86 Racing / BRZ RA Racing[edit]

In October 2012, Toyota Racing Development and Gazoo Racing announced a production racing model for the Toyota 86. The 86 Racing adds brake and oil cooler modifications, as well as a 4-point racing harness and rollcage. The stock 86 wheels are replaced by simple steel rims, while the exterior colour was only available in white.[96] Subaru followed in early 2013 with the BRZ RA Racing, featuring similar modifications. Both cars are only available in the Japanese market, and are eligible for a one-make racing series run by Gazoo Racing. Unlike the Toyota, the BRZ is available in any of the production car's colours.[97][98]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 86 - Toyota's new rear wheel drive sports car". Australia: Toyota. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  2. ^ a b c "The FR-S Story". frs-scion.com. 2011. [dead link]
  3. ^ Flint, Jerry (2009-05-11). "Subaru Defies Gravity". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "Tada: How Toyota and Subaru created the GT86" (Press release). UK: Toyota. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  5. ^ Tan, Paul (2009-10-13). "Toyota FT-86 to feature D-4S Boxer Engine". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  6. ^ "How the Scion FR-S Almost Never Happened and Why Subaru Thought it Was a Bad Idea". Autoguide.com. 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  7. ^ Greimel, Hans (2009-10-21). "Tokyo auto show: Toyota goes sporty with FT-86". autoweek.com. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  8. ^ Siu, Jason (2010-01-14). "Tokyo Auto Salon 2010: G’s Toyota FT-86 G Sports Concept". autoguide.com. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Toyota FT-86 G Sports Concept: 2010 Tokyo Auto Salon". Insideline.com. 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2012-01-10. [dead link]
  10. ^ Gall, Jared (2011-03). "Toyota FT-86 II Concept". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  11. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2011-03-01). "Geneva 2011: Subaru's RWD Sports Car getting 2.0-liter non-turbo engine, confirmed for America". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  12. ^ a b "Scion Introduces FR-S Sports Coupe Concept at 2011 New York Auto Show" (Press release). USA: Toyota. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  13. ^ "FHI Introduces "SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE"" (Press release). Japan: Fuji Heavy Inductries. 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
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  49. ^ 丰田GRMN 86概念车正式亮相 操控性大幅提升
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  51. ^ 86 X style Cb
  52. ^ 86 X style Cb spider
  53. ^ 2014 Tokyo Auto Salon: Show Car Library - Toyota 86 x Style Cb Spider
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  55. ^ GAZOO Racing LUCK 86
  56. ^ GAZOO Racing SPIRIT 86
  57. ^ 86 Supercharger produced by Team Netz with Tom's
  58. ^ 86 TRD Griffon Concept 014
  59. ^ 86 TRD Customize Concept 014
  60. ^ 557号車 オートバックスG7 86 ポテンザ
  61. ^ 61号車 マナチュラKOTA-R BRZ
  62. ^ 100号車 N1 TECH ポテンザ WIN86
  63. ^ 62号車 ネッツ群馬FKマッシモμ86
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External links[edit]