Tottenham Hale station

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Tottenham Hale London Underground National Rail
Tottenham Hale Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1767119.jpg
Tottenham Hale is located in Greater London
Tottenham Hale
Tottenham Hale
Location of Tottenham Hale in Greater London
LocationTottenham Hale
Local authorityLondon Borough of Haringey
Managed byGreater Anglia
Station codeTOM
Number of platforms4 (2 London Underground, 2 National Rail)
AccessibleYes [1]
Fare zone3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010Increase 8.31 million[2]
2011Increase 8.86 million[2]
2012Increase 9.80 million[2]
2013Increase 10.32 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2006–07 3.316 million[3]
2007–08Increase 3.754 million[3]
2008–09Increase 3.961 million[3]
2009–10Decrease 3.600 million[3]
2010–11Increase 3.832 million[3]
2011–12Increase 4.014 million[3]
2012–13Increase 4.544 million[3]
Key dates
1840Opened (N&ER)
1968Opened (Victoria line)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°35′18″N 0°03′35″W / 51.588333°N 0.059722°W / 51.588333; -0.059722
 
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Tottenham Hale London Underground National Rail
Tottenham Hale Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1767119.jpg
Tottenham Hale is located in Greater London
Tottenham Hale
Tottenham Hale
Location of Tottenham Hale in Greater London
LocationTottenham Hale
Local authorityLondon Borough of Haringey
Managed byGreater Anglia
Station codeTOM
Number of platforms4 (2 London Underground, 2 National Rail)
AccessibleYes [1]
Fare zone3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010Increase 8.31 million[2]
2011Increase 8.86 million[2]
2012Increase 9.80 million[2]
2013Increase 10.32 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2006–07 3.316 million[3]
2007–08Increase 3.754 million[3]
2008–09Increase 3.961 million[3]
2009–10Decrease 3.600 million[3]
2010–11Increase 3.832 million[3]
2011–12Increase 4.014 million[3]
2012–13Increase 4.544 million[3]
Key dates
1840Opened (N&ER)
1968Opened (Victoria line)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°35′18″N 0°03′35″W / 51.588333°N 0.059722°W / 51.588333; -0.059722

Tottenham Hale, is a National Rail and London Underground Victoria line station in Tottenham, north London. It is on Ferry Lane, with access from Watermead Way. The station is in Travelcard Zone 3. The national rail gateline now has automatic barriers installed: rail users must use the Underground doors to the station. A new station building is awaiting planning approval,[4] and a third rail platform is being worked on.[5] This is all part of the 2013/14 Tottenham Hale generation scheme.[6]

Description[edit]

Services[edit]

Tottenham Hale rail connections
2:15Fen Line to King's Lynn
1:11Cambridge
0:36London Stansted Airport 4 per hour
0:36Hertford East
(West Anglia Main Line)
M25 motorway/Greater London limit
0:10Enfield Lock
0:08Brimsdown**
0:07Ponders End
0:06Picketts Lock (proposed for 2020s)
0:05Angel Road (Meridian Water)
0:05Walthamstow Central National Rail
0:02Northumberland Park
0:02Blackhorse Road London Overground
Tottenham Hale
0:02Seven Sisters National Rail
0:05Lea Bridge (opens 2014)
0:05Finsbury Park Piccadilly line National Rail
0:06Hackney Downs National Rail
0:08Highbury & Islington London Overground
0:11Liverpool Street National Rail Central line Circle line Hammersmith & City line Metropolitan line 10 per hour
0:11King's Cross St. Pancras Circle line Hammersmith & City line Metropolitan line Northern line Piccadilly line National Rail
0:13Stratford station National Rail London Overground Central line Jubilee line 5 per hour
0:28Victoria line to Brixton 18 per hour
**2016 - proposed 4 trains per hour
Stratford-Brimsdown turn-up-and-go
See also Crossrail 2

Services on the West Anglian Main Line between Liverpool Street and Stansted Airport, Cambridge, King's Lynn and Hertford East: all trains either run non-stop between Liverpool Street and Tottenham Hale or make one intermediate stop at Hackney Downs.

In addition services run to Stratford.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 41, 192, 230, 123 serve the station.

Future[edit]

London Transport have active plans for the station to be expanded.

Specifically, the proposed Tottenham Hale Station Upgrade development comprises the following elements:

The full plans can be seen on Haringey Council's website.[4][7]

Lea Bridge, a former station between Tottenham Hale and Stratford, re-opens in 2014.[8]

Funding is being sought to increase the number of lines from Coppermill Junction (between Lea Bridge and Tottenham Hale) and Brimsdown to provide a turn-up-and-go four trains per hour service for the Lea Valley.[9]

In February 2013, the Crossrail task force of business group London First, chaired by former Secretary of State for Transport Andrew Adonis, published its recommendations on Crossrail 2, favouring a route almost identical to the regional option proposed by TfL in 2011.[10] The report was endorsed by Network Rail.[11]

This proposal will see four tracks restored through Tottenham Hale and direct links to south-West London.

History[edit]

19th Century[edit]

Other locations served by Tottenham Hale trains in previous years include London St Pancras (via the Tottenham and Hampstead Joint Railway), North Woolwich via the low level platforms at Stratford (after the Palace Gates Line service was cut back) and York (via Cambridge and the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway).[12] Until recently, the next station served to the south on the line to Liverpool Street is Clapton but only a small number of trains to/from Tottenham Hale served Clapton. Clapton is exclusively served by trains going via the Chingford branch instead.

The station opened on 15 September 1840 as Tottenham, on the Northern & Eastern Railway (N&ER) line from Stratford in east London to Broxbourne in Hertfordshire. The Northern and Eastern Railway was leased by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1844 who took over operation of the line. The line was initially laid to a gauge of 5 ft (1,524 mm) but already this had been identified as non standard and between 5 September and 7 October 1844 the whole network was re-laid to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge.

On 12 September 1858 a passenger train collided with some goods wagons that had been shunted onto the main line. Nobody was seriously injured. Eighteen months later on 20 February 1860 the station was the site of a serious railway accident when a locomotive derailed killing the driver, fireman and seven passengers.[13]

The Eastern Counties Railway was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862.

Up until 1868 Tottenham Hale was a railhead for cattle traffic from East Anglia. Trains were unloaded there and the cattle driven our miles down what is now the A10 road towards London.[14] In 1868 the link (since removed) to the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway was opened and this traffic transferred to Tufnell Park which was closer to the site of the cattle market off Caledonian Road.

Four years later in 1872 the route via Clapton was opened offering a slightly more direct route to Liverpool Street.[15]

In 1875 the suffix Hale was added to the station but this was removed in November 1938 before being restored in 1968.[16]

In 1882 the line through Tottenham Hale became part of a major rail freight artery with the opening of the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway. This provided a link for the Great Eastern from the coal fields in the north to London. This led to a second pair of running lines known as the Slow Lines (the ones that exist today - 2013 - are the old Fast Lines) being added in 1913.[17]

20th Century[edit]

On 29 August 1913 a northbound mail train (carrying passengers) ran into the back of a freight train just south of the station at Tottenham South Junction. The cause was a signal passed at danger in foggy conditions. Two passengers were badly injured, 16 less so.[18]

The area was always susceptible to flooding, one of the worst instances being between 18 and 22 February 1919 when the River Lea overflowed its banks and rail traffic was suspended.[19]

In 1919 as well as the two sets of main lines there were some private sidings serving local industries. Other sidings in the area were used to clean passenger rolling stock when not in service.[20]

In 1923 operation passed to the London & North Eastern Railway and following nationalisation in 1948 the station became part of British Railways Eastern Region.

On 12 February 1927, an express passenger train was in collision with a lorry on a level crossing. Due to foggy conditions, the train was not travelling at high speed.[21]

On 4 October 1929 another accident occurred at Tottenham North Junction (just south of the station) when a goods train passed a signal at danger and was hit by a passenger train. Luckily there were no fatalities.[22]

On 21 March 1944 (during World War Two) a number of incendiary bombs fell close to the station destroying a lineside hut.[23]

In 1961 the link from Tottenham South Junction to the Tottenham and Hampstead Line was closed.[24]

On 14 July 1967 planning permission was granted for the addition of the London Underground Victoria line station.[25] The station was renamed Tottenham Hale on 1 September 1968 when it became an interchange station with London Underground on the opening of the first stage of the Victoria line.

The Lea Valley line between Copper Mill Junction and Cheshunt was electrified at 25 kV in 1969. Many of the private goods sidings were removed at this time.[26]

When Sectorisation was introduced in the 1980s, the station was served by Network SouthEast until the Privatisation of British Railways.

In the late 1990s, at the same time as the Stansted Express service to Stansted Airport was started, the British Rail station at Tottenham Hale was totally rebuilt along with a revamp of the Underground station. None of the original Victorian station now exists.

With the privatisation of the UK's railways in 1994 operation of the station was initially allocated to a business unit which succeeded the old British Railways structure before being taken over by West Anglia Great Northern (WAGN) in January 1997.

21st Century[edit]

Redevelopment work at the station

Initially owned by Prism Rail, National Express took over operation in July 2000. In 1994 responsibility for the operational infrastructure passed to Railtrack.

In August 2002 signalling control was transferred to the Liverpool Street Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC).[27]

The WAGN franchise was replaced in 2003 by the 'One' franchise although this was renamed National Express East Anglia.

The following year following financial difficulties Railtrack was superseded by Network Rail.

From 11 December 2005, a new service between Stratford and Stansted Airport reintroduced a direct passenger connection between Tottenham Hale and Stratford via the mainly freight line across Walthamstow Marshes. For many years the only service on this route had been a parliamentary "ghost train" from Enfield Town via South Tottenham operated to save lengthy closure (to passenger) procedures.

In February 2012 operation of the station changed once again with Dutch group Abellio winning the franchise.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Four of London's last remaining Trolleybus poles still stand on Ferry Lane as it crosses over the railway tracks by the station.[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  4. ^ a b "Online Planning Services: Application Search". Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  5. ^ "http://www.railfuture.org.uk/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=505". Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  6. ^ "Citizen Space - Improving Tottenham Hale". Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  7. ^ "Tottenham Hale Station Upgrade Transport Statement". Haringey Council. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Waltham Forest News Issue 85, 28 January 2013". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  9. ^ "Lea Valley Rail: All you want to know about the upgrades of the line! - railfuture.org.uk". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  10. ^ "Crossrail 2: Supporting London's Growth" (PDF). London First. February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  11. ^ "Crossrail 2 is vital to London's economic growth". Network Rail. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  12. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 page 22 Rodger Green April 2005
  13. ^ Lake, G H (1999) [1945]. The Railways of Tottenham. Teignmouth: Peter Kay. p. 38. ISBN 1 899890 26 2. 
  14. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 26 Rodger Green April 2005
  15. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 20-27 Rodger Green April 2005
  16. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 24 Rodger Green April 2005
  17. ^ Lake 1999, p. 25
  18. ^ Lake 1999, p. 60
  19. ^ Lake 1999, p. 62
  20. ^ Lake 1999, p. 95
  21. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 16. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  22. ^ Lake 1999, p. 63
  23. ^ Lake 1999, p. 93
  24. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 24-27 Rodger Green April 2005
  25. ^ "OLD/1967/0202". Online Planning Service. Haringey Council. 14 July 1967. Retrieved 1 August 2013. "Land At Ferry Lane: Construction of new station for Victoria Line." 
  26. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 25 Rodger Green April 2005
  27. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 135 page 14 Chris Cook(photo caption) July 2008
  28. ^ "Tottenham Hale, United Kingdom - Google Maps". Retrieved 2013-03-19. [not in citation given]

External links[edit]

Preceding station Underground no-text.svg London Underground Following station
towards Brixton
Victoria line
National Rail National Rail
Hackney Downs
(or Clapton)
 Greater Anglia
Lea Valley Lines
West Anglia Main Line
 Northumberland Park
Ponders End on Sundays
StratfordGreater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line
Liverpool Street Greater Anglia
Stansted Express
 Bishop's Stortford
or
Harlow Town
 Future Development 
Preceding station Crossrail roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail Following station
Crossrail
Line 2
towards Hertford East
Disused railways
South Tottenham Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway Terminus